US 2087160 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
C. E. MEYERHOEFER HEATER 4 Shee'cs-Sheet 1 Filed May 7, 1957 'Y Y .VENTQR @ar/EJK@ ATTORNEY-S July 13, 1937. c. E. MYERHol-:FER 2,087,169
HEATER Filed May 7, 1937 4 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTOR @arl Mewflmq/er ATTORNEYS July 13, 1937. c. E. MEYERHOEFER 2,087,160
` HEATER Filed May '7, 1957 4 Sheets-Sheet 5 .I m. W
INVENTOR ATTO R N EYS July 13, 1937. c. E. MEYERHOEFER 2,087,160
HEATER Filed May 7, 1937 4 Sheets-Sheet 4 @E l f 0 M -'1 15 ,11 *mE- 1j l -f i 45 51 I' 1i 50 :E l 12 50 Tz INVENTOR arl Meyeraqfer 49 JZ Km y 5mm? ATTORN EYS Patented July 13, 1937 UNITED STATES HEATER Carl E. Meyerhoefer, Brooklyn, N. Y., assignor to E. A. Laboratories, Inc., Brooklyn, N. Y., a corporation oi New York PATENT `OFFICE Application May 7, 1937, Serial No. 141,273
adapted for employment in connection with vehicles, and especially within the bodies of vehicles driven by internal combustion motors or similar sources of power and in the circuit of which it may be connected.
It is an object of the invention to furnish a unit of this character and by means of which an extremely efficient heat exchange occurs. Accordingly, with only minimum losses, a maximum body of air will have itstemperature raised within a very short interval of time.;
A further object of the invention is that of providing a heater and by means of which air may be efficiently distributed in a novel manner, such distributionat the will of the operatoroccurring in any desired direction.
Another object of the invention is that of constructing a heater which will not alone serve to efllciently warm a pre-determined space, but which will also incorporate a structure such that proper volumes of air may be intensely and locally distributed. Accordingly, and for example, the heater, while serving to properly condition air within the interior of a vehicle or otherwise, may
also distribute, in concentrated form, a blast of air to the surface of the Windshield or to an air deilector in a portion of the vehicle or room relatively remote from the heater body.
VStill another object is' that of constructing a unit of this character, and which, consistent with. the achievement of the foregoing, will occupy only a very small amount of space.l Accordingly, it may be conveniently mounted against practically any proper supporting wall and. without interfering with the desired use of the enclosure within which it is disposed.
An additional object is that of furnishing a heater embodying relatively few parts, each individually simple and rugged in construction and which, when assembled, will operate over long periods of time with freedom from all difculties.
With these and other objects in mind, reference is had to the attached sheets of drawings illustrating practical embodiments of the invention, and in which:
Fig. 1 is a. sectional plan view of a heater taken along the line I--I and in the direction of the arrows as indicated in Fig. 2 with the pipe, core and motor casing not sectioned;
Fig. 2 is a rear view thereof;
Fig. 3 is a transverse sectional view taken along the lines 3-3 and in the direction of the arrows as indicated ln Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 is a perspective view of the main units of the heater and showing the same in disassembled condition;
l REISSU SEP 3 0 1941 Fig. 5 is a partly sectional side view of the heater;
Fig. 6 is a view similar to Fig. 1, but showing a slightly different form of construction; and
Fig. '7 is a rear elevation of the apparatus as shown in Fig. 6, and with certain of the parts broken away to disclose underlying construction.
Referring primarily to Figs. 1, 2 and 3, it will be noted that the numeral I0 indicates a heat transfer unit such as a core and which is provided with header portions I I extending from its opposite side edges. These portions are connected to tubes I2, .one being associated with the lower portion of one header, while the other is associated with the upper portion of the second header. In this manner a thermo-Siphon flow through the core is assured and the heater may be turned through without Such turning interfering with this action. 'Ihe core may, of course, include any desired construction, such as a conventional cellular structure, tubes and heat transfer strips, or otherwise.
The core is enclosed within a casing I3 which may be formed of any desired material and have any acceptable ilnish. This casing presents an open face in line with the core body and a shroud plate Il may be xed to its rear edge and secured against movement in any desired manner. The shroud plate is formed with an opening in line with the center portion of the unit ID, and this opening may be dened by a forwardly inclined ange I5. At this time it is also to be noted that plate I4 may present any desired number of inwardly extending portions I6, cooperating with bumpers I'I secured to the heat transfer-Structure or core. These bumpers are preferably of rubber, or similar material, and thus provide a resilient mounting in addition to allowing for expansion and contraction of the core without consequent rattling or straining of the parts.
Now referring additionally to Fig. 4, it will be noted that plate I 4 mounts-as for example by screws or bolts I8-a housing I9. A secondary easing 20 is disposed within housing I9 and may have external flange portions 2l by means of which it may be secured-through spot-Welding or otherwise-to the face of plate I4. This casing 20 is annular and has its upper face formed with an opening 22. A duct 23 also forms part of casing 20 and extends tangentially therefrom. The
- conveniently controlled by a spindle 26. Before concluding consideration of housing I9, it will be observed that the latter is formed with an opening 21 through which duct 23 may extend outwardly, and this housing is also formed with a series of openings 28, adjacent the outer edges of which louvers or deilector panels 29 may be disposed, to `direct any air discharge through the upper or lower openings outwardly and rearwardly. Air discharged through one of the sets of side openings may\be similarly directed but the defiectors or louvers associated with the opposite set of openings conveniently deflect the air downwardly. This is because the heater, as viewed in Fig. 4, is intended fon application to the dash of a vehicle and to the right of the drlvers position. In most instances it would be preferred to have the dischargedfair under these circumstances directed in the manner afore indicated.
Now with a view to circulating vair through the heater, it will be observed that a motor driven impeller is employed. The motor includes a casing 30 which may be mounted upon a plate 3|, the face of which may be recessed as at 32 to accommodate a central pair of bolts 33 mounted in grommets 34 of rubber or similar material and supporting the motor casing. As indicated particularly in Figs. 1 'and 2, there may extend from the motor casing and at points intermediate the grommets 34 a pair of rubber studs 35 which bear against the inner face of plate 3|. In this manner the motor is mounted against shocks and motbr noises will not be transmitted to any considerable degree to the heater structure. Heater mounting bolts 36 extend through openings in the corner recesses or countersunk portions 32 and have their bodies secured against movement by nuts 31. In this manner it is feasible to drill the dash of a vehicle or any other wall so that bolts 36 may be passed through the same and these bolts at points beyond the wall may have lock-washers and nuts applied to them to secure the heater against displacement.
'Ihe inner end of the motor shaft 38 extends into the opening defined by ange I5, and at this point has secured to it a hub 39. A blower wheel including an outer ring 40, an annular series of blades 4| and a rear plate 42 is coupled to hub 39 by having this rear plate extend forwardly and inwardly as indicated at 43. The space defined by the inner edges of blades 4| may be substantially equivalent to that of the opening in shroud plate I4. The diameter of opening 22 in secondary plate 20 is sumcient to properly accommodate this blower-wheel, it being apparent that when the parts aie positioned as in Fig. 1, portions of the wheel extend into the secondary casing 20, but, for example, the major portion of the wheel extends between the rear edge of casing 20 and the corresponding edge of housing I9.
As afore brought out,'secondary casing 20 is preferably attached to plate I4 by spot-welding. This plate is also attached Aconveniently to casing I3 by welding, and the same is true of plate 3| and housing I9. Thus, the heater is assembled in two major units. One of these comprises core I0, casing I3, plate I4, and casing 20, while the second of the same conveniently includes plate 3| and housing I9. Motor 3|! is, of course, associated with plate 3|, and the blower-wheel is attached to the motor shaft, and housing I9 is secured to shroud plate I4. I-owever, under these circumstances, all parts may be tested with facility, and after the test has been successfully concluded, all that remains for the operator to do is to employ securing elements I8, or their equivalents, to join the two major portions. It is obvious that, if desired, the motor mounting plate 3| may be formed with an opening 44 through which the motor bearing may be lubricated.
In use, a suitable supporting surface is provided With openings for the accommodation of tubes I2 and bolts 36. Thereafter, the latter are clamped against movement and the tubes are connected to a suitable source of heated fluid.
as, for example, the cooling system of an internal combustion motor. Motor 30 being connected to a source of suitable current supply (not shown), it follows that shaft 38 will revolve, thereby driving the blower-wheel. It may be mentioned in passing that the control to the motor, in accordance with conventional practice, preferably includes a variable resistance or other suitable control so that the speed of drive of the motor may be varied as desired. However, in any event, it is obvious that air will be drawn through the core I0 and opening defined by flange I5 and discharged through secondary casing 20 as Well as housing I9. The air in moving in contact With core I0 will obviously have its temperature raised so that the air discharged by the blower-wheel will be in proper condition. Air ilowing through duct 23 will be distributed by the conduit member 24, for example, to the windshield and/or rear compartment of the vehicle. The remainder of the air will seek to ilow through openings 28.
These openings may be uncontrolled if desired, in which case such flow will be unimpeded. If control is desired however, this may be secured by, for example, the structure especially shown in Fig. 5. In this view it will be observed that a sleeve 45 slidably encloses the heater and has an internal configuration such that it corresponds substantially in area to the motor mounting plate 3|. An actuator 46 may serve to shift this sleeve forwardly and rearwardly. With a form of construction such as this, the louvers 29 are dispensed with in so far as housing I9 is concerned. They may, however, be conveniently disposed adjacent openings formed in sleeve 45; such louvers having been indicated by the numeral 41. The sleeve openings in adjacent faces of the sleeve are so arranged with reference to the openings formed in housing I9 that it is necessary to shift the sleeve to different positions to more or less align the sleeve openings with the housing openings. Conditions being substantially equal, it is apparent that air will follow the path of least resistance. Accordingly, if the sleeve is moved to a position at which it overlaps mounting plate 3|, air will be discharged in substantially equal volumes throughout the openings in its Various faces. If, however, the parts are in the position shown, for example, in Fig. 5, air will flow through the lowermost set of louvers. movement of control 4B will induce air to flow through the uppermost set of louvers, and succeeding shifts will cause directional flows as desired. In certain instances it might be desired to increase the volume of air delivered by the heater. If this is desired, a structure such as is suggested in Figs. 6 and '1 may be employed. In these views the same reference-numerals have been employed as heretofore to indicate parts which are either identical or differ from each other merely in detail. However, it will be observed that the shroud plate indicated at- IB is formed with a materially larger opening. Also. the secondary casing 49 corresponding to casing 20 is located adjacent the motor mounting plate 3l rather than-adjacent plate Il. Additionally, the blower-wheel 50 may conveniently be of slightly less diameter than -the wheel indicated at dll- 43. However, secured to the same hub winch supports this wheel, or, in fact, forming a part of the wheel, is a fan 5I which lies adjacent the forward end of the wheel. Moreover, the secondary casing 49 may have welded to it a. deiiector or baille plate in the form of a ring 52, curved in section, and of a diameter such that it extends in line with and beyond the bodies of blades 5I As is well appreciated, the inner portions of fan blades are relatively ineincient; the maximum volume of air driven by the fan being impelled by zones of the blades situated adjacent the tips of the latter. On the other hand, a blower-wheel is relatively ecient. Thus, in this form of construction, those portions of the fan which would not be contributing to any material extent to the ow of air are eliminated and instead there is presented a passage through which air may flow to be impelled by thevwheel. In common with the previously decribed construction, a portion of the air may be diverted outwardly to pass through the 'openings in housing I9, while the remainder of the air distributed by the wheel is discharged into and through the secondary casing. However, incident to the provision of the fan blades a greatly augmented volume of air will be drawn through the core and 4the opening in the shroud plate and be directed into the housing to pass through the openings of the latter. This iiow will be particularly efficient if a bafiie plate or deiiector such as 52 is employed, and it is to be appreciated that such a structure is preferably applied.
While the present invention has been described particularly in connection with a heater for which use it is primarily intended, it will be understood that portions or all of the presently suggested structures might be advantageously utilized in connection with heat exchange in general. Moreover, numerous changes in construction and rearrangement of the parts might be resorted to 'without departing from the spirit of the invention as defined by the claims.
Having described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent 1. An apparatus of the character described including a heat transfer core, an air impeller arranged beyond said core to receive air owing therefrom and to distribute the same radially, means for driving said impeller, a housing enclosing said impeller and providing a passage for 'the flow of air therefrom, a casing also disposed adjacent said impeller and providing a passage for the flow of air distinct from said rst named passage, and secondary impelling means associated with said impeller for accelerating the iiow of air through at least one of said passages.
2. An apparatus of the character described including a heat transfer core, an air impeller arranged beyond said core to receive air flowing named passage, and a further impelling means secured to rotate with said first named impeller for increasing the volume of air distributed through one of said passages.
3. An apparatus of the character described including in combination a core, air impelling means positioned adjacent said core, a motor connected to said means to rotate the same to draw air through said core and to distribute the same radially, and means for defiecting the radially distributed air forwardly toward said core and outwardly beyond the edges of the same.
4. An apparatus of the characterl described inv cluding in combination a core, air impelling means positioned adjacent said core, a motor connected to said means to rotate the same to draw air through said core and to distribute the same radially, means for deflecting a portion of the radially distributed air forwardly toward said core and outwardly beyond the edges of the same, and means enclosing a portion of said impelling means and providing a passage for lthe tangential distribution of a column of air.
5. An apparatus of the character described including in combination a core, a motor disposed to the rear of the same, a shaft extending from said motor, a blower Wheel secured to said shaft and disposed to the rear of said core to suck air therethrough, a fan secured to said wheel for also` 6. An apparatus of the character descrbed'including in combination a core, a motor disposed to the rear of the same, al shaft extending from said motor, a blower wheel secured to said shaft and concentrically disposed with respect to said motor, a fan associated with said wheel to rotate therewith, a casing extending around said wheel and to receive air drawn through said core and radially distributed by said wheel, said casing being formed with an outlet through which the air flowing therethrough is distributed in the form of a column, and a deiiector ring disposed to the rear of said fan to receive air discharged thereby.
7. -An apparatus of the character described including in combination a core, a motor disposed to the rear of the same, a shaft extending from said motor, a blower wheel secured to said shaft and concentrically disposed with respect to said motor, a fan associated with said wheel to rotate therewith, a casing extending around said wheel and to receive air drawn through said core and radially distributed by said wheel, said casing being formed with an outlet through which the air flowing therethrough is distributed in the.
form of a column, and a deector ring disposed to the rear of said fan to'receive air discharged thereby, said ring being secured `to said casing and being curved in section whereby the air impelled by said fan is distributed forwardly and outwardly beyond the edges of said core.
8. An apparatus of the character described, including in combination a core, a motor shaft disposed to the rear of the same, a blower wheel secured to said shaft and in line with said core, a fan associated with said wheel to rotate therewith, said wheel and fan both acting to draw air through said core and rearwardly thereof, and
a casing extending around said wheel to receive 4 aosmeo air radially distributed thereby and to, in turn, distribute such air in the form of a column.
9. An apparatus of the character described, including, in combination, a core, a motor shalt disposed to the rear of the same. a shroud plate also disposed to the rear of said core, a blower wheel secured vto said shaft and to the rear ot said plate, a fan associated with said wheel to rotate therewith. said fan extending within the opening of said plate and acting in conjunction with said wheel to draw air through said core and through said plate opening, and a. casing extending around said wheel to receive air radially distributed thereby and to in turn distribute such air in the form of a tangentially extending column.
CARL E. MEYERHOEFER.