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Publication numberUS2089300 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 10, 1937
Filing dateSep 4, 1934
Priority dateSep 4, 1934
Publication numberUS 2089300 A, US 2089300A, US-A-2089300, US2089300 A, US2089300A
InventorsJohn Schlitz
Original AssigneeIda Wilhelm Brugger
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Pintle lock
US 2089300 A
Abstract  available in
Images(6)
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

J. SCHLITZ PINTLE LOCK Filed Sept. 4, 1934 Aug. 10,1937.

6 Sheets-Sheet l Q. INVENTOR Aug. 10, 1937' sc rrz 2,089,300

PINTLE LOCK 7 Filed Sept. 4, 1934 6 Sheets-Sheet 3 g- J. scum-z 2,089,300

PINTLE LOCK Fi l ed Sept. 4, 1934 e sheets-sheet 4 lllllii Aug. 10, 1937. J SCHLITZ 2,089,300-

PINTLE LOCK Filed Sept. 4, 1934 6 Sheets-Sheet 5 N w W m; 6 M/Vf/YTOR Aug. 10, 1937 J. SCHLITZ PINTLE LOCK Filed Sept. 4, 1934 6 Sheets-Sheet 6 INVE/VTO mmm li lgar/Ag g mini fill llmmlfi all; 1

Patented Aug. 10, 1937 A'EENT FFHQEE'.

PINTLE LOCK Application September 4, 1934, Serial No. 742,586

22 Claims.

The invention relates to looks and primarily to that type of devices generally known as combination locks, operatable with or without a key, the locking and unlocking of which is controlled by movable members, each of which is moved to a certain predetermined position to effect the looking and unlocking of the lock on a shackle which may be of any form or construction.

The first object of the invention is to provide a combination lock operatable through combination means composed in part of pin tumblers formed of a plurality of sections of different lengths, certain of said sections being provided with annular grooves and provided with extending means in said grooves, for example in the form of expanding rings for foiling any attempt to feel the breaking point between movable lock members in which the said pin tumblers rest aligned, and by said means effect a greater simplicity with most solid, most reliable, compact and pick proof construction of locks of a character adaptable to various versatile uses and purposes in which it may be applicable, and provide means whereby the combination possessor may instantly manipulate the combination means in the dark, as well as in the light with the aid of a simple adjustable coin shape combination key, which can be made or manipulated to form any desired combination and to keep the combination secret from any possible onlookers while the lock is opened. It is further possible for the possessor of the combination to open the lock in case the combination key is lost, forgotten, or in case of light unnecessary.

Further objects of the invention are to provide a lock formed to favor a required shape as self protection against being caved in and twisted from implacement and having a shackle engaging means which will allow the general body of the lock to be constructed smaller, of less parts and thereby more solid, more powerful more durable, more burglar proof, more inexpensive, more reliable and capable by the simplest means of providing possibly billions of various combina- 5 tion codes from which any one code may be chosen.

The invention secures a further object with the provision of means whereby the combination may be more readily changed or altered if desired.

50 With the above and other objects in view, my invention consists chiefly in a pin tumbler lock comprising a compact interlocking body formed of two members adapted for relative movements and speedy extraction of pin tumblers with pro- 55 vison of means to engage a shackle or bolt and protect the shear line, pin tumblers having expanding means and pin tumblers with reduced ends extending to the outer surface of said body, and extends to consist of pin tumbler locks of the class varying in certain details of modification of 5 construction and combination of means and parts thereof within the scope of the invention, substantially as herein further described, and pointed out in the claims.

The foregoing and other objects which will ap- 10 pear as the nature of the invention is better understood, may be accomplished by a construction, combination and arrangement of parts such as is disclosed by the drawings. The nature of the invention is such as to render it susceptible 15 to various changes and modifications, and, therefore, I am not to be limited to the construction disclosed by the drawings; but I am entitled to all such changes therefrom as fall within the scope of my claims. 20

In the drawings:--

Figure 1 is a side elevation of my invention in connection with a shackle and flange;

Figure 2 is a central vertical sectional view on line 22 of Fig. 4; 25

Figure 3 is a central vertical sectional view on line 33 of Figure 1;

Figure 4 is a front elevation of the invention with the flange as shown on Figure 1;

Figure 5 is a sectional view on line 5-5 of 30 Figure 2;

Figure 6 is an elevation of the face of member 2 on line 55 Figure 2;

Figure 7 is an elevation of my invention in modified form without shackle; 30

Figure 8 is a central vertical sectional view of Figure 7;

Figure 9 is a central sectional View on line 9-9 Figure 7;

Figure 10 is a front view of Figure 7 but showing the lock in open position for receiving or releasing a shackle or bolt;

Figure 11 is a perspective exploded view of the lock of Figure 7 without duad cover rings;

Figure 12 is a perspective exploded view of the duad cover rings;

Figure 13 is an example showing the possible arrangement of pin tumblers with their shear line applicable to Figures 11 and 51;

Figure 14 is. a perspective view of a center section of the pin tumbler with one ring removed;

Figure 15 is a perspective view of the jaw;

Figure 16 is a perspective of the member ecupling key;

Figure 1'7 is a perspective view of a complete tumbler;

Figure 18 is an example showing the possible arrangement of pin tumblers in a modified form, with shear line l t-l4, for lock members having spring controlled pin tumblers;

Figure 19 is an elevation of my invention in another modified form;

Figure 20 is a central vertical sectional view of Figure 19, having pin tumblers as shown in Figure 13;

Figure 21 is a central sectional view on line 21-2! Figure 19;

Figure 22 is a front face view of Figure 19, but showing the lock in releasing position;

Figure 23 is a sectional View on line 23-23 of Figure Figure 24 is a central vertical sectional view as Figure 20, but having pin tumblers as shown in Figure 18;

Figure 25 is a central vertical sectional view on line 25-25 of Figure 22 showing Figure 21 in unlocked position;

Figure 26 is an elevation of my invention in another modified form, with flange and shackle;

Figure 2'7 is a central vertical sectional view of Figure 26;

Figure 28 is the front face elevation of the lock of Figure 26 Figure 29 is a sectional view on line 29-29 Figure 2'7;

Figure 30 is a central vertical sectional view on line 36-30 Figure 28;

Figure 31 is a non-adjustable combination key, showing a faceview, and (for example) applicable to Figure 19;

Fig. 31A is a vertical sectional view on 3lA-3lA of Fig. 31;

Figure 32 is a face elevation of an adjustable 40 combination key, (for example) applicable to Fig.

28 and Fig. 36;

Fig. 32A is a central vertical sectional view on line 32A-32A of Fig. 32;

Figure 33 is a view, in side elevation partly 45, broken away of a further modified form shackle, and in closed position;

Figure 34 is a sectional view on line 34-34 Figure 33;

Figure 35 is a plan view of the tumbler spring 50 retaining member of Fig. 33; c

Figure 36 is a front face elevation of the lock of Figure 33, but in unlocked position;

' Figure 3'7 is a central vertical sectional view on line 37-37 Figure 36, showing the releasing 55 means released from the shackle;

Figure 38 is a side elevation of my invention in further modified form;

Figure 39 is a central vertical sectional view of Figure 38;

Figure 40 is a sectional View on line 40-40 Figure 38;

Figure 41 is a central sectional view on line 44-4! Figure 38;

Figure 42 is a sectional view on line 42-42 65 Figure 39;

Figure 43 is a side view of an adjustable combination key to fit the face of lock of Figure 38; Figure 44 is a perspective view of members of the entire lock of Figure 38, showing the lock 70 laid apart;

Figure 45 is a sectional View of Figure 39 and similar to Figure 42 showing the face of memher 2;

Figure 46 is a sectional view having a jaw mov- 75 ing means as shown in Figure 49;

line

Figure 47 is a perspective view of one jaw related to a jaw shown in Figure 46;

Figure 48 is a front View of the inside face of the rear member on line 48-48 Figure 46, with modified jaw moving means in place;

Figure 49 shows a face elevation of a cam plate (to substitute cam groove of Fig. 45);

Fig. 49A is a central vertical sectional view of the cam plate on line 49A of Fig. 49;

Figure 50 is a face elevation of my invention in broader modified form, in locked position;

Figure 51 is a sectional view on line Ei-El Figure 50; V

Figure 52 is a side elevation;

Figure 53 is a central vertical section on lin 53-53 Figure 52;

Figure 54 is a face elevation of Figure 50 in open or unlocked position;

Figure 55 is a perspective view of the face member of Figure 54;

'Figure 56 is an inside side elevation of the rear member, adapted tojoin the section of Figure 55; I H

Figure 5'7 is a perspective view of the key pin;

Figure 58 shows a set of pin tumblers adaptable for the lock of modified form of Figure 50;

Figure 59 is an enlarged side elevation of a pin tumbler; V a

Figure 59A is a View of an expanding ring for pin tumblers; v I V Figure 60 is an elevation of my invention in further modified form;

Figure 61 is a central vertical sectional view on line 6 l-Bl of'Figure 64;

Figure 62 is a central vertical sectional view on line 62-62 Figure 60;

Figure 63 is a sectional view on line 63-63 Figure 60;

Figure 64 is a top view of the invention of Figure 60.; a

' Figure 65 is a top elevation of an adjustable combination key in further modified form, for example;

Figure 66 is the reverse or dial face of the adjustable combination key of Figure 65 applicable to Figure 64;

Figure 67 is a central vertical sectional View on line 67-6! Figure 65;

Figure 68 shows a plurality of key points or adjustable members of the combination key of Figure 6'7;

Figure 69 shows a plurality of pin tumblers having expanding members as shown in Figures 61, 60, 64;

Figure '70 is a side elevation of my invention in a final major exemplary modified form;

Figure '71 is a side elevation of Figure '70 with the bolt, bolt housing and lock implacement in section; V

Figure '72 is a central vertical section on line 72-72 of Figure 74 with the movable face memder and closure member and a combination key in elevation;

Figure '73 is a central vertical section on line 72-72 of Figure '74 with a vertical section of the combination key;

Figure '74 is a front face elevation on line 74-7-4 of Figure '70 with the bolt in closed position;

Figure '75 is a central sectional View on line 75-75 of Figure '72 with the bolt in closed position and the lock members moved for moving the bolt to opening position;

Figure 76 shows an enlarged elevation of the pin tumblers and expanding means as arranged in Figure '7 3 Figure 76A is a sectional view of Figure '76;

Figure 77 is a central sectional view on line i5'i5 Figure 72 but with the bolt drawn from closed position and the look members moved to move the bolt;

Figure 78 is an elevation on line 'lS-l8 Figure 70 with the lock implacement in section;

Figure 79 is a front elevation of the adjustable master combination key;

Figure 79A is a side elevation of Figure '79;

Figure is a perspective view of the bolt;

. Figure 81 is a perspective View of the bolt cas- Figure 82 is a combination key keeper with the cover of the fabric rolled. back to reveal the combination key and combination code leaflets;

Figure 83 is a plan of the rear member of the invention ofFigure '70;

Figure 84 shows diagrammatically an adjustment of the tumblers corresponding to the setting of the key of Figure 79.

Figure shows the tumblers of Figure 84 aligned in look releasing position;

In the accompanying drawings, the number indicates what is throughout to be generally named the face member, and 2 the rear member of the lock which has pin tumbler sections 3-3-455-l--83 with expanding pin tumbler members 9 in groove 9' in certain sections, whereby the tumblers may be aligned to release face member l for movement to withdraw means it] carried thereby from engagement with the shackle H. The lock is opened by forcing a predetermined number of said pin tumblers together or separately to a predetermined depth to allow th opening and closing operation of the lock. Figures 1 to 6 show an arrangement of pin tumblers as shown in Figure 13. The tumblers 4 or i for instance, are moved into disalignment by the rotary motion of the lock on the extending bulge E2 on the inner side of the cup shape shackle flange l3. After alignment of pin tumblers shown in Figure 85 the face member I is moved to allow the release of the jaw It! from the shackle l I. It is also shown that means may be provided in all forms to partly or wholly cover the line of contactof the shear line faces of the face member and of the rear member as protection against attack, in that the extending means 55 and i5 are provided by the rear member 2 Fig. 5 and by the face member I Fig. 6, while like protective extending means are provided in Figures '7 to 12 by rings 56 and I6, and by a flange I3 in Figures 33 to 37, and by one flange l"! in Figures 39 to 48, by the general body of the lock in Figures 50 to 56, by the lock implacment in Figures 60 to 64 and by the inner flange 58 of the cylindrical form I9 of the rear member 2 in Figures '70 to 83. It is also understood that all forms throughout can be provided with coil springs 2B as shown in Figures 24 to '73. By the foregoing, it is seen that while the movable face member i is held keyed to the rear member 2 by integral extensions 2! and 2! Figure 6,- or by an insert 22 Figures 9 and 15 and the insert 22 Figure 16 corresponding to integral extensions 2i nd 2i of Figure 6 a projection it for shackle H is provided in each instance. It can be seen that the said means for connecting members i and 2 and locking the shackle are immovably mounted in a channel 23 of the face member l and movably held in the opposite channel 24 of the rear member 2: Figure 11 to hold or release a shackle I! ll mountable Within bores 25, 26 and 21 of lock members 28, 28 2 and I Figures 1 to 48.

The rear member as exemplified in Figs. 38 to 49 and Figs. '70 to 83 is provided with a flange which at its outer end |'l-| 8 is pressed inward to be narrowed by a press upon a fixed smaller diameter of the face member and thus movably unite both members permanently together by the forming of a rim as the final act of a method of assembling.

It can be further seen that a screw 29 (Figs. 29 and 30) or a tumbler (Fig. 21) resting with its end portion in the elongated groove 29' not only limits the horizontal movement of the face memher but also by withdrawal from said groove allows the removal of the face member following proper alignment of all pin tumblers and allows thereby the removal or readjustment of pin tumblers to provide a different combination.

Means 25, 2|, 22, 22 key the face member and rear member together in Figures 1 to 30, and allowing access to the pin tumblers by removal of the face member E from the rear member 2. The flange ll Figures 38 to 48 and flange I8 of Figures 70 to 83 prevents such action but allows in place access to the pin tumblers through a movable closure member 28 of the class for example shown in Figures 39 to 46, which is held movably mounted with key faces 30 against counter key faces 3! and held immovable by a movable shackle H with the bore 25. In place of a closure member 28' Figures 33 to 37, a closure member 32 (for the same purpose) is provided in Figures '70 to 78, wherein the combination is changeable by removal of the pin tumbler through the closure after the removal of the screw 32' from the rotatable closure member 32. Access to tumblers in Figure 50 for like change of the combination is possible by the removal of both the screw 33 and the key pin 34, and in Figures 60 to 64 by the removal of screws 35.

It can be seen in Figures 72 and '78 that the said closure member is rotatably mounted to allow the removal and replacement of spirally mounted pin tumblers and relative springs through the hole at any place. In the lock of modified forms, as exemplified in Figures 39 to 85 inclusive the members I and 2 are locked to perform proper functions by rotary movement, and that the jaws 36 shown in Figures 39 to- 45 have a projection 31 for movement in an oval groove 38 shown in Figures 39 to 45, the difference between the length and width of the oval (or a spiral) groove forces the jaws to move into and out of an annular elongated groove or other bolt engaging means about a shackle. Rib 39 (Fig. 48) engages groove 31 of jaw 35 and in the rotation of face member l carrying with it the jaw causes the same to move either to looking or unlocking position by reason of the eccentric shape of the rib. The rib is formed in a plate 44 mounted as shown in Figure 46. The locking and unlocking movement is provided in Figures 70 to 35 in a member l0 by a groove 34 Figure 72 for allowing the release and preventing the release of the bolt or a shackle. The pin tumblers vary in length or sections throughout but serve to perform like functions and the sections as shown in Figure 76 can be shifted to provide any desired combination as exemplified in Figures 84 and 85.

Any number of locks of the class may be operated by placing key points 45, 46 and 4? Figure 68 of a predetermined combination upon the combination key 48, which may be provided with handle 49 having a point extractor 49 for aiding the removal of key points from the combination key Figs. 6'7 and 79. It is to be understood that a combination key 50 Figures 31 and 32 can be of service in any pin tumbler lock in which the pin tumblers protrude from the surface of the dial face as the key of Fig. 31 being non-adjustable can be used only for looks having the.

same combination as that of the key. The combination key of Figure 32 is provided with holes 55 and an assortment of re-arrangeable sections 52 which fill partly or wholly the said holes to form a combination. The master key of Fig. 79 allows change of combination more quickly than the key of Figure 32 and may open a million locks 5 each lock of a difierent combination and may be conveniently carried by a means 53 Figure 82, which may carry with it for convenience a considerable number of paper dial leaves 54 having the combination and number of the lock stamped on each leaf.

When the combination is set on the combination key as for example as shown in Figure 79, the key is pressed on the dial face 55 Figs. 72 and 73 to allow key points 45, 46 and 41 to force the pin tumblers to alignment as in Fig. 85 to allow the turn of the combination key to rotate the face member l 360 degrees and allow the pin tumblers to fall automatically again in disalignment with the shear line M as shown for example in Figure 84. Rotation of face member l moves member it from one end of slot 10 to the other by means of spiral groove 44 thus placing said member I Q in position to contact the end wall of opening 58 in bolt ll to thereby retract said bolt upon the continued rotation of said face member, against the pressure of the bolt projecting spring. The spring will force the bolt to re-locking position limited by the extending pin ti which meets the bolt casing 62 (Fig. 75). The bolt casing is (for example) fastened by screws 63, 63' and through holes ea, 64 Figure 81 and the casing has a side recess 65 to allow the latch point 66 of the latch 67 to be moved into to lock the look from the inside and to prevent the look from being opened from the outside. It is to be understood that the bolt housing rests stationarily in the centrally located annular groove 68 on the rear member 2 to prevent the look from being drawn from iniplacement 69 while the door is locked. It is understood that the locking action of the latent? prevents the rotation of the lock and consequently prevents the look from bein opened from the outside.

The above described operation naturally forces the extending member Hi to one side within. the oblong hole it of the annular groove 68 Figure 71 and Figure 83, and the reverse operation of the look will force the said member It to the other side or free area 57 of the bolt and thus provide free rotation of the member 2 without moving the bolt, thus the lock is locked, and the application of a pipe-wrench to twist the lock open would only rotate the lock freely. Having thus described the lock of this class, I point to Figures 50 to 64 inclusive to show that I do not desire to limit myself to exact details of construction and that I am aware that a lock of this class may be reduced to a more simple form for certain purposes as shown for example in Figure 5G in which twin major parts possess the general form of a lock of the class in that two members ii and H form the combined interlocking jaws l2 and housing for tumblers of the class shown in Figures 13, 18, 58 or 68. The lock of Figure 60 75 with tumblers of the class Figure 13 can be 0perated with or without the use of combination key. Pin tumblers may also be provided with expanding rings 9 to foil the attempt to pick the lock. The members H and H are held together by a screw 33 passing through the hole 13 of member H into screw threads E4 of member H and said screw is locked therein by a key pin 34 (Fig. 5'7) passing through a hole 55 of member H and into the said screw to prevent the screw from being removed while the section i6 inclosed position covers the pin to prevent removal of the same while the lock is locked.

It may be shown in Figures 60 to 64 that the lock of the class can be applied to a door A or door frame B or vice versa, in that a face member i is fastened into the door A (Fig. 60) for ex ample within a rim i? followed by the rear member 2 screwed, riveted or welded to a door A. The rotation of member l moves a bolt 18 into and out of a recess '49 in the door frame B. The rotating face member l having a threaded hole to receive threads 8! of the bolt l8 moves the slidably mounted bolt 78 into the stationary rear member 2. The bolt 13 has flat side to prevent the bolt from turning. It is immaterial whether the threaded end of the bolt 78 is in the non-movable rear member and the slidable flat sided end of the bolt in the rotatable member, the movement in and out of the recess 19 would be the same. It is to be further understood that the end of the annular groove 3' of tumblers 3 may be flush with the face of the face member throughout from Figure 1 to Figure 74 inclusive, as shown in Figure 84. The adjustable combination key Figure '79 is also operatable in Figures 1 to 70 inclusive with allowance for minor changes in the length, location and number of tumblers in each lock. The adjustable key points 45, 46 and 47 fit the face of each lock. Tumblers may also protrude from the face of looks from Figure 60 to Figure 74 as in Figures 1 to 54, making adjustable combination key Figure 79 therefor also useable throughout in that the members 45, it and 47 Figure 68 may possess inward extending holes of the depth as of the length of key points 45 46 and 47'. It is evident that both the spiral arrangement of pin tumbler holes 43 (Figs. 70 to 79) and the circular arranged holes are applicable throughout. And that the combination key 48 Figure 79 has pins 82 to engage holes 83 Figure 74 to set the key 48 in line with grooves 84 and 85 Fig. 74. The key may have instead a groove or rib 86 Figure 65 as in Figure 67 to join a counter groove or rib on any look as exemplified in 84 Figure 64. The key may have instead a point 87 within a hole 88 (Figure 43) to fit into a recess 89 on the extension 90 (Figs. 38 to 46), or a key Figure 32 may have a bar 9| across a hole 92 as in Figure 31 to enter a groove 93 Figure 24, or key Figure 31 may have a point 94 as Figure 32 on its outer rim to fit into a recess 95 of a rim 96 as exemplified in Figs. 28 and 36. The key may be adapted by these minor changes to all looks of the class herein described.

Therefore, it can be seen by the foregoing that I have provided several specific, reliable compact locks and keys capable of fulfilling in each instance the use and purpose peculiar thereto within the general spirit of the invention which broadly aims to secure a lock practically pick proof by the employment of sectional tumblers around certain sections of which are placed expandable spring rings to aid in disguising the shear line. These tumblers are adaptable to the various locks disclosed anddo not interfere with the construction permitting free rotation to prevent twisting apart of the lock.

While I have. herein shown and particularly described the embodiments of my invention for said various uses by arrangements and re-arrangements of related parts for providing the same leading aim within the spirit of my invention I do not wish to be understood as limiting myself to the precise details of construction shown as further like changes can be readily made without departing'from the spirit of my invention.

What I claim is:

1. In an adjustable look, a rear member provided with a plurality of pin tumbler openings, a face member movably mounted against the said rear member provided with a plurality of pin tumbler openings through the said face member in alignment with the pin tumbler openings in said rear member, expandable sleeves, pin tumblers having annular grooves with said expandable rings therein, and an adjustable means allowing the removal of said pin tumblers movably held in each of said pin tumbler openings for allowing and preventing the movement of the said movable face member against the said rear member and to allow and prevent the movable face member from providing a clamping act upon a shackle.

2. In an adjustable lock, the combination of a rear member provided with a plurality of pin tumbler openings, a movable face member movably mounted against the said rear member provided with a plurality of pin tumbler openings in alignment with pin tumbler openings of said rear member, expandable sleeves, a plurality of pin tumblers provided with said sleeves and movably mounted in each of said pin tumbler openings, coil springs, and adjustable means to allow the removal and prevent the removal of the said pin tumblers with the said coil springs, clamping provisions, and means to allow and prevent a clamping purchase upon a shackle.

3. In a lock, the combination of elements movably engaging each other and provided with p-in tumbler openings, a plurality of re-arrangeable alignable pin tumblers of various sectional lengths in each of said openings, annular grooves provided on several of said pin tumblers, the said pin tumblers of said various sectional lengths reduced in diameter to fill in the said openings of reduced diameter spaced from the end of the tumbler openings to prevent removal thereof through outer openings in which the reduced ends move as buttons for operation manually and by a key, expandable spring rings about said tumblers having annular grooves to rest said spring rings therein.

4. In a lock of the class described, a pair of lock members with their inner faces snugly mounted against each other and provided with duad aligned pin tumbler openings, protecting overlapping extending means provided to the outer sides of said lock members to protect the said joining faces, a series of alignable pin tumblers in each of said aligned pin tumbler openings, a shackle release means provided on a said lock member to allow and prevent the release, and means to move the said pin tumblers to disalignment to prevent the movement of the said faces of the said lock members, said pin tumblers with reduced extending sections to move the said pin tumblers to alignment to allow the disalignment of the said duad openings to move the said shackle release means with a said lock member to unlock the lock.

5. In a lock comprising members provided with a plurality of pin tumbler openings, a movable set of pin tumblers, each of said tumblers of separate predetermined length selectively predeterminedly arranged in each of said pin tumbler openings, expanding means about the sections of said inner located tumblers which are of reduced diameter to prevent play of said tumblers against the side walls of said openings and prevent picking of the lock.

6. A lock having its face member provided with a series of pin tumbler openings, pin tumblers provided with an annular shoulder to prevent the outward escape of pin tumblers through the face of the face member, movable inner pin tumblers, each of said tumblers of predetermined length to allow predetermined arrangement and re-arrangement of said pin tumblers in each of said pin tumbler openings, expanding means about a plurality of said inner pin tumblers, rear members, a part of said pin tumblers extending into a said rear member, and means to allow proper alignment of said pin tumblers to allow the lock to open.

7. A look of the class comprising a solid body formed of two members movably mounted against each other and provided with a plurality of alignable pin tumbler openings therein, a movable bolt engaging means between said two members, adjustable pin tumblers movably mounted in said openings and through said bolt engaging means to allow the releasing movement of the said bolt engaging means to release the lock from a bolt.

8. A pin tumbler lock having a duad body of a face member and a rear member movably mounted to each other and provided with a plurality of alignable pin tumbler openings therein, adjustable pin tumblers movably mounted in said openings, a movable bolt engaging means provided on one of said members.

9. A pin tumbler lock having a duad body of a face member and rear member movably mounted to each other and provided with a plurality of alignable pin tumbler openings therein, adjustable pin tumblers movably mounted in said openings, a means on said rear member to allow the removal of the face member from the said rear member at a predetermined point of movement when the said tumblers are aligned, a lock engaging means between said face and rear members, and a means to align said tumblers to move said face member to engage said lock engaging means.

10. A pin tumbler lock having a duad body of a face member and a rear member movably mounted to each other and against each other and provided with a plurality of alignable pin tumbler openings therein, adjustable pin tumblers movably mounted in said openings, a means on said rear member to allow the removal of the face member from the said rear member at a predetermined arranged point when the said tumblers are aligned.

11. In a lock, the combination of elements movably mounted against each other provided with alignable pin tumbler openings, a plurality of rearrangeable alignable pin tumblers of different lengths in each of said openings, the said pin tumblers in several sections reduced in diameter to fill in the openings of reduced diameter spaced from the outer manuallymanipulatable push button end of the said tumblers to prevent removal thereof through outer openings from said tumbler openings in which the reduced push button ends move for operation manually and by a key, and expandable spring rings about said tumblers having annular grooves. 1

12. In a lock of the class described comprising duad solid elements directly joining each other, said elements provided with duad pin tumbler openings, said elements provided with inner sur- 1 faces facing each other directly in alignment with said duad pin tumbler openings, adjustable pin tumblers, movably mounted in each of said openings, a said element provided with a cam groove at a said inner surface; locking means provided with provisions of means movably resting in said cam groove, a said element provided with a vertical groove opposite of said cam groove to allow the said locking means to move therein toallow the release and prevent the release from a shackle. I

13. A lock of the class described comprising a substantial solid body formed of two members adapted for relative movement, said members provided with a'plurality of alignable pin tumbler openings, pin tumblers in said openings to releasably hold the members locked and tumblers extending to the outer face of said body to serve as push buttons at one end thereof, a shackle engaging means whereby relative movement of said members will provide release engagement from a shackle;

14. In a rotatable pin tumbler lock of the class described comprising a substantial solid body formed of two members adapted for relative movement and speedy extraction of tumblers and being provided with a shear line guard and with a shackle engaging -means, said members provided with a plurality of alignable pin tumbler openings pin tumblers in said openings to releasably hold the members locked and tumblers extending to the outer face surface of said body to serve as push buttons at one end thereof to provide alignment of said tumblers to allow release engagement of said shackle engaging means from a shackle.

15. A lock of the class described comprising a substantial solid body formed of two members adapted for relative movement, said members provided with a plurality of alignable pin turnbler openings, a plurality of pin tumblers in said openings to releasably hold the members locked, said tumblers in several sections of different lengths and reduced in diameter to fit in the said tumbler openings of reduced diameter spaced from the end to the tumblers to prevent removal thereof through outer openings from said tumbler openings in which the reduced ends move as push buttons for operation both manually and by a key.

16. A lock of the class described comprising a substantial solid body formed of two members 7 adapted for relative movement and being provided with a shear line protecting means, said members provided with a plurality of alignable pin tumbler openings, a plurality of pin tumblers in said openings to releasably hold the members locked, s id. tum le s s veral sections of different lengths and reduced in diameter to fill in the said tumbler openings of reduced diameter spaced from the end to the tumblers to prevent removal thereof through outer openings from said tumbler openings in which the reduced ends move as push buttons for operation both manually and by a key.

17. In a locking device, the combination of a lock with a shackle, a flange provided with a cup formed side wall to cover a section of the lock and the shackle from attack substantially as described.

18. In a lock of the class described comprising a body formed of two members adapted for relative movements'and provided with a spiral track, said members provided with a plurality of alignable pin tumbler openings, sectional pin tumblers in said openings to releasably hold the memb-ers locked and around certain sections of which are placed expandable spring rings to aid in disguising the shear line, and engaging means including said track whereby relative movement of said members will move said engaging means to engage a shackle. 1

l9. Ina lock of the class described comprising a body formed of two members adapted for relative movement and provided with a series of spirally located pin tumbler openings, pin tumblers in said openings to releasably hold the members locked.

20.- In a -lock of the class described comprising a body formed of two members adapted for relative movement, said members having a plurality of alignable pin'tumbler openings, pin tumblers in said openings to releasably hold the members locked, a plate provided with an oval cam track carried by said members, shackle engaging means, a shackle, and means including said track whereby relative movement of said members will move said engaging means to release said shackle.

21. In a pin tumbler lock of the class described comprising a substantial solid body formed of two members adapted for relative movement and speedy extraction of tumblers and provided with a shear line guard and with a shackle engaging means, said members provided with a plurality of alignable pin tumbler openings, a plurality of pin tumblers in said openings to releasably hold the two members. locked, said tumblers in several sections of different lengths and reduced in diameter to fill in the said tumbler openings of reduced diameter spaced from the end to the tumblers to the surface of said body to prevent removal thereof through outer opening from said tumbler openings in which the reduced ends move as a push button for operation of said tumblers both manually and by a key to efiect reiease en-r gagement of the" lock.

22. In a lock, the combination of elements movably grasping each other and provided with pin tumbler openings, a plurality of re-arrangeable alignable pin tumblers of various sectional lengths in each of said openings, annular grooves provided on several of said pin tumblers, expandable spring rings about said tumblers having annular grooves to rest said spring rings therein.

- JOHN SCHLITZ.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4262505 *May 31, 1979Apr 21, 1981Anthony MoscatelliHemispherical lock cylinder
US4357814 *Aug 29, 1980Nov 9, 1982Kripner George CAircraft petcock lock
US4858455 *Feb 11, 1988Aug 22, 1989Ming Tay Hardware Ind. Co., Ltd.Lock core
US6622979Mar 29, 2001Sep 23, 2003Southern Imperial, Inc.Stem and scan locking hooks
WO1982003651A1 *Apr 14, 1981Oct 28, 1982Moscatelli AnthonyHemispherical lock cylinder
Classifications
U.S. Classification70/23, 70/34, 70/491, 70/411, 70/232, 70/37, 70/298, 70/24
International ClassificationE05B27/08, E05B27/00
Cooperative ClassificationE05B27/083
European ClassificationE05B27/08B