Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS2091146 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 24, 1937
Filing dateMay 6, 1937
Priority dateMay 6, 1937
Publication numberUS 2091146 A, US 2091146A, US-A-2091146, US2091146 A, US2091146A
InventorsJohn W Hamilton
Original AssigneeJohn W Hamilton
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Braille clock
US 2091146 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

1937. J. w. HAMILTON 2,091,146

BRAI LLB CLOCK Filed May 6, 1937 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 1 w HamilfOW Aug. 24, 1937.

J. w. HAMILTON 2,091,146

BRAILLE CLOCK I Filed May 6, 1957 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 l (I I VWTNESSES 26 /6 50 INVENTOR I fwifczmzliofl/ ATTORNEYS Patented Aug. 24, 1937 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE BRAILLE CLOCK John W. Hamilton, Rochelle Park, N. J. Application May 6, 1937, Serial No. 141,044

7 Claims.

This invention relates to Braille clocks, the object of the invention being to provide a clock which enables the user to ascertain the time by the sense of touch, thus providing a clock which is adapted for use by the blind.

The invention embodies many novel features of construction and combinations and arrangements of parts, all of which will be more fully hereinafter described and pointed out in the claims.

In the accompanying drawings Fig. l. is a view mainly in elevation partly broken away illustrating my improved clock with the covering doors removed;

9 Fig. 2 is a view in section through the clock, the view being taken on the line 2-2 of Fig. l, the doors of the clock being shown in this figure;

Fig. 3 is a fragmentary broken view in elevation on an enlarged scale;

Fig. 4 is a view in section on the line 44 of Fig. 3; and

Fig. 5 is a fragmentary viewin section on the line 5-5 of Fig. 2.

The reference character A is employed to indicate generally the casing of my improved clock, which is illustrated as of general rectangular shape although, of course, it may be of any shape desired. The casing A includes a back plate IE to which four side pieces ll, l2, l3, and it are fixedly secured. The front of the casing comprises a pair of hinged doors i5 and Hi, the door l5 being appreciably larger than the door 16, and these doors are connected, respectively, H to the side walls H and I3 by hinges ll. 35 Within the casing and fixedly secured to the back wall it? thereof is a clock mechanism indicated generally by the reference character B. This clock mechanism may, of course, take any form desired, the driven shaft or arbor I8 of which mechanism is caused to make a complete revolution once in twelve hours. On this shaft or arbor I8 is secured my improved disk l9, and it is to be understood that I use this term in its broadest application and, of course, it may embody a complete disk, or an open-work disk, or merely a ring with any suitable means operatively connecting the same to the shaft 18. I have shown as a securing. means a clamping nut which is screwed on to the outer end of the shaft I8 and functions to clamp the disk between rings 2! and 22 on the shaft. I have also shown the disk as having openings 23 in its central portion which permit access to the clockwork B.

The disk IB is divided into one hundred and forty-four parts, each part or section representing five minutes of time, and on the disk in a circular series removed from the outer edge thereof, I provide Arabic numerals as shown at 24, indicating hours and minutes, and in radial 5 alignment with said Arabic numerals I provide around the outer portion of the disk, raised dots which constitute standard Braille numerals, the numerals, of course, corresponding with the Arabic numerals.

The door l5, as above stated, is appreciably larger than the door It and is provided with a plate 26 which overlaps the edge of the door l6, and spring catches 2'! are provided to operatively engage pins 21 projecting from the top and bottom edges of the larger door 55 when in closed position and thus maintain both doors in their closed relationship. The smaller door [6 is provided with two window openings 21 and 28 'in radial alignment with each other. The window opening 27' exposes the Arabic numerals 24 and the window opening 23 exposes the Braille numerals 25. The window opening 2? is preferably formed by a small metal frame 29, which on its outer portion and at the center thereof is provided with a raised dot 38, which I term a dot of orientation. The window opening 28 1 exposing the Braille numerals is preferably larger than the window opening 21, and the lower wall of said opening 26 is preferably curved and suitably beveled, as indicated at to permit the fingers of the hand to engage the Braille numerals at an. acute angle, thus allowing the operator to expose the most sensitive portion of the finger tips to the Braille numerals.

3! ind cates a brake which comprises a strip of metal secured at its lower end, as shown at 32, to the inner face of wall it, and is provided intermediate its ends with abrake shoe 33 normally spaced from the edge of the disk l9 but adapted to be moved into contact therewith to momentarily stop the turning movement of the disk. As a means for operating this brake, I show a push button 34 operatively connected to the free end of the strip 3! and extending outside of the wall l3 so that by an inward pressure on this push button 34 the brake can be applied. 35 represents a spring which is fixedly connected to the wall l2 and engages the spring 3! to hold the brake normally away from the disk.

The operation is as follows:

To ascertain the time of day the finger is moved so that it locates the dot of orientation 3G, and then the fingers are moved to the right to feel the Braille numerals which are either in alignment with the dot 33 or nearest to such alignment, thus enabling the blind to ascertain the time. During this operation of feeling the dots, the operator preferably moves the push button 34 inwardly so as to cause the brake to en:

gage the disk is and momentarily hold the same against turning movement while feeling the Braille numerals. It has been found by actual experience that this momentary stopping of the disk does not affect the proper action of the clock in keeping good time.

While I have illustrated and described what I believe to be the preferred embodiment of my invention, it is obvious that various slight changes may be made with regard to the form and arrangement of parts without departing from my invention, and hence I do not limit myself to the precise details set forth but consider myself at liberty to make such changes and alterations as fairly fall within the spirit and scope of .the claims.

I claim:

1. A Braille clock, including a casing, clockwork mechanism in the casing, and a disk operatively connected to the driven shaft of the clockwork mechanism, said disk having on its face a circular series of Arabic numerals and in radial alignment therewith a circular series of raised dots constituting Braille numerals, said casing having radial aligned window openings exposing said numerals in succession.

'2. A Braille clock, including a casing, clockwork mechanism in the casing, and a disk operatively connected to the driven shaft of the clockwork mechanism, said disk having on its face a circular series of Arabic numerals and in radial alignment therewith a circular series of raised dots constituting Braille numerals, said casing having radial aligned window openings exposing said numerals in succession, said casing having a raised dot of orientation which is located between the circular series of Arabic and the circular series of Braille numerals.

3. A Braille clock, including a casing, clockwork mechanism in the casing, a disk operatively connected to the driven shaft of the clockwork mechanism, said disk having on its face a circular series of Arabic numerals and in radial alignment therewith a circular series of raised dots constituting Braille numerals, said casing having radial aligned window openings exposing said numerals in succession, and a manually operated brake adapted to engage the edge of the disk and momentarily stop the same.

4. A Braille clock, including a casing, clockwork mechanism in the casing, a disk operatively connected to the driven shaft of the clockwork mechanism, said disk having on its face a circular series of Arabic numerals and in radial alignment therewith a circular series of raised dots constituting Braille numerals, said casing having radial aligned window openings exposing said numerals in succession, said casing having a raised dot of orientation which is located between the circular series of Arabic and the circular series of Braille numerals, and a manually operated brake adapted to engage the edge of the disk and momentarily stop the same.

5. A Braille clock, including a casing, clockwork mechanism in the casing, a disk operatively connected to the driven shaft of the clockwork mechanism, said disk having on its face a circular series of Arabic numerals and in radial alignment therewith a circular series of raised dots constituting Braille numerals, said casing having radial aligned window openings exposing said numerals in succession, hinged doors constituting the front of the casing, one of said doors having aligned window openings therein, one of said window openings preferably larger than the other and exposing the Braille numerals, a frame outlining the smaller opening exposing the Arabic numerals, and a dot of orientation on the frame located between the Arabic numerals and the Braille numerals.

6. A Braille clock, including a casing, clockwork mechanism in the casing, a disk operatively connected to the driven shaft of the clockwork mechanism, said disk having on its face a circular series of Arabic numerals and in radial alignment therewith a circular series of raised dots constituting Braille numerals, said casing having radial aligned window openings exposing said numerals in succession, hinged doors constituting the front of the casing, one of said doors having aligned window openings therein, one of said window openings preferably larger than the other and exposing the Braille numerals, a frame outlining the smaller opening exposing the Arabic numerals, and a dot of orientation on the frame located between the Arabic numerals and the Braille numerals, the window opening exposing the Braille numerals having its lower wall curved and beveled so as to permit the fingers of the hand to engage the Braille numerals while located at an acute angle.

7. A Braille clock, including a casing, clockwork mechanism in the casing, a disk operatively connected to the driven shaft of the clockwork mechanism, said disk having on its face a circular series of Arabic numerals and in radial alignment therewith a circular series of raised dots constituting Braille numerals, said casing having radial aligned window openings exposing said numerals in succession, hinged doorsconstituting the front of the casing, one of said doors having alined window openings therein, one of said window openings preferably larger than the other and exposing the Braille numerals, a frame outlining the smaller opening exposing the Arabic numerals, a dot of orientation on the frame located between the Arabic numerals and the Braille numerals, a plate on the larger door overlapping the smaller door, and spring catches on the casing normally engaging the larger door to hold the latter in closed position.

. JOHN W. HAMILTON.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2723527 *Dec 22, 1952Nov 15, 1955Smith Martin WDisplay disc for disc type of clock
US2779599 *May 23, 1956Jan 29, 1957Herbert S LansingArticle for playing games with the blind
US3103074 *Nov 28, 1960Sep 10, 1963Burroughs CorpBraille tape reader
US3255537 *Dec 28, 1962Jun 14, 1966Emmett R SalzbergTeaching machine
US3899872 *Apr 30, 1974Aug 19, 1975Robertshaw Controls CoDigital timer and time indicator drums therefor
US3956879 *Feb 11, 1974May 18, 1976Bailey James RTime indicating device
US4022015 *Apr 2, 1976May 10, 1977Bailey James RTime indicating device
US4037398 *May 27, 1975Jul 26, 1977Robertshaw Controls CompanyDigital timer and time indicator drums therefor
US4582251 *Oct 29, 1984Apr 15, 1986Honeywell Inc.Space thermostat for the sight handicapped
US5065837 *Feb 5, 1991Nov 19, 1991Szudy Katherine AHandrail for aiding visually handicapped
US7079454Dec 23, 2003Jul 18, 2006Alexander WellenTactile timepiece
US8483018 *Dec 8, 2011Jul 9, 2013Nicholas Leon AndersonBraille watch
US20050135198 *Dec 23, 2003Jun 23, 2005Alexander WellenTactile timepiece
US20100299134 *May 22, 2009Nov 25, 2010Microsoft CorporationContextual commentary of textual images
Classifications
U.S. Classification368/230, 434/113, 968/245, 116/DIG.170, 434/304
International ClassificationG04B25/02
Cooperative ClassificationY10S116/17, G04B25/02
European ClassificationG04B25/02