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Publication numberUS2087389 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 20, 1937
Filing dateOct 12, 1935
Priority dateOct 12, 1935
Publication numberUS 2087389 A, US 2087389A, US-A-2087389, US2087389 A, US2087389A
InventorsJoseph W Stark
Original AssigneeGen Ribbon Mills Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Woven fabric
US 2087389 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

July 20, 1937. J, w TARK 2,087,389

WOVEN FABRIC Filed Oct. 12. 1955 INVENTOR Patented July 20, 1937 PATENT OFFICE WOVEN FABRIC Joseph w. Stark, New York, N. Y., assignor to General Ribbon'Mills, Incorporated, Catasauqua, Pa., a corporation of Pennsylvania Application October 12, 1935, Serial No. 44,657 11 Claims. (or. 139-420) This invention relates in general to lustrous fabrics for decorative purposes and in particular to a non-reversible fabric, and to correlated improvements designed to enhance the lustre and decorative appearance-of the same,

It is a general object of the invention to provide a fabric characterized by having a high lustre and a plurality of color effects.

It is a specific object of the invention to provide a fabric comprising strips of material having a metallic lustre, the lustrous material being associated with other materials capable of strengthening and enhancing the decorative effects of the lustrous strips.

A further object of the invention is the provision of fabric comprising strands each including a layer of transparent material laminated to a backing material with an adhesive which imparts to-the fabric a'desired color effect.

Other objects of the invention will in part be obvious and will inpart appear hereinafter.

In accordance with the present invention, a lustrous fabric. for decorative purposes is prepared by the use of strands comprising a plurality of fiat strips cut from a laminated sheet material comprising at least two layers or sheets of flexible material laminated with a colored opaque adhesive, at least one of said layers or sheets being sufiiciently transparent to reveal the color of the adhesive and at least one of the layers being opaque and having a highly reflective surface. I

For the weft of the fabric, there may be employed threads formed of textile fibres such, for

example, as rayon, silk, wool, cotton, or fiat.

threads formed of a transparent material such, for example, as visca artificial horsehair fila-w ments having a substantially flat cross-section and/or flat bands cut from a sheet of transparent, flexible sheet material such, for example, as regenerated cellulose, cellulose derivatives,gelatin, casein and other non-fibrous materials.

The invention accordingly comprises anew and improved article having the elements and the relation of elements, one to another, all as of the invention;

Fig. 2 is a sectional-view of a second er'nbodimerit of one of the strands used in the invention;

Fig. 3 is a sectional view of another embodiment of, a strand used in the invention; and

' Fig. 4 is a perspective view with parts broken away of one embodimentof the fabric of the invention. l .1

For the transparent layer used in the warp strand, theremay be employed any suitable flexible, non-fibrous sheet material such, for example, as regenerated cellulose, cellulose derivatives,

gelatine, casein, polymerized vinyl resin or other synthetic resin, chlorinated rubber, as 'well as fibrous sheet materials which have been rendered substantially transparent by processing such, for example, as oiled silk, glassine paper and the like. The second layer of sheet material with which the transparent layer is laminated is preferably opaque and may comprise any suitable flexible sheet material such, for example, as paper, textile fabric, leather, metal foil or a sheet material having a metallic lustre formed by coating, spraying or laminating the sheet material with metal.

The adhesive used for laminating the sheet materials informing the fiat warp strand of the fabric may comprise any suitable colored adhesive material which has been colored, for example by the addition of a coloring matter such as a dyestuff or a pigment, and the coloring matter may be transparent or opaque. Where one or more of the laminae consists of sheet materials which may be wetted by water, the adhesive may be a water-soluble adhesive or formed. of a waterswelling adhesive material such, for example, as glue, gelatin, agar, dextrine, startch, gum tragecanth and the like, or mixtures of the same made into a paste with water.'- If both of the laminae consist of sheet materials, the surfaces of which are not wetted by water, the adhesive may consist of an organic water-insoluble material such, for

example, as gums, resins, rubber or mixtures of the same dissolved in a suitable organic solvent. Referring to the drawing, there is shown in Fig. 1 a simple embodiment of a suitable warp strand for use in the fabric of the invention. This strand comprises a layer 10 of transparent material united by a layer ll of colored adhesive to a layer. l2 of opaque material. If desired, as shown in Fig. 2, the layer in of transparent material may be coated on both sides with a coating i3 of a transparent moistureproof composition adapted to protect the layer ID. from variations in humidity of theambient atmosphere. In the colored adhesive to a layer i2 of metal foil. In

this embodiment the fillerv or weft comprises threads 16 ofrayon or the like woven through the warp strands l 5 at spaced intervals so as not to detract substantially from the appearance of the warp strands. The fabric thus formed, as shown in Fig. 4, is a non-reversible material, the

propertiesof the upper surface l1 being deterhesive varies in color or shade of color, whereby new andnovel color effects are produced. For.-

example, a group composed of a given number of warp strands may each comprise a laminated material as shown .in Fig. l in which the adhesive has been colored dark green, while adjacent to this group there may be disposed a second group of Warp strands in which the adhesiveis colored a lighter shade of green. Accordingly, the present invention provides a new and novel method of obtaining a wide variety of colors in the warp strands simply by varying the color or the shade of color of the adhesive used in laminating the sheet materials comprising these strands; This 'obviates the ..expense entailed by employing strands cut from sheet materialswhich are themselves colored diflerent colors or different shades of the same color.

It is another feature of the fabric that the layer ID of transparent material serves to strengthen and to impart a high luster to the warp strands, thus enabling the use of cheap or weak materials for the layer [2 of backing material. ample, the layer l2 of backingmaterial may comprise a sheet material'having very little tensile strength, such as a short fibre paper or thin metal foil, in spite of which. the finished fabric made in accordance with the invention has the appearance of an expensive material of high luster and interesting decorative color effects.

' Thearticle of the invention is especially adapted for use as a decorative material in wearing apparel and in all kinds of millinery material;

parting fromits scope, it is intended that all matter contained in the above description shall versible woven fabric comprising series of warp and woof elements, the elements of one se-- ries comprising strips of 'a laminated material comprising at least two layers of sheet material .held together by a layer of colored opaque adhesive, at least one of said layers of sheet material being transparent and atleast oneof said layers of sheet material being opaque, having a highly reflective surface.

For ex-' 2. As an article of manufacture, a non-reversible woven fabric comprising flat strands formed of strips of a laminated material comprising a flexible sheet of transparent material, a layer of colored opaque adhesive and a flexible sheet of opaque material, having a highly reflective surface, the optical appearance of one side-of the fabric being imparted by the opaque sheet and the optical appearanceof the other side of the fabric being imparted by the colored adhesive.

3. As an article of manufacture, a non-reversible woven fabric comprising strands formed of strips of a laminated material comprising a flexible sheet of transparent material, a layer of colored opaque adhesive and a flexible sheet of opaque material having a highly reflective surface. i

versible 'woven fabric comprising strands formed of strips ofa laminated material comprising a flexible sheet of transparent material, a layer of opaque adhesive colored with an opaque pigment and a flexible sheet of opaque material having a highly reflective surface. I

6.'As an article of manufacture, a non-reversible woven fabric comprising strands formed of strips of a laminated material comprising a flexible sheet of transparent, non-fibrous mate-- rial, a layer of colored opaque adhesive and a flexible sheet of opaque material having a highly reflective surface.

'7. As an article of manufacture, a non-reof strips of a laminated material comprising a flexible sheet of transparent regenerated cellu-' lose, a layer of colored opaque adhesive and a flexible sheet of opaque material having a highly reflective surface.

8. As an article of manufacture, a non-reversible woven fabric comprising strands formed of strips of a laminated material comprising a flexible sheet of transparent material, a layer of colored opaque adhesive and a flexible sheet of material having a metallic surface.

' 9. As an articleof manufacture, a non-reversible woven fabriccomprising' strands formed of strips of a laminated material comprising a flexible sheet of transparent material, a layer of colored opaque adhesive and a layer of metalfoil.

' 10. As; an article of manufacture, a non-reversible woven fabric comprising strands formed of strips of a laminated material comprising a flexible sheet of transparent regenerated cellulose, a layer of a colored opaque adhesive and a layer of metal foil. a

11. As an article of'manufacture, a fabric comprising a plurality of flat warp strands formed of strips of a laminated material comprising a flexible sheet of transparent material, a layer of colcred opaque adhesive and a flexible sheet. of opaque material having a highly reflective sur- ,0

face, and weft threads comprising a textile fl-bre.

. JOSEPH W. STARK.

40. versible woven fabric comprising strands formed

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2599674 *Sep 19, 1951Jun 10, 1952Harry VeederRibbon or the like
US2804098 *Dec 22, 1955Aug 27, 1957Russell Mfg CoVenetian blind tape
US2858248 *Jul 3, 1953Oct 28, 1958Hastings Iii John VLaminated flexible sheet material
US3039174 *May 12, 1958Jun 19, 1962Du PontElongated composite structure
US3069746 *May 20, 1957Dec 25, 1962Metal Film Company IncLaminated textile threads
US3317366 *May 18, 1962May 2, 1967Beaunit CorpWoven polyester carpet backing and tufted carpet incorporating the same
US7575027 *Jan 5, 2007Aug 18, 2009Min-San HuangWeave with visual color variation
US8684043 *Apr 12, 2012Apr 1, 2014Gessner Holding AgTextile substrate with water and water vapor dissipating properties
US20130269823 *Apr 12, 2012Oct 17, 2013Gessner Holding AgTextile substrate with water and water vapor dissipating properties
Classifications
U.S. Classification139/420.00R, 156/148, 160/DIG.700, 442/186
International ClassificationD03D15/00
Cooperative ClassificationY10S160/07, D10B2201/24, D03D15/0033, D10B2201/02, D10B2401/14, D03D2700/0133, D03D15/0088, D10B2211/04, D10B2201/20, D10B2211/02, D10B2211/24, D03D15/00
European ClassificationD03D15/00, D03D15/00O2, D03D15/00F