US 2094716 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
A. OBODZINSKI GAME APPARATUS Oct. 5, 1937.
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Patented Oct. 5, 1937 UNITED STATES T OFFIQE m re GAME APPARATUS Application February 7, 1935, Serial No. 5,455
, 7 Claims.
This invention relates to an amusement or game apparatus.
There are at present, on the market, numerous amusement devices of the type wherein a plurality of balls are individually projected on to a playing field or surface provided with zones or pockets into which the player attempts to deposit the balls. In order that such games may be indulged in by two or more players, said zones, pockets or other areas each have a certain scoring value and the player who deposits the balls in the zones having the highest combined scoring value is the winner.
One object is to provide a game or amusement apparatus of this general type wherein the scoring value of the zones or pockets entered by the balls is translated, so to speak, into tokens which may be used in trade in the establishment in which the particular apparatus is installed.
A further object is to provide such a game apparatus with a token ejecting mechanism so constructed and combined with the scoring zones of the playing field as to require a player to propel two balls into a pair of zones to render the I 25 ejecting mechanism operative. For instance, in
the present apparatus the playing field is pro- 7 vided with six openings and six balls are played on to the field. If two balls enter a certain pair of openings, four tokens will be ejected; if a second certain pair of openings are entered by two balls, eight tokens will be scored or ejected; and if the third pair of openings are entered, twenty tokens will be the resultant score, the highest score that can possibly be attained.
Another object is to provide a novel arrangement for collecting the balls after each player has played the entire set and delivering said balls to the propelling plunger for the next player.
As above indicated, the invention also con- 40 templates an ejecting mechanism of special con struction, in that it is necessary for the player to deposit balls in a certain pair of pockets or zones before any one of the ejecting members of said mechanism will be released to eject the 4.5 merchandise or tokens.
A still further object is to provide a simple, durable mechanism'for actuating a series of ejector members by the projectiles used in playing the game.
With these and other objects in view, the invention consists in certain details of construc- Another object is the provision of novel meshtion and combinations and. arrangements of parts, all as will hereinafter be more fully described and the novel features thereof particularly pointed out in the appended claims;
In the accompanying drawings- Figure l is a top plan view illustrating the playing field and, more or less diagrammatically, the plunger with which the player propels the balls;
Fig. 2 is a sectional view taken horizontally through the machine at a point immediately below the playing field for the purpose of illustrating a portion of the return ways for balls deposited in the scoring zones by a player;
Fig. 3 is a longitudinal, vertical sectional View on the line 3-3 of Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 is a horizontal sectional view on the line 4-4 of Fig. 3; V
Fig. 5 is a longitudinal vertical sectional view in a plane substantially coinciding with the longitudinal center of the ejecting mechanism;
Fig. 6 is a detail, vertical sectional view on the line 6-6 of Fig. 5;
Fig. 7 is a similar view on line l-'-1 of Fig. 5;
Fig. 8 is a horizontal section on the line 88 of Fig. 5;
Fig. 9 is a detail perspectiveof one of the ejector slides with a portion of its operating connections; I
Fig. 10 is a perspective view of a bail-like connector for operatively connecting two of the ejector slides;
Fig. 11 is a transverse, vertical section taken near the front of the machine in a plane intersecting the tube through which the balls are conveyed from their normal storage receptacle to theplunger for playing;
Fig. 12 is a longitudinal vertical section on line l2-I2 of Fig. 11; v I
Fig. 13 is a detail vertical section through the lower end of said ball delivery tube;
Fig. 14 is a detail sectional view on line I l-l4 of Fig. 13; V
Fig. 15 is a similar view on line l5l5 of Fig. 13; and 1 Fig. 16 is a detail perspective of the lower extremity of the ball delivering instrument.
In the present embodiment of the invention; the playing field 20, which is enclosed within a casing 2! having a glass top 22, fully exposing said field, is provided with seven openings, 23, 23 24, 24 25, 25 and 26 and, if desired,
a plurality of pins 21, .or other obstacles are arranged on said field todeflect the balls as they roll on the field and thus render it more dif ficult for said balls to drop into the scoring openings. At one side of the playing field there is a barrier or partition 28 forming a runway 29 along which the balls may be projected by means of a plunger 35 which the player retracts against a spring 3|, all as is well understood. Immediately below the playing field there is a horizontal partition 32 on which are formed guideways 33, 34 and 35, alined with the several scoring openings, ways 33 being adapted to receive balls falling into openings 23, 23 ways 34 receiving balls deposited in openings 24, 24 and ways 35 receiving balls falling through openings 25, 25 These several Ways conduct balls falling therein to tubes which depend from partition 32, each way 33 leading to one of a pair of tubes 43 and ways 24, 25, similarly leading to tubes 44, 45, respectively. Balls falling through said tubes will affect the ejecting mechanism as will be later described.
The ejecting mechanism comprises a plurality of ejecting slides corresponding to the number of pairs of scoring holes or zones in the playing field. In the present instance there are three slides, as indicated at 53, 54, 55, and said slides are connected to locking plates, 63, 64, 65, respectively. Referring particularly to Figs. 3 and 5, the several slides are shown in locked position, i. e., the position they occupy at the time the apparatus is put into play. This is accomplished. by the player placing one of the tokens used in the machine in a slide 36 of a coin-controlled device at the front of the machine and pressing said slide into the casing.
locking plates to take the positions shown in said Fig. 5, inwhich they will be locked by looking pins 13, I4, 15, there being two locking pins for each locking plate. When the ejector slides are moved to this position, springs 46 attached to said slides are placed under tension so that, upon disengagement of one or more pairs of locking pins from their locking plate, the corresponding ejector or ejectors will return to their original positions. The locking pins are preferably yieldingly held in looking position by leaf springs 82 engaging recesses in the side surfaces thereofJ Where tokens are to be ejected, the several slides are formed with openings therein adapted to register with each other and with a token tube 48 when the ejectors are in advanced position (Fig. but with a till 49 when the ejectors are released and retracted. It Will be observed that ejector 53 is of a thickness corresponding to four tokens; and ejectors 54, 55, accommodate eight each, so that if ejector 53 is released, four tokens will be ejected; twelve will be ejected if ejectors 53 and 55 are released; and twenty will be ejected if all three ejectors are released.
For this reason, mechanism operable by balls falling into tubes 43, 44 and [i5 is so associated with said ejector plate locking pins that if balls enter both of holes 23 and 23 on the playing field (and tubes 43), ejector plate 53 and m Lever 38 is pivotally ejector 53 will be released; if balls enter both of holes 24 and 24 (and tubes =34), ejector plate 64 and its ejector 54, together with ejector 53, will be released; and if balls enter both of holes 25 and 25 all three ejectors will be released. This mechanism comprises cross pins 50, 5!, 52, mounted in side members 55 at opposite sides of the looking plates and bell crank levers 83, 83 pivoted on pin 50; levers 84, 8%, on pin 5|, and levers 85, 35 on pin 52. One arm of each of levers 53, 83 projects into tubes 33; arms of levers 85, 55 extend into tubes 44 and arms of levers 85, 85 extend into tubes 45. The other arms of levers 83, 83*, extend downwardly of the locking plates and at their lower extremities are formed with slots 5'! through which pins 58 project, said pins being mounted on the lower extremities of depending arms of bell crank levers 55 on said cross pin 55. The other arms of bell crank levers 59 are received in openings 55 in looking pins i3. In similar fashion, bell crank levers 55, 34 have depending arms slotted at their lower extremities to receive pins 55 on the arms of levers 55 journaled on cross pin 5| and provided with arms engaging in openings 65 in looking pins 14. Levers 85, 85 are likewise formed with slotted depending arms adapted to receive pins 58 on arms of bell crank levers 55 pivoted on cross pins 52 and whose other arms extend into openings 55 in locking pins 1'5. To connect the several sets of levers together, for individual or simultaneous rocking, the arms of levers 84, 84 projecting into tubes 44 are provided with pins 84 projecting over and adapted to depress the corresponding arms of levers 83, 83 when said arms 84, te are depressed by balls dropping into tubes 44, and connecting bars 6i mounted on pins 58? of levers 85, 85 are provided with slots 82 in which are received pins 58, 53 of levers 83, 83 84 and 84 the length of slots 52 being sufficient to permit levers 83, 83 84, 34 to actuate pins 13, 14, without moving said connector bars a distance as would afiect locking pins 15. In other words, if a player deposits two balls in pockets or openings 23, said balls falling into tubes 43 will depress levers 83, 83 and rock levers 59 to raise locking pins ?3 and release plate 53 so that ejector 53 will be retracted by springs 46, the tokens in the cavity in said ejector dropping into till 49. should enter openings 2 and drop down tubes 44, their impact against levers 84, 84 would depress the latter and rock levers 55 to raise locking pins 14 and release plate 55 and ejector 54. If ejector 53 had not been previously released, the rocking of levers 34, 84 would also depress levers 83, 83*, by reason of projections 84 so that pins i3 would also be raised to release plate 53 and ejector 53, with the result that the twelve tokens (four in ejector 53 and eight in ejector 54) would be discharged into the till. However, if ejector 53 had been previously released only the eight tokens of ejector 54 would be discharged.
On the other hand, assuming that none of the three ejectors had been released, if balls should enter both of openings 25, 25 and drop into tubes 45, levers 35, 85 will be depressed. This movement of said levers will rock levers 59 and disengage pins F5 from plate 35 thus releasing ejector 55. The rocking movement of levers 85, 85 and 59*, will also reciprocate connecting bars 5! carried by pins 53 and through pins 58 58, rock levers 55 59 and release looking pins l3, 14, with the result that all three Likewise, if two balls 0 ejectors would be retracted and twenty tokens discharged intothe till. Thus it will be seem that if balls enter both openings 23 23 four tokens will be ejected; i fi balls enterboth-openings- 24, 24 the result will be the equivalent of doubling the score of openings 23, 23 in that eight tokens; will' 'be dischargedj and if balls enter both openings 25-, 25, the result will be five times the score of openings 23, 23 in that twenty tokens will be ejected. If. the balls fail to enter any of these six openings, they leave the playing field through opening 25 which has no I scoring value.v
lever 40 is pivotally attached at its opposite end by a pin to a lever 61 pivoted on cross pin 59 and formed with a laterally extending portion 69 underlying the arms of levers 83, 83*, which extend into tubes 43. Pin H3 is carried by an arm 12 journaled on cross pin 52. When lever 40 is actuated to reset the ejectors, the offset portion 69 of lever 61 will rock levers 83, 83 and, in turn, levers 59 to depress locking pins 13. Levers 83, 83 will also, by reason of projections 84? rock levers 84, 84 which, in turn, will rock levers 59 to reset locking pins 14; and levers 83, 83 through pins 58 and connector bars 6|, will also actuate levers 85, 85 and 59 to reset locking pins 15.
The balls are normally stored in a reservoir 16 (Fig. 4). The lower ends of tubes 43, 44 and 45 are cut away so that balls dropping therein fall from the ends of the several rock levers into a tray 11 slightly inclined and provided with an opening 18 in its lower end wall through which said balls pass into a chute 19 leading to said reservoir. Balls entering opening 26 in the playing field are delivered to the reservoir by a tube 80. When a player properly actuates the coin-controlled slide 36, preliminary to playing a game, a link 8| connected to the inner end of said slide and an arm 86 of rock shaft 81 carrying a closure gate 88 for said reservoir, rocks said shaft and gate, thereby permitting the balls to fall from the reservoir into a trough 89. Trough 89 extends transversely of the casing beyond the reservoir to a vertical delivery tube 99, being slightly inclined so that the balls will roll down said trough into said delivery tube through which they are raised to a position in front of the playing plunger39. The opposite walls of tube 90 are slotted vertically as at 9| to accommodate a link 92 pivoted at 93, capable of being swung on its pivotal center by an arm 94 oscillated by a handle 95 at the exterior of the machine casing (Figs. 11 and 2). The free extremity of link 92 is provided with a pivoted finger 96 which can pass over a ball in tube 90 at the exit end of trough 89 during downward movement of the link, but which will move said ball upwardly through said tube when raised by arm 94.
The slots terminate just short of the upper end of tube 90 and the latter is curved upwardly somewhat so that its upper portion is nearer pivotal center 93 of link 92. The intermediate portion of said link which enters the upper portion of said tube is made of increased width as at'9'l and recessed as at 9B, the inclined surface 99 formed on said enlargement 91 assisting in elevating the ball, and the recess accommodating the tube wall at the end of slot 9|.
A deflector N is formed on the upp'erend of tube 90 and a ball pushed up by link 92 will engage said deflector and be posltioned in front of playing plunger 39.
Briefly, the game is played in the followin manner. Assuming atoken has been placed: in slide 39 and said slide has been pressed inward, lever 40 will have set the several ejectors in locked position and the levers 93, 83 84', 84 85 and 85 in elevated position, as illustrated in Fig. 3. The balls, shown in the reservoir in Fig. 4, will have also been released by the tilting of gate 88- by link B-l and arm 85 (Fig. 3) so that said balls will be positioned in trough 89 with the lower ballin tube 99 (Figs. 14, The player then turns handle: 95 and finger 96 on link 92 engages: behind the ball in said tube and raises While the present machine is adapted to score in terms of tokens used in rendering the machine operative, this being the simplest form of apparatus, it will be readily appreciated that other articles of merchandise may be substituted for tokens in the tube 48 which supplies the ejectors.
What I claim is:
1. In a game apparatus, a plurality of pairs of ejector locking elements, each pair of elements releasably holding an ejector against operation, movable actuating members for releasing said locking elements, the elements of each pair being operable independently of each other and conduits for directing projectiles against said members, the force of the projectiles impacting against said members moving the same to release the locking elements controlled thereby.
2. In a game apparatus, a plurality of looking elements for a series of three ejectors, actuating members for releasing said, locking elements, conduits for directing projectiles against said members, the force of the projectiles impacting against said members actuating the same to release the locking elements controlled thereby, each actuating member being operable independently of the other, and connections between said actuating members for actuating a plurality of locking elements simultaneously.
3. In a game apparatus, an ejector locking and releasing mechanism comprising a series of superposed plates, a pin engaging each plate and holding the same against operation, a plurality of projectile conduits, a locking lever for each pin, each lever extending into one of said conduits and adapted to be rocked by a projectile passing through said conduit, the rocking movement of the levers disengaging their respective pins from and releasing the corresponding plate.
4. In a game apparatus, an ejectorlocking and releasing mechanism comprising a series of superposed plates, a pin engaging each plate and holding the same against operation, a plurality of projectile conduits, a locking lever for each pin, each lever extending into one of said conduits and adapted to be rocked by a projectile passing through said conduit, the rocking movement of the levers disengaging their respective pinsfrom and releasing the corresponding plate, and a link connecting one of said levers to the remaining levers for rocking all of the levers upon actuation of the first-mentioned lever.
5. In a game apparatus, an ejector locking and releasing mechanism comprising a series of super-- posed plates, one end of each plate protruding beyond the plate next above it, said protruding ends and the uppermost plate having recesses in their upper surfaces, locking pins engaging in said recesses for holding said plates against operation, a rocking lever for each pin, and a series of conduits, each lever projecting into one of said conduits whereby projectiles passing through the conduits will impact against said levers and rock the latter, the rocking movements of said levers efiecting disengagement of said pins from said plates.
6. In a game apparatus, an ejector locking and releasing mechanism comprising a series of superposed plates, a locking pin engaging each plate and holding the same against operation, a locking lever for each pin, and means for directing projectiles against said levers for rocking the latter, the rocking movement of the levers disengaging their respective pins and releasing the corresponding plate.
'7. In a game apparatus, an injector locking and releasing mechanism comprising a series of superposed plates, a pin engaging each plate and holding the same against operation, a locking lever for each pin adapted to be rocked by force applied thereto, the rocking movement of the levers disengaging their respective pins from and releasing the corresponding plates, and a link connecting one of said levers to the remaining levers for rocking all the levers upon actuation of the first-mentioned lever.