US 2090317 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Allg- 17, 1937- A. c. UNDERHILL 2,090;317
HAT SWEAT BAND- Fl-ed June 6, 1935 www;
Patented Aug. 17, 1937 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE HAT SWEAT BAND Application' June 6, 1935, serial No. 25,197
This invention relates to hat sweat-bands and has for its object to provide la sweat-band which will give comfort to the wearer, and at the same time prevent the perspiration from entering the 5 hat.
'Ihe sweat-band now most generally used has a threaded portion which is so arranged that it bruises the wearer, and at the same time permits the perspiration to pass from the head to 10 the hat along the threads and through the holes made in the band by the threads. Furthermore, as the band rests against the rim edge of the hat,
a hardness results, which is not comfortable to the wearer. My invention overcomes these ob- 15 jectionable features.
Another object of the invention is to provide a sweat-band of leather or the like with an attaching edge adapted to be stitched to the inner side of a hat above the usual moisture-proof 2O bead and which is provided with an inwardly curved or pressed portion adjacent the attaching edge adapted, when the band is turned up into the crown of the hat, to yieldingly urge the band by its inherent resiliency inwardly away 25, from the attaching edge and into position above the moisture-proof bead to form a relatively wide bend or cushion to engage the head and space the band from said edge and its stitching; thereby preventing perspiration from following 30 along the stitches or threads and providing a soft and yieldable Contact between the sweatband and the head.
An embodiment of my invention will be hereinafter described and shown in the drawing and 35 finally pointed out in the claims.
In the accompanying drawing:-
Figure 1 is a sectional View of a portion of a hat, with my improved sweat-band applied thereto.
Figure 2 is a detail sectional view of the sweatband.
Figure 3 is a detail sectional View of the reed and oil cloth or other moisture-proof strip employed.
Figure 4 is a sectional view of the sweat-band and the moisture-proof strip joined together before folding.
Figure 5 is a like View, but with the sweat-band turned over.
Figure 6 is a fragmentary inside perspective view of Figure 5, and
Figure 7 is a fragmentary sectional view of the machine used to give they sweat-band a special curvature, prior to it being applied to the hat.
Similar characters of reference designate corresponding parts throughout the various views Referring now to the drawing, the usual and well known sweat-band Ill of leather or the like is shown in Figure 2 and the known moistureproof strip II of oil cloth or the like enveloping the reed I2 to form the usual moisture-proof bead is shown in Figure 3. These two known parts are joined together by stitching I3, as shown in Figure 4, and then the leather or sweat-band leather band I is bent over, Vas shown in Figure 5, leaving an attaching edge I4 secured iiat against the moisture-proof strip I I.
It will be noted that the stitching I3 is placed through the attaching edge I4 of the sweat-band I0 and also above the reedIZ of the moistureproof strip II in such a way that when the sweat-band I0 is bent over, the reed enclosing portion of the moisture-proof or oilcloth strip IIY forms a bead which projects below the curved l bent over portion Il of the sweat-band. This is clearly seen in Figure and is important, and is particularly illustrated by the lines I5 and I6 of Figure 1; the line I5 indicated the level of the bead having the reed I2 therein and the line I6 indicating the level of the sweat-band bent over portion I1.
According to this invention the bend or curved lower portion of the sweat band I0 is relatively broad or wide to provide a substantial cushion for yieldingly engaging the head and also for spacing the sweat-band inwardly from the stitches I3. To effect this the lower portion of the sweatband is provided with an inherentk tendency or resiliency to arch inwardly at a point adjacent tothe attaching edge I4 so that when the sweatband Ill is turned up into the hat, as shown in Figure l, the inherent spring action of the lower portion of the band tends to draw the bend I'I inwardly inward from the stitches I3 so that the bend is broadened and provides the necessary cushion.
This inherent bend or arching of the sweatband I0 may be accomplished in the manner shown in Figure 7 and wherein` the assembled and folded over sweat-band and moisture proof strip are subjected to the rolling action between rotatable dies I8 and I9. The cylindrical die member I3 has a peripheral grooved portion 20 terminating at one side in the shoulder 2| and terminating at its other side in an outstanding flange or edge portion 22. The assembled and folded sweat-band I0 and moisture-proof strip I I are placed upon the cylindrical die I8 with the overturned attaching edge I4 of the sweat-band adjacent the ange 22 of the die member I8 ffl so that the portion of the sweat band adjacent the bend I I is fitted in the groove 20 and the adjacent portion of the moisture-proof strip I I is brought into engagement with the exposed side of the sweat-band. The opposite die member I9 is of roller form mounted upon a shaft 23 which engages the flange 22 for limiting the approach of the die members I8 and I9 toward each other. This is for the purpose of preventing the crushing or compression of the sweat-band I and the moisture-proof strip II beyond a predetermined extent. The die member I9 has a suitably rounded peripheral por-- tion corresponding to the recess so as to roll the sweat-band and its strip in the recess 20 and impart the desired inherent springing or bowing tendency to the sweat-band.
The moisture-proof strip II is secured by stitching 24 or the like to the body portion 25 of a hat so that the water-proof strip I I is drawn by the stitching 24- into flat engagement or contact against the inner side of the crown of the hat and with the beaded portion of the strip projecting downward. The sweat-band is upset as shown in Figures 1 and 5, and due to the action of the roller shown in Figure 7, the leather or the like cf which the sweat-band is composed, is given a bulged portion whereby the sweat-band as shown by 26 extends outwardly from the hat crown. It will be noted that the sweat-band I U as shown in Fig. 5 before the action of the roller is closed to the waterproof lining I I or parallel therewith, whereas in Figure 1 the sweat-band has the tendency to stay away from the hat, due to the upset portion I'I and inherent action of the leather after having beenr acted upon by the rollers. This inherent resiliency and mounting of the sweat-band thus provides the soft yieldable and gripping cushion for engaging the head so that the hat will be comfortable to wear.
It will also be noted that the bend I'I extends directly inwardly from the stitches I3 and inwardly of the hat crown and of its juncture with the brim. YAlso the bend II is spaced above the water-proof bead as shown by the spaced level lines I5 and I6 in Figure 1, the bead I2 being substantially at the juncture of the crown and brim.
It `will be noted that the pressure ofthe roller I9 upon the leather or other type of sweat-band I0 forms a decided curvature in the sweat-band as shown at 26 in Figure .-7 but, due to the inherent resiliency of thesweat-band, this curvature gradually smooths itself out and resolves the resiliency into pulling strains upon the bend II to give the soft cushioning effect inv the wearing of the hat. At the same time, the bead of the water-proof strip cannot come into contact with the wearers head as it is not only below the sweat-band but is spaced an appreciable distance from the head by the wide bend or cushion II. The perspiration from the head therefore cannot enter the fabric orv material of the hat and thus the hat is protected and the soft and clutching effect on the head is obtained.
The stitching 24 which passes through the crown of the hat and the two superposed layers of the strip, is placed as shown in Figure 1, somewhat above the juncture of the crown and brim, and by reason thereof, the bead within the two layers of the strip, and the bent portion of the sweat-band are enabled to be moved inwardly of the hat, around the pivot formed by the stitching 24. It has been found that this freedom of movement gives an advantage in the use of the improvement when applied to the hat.
It is obvious that various changes and modi-- vcations may be made in the details of construction and design of the above specifically described embodiment of this invention without departing from the spirit thereof, such changes and modications being restricted only by the scope of the following claims:
What is claimed is:-
1. 'Ihe combination with a hat having a crown and a brim, of a sweat-band including a, leather band member and a moisture-proof strip bent upon itself and enclosing a reed forming a bead, stitching extending through said leather band member near one edge thereof and through the overlying portions of the strip at a point adjacent to the bead, the leather band member being turned over on itself directly against and along the line of said stitching to form a loopshaped portion above the bead and to enable said leather member to form a double-ply `directly adjacent to and above the bead, said leatherband member above saidfdouble-ply portions extending upwardly substantially parallel with thevv crown of the hat, and stitching extendingthrough the strip and the crown at ar point spaced upwardly from the bead and at a point spaced upwardly from the loop-shaped portion of said leather-band member. v
2. The combination with a hat having a crown and a brim, of a sweat-band including a leather band member and-a moisture-proof strip bent upon itself and enclosing a reed forming a bead, stitching extending through said leather band member near one edge thereof and through the overlying portions of the strip at a point adjacent to the bead, the leather band member being turned over on itself directly against and along the line of said stitching to form a loopshaped portion above the bead and to enable said leather member to form a double-ply directly adjacent to and above said bead, said leather band member extending beyond said double ply por-1 tions substantially parallel with the crown of the hat, stitching extending through the strip and the crown at a point spaced upwardly from the loop-shaped portion, and a rolled portion in the leather-band member closely adjacent to the bent portion tending to bulge the leather-band member inwardly of the crown above the beadand above the loop-shaped portion formed by the double-ply portions, the rolled portion extending from the bead inwardly and disposed. between the head of the wearer and the bead, to prevent contact of the head with the bead.
ALFRED C. UNDERHILL.