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Publication numberUS2083077 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 8, 1937
Filing dateSep 4, 1936
Priority dateSep 4, 1936
Publication numberUS 2083077 A, US 2083077A, US-A-2083077, US2083077 A, US2083077A
InventorsMayer Edward J
Original AssigneeMayer Edward J
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Clamp
US 2083077 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

E. J. MAYER June 8, 1937.

CLAMP Filed Sept. 4, 1936 Patented .lune 8, 1937 UNITED FATENT OFFICE 7 Claims.

The invention relates generally to clamping devices and more particularly to clamping devices adapted for use in removably securing articles of clothing such as dresses, skirts, trousers and the like upon coat hangers or similar supporting devices.

I am aware that clamping devices of this general character have heretofore been provided but no such device of which I have knowledge embodies the advantages of simplicity, adaptability to universal use, surety in the clamping function and safety against the harming of clamped articles which comprise the objectives and attainments of the novel spring wire, sheath protected devices herein described.

With these and other objects in view the invention further resides in the novel features of construction and arrangement hereinafter described and claimed and illustrated in the accompanying drawing.

In the drawing:-

Figure 1 is a detail perspective view of the improved clamp member per se.

Figure 2 is a detail end elevation illustrating the clamp member removably attached to the end of a coat hanger of the loop wire type by one form of mounting device.

Figure 3 is a face view of the parts shown in Figure 2 moved to position for efiecting separation of the clamping member from the mounting device.

Figure 4 is a detail perspective view illustrating another form of mounting device.

Figure 5 is a detail perspective view illustrating still another form of mounting device.

Like reference numerals designate corresponding parts through the several figures of the drawing.

My invention comprises a novel clamp member and several novel optional mounting devices by employment of which such clamps may be removably attached to coat hangers of various types or other supporting devices.

My improved clamp member is formed of a single length of spring wire to comprise an upprotective rubber or other suitable tubing ll, See Figure 1.

I have devised several forms of mounting devices by which my improved clamp may be mounted upon coat hangers of the well known wooden or wire types some of which include cross bars and others of which are devoid of such equipment.

In the form of supporting device disclosed in Figures 2 and 3 of the drawing, which I have shown applied to the free end of a loop wire type of hanger a fragment of which is indicated at [2, I employ a wire body l3 sheathed as at l4 and terminating at its lower end in an open mounting eye l5.

By reference to Figure 3 of the drawing it will be observed that the sheath [4 extends downwardly to the free end of the eye so as to restrict the outlet as indicated at l6 and thereby permit free mounting of the clamp shown in Figure 1 of the drawing but prevent inadvertent removal of the same. The wire body I3 is bent upon itself as at I! to form a substantially parallel opposed leg I8 which is sheathed as at IS. The sheaths l4 and I8 yieldably grip the cross wire end loop or cross bar I2 therebetween as indicated at 28 so as to assure against inadvertent displacement of the mounting device while readily permitting intentional removal thereof.

The lower end of the free leg H is bent at a.

retaining angle 2| so as to close ofi the space defined between the wire bodies I3, l1, and thus removably retain the mounting device on the coat hanger loop or cross wire. It will be obvious that, if desired, this mounting device can be applied to a wooden coat hanger including the usual narrow fiat cross bar which will be receivable between thesheath wire bodies l3 and II. In the mounting of this device the angle bent free end of the wire body ll may be readily deflected to provide free access to the space intervening the sheaths l4 and I8.

In Figure 4 of the drawing, I have disclosed another form of mounting device and have shown the same to be mounted upon a coat hanger of the wooden bow typeindicated at 22 and including the cross bar 23. This form of device comprises two spaced substantially vertical arms 24, sheathed as at 25, and connected at their lower ends by a loop 26 adapted to be received in the mounting coil 5 with which the clamp device is provided.

At their upper ends the arms 24 are bent oppositely, horizontally, one terminating in a yieldable free end 28 and the other being bent into a transverse spring loop 29 and into an open square clamp portion 30 disposed in opposition to the sheathed arms 24. This form of mounting device may be employed to removably grip the cross bar of the hanger between the sheathed arms 24 and the clamp square 3!! as illustrated in Figure 4.

In Figure 5 of the drawing, I have illustrated another form of mounting device applied to a coat hanger of the type shown in Figure 4 and which includes the same general form of vertical arms 3|, sheathed as at 32, and connected by a loop 33 receivable in the mounting coil 5 of the clamp, and upper arms 34 bent oppositely, horizontally one terminating in a free end 35. other arm 34 is bent centrally, laterally as at 36 and then upwardly to form a side arm 3'! including a coil or finger seat 38. After formation of the side arm and finger seat the wireis. formed into a central spring coil 39 and thence into aside .arm 40 including-a coil or finger seat 4| positioned to oppose the seat 38. After formation of the finger seat 4| the wire is bent in opposition to and across the portion 33 as at 42 and is then formed intoan open square clamp 43 opposed to the arms 3| and sheathed as at 44.

By pressing at opposite sides atthe finger seats 38 and 4| the clamp portions 32 and44'may be spread apart-to straddle the coat hanger portion and thenbe permitted to grip said portion as illustrated in Figure 5.

It will be noted that in all forms of the mounting devices and in my improved clamp unit, the structures are formed of a single piece of spring wire bent into suitable shape. In each of the mounting devices there is included a free end, as at'2l in Figures 2 and 3,28 in Figure 4, and 35 in Figure 5 whereby the mounting coil 5 of the clamplunit may be mounted or removed at will.

When in use the clamp device shown, in Figure 'S'maybe gripped at the finger seats 1 and by the application of pressure the sheathed clamping portions H can be forced apart and applied to the article to be clamped.

It will be obvious that theclamp and the several forms'of the mounting device are adaptable to use for supporting all forms of garments such as coats, trousers, skirts, and dresses, securely and without fear of damaging the material of which they are composed.

It is of course to be understood that the details of structure and arrangement of parts may be variously changed and modified without departing from the spirit and scope of my invention.

said clamp formed of a single length of spring wire to include meansfor attachment to said mounting eye, means for attachment to a support, and a free end facilitating connection and disconnection with said mounting eye.

including a finger seat, said side arms being directed toward each other'then crossed and extended transversely-oppositely to terminate in opposed clamp loops; and a mounting device for said clamp formed of a' single length of spring The wire bent upon itself to form a mounting loop and substantially parallel mounting arms, one said mounting arm terminating at its free end in a free spring end angle-bent to overlie the companion arm, and the remaining mounting arm terminating at its free end in a mounting eye to removably receive the spring coil mounting eye of the clamp.

3. A clamp of the character described formed of a single length of spring wire to comprise a spring coil mounting eye, opposed side arms each including a finger seat, said side arms being directed toward each other then crossed and extended transversely-oppositely to terminate in opposed clamp loops; and a mounting device for and substantially parallel mounting arms, one

said mounting arm terminating at its free end in a-free spring end angle-bent to overlie the companion arm, and the remaining mounting arm terminating at its free end in a mounting eye to removably receive the spring coil mounting eye of the clamp, and one said mounting arm having a yieldable protective sheath extended to form a yieldable closure for said free end mounting eye.

4. A clamp of the character described formed of a single length of spring wire to comprise a spring coil mounting eye, opposed side arms each including a finger seat, said side arms being directed toward each other then crossed and extended transversely-oppositely to terminate in opposed clamp loops; and a mounting device for said clamp formed of a single length of spring wire shaped to form a mounting loop receivable in the spring coil mounting eye, spaced mounting arms extending upwardly from the mounting loop and'having their free ends turned toward each other one terminating in a free spring end and the other shaped to form an upper central transverse mounting eye terminating ina spring clamp frame yieldably opposing said mounting arms.

5. A clamp of the character described formed of a single length of-spring wire to comprise a spring coil mounting eye, opposed side arms each including a finger seat, said side arms being directed toward each other then crossed and extended transversely-oppositely to terminate in opposed clamp loops; and a mounting device for said clamp formed of a single length of spring wire shaped to form a mounting loop receivable in the spring coil mounting eye, spaced mounting arms extending upwardly from the mounting loop and having their free ends turned toward each other one terminating in a free spring end and the other shaped to form an upper central transverse mounting eye terminating in a spring clamp frame yieldably opposing said mounting arms, and a sheathof yieldable material on each said mounting arm.

6. A clamp of the character described formed of a single length of spring wire to comprise a spring coil mounting eye, opposed side arms each including a finger seat, said side arms being directed toward each other then crossed and ex tended transversely-oppositely to terminate in opposed clamp loops; and a mounting device for said clamp formed of a single length of spring wire shapedto form a mounting loop receivable in the spring coil mounting eye, spaced mounting arms extending upwardly from the mounting loop and having their free ends turned horizontally toward each other one to terminate in a free spring end and the otherbent transversely and upwardly to form a side arm including a finger seat thence into an upper central spring coil mounting eye thence again downwardly to form an opposing side arm including a finger seat thence across said first mentioned side arm and terminating in a spring clamp frame yieldably opposing said mounting arms.

'7. A clamp of the character described formed of a single length of spring wire to comprise a spring coil mounting eye, opposed side arms each including a finger seat, said side arms being directed toward each other then crossed and extended transversely-oppositely to terminate in opposed clamp loops; and a mounting device for said clamp formed of a single length of spring wire shaped to form a mounting loop receivable in the spring coil mounting'eye, spaced mounting arms extending upwardly from the mounting loop and having their free ends turned horizontally toward eachother one to terminate in a free spring end and the other bent transversely and upwardly to form a side arm including a finger seat thence into an upper central spring coil mounting eye thence again downwardly to form an opposing side arm including a finger seat thence across said first mentioned side arm and terminating in a spring clamp frame yieldably opposing said mounting arms, and protective sheathing for said mounting arms and portions of said clamp frame.

EDWARD J. MAYER.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3963155 *Feb 12, 1975Jun 15, 1976Lawrence Peska Associates, Inc.Dual garment hangers
US4542875 *Jun 27, 1983Sep 24, 1985Debaun William AProtective boot
US5607302 *Aug 24, 1995Mar 4, 1997Garrison; John E.Matrix retainer apparatus for dental restorations
US6293796Oct 27, 1999Sep 25, 20013M Innovative Properties CompanyDental matrix clamp for tooth restoration procedures
US6336810Sep 28, 1999Jan 8, 2002Danville MaterialsRing for use in preparing teeth for restoration
US8016170 *Oct 7, 2008Sep 13, 2011JOHNSON EdwardGarment hanger having single handed locking device and method therefor
Classifications
U.S. Classification24/341, 223/93, 40/659, 24/564
International ClassificationA47G25/48, A47G25/00
Cooperative ClassificationA47G25/485
European ClassificationA47G25/48C2