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Publication numberUS2084981 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 29, 1937
Filing dateJun 8, 1936
Priority dateJun 8, 1936
Publication numberUS 2084981 A, US 2084981A, US-A-2084981, US2084981 A, US2084981A
InventorsAnderson Albert J
Original AssigneeJ E Smith & Co Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Shingle
US 2084981 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Jne 29, 1937.- A. ANDERSONv SHINGLE I Filed Jupes, 193e Taf- Vatentecl June 29, 1937 UNITED STATES 2,084,981 sHINGiLE Albert J. Anderson, Ansonia, Conn., assig'nor to J. E. Smith & Co., Inc., Waterbury,- Conn., a. corporation of Connecticut Application June 8, 1936, Serial No. 84,196

4 Claims.

This invention relates to new and useful improvements in shingles generally, although more particularly to shingles of the rigid composition type such as asbestos.

Among the several objects of my invention are t0 provide a rigid shingle which can be manufactured without waste; to provide such a shingle which can be usedV for rooiing or siding work; to provide such a shingle which may be laid in courses of different head laps; to provide such a shingle which may be easily centered, and to provide such a shingle with nail openings which will be covered by the top shingles and which r will avoid the nails passing through-the subjacent shingles.

With these and other objects in View which will more fully appear, the nature of the invention Will be more clearly understood by following the description, the appended claims, and the several views illustrated in the accompanying drawing. f

In the drawing:

Figure l is a plan view showing the method employed in cutting shingles of my invention from an indeterminate length of stock,

Figure 2 is a plan view showing a plurality of myimproved shingles positioned for side wall covering,

Figure 3 is a similar view but showing the shingles positioned fori roof covering, and

Figure 4 is a perspective view of one of the 5H, and an extension portion of exactly half the width of the butt portion and connected centrally tothe latter to form resultant butt ends l, l /which project beyond the side edge portions 8, 3 of the extension portion 6, said edge portions being disposed in parallel relation and in planes at right angles to the upper edge portions 9, 9 of the butt ends l, l. The shingle also,

includes llets lll, Ill which are located between the extension portion 6 and the butt ends 1, 1, and have inclined edges I I, II which merge with the side edge portions 8, 8 of the extension portion and the upper edge portions 9, 9 of the butt Jportions. 'Ihe upper corners'bf the extension portion Gare inclined or beveled as at I2, I2 andthese inclined edge portions merge with the top (Cl. 10S-8) edge I3 of the shingle at points equidistant from the vertical center line of the shingle and also merge with the side edge portions 8, 8. The angles of inclination of the inclinededge portions II and I2 are identical, and the lengths of these two inclinededge portions are equal. The combined length of the edge portions 9, 9 is equal to the total length of the top edge portion I3.

Nail openings I d, I4 which are formed in the shingle body are located at the intersections of lines extending from the side edge portions 8, B and the upper edge portions 9, 9.

A slot I5 which is employed as a centering means When'laying the shingles, projects downwardly from the top edge portion I3 and is cen. trally located with respect to the side edge portions 8, 8.

My improved shingle is cheap to manufacture as the shingles are complementary and'consequently there is no waste in the cutting as shown in Fig. 1. These shingles are cut from an indeterminate length of stock whose width is equal to the combined height of two shingles or to any multiple thereof.

From the foregoing it will be observed that the shingle may be used for either siding or roong work; that when used for siding work the head lap is greater than When used for roong Work and that the shingles may be laid in courses of different head laps in order to give a variation in exposure and to thereby locate the lines of courses even with the window sills and window frame headers or other horizontal obtrusions; that the shingles may be readily centered by arranging the side edges of the butt portion in alinement with the notches of subjacent shingles; and that the nail holes of subjacent shingles are covered by the top shingles, and that by reason of the beveled courses of the extrusion portions the nails will not pass through the subjacent shingles when the shingles are being employed either for roofing work or siding Work.

It is of course to be understood that the details of structure and arrangement of parts may be variously changed and modied without departing from the spirit and scope of my invention.

I claim: l

1. A rigid inverted T-shaped shingle comprising a body including a butt portion (5) and an extension portion (6) of exactly one-half the width of the butt portion and projecting centrally therefrom to form resultant butt Vend portions ('I, 1), the side edge portions (8, 8) of the extension portion being disposed in planes at right angles to the upper edge portions (9, 9) of the butt end portions, said body including nllets (I8, it) merging with the side edge portions (9, 8) and theupper edge portions (9, 9), the upper corners (I2, I2) of the extension portion being inclined and merging with the top edge (I 3) o! the extension portion and with the side edge portions (8, 8) thereof, the angles of the edges (I I, II)- of the inclined :dllets (I8, I8) and the edges of the in- ('I, 1)', the'side edge portions (8,;8) of the exten sion portion being disposed in planes at right angles to the upperv edge portions (9, 9) of the butt end portions, said body including llets (IIJ,

I9) merging with the side edge portions (8, 8) and the upper edge portions (9, 9), the upper corners (I2, I2) of the extension portion being inclined and merging with the top edge (I3) of the extension portion and with the side edge portions (8, 8) thereof, the angles of the edges (Il, II) oi the inclined fillets (III, I8) and the-edges ofthe nclined corners (I2, I2) being alike, and the combined length of the upper edge portions (9 9) of the butt end portions being. equal to the totalv length of the top edge (I3) ofthe extension portion (6), the body having a, centering slot (I5) extending downwardly from the top edge (I3) of the extension portion andlocated centrally with respect toA the side edges (5a, 59) of the butt portion (5).

3. A rigid inverted T-shaped shingle comprising a body including a butt portion (5) and an extension portion (6) of exactly one-half the i width of the butt portion and-projecting centrally therefrom to form resultantbutt end portions 5 ('I, 1) ,"the side edge portions (8, 8) of the extension portion 4being disposed in planes at right desgastangles to the upper edge portions (9, 9) of the buttend portions, said body including llets (i9. I9) merging with the side-edge portions (8, and the upper edge portions (9, 9), 'the'upper corners (I2, I2) of theextension portion being 5 inclined and merging with the topA edge (I3) `oi. the extension portion and with the side edge portions (8, 8) thereof, the angles of the edges (Il, I I) of the inclined llets (I0, I0) andthe edges of the inclined corners I2, I2) being alike, and the 10 combined length of the upper edge portions (9, 8) of the butt end portions being equal to the total A length of the top edge (I3) of the extension portion (6), thebody portion having a pair-of nail holes (I4, I4) located at the intersections of lines 15 extending from the side edge portions (8, 8) and the upper edge portions (9, 9). e

4. A rigid inverted T-shaped shingle comprising abody' including a butt portion (5) and an extension portion A(6) of exactly one-half the 20 width of thebutt portion and projecting centrally therefrom to form resultant butt end portions (l, 1)', the side edge portions (8, 8) of the extension portion being disposed in planes at?, right angles to the upper edge portions (9,9).'01 the 25 butt end portions, said body including llets (I0, It) merging with the side edge portions (8, 8) and lthe upper edge portions (9, 9), the upper corners (I2, I2) of the extension portion being inclined and merging with the top edge (I3) of the exten- 30 sion portion and with the side edge portions (8, 8) thereof, the angles of the edges (II, I I) of the inclined fillets (I0, I0) and the edges of the inclined corners (I2, I2) being alike, and the combined length of the upper edge portions (9, 9) oi 35 the butt end portions being equal to the total length of the top edge (I3) of the extension portion'(6)', the body having a centering slot (l5) extending downwardly from the top edge (I3) of 4the extension portion and located centrallywith 40 respect to the side edges (5, 5) of the butt portion (5), the body portion having apair of nail holes (I4,` I4) located at Vthe intersections of lines extending from the side edge portions (8, 8) and the upper edge portions 9, 9). Y 45 e ALBERT J. ANDERSCN.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2487593 *Apr 5, 1948Nov 8, 1949Johns ManvilleSelf-aligning shingle
US2577695 *Aug 27, 1946Dec 4, 1951Floyd L WorshamShingle construction
US2756699 *Mar 31, 1950Jul 31, 1956Lloyd K LockwoodRoofing shingles and fasteners
US5611186Nov 30, 1994Mar 18, 1997Elk Corporation Of DallasLaminated roofing shingle
US5666776Aug 30, 1995Sep 16, 1997Elk Corporation Of DallasLaminated roofing shingle
US9212487Sep 28, 2005Dec 15, 2015Elk Premium Building Products, Inc.Enhanced single layer roofing material
USD369421Mar 17, 1995Apr 30, 1996Elk Corporation Of DallasRandom cut laminated shingle
Classifications
U.S. Classification52/543, D25/139, 52/554
International ClassificationE04D1/20, E04D1/12
Cooperative ClassificationE04D1/20
European ClassificationE04D1/20