|Publication number||US2088088 A|
|Publication date||Jul 27, 1937|
|Filing date||Jan 23, 1936|
|Priority date||Jan 23, 1936|
|Publication number||US 2088088 A, US 2088088A, US-A-2088088, US2088088 A, US2088088A|
|Inventors||Mark Louis C|
|Original Assignee||New England Glass Works|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (1), Classifications (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
July 27, 1937. 1 Q MARK 2,088,088
INTERCHANGEABLE CHARACTER ORNAMENT Filed Jan. 25, 1956 IIIIIIIIIIIIIB Patented July 27, 1937 UNETE STATES PATENT oFF-ics INTERCHANGEABLE CHARACTER ORNA- MENT Louis 0. Mark, Providence, R. I., assignor to New England Glass Works, Providence, R.- I., a partnership composed of Alex Weiner and Isaac L. Rice Application January 23, 1936, Serial No. 60,480
vention is primarily adapted for use in making up initial monograms on brooches or pins, it is apparent it may be used on bracelets, watch fobs, buckles or any other articles of jewelry.
I I am aware that others have madevarious types of monogram'ornaments adapted to be sold by the manufacturer as units along with different letters of the alphabet so that the consumer may go into a retail jewelry'store and have the jeweler set the proper selected characters or initials into the ornament distinctive of the monogram of the purchaser or otherwise and may permanently aiiix them within the ornament on individual.
order. My invention relates to improvements in this type of ornament constructed with a View of making the ready insertion of selected initials to make up a monogram more easily accomplished by the retail jeweler than has been possible in former constructions. With this end in view I have provided a front frame ornament member having an opening therein to receive the characters and a back frame member hinged thereto by the manufacturer so that all the retail jeweler needs to .do after dropping the, characters in the desired character divisions in the opening which character divisions are so constructed that the initials immediately fall into place, is to pivot the back frame member downwardly and simply secure it thereto.
Further features of my invention relate to the particular construction I employ including lugs forming character initial divisions in each opening so that the initials may readily fall in place right side up.
ters permitting the jewelry of the open-work letters to vividly contrast against the background of the users dress.
Afurther feature of my invention is to provide a construction wherein the attaching means for the selected initials or characters are all formed in closed position to lie within the normal depth of the ornament and not protrude rearwardly therefrom.
. These and such other objects of my invention as may hereinafter appear may be best understood from a description of the accompanying drawing which illustrates an embodiment thereof.
with the rear frame member thereof pivoted to an open position for the selective insertion of the selected initials making up the desired monogram therein by the retail jeweler, two of the initials being shown in dotted lines.
Fig. 3 is a rear perspective View thereof after the initials or characters forming the desired monogram have been made up and the rear frame member pivoted to a closed position clamping the initials to the ornament and in the act of being permanently secured thereto by the retail jeweler.
Fig. 4 is a rear perspective view of one of the initial character members I preferably employ.
Fig. 5 is a perspective view of one half of my improved ornament cut longitudinally substantially through the middle to show the edge thereof in section, the respective ornament being shown in elevation.
In the drawing, wherein like characters of reference generally indicate like parts throughout, Ill generally indicates an ornament having an opening M for the mounting of selected character members therein preferably initial members making up a monogram constructed in accordance with my invention. The ornament includes a front member I2 preferably stamped, pressed or otherwise shaped of preferably pliable metal for a purpose to be described, having an opening l4 for the mounting of selected character members l6 therein. The top and bottom walls of said interchangeable character members it are preferably provided withflanges l8 projecting outwardly from the rear edges of the top and bottom walls thereof, and I provide grooves 2! 1n the rear wall of said ornament along the top and bottom edges of the opening I l having similar vertically aligned sets of lug means 22 thereon preferably horizontally equi-distantly spaced forming between them character divisions 24 of equal width in said opening I4. It is thus apparent that the character members It may be inserted face foremost from the rear of each character division 24 so that the flanges l8 thereof abut the grooves 20 adjacent the top and bottom walls of said opening M in the rear wall of said ornament l 2 within each respective character division 2A. And I provide means 26 adapted to be secured to the rear wall of said ornament to overlappingly retain said flanges I8 of said selected character members it within said grooves 29, in my preferred embodiment, said means 26 preferably having an end 28 pivotally mounted on the rear wall of said ornament so that said means may be pivoted to a closed position and be securable after selective insertion of the desired character members in said opening M to the rear wall of said ornament to over-lappingly retain said flanges i8 within said grooves 26. In my preferred embodiment, said means 26 is preferably of greater area than the opening M and said interchangeable character members preferably are constructed of open-work formation so that said means 25 will not obscure said opening and so that said character members it may project forwardly in relief in said opening l4 against the background of the user.
In the specific embodiment of brooch shown, the front member l2 formed of pliable metal is provided with a central rectangular opening l4 and also preferably with portions extending laterally outwardly beyond said opening in the front wall thereof having flat top, bottom and end portions adjacent said opening forming the appearance of a frame mounted centrally within the ornament, said ornament being provided with ornamented portions exterior of said frame 36. The rear wall ill of said ornament I2 is provided with inset grooves adjacent the top, bottom and end Walls of said opening forming a central inset substantially rectangular portion 32 of greater area than said opening M. In the specific embodiment shown, the end walls of said inset portion 32 are provided with the extension end grooves 34 of similar depth extending centrally outwardly therefrom having within vertically extending integral strips 36 and 38 projecting upwardly therefrom spaced from the ends of said extension grooves 3 Supplemental grooves 20 of greater depth than said inset grooves are provided along the top and bottom edges of the rear wall of said opening each having a plurality of sets of lugs 22 therein equi-distantly spaced from the end walls of said grooves and opening, and adjacent sets of lugs 22 aligned with similarly spaced lugs on the opposite groove to form character divisions 24 of equal width and height in said opening 54. I also for a purpose to be described, provide pliable lugs 39 projecting rearwardly from the rear wall of said front member preferably exterior of said top and bottom supplemental grooves 20.
As a means to secure the interchangeable character members l6 within said ornament, I provide a rear clamping hollow rectangular frame member 26 of substantially the size of said inset portion 32 in the rear wall of said front member l2 having central extensions 49 on the ends thereof substantially the size of said extension grooves 34 and having vertical slits 42 therein to receive the pliable strips 36 and 38 projecting outwardly from the grooves 34 in the rear wall of said front member. In use, one strip 38 is crimped over the outer end of one clamping extension 453 by the manufacturer as shown in Fig. 2 to permit pivotable movement of said frame member for mounting of selective character members 56 in the respective character divisions 24. After the desired character members 26 or letters to make up the desired monogram shown in Fig. 1 have been selectively assembled within the opening by the retail jeweler, the frame member 26 is pivoted downwardly to permit the strip 35 to project through the slit 42 in the opposite end of said frame member 25. To firmly rctain said opposite end of said frame member 2% to said front member l2, said pliable strip 36 is crimped outwardly by the retail jeweler preferably by means of the crimping tool shown in dotted lines in Fig. 3. The side walls of said frame member are also provided with the holes 4 5, in the embodiment shown in extensions it projecting laterally therefrom to receive the lug means Eli and after such insertion, the ends of said lug means may then be suitably upset, if desired, by the same crimping tool, to assist in securing the top and bottom walls of said frame member 26 to said front member and said character members I 6 within said opening H3 along their length.
If desired, as shown in Fig. 5 to assist the retail jeweler in assembling the letters within their respective character divisions right side up, each character member l 6 and each character division 24 in said front member may be provided with cooperating insignia thereon in the embodiment shown, a supplemental prong 53 projecting upwardly centrally of a groove 28 in each division 24 and a slit 52 in a flange E8 of each character member to guide the retail jeweler to permit rapid insertion of each character member it in proper vertical alignment within each division M.
In the specific embodiment shown, I have employed a brooch and for this purpose the pivot ears 54 may be integrally struck up to project rearwardly from the top wall of the frame member 26 for mounting of a suitable pivot pin 56 for the pivotable pin shank 58 and a suitable locking lug 60 for the opposite end of the pivotable pin shank 58 may be similarly struck up to project rearwardly from the top wall of the frame member 26.
As I preferably construct my improved ornament member of pliable material it is obvious that the ends of the locking strips 36 and 38 and the respective ends of the lugs 39 may be readily respectively crimped over or upset by the retail jeweler preferably by means of the simple crimping tool shown in dotted lines in Fig. 3.
It is thus apparent that I have provided a novel type of ornament having means for securing selected characters in an opening thereof hingedly secured thereto for the ready selective assembly of the desired monogram or other assembly thereof therein by the retail jeweler and a construction which will permit the respective character members to fall in place in selective alignment to facilitate assembly by the retail jeweler and with the other advantages explained above.
It is understood that my invention is not limited to the specific embodiment shown and that various deviations may be made therefrom without departing from the spirit and scope of the appended claims.
What I claim is:
1. An ornament comprising a front member for mounting of selective character members therein having a central rectangular opening, a front wall having flat top, bottom and end portions adjacent said opening, a rear wall having inset grooves adjacent the top, bottom and end Walls of said opening forming a central inset portion of greater area than said opening, supplemental grooves of greater depth along the top and bottom edges of the rear wall of said opening each having a plurality of sets of lugs therein equi-distantly spaced from the end walls of said grooves and opem'ng and adjacent sets aligned with similarly spaced lugs on the opposite groove to form character divisions of equal size in said opening, rectangular interchangeable character members of similar size, each of a height substantially that of said opening and of a width substantially that of said character divisions, 1hav ing flanges projecting outwardly from the rear edges of each top and bottom wall thereof, mounted from the rear in said supplemental grooves to have said central character portions project forwardly in relief through said opening, a rear clamping rectangular frame member, and means to firmly secure said rear frame member within said central inset portion of said front member rear wall to rigidly secure the flanges of said character members within said supplemental grooves, a wall of each character member and each character division in said front member having cooperating insignia therein to permit rapid insertion of each character member in proper vertical alignment With each division.
2. An ornament comprising a front member for mounting of selective character members therein having a central rectangular opening, a front wall having flat top, bottom and end portions adjacent said opening, a rear wall having inset grooves adjacent the top, bottom and end walls of said opening forming a central inset portion of greater area than said opening, supplemental grooves of greater depth along the top and bottom edges of the rear wall of said opening each having a plurality of sets of lugs therein equi-distantly spaced from the end walls of said grooves and opening and adjacent sets aligned with similarly spaced lugs on the opposite groove to form character divisions of equal size in said opening, rectangular interchangeable character members of similar size, each of a height substantially that of said opening and of a width substantially that of said character divisions, having flanges projecting outwardly from the rear edges of each top and bottom wall thereof, mounted from the rear in said supplemental grooves to have said central character portions project forwardly in relief through said opening, a rear clamping rectangular frame member, and means to firmly secure said rear frame member within said central inset portion of said front member rear wall to rigidly secure the flanges of said,
character members within said supplemental grooves.
LOUIS C. MARK.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2954622 *||Jul 30, 1959||Oct 4, 1960||Moore Joseph M||Combination clasp and initial holders for watch bands|
|U.S. Classification||40/618, D11/230, D11/229|