US 2084173 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
June 15, 1937. 1.. WEXLER WEARING APPAREL Filed Jan. 22, 1956 v Ff 4 Louis Wax/er INVENTOR.
Patented June 15, 1937 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE WEARING APPAREL Application January 22, 1936, Serial No. 60,197
My invention relates to wearing apparel and especially to means for ventilating a jacket or upper.
Many garments are made of'materials which are non-pervious to air or through which it is so difficult for air to pass that proper ventilation of the garments cannot be obtained without special devices for this purpose. This is particularly evident in garments which are wind or moisture proof, for example, jackets which are made of rubberized fabric such as artificial suede and double texture material combined with rubber. Whenever there is a lack of ventilation from any cause moisture'will collect in the un- 5 dergarments and result in .discomfort to the wearer and other disadvantages.
It is among the objects of my invention to provide means for ventilating an upper garment.
Another object of my invention is to provide an improved back construction for garments whereby sufiiclent air can be circulated for ridding the interior of the garment of excessive moisture.
Other objects of the invention will appear in 26 connection with the description thereof which is made in connection with the drawing in which,
Figure 1 is a perspective view of a garment showing its general arrangement,
Figure 2 is a perspective view of the garment showing a portion of the yoke and back of the garment from the inner side,
Figure 3 is a cross sectional view of the garment taken along the line 3--3 of Figure 2, and
Figure 4 is a fragmentary perspective view of the garment with parts broken away.
Figure 5 is a fragmentary and diagrammatic perspective View of the garment taken on the line 5--5 of Figure 4.
An illustrative embodiment of the invention will now be described. The jacket or upper I is made of a double texture material combined with rubber. The outer fabric has a surface finish resembling suede leather and the inner fabric is heavily napped to resemble a fleece.
These fabrics are combined by means of an intermediate layer of rubber which renders the double texture fabric substantially non-porous and moisture proof. The front of the jacket is held together by a fastener 2 which closes the 0 jacket from the bottom to the collar, the latter being designed so that it can be made to fit snugly around the neck and give the maximum of protection to the throat. The bottom of the jacket may be fitted closely around the hips and the sleeves 3 may be reinforced by the band likewise designed and provided with snug fitting cufis 4 to give protection from the elements. In order to provide for necessary freedom of movement to the body, a properly fitted jacket of the kind rests more loosely around the body than at the 5 bottom, top and wrists as shown in Figure 1.
The back portion of the garment is made in the conventional manner or otherwise as desired except that the outer material forming the upper part of the back 5 downwardly a short distance from the collar 6 is cut away leaving an opening bounded by the upper edge of the cut-away back portion In, the collar seam l2, the shoulder seam l3 and the sleeve seams I4.
In the embodiment illustrated, the lower margin ll] of the opening is positioned between the shoulder seam l3 and the back seam 30a of the sleeve and the opening extends from sleeve to sleeve. This gives a large opening, leaving sumcient reinforcement for the remainder of the garment. If desired, the opening can be located so that no seams will constitute the margins. In the latter arrangement, fragmentary margins may serve as reinforcement around the edges of the opening, and if desired, these may be rein forced in well known manner, for example, by binding the edges with stitching or tape.
On the inside, a ventilating member or lining piece I5 is secured over the opening. The lining piece l5 may be sewn or otherwise secured along the margins or seams l2, I3 and I4 and the lower edge IS. A desirable mounting consists of sewing the edges in the seams l2, l3 and I4 and applying an adhesive, indicated by the nueral 32 in Figure 5 along the edge I 6 to adhere the ventilating member to the inside of the back 5, but the edge l6 may be sewn or otherwise attached.
On the outside a secondary back member or yoke 20 is seamed along the lines l2, l3 and I4 so as to overlap the back portion 5. The lower edge 2| of the secondary yoke 20 is not attached all the way across the back. A portion along the edge 2| is unattached so as to permit the entrance of air into and through the ventilating member. A desirable arrangement consists in cutting the lower edge 2| with a slight downward curve from the shoulders so that the curves will meet in the center and form a tab portion or projection 25. Stitching 26 extending through the tab 25, back portion 5 and ventilating member I5 serves to hold these members in place and to reinforce the ventilating member I 5 which is preferably a thin light material. The stitching 26, extending through the outer yoke 20, the back portion of the garment and the lining piece I5, is clearly shown in Figures 3 and 5, which are sectional views of the garment. In order to more clearly illustrate the position of the parts of the 5 garment, the stitching 26 has been omitted from the outer yoke 20, and the outer yoke 20 spaced somewhat away from the other parts of the garment in Figure 3. As will be clear from Figure 5, the upper portion terminating in the'edge ll! of the main back portion 5 of the garment freely extends outside and above its line of at tachment (as by adhesive 32) to the inner member IS a substantial distance, thereby forming a wide upwardly extending flap which, being inside the downwardly extending flap formed by the loose lower edge of the outer yoke 29, c0- operates therewith to assist in the afore-mentioned breathing action.
The overlapping of the back piece 5. on the inside and attachment to the lining or ventilat ing member !5 serves to reinforce the back fabric and hold it in place while the extension of the i yoke member 20 over the outside of 'theback serves to provide an opening for air and to .pre-
' vent the ingress of moisture.
A desirable ventilating efiect is provided by bringing the line lllsomewhat above the point of attachment of back seam a of the sleeveso that the edge of the overlapping yoke piece '20 3 30 will extend from said point of attachment; When the outer yoke is brought down to this point or thereabout the natural movements of 'the body'in walking causes the unattached edge of the yoke to loosen and tighten across the back thereby causing a breathing action.
The inner member 15 is preferably mounted with openings or eyelets 30 to provide for unobstructed passage of air. Eyelets' may be desirably mounted by attaching a patch 31 on the lining member l5 as shown in Figure 4. The patch- 31 serves as a reinforcement .for the lining member l5 and gives a substantial foundation for the eyelets. Anynumber of eyelets consistent with the ventilation desired which does not unduly weaken the lining'member, can be used.
The ventilation is further improved by mounting. eyelets M11 or other means to permit free access of air in the sides of the torso portion,.for example, under the arms. With this arrangement free ingress of air is permitted while .the overlapping sleeve prevents the entrance of water. The air openings under the sleeve cooperate with the openings in the back to give a circulation or breathing and ventilation underneath and between theshoulder blades. Other air conducting passages can be provided instead of eyelets, for example, pieces of porous fabric can be 5 mounted in cut-away portions of the garment, or one piece of highly porous fabric can be used instead of the lining member.
' The inside lining or ventilatingmember I5 may be omitted, especially when the opening is so 10 located that ample marginal material will be present to provide desired strength to the garment. For example, an opening in the back between the shoulder blades leaving ample backm'aterialo'n all sides for strength, with or without 15 a binding. on 1 the I margins, gives good results when the back material is not cut-away as far asthe seams.
As numerous modifications of the above described embodiments may be made without de- 20 parting from myinvention, it is to be understood that I do not intend to limit my invention towthe described embodiments, and no limitations iare intendedin the claim except those'which are imposed by. the prior arii olr' arespecifically 25 recited. l
'-A moisture proof jacket having ventilating meansi'ba'cklof the shoulders, said ventilating means-comprising an outer shoulder yoke :mem- .3 her of the same material-as the-main =portion-zof the garment and an inner shoulder yokemember of ventilated material, said outer yoke' being joined tothe remainder of thegarment'alongsthe collar,should'er and rear sleeve seams and' bei-n'g :35 free along the major' portion of its lower-"edge which edge extends across the back of-the garvment'abetween the sleevei'seams, saidiinner'yoke being joined to the remainder. of the-"garment along the collar, shoulder and sleeve seams and go attached to rthe insideof. the main 'ba'ck portion of'theggarment along a substantially straight line extending across the back of theyga'rment between the mid-point 'ofthe-rear sleeve seams,
. the upper edge of the main back.portiori'of the g garment freely extending outside and ab'oyeiits" line of attachment'to the inner-'yoke'a substantial distance thereby forming .a*wide :upwardly extending flap and the outer yoke 'member-zdownwardly overlapping the main back'portion offline, garment asufficient distance to prevent ingress'of moisture.