|Publication number||US2086534 A|
|Publication date||Jul 13, 1937|
|Filing date||Oct 25, 1935|
|Priority date||Oct 25, 1935|
|Publication number||US 2086534 A, US 2086534A, US-A-2086534, US2086534 A, US2086534A|
|Inventors||Byrne Alvin J|
|Original Assignee||American Can Co|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (28), Classifications (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
lJuly 13, 1937. A. J. BYRNE 2,086,534
CONTAINER Filed Oct. 25, 1955 lNyE ToR /f mdf* ATroRNEYS Patented July 13, 1937 1 UNITED STATES PATENT oEFlcE CONTAINER Alvin J. Byrne, Brooklyn, N. Y., assignor to American Can Company, New York, N. Y., a corporation of New Jersey Application october 25, 1935, serial No. 46,779
6 claims. (ol. 22o- 31) The present invention relates to a hinged The cover I3, like the body, is preferably cover container and has particular reference to formed from a single piece of material and comsuch a container in which the cover is laterally prises a dat top wall 2| which merges into a deslidable along its hinge so that it may be locked pending skirt or peripheral flange 22 constitut- 5 in closed position upon the container by cooping a single end and front and rear'wall which 5 erating interlocking projections and indentations overhangs the corresponding body walls when the which are readily disengaged when opening the cover is in its closed position. That portion of container. the flange which is adjacent the body end wall An object of the invention is the provision of I5 is substantially cut away for a purpose herea simple and economically produced container inafter explained, what is left of the ange being l0 having a body and a hinged cover with a dependbent back as in a hem 23 which lays against ing flange which overhangsthe body side walls, the under side of the cover and presents a smooth the cover being also laterally slidable alcnglits edge adjacent'the body end wall. hinge connection to lock it in closed position The cover I3 is hinged tothe body l2 in a pintle l5 by cooperation of bayonet joint projections and hinge connection 24 (Figs. 3 and 4). This hinge 15 indentations formed in the cover flange and in connection comprises a pair of spaced pintle lugs a corresponding body side wall. 26 struck out from the body rear wall I'I and Another object of the invention is the prothese carry the ends of a pintle rod 2l. A dvision of such a container wherein its interlockjacent the lugs 26 the ilange rear wall of the ing bayonet joint projections and indentations cover is cut away to form lug clearance notches 20 are further locked against inadvertent disengage- 28, 29. A hinge lug 3| disposed between the ment when the cover is in its fully closed and notches surrounds the pintle 2I and is freely locke-d position. movable thereon, the body rear wall I'I between Numerous other objects and advantages of the the lugs 2B being curved inwardly to provide invention will be apparent as it is better underclearance for the lug 3| and to permit free hing- 25 stood from the following description, which, ing of the cover on the pintle.
takeninconnection with the accompanying draw- By reason of this hinge construction, the ing, discloses a preferred embodiment thereof. cover I3 may be shifted or slid endwise or axially Referring to the drawing: on the pintle 2l relative to the body I2 the 30 Figure 1 is a perspective view of a hinge cover hinge lug 3| being made narrower than the 30 container embodying the instant invention, the space between the pintle lugs 26 as shown in view illustrating the hinge cover in partially Fig. 3. This is the purpose of the cutaway part opened position; of the cover flange end wall, which is adjacent Fig. 2 is a front elevation of the container the body wall I5, as hereinbefore mentioned. illustrated in Fig. l showing the cover in fully v The combined hinging and sliding movement 35 closed and locked position; of the cover on the pintle is provided so that i Fig. 3 is a rear elevation of the container with the cover after being closed on the body may the cover in fully closed and locked position; be locked in that position. The body front wall Fig. 4 is an enlarged transverse section taken I6 and the corresponding cover ange front wall substantially along the line 4-4 in Fig. 2, with 22 are provided with cooperating indentations 40 parts broken away; and and projections which interlock when the cover Fig. 5 is an enlarged fragmentary horizontal is fully closed and locked but which may be readdetail section taken substantially along the line I ily disengaged for opening the container. 5-5 in Fig. 2 and illustrating one corner of the The cover flange front wall 22 is formed with container adjacent its front edge. y a pair of spaced inwardly bent lugs or projections 45 The drawihgill'ustrates the invention as pref- 34 (Figs. 1, 2, 4 and 5) one adjacent each of the erably embodied in a rectangular container I| rounded corners on the front of the cover. In comprising a shallow open top body I2 which is closing the cover these lugs 34 are first aligned adapted to be closed by a hinge cover I3. The with a pair of spaced bayonet or L-shaped body is preferably drawn from a single piece of grooves or indentations 35 which are formed in 50 sheet material and includes substantially parthe front wall I6 of the bo'dy, this being accomallel end walls l5 and front and rear walls I6, plished by bringing the free or front edge of the I1, which are joined to the side walls in rounded cover nearly down to the body edge as in Fig. 1. corners these walls merging into a bottom wall The lugs are then moved down into the inden- I8. tations as the cover is closed. 55
Each indentation comprises a vertical groove 36, the upper end of which `is open at the top edge of the body wall and a horizontal locking groove 31 which joins the vertical groove at its lower end.
Locking of the cover is effected by horizontally or laterally sliding it on its pintle so that its hemmed edge 23 moves into engagement with the body end wall l5. This movement causes the cover locking lugs 34 to move into the horizontal bayonet grooves 31, thus locking the cover when in that position against opening by hinging action, see Fig. 2. In this position-the hinge lug 3l is against one of the pintlelugs 26, see Fig.. 3.
The cover in its locked position is held against longitudinal sliding displacement by an auxiliary locking projection 4l formed between the lugs 34 in the cover flange front wall 22 and a cooperating auxiliary locking indentation 42 formed in the body front wall i6 between the bayonet indentations 35. These auxiliary locking elements move into locking engagement one within the other (Fig. 5) simultaneously with the interlocking of the bayonet indentation 35 and cover lug projections 34. An inclined pocket or depression 43 formed in the body front wall I6 facilitates the moving of the projection 42 over the edge when rst closing the cover.
To open the container it is merely necessary to apply slight'horizontal or lateral sliding pressure to the cover in a reverse direction to disengage the auxiliary locking elements 4l, 42 and projections and indentations that inject a slight complication to the opening of the container. This is of advantage when the container is used for medicine, etc., as it provides a fool proof feature. For example, a baby or very yound child would not be able to open the container and such construction therefore provides a safe container for contents which are of a nature to be kept out of reach of small children.
It is thought that the invention and many of its attendant advantages will be understood from the foregoing description, and it will be apparent that various changes may be made in the form, construction and arrangement of the parts without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention or sacrificing all of its material advantages, the form hereinbefore described being merely a preferred embodiment thereof.
I claim: A
1. A container comprising a body having an open top, a cover for said body hingedly connected therewith along one side and laterally movable relative to said body along the hinge connection, cooperating projections and indentations formed in said cover and said body 3nd adapted to be interlocked by said lateral niovewalls when the cover is'in closed position, said cover being hingedly connected with said body along one side thereof and laterally movable relative to said body along the hinge connection, and cooperating projections and indentations formed in said cover flange wall and in the corresponding body side wall and adapted to be in terlocked by said lateral movement.
4. A container comprising a body having side walls and an open top, a cover for closing the open top of said body and having a depending flange wall adapted to overhang a corresponding body side wall when the cover is in closed position, said cover being hingedly connected with said body along one side thereof and laterally movable relative to Said body along the hinge connection, 'cooperating projections and indentations formed in said cover flange wall and in the corresponding body side wall and adapted to be interlocked by said lateral movement forl locking the cover and body together, and cooperating auxiliary projections and indentations also formed in said cover flange Wall a'nd the corresponding body side wall for holding said first mentioned projections and indentations in interlocked position.
5. A container comprising a body having side walls and en open top, a cover for said body hingedly connected therewith along one side and laterally movable on its hinge connection, said cover having a depending peripheral flange wall adapted to overhang said body side walls when the cover is in closed position, said flange wall being cut away adjacent one of said body side walls to permit-said lateral movement of the cover on its hinge connection, and means asso- (n'ated With'said body and said cover for locking them together when the cover is in closed position.
6. A container comprising a body having side walls and an open top, a cover for closing the open top of said body and having a depending flange wall adapted to overhang a corresponding body side wall when the cover is in closed position, said cover being hingedly connected with said body along one side thereof and being laterally movable relative to said body and along the hinge connection, L-shaped bayonet indentations in a said body side wall, and cooperating lug projections in a said cover flange wall, said lugs being adapted to be interlocked with said bayonet indentations when the cover is brought into its closed and laterally shifted position.
ALVIN J. BYltNE.
'adapted to overhang lcorresponding body side l
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|U.S. Classification||220/811, 206/1.5, 206/37|