US 2094734 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Oct. 5,1937. R BYRON 2,094,734
COOLINQ SYSTEM FOR PROCESSED SHEETS AFTER COATING, DRYING, OR BAKING Original Filed Jan. 9, 1955 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 l VENTOR W B (@4444. Z
ATTORNEY Oct. 5, 1937. R. BYRON 2,094,734
COOLING SYSTEM FOR PROCESSED SHEETS AFTER COATING, DRYING, OR BAKING Original Filed Jan. 9, 1955 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Y ATTORNEY Patented Oct. 5, 1937 UNITED STATES COOLING SYSTEM FOR PROCESSED SHEETS AFTER COATING, D
Ralph Byron, New York,
RYING, R BAKING N. Y., assignor to J. 0.
Ross Engineering Corporation, New York, N. Y., a. corporation of New York Original application January 9, 1935, Serial No. 1,006. Divided and this application October 25,
1935, Serial No. 46,652
This invention relates to a method. and apparatus for the rapid cooling of metallic lithographic or other processed sheets after coating, drying, or baking.
This application is a division of application, Serial No. 1,006, filed January 9, 1935.
In many industries and particularly in the making of metal lithographic sheets where the metal is coated, each sheet must be dried or 10 baked and subsequently cooled in order to fix the coatings and to give'a proper finish as well as to permit handling. It has generally been found desirable to convey individual sheets from the dryer or oven through the normal atmosphere 15 a sufiicient distance to achieve the cooling. The sheets generally being in close proximity, dif ficulties are incurred in securing a uniform cooling throughout the sheet and a long cooling space and length of time must be utilized in 30 order to achieve adequate cooling. Attempts have been made to shorten both the time and length of exterior carriers by the utilization of disk fans and other devices to create a more rapid cooling by increased air flow and increased ve- 25 locity of flow.
One of the objects of my invention is to provide a more rapid form of cooling for metal lithographic sheets or coated sheets of any material that have been subjected to a baking or drying,
30 which cooling isprovided adjacent to issuance from the oven or dryer.
Still another object of this invention is to provide a more efilcient means of cooling coated sheets whereby a uniform cooling throughout the 35 sheets takes place with the minimum use of power consumed to provide the cooling. eflect.
Still another object of this invention is-to provide a coolingmeans that will adequately and properly cool coated sheets in as compact a space 40 as possible.
' Referring to the drawings:
Figure .1 is a view in elevation showing a part of one end of a dryer with the cooling device embodying the principles of my invention.
4.5 Figure 2 is a plan view of Figure 1.
Figure 3 is a plan View of a bank of chilling nozzles.
Figure 4 is a view of Figure 3 along the lines 4, 4, looking in the direction of the arrows show- 50 ing the cross sectional construction of the nozzles.
Figure 5 is a view along the line 5, 5, of Figure 3, looking in the direction of the arrows.
As the metallic sheets issue from the dryer, they are warm and in most cases cannot be readi- 55 1y handled or stacked due to their tacky condition or softness of the coating. The sheets are closely issuance from the dryer I to pass the plates 2 over a. bank or series of specially constructed nozzles 3 which emit a thin ribbon of air co-extensive of the width of the metallic sheets. This thin stream of high velocity air passes upwardly between the sheets and draws the surrounding atmospheric air with the stream or ribbon thereby surrounding the sheet or plate 2 with a moving body of relatively large volume. The sheets or plates 2 themselves assist by functioning as stacks and the heat given 01f increases the natural stack effect. In addition, there is a gradation of velocities.
The specific structures of the nozzles 3, are novel in that their design is based upon areo dynamic principles. The nozzles 3 extend from. header 9 the width of the metallic sheets 2 in the form of stream line pipes 4 which emit a thin ribbon of air between the metallic sheets carried by the wickets or fingerbars 5. The streamline pipes-4 are shaped internally and externally to avoid friction, eddying and other losses, in order that a relatively small amount of pressure air of high velocity will motivate a large volume of room air to travel between the metallic sheets. A large amount of the room air is drawn from below and around streamline pipes 4. As the metallic sheet passes above each nozzle 3, a high velocity stream of the cooling air causes a complete scavenging of the space between the sheets 2 and rapidly removes all entrained warm air and substitutes cold air which in turn picks up the heat from the sheets. Thus, the great volume of moving air combined with the intermittent 0d of rapidly and uniformly cooling the sheets to give a. proper finish and enable handling after drying. This method of high velocity ribbon cooling is adapted to other uses besides the chilling of metal lithographic plates and various velocity ribbonsgives the most economical meth- 4 modifications may be made in connection with the details of my invention and still fall within- The plenum or pressure air is preferably cooled and conditioned to regulate the relative humidity therein and the temperature thereof. Such cooling and temperature humidity regulation can be done in any of the well known ways for cooling and conditioning air. The rate of cooling of the sheets 2 is proportional to the temperature of the cooling medium and the volume of cooling medium passing over the sheets 2. This is true in the case of uniform distribution. By my invention, I provide for uniform distribution in that the streamline pipes 4 extend the width of the sheets and are uniformly spaced with respect to the length of the cooling area.
With my invention, actual tests show that the nozzles 3 themselves require less than one-fifth of the air utilized, the balance being motivated by this air. In other words, the volume of the cooling medium passing over the sheets is more than five times the required pressure air thereby increasing the cooling efiect with increased efliciency.
What I claim is:
1. In a cooling device for cooling metallic plates, a carrier for said plates, a plurality of pipes formed with uniformly curved sides below said carrier, restricted, elongated openings in said pipes, means for supplying said pipes with highpressure cold air, said pipes spaced apart and shaped to form stream line passages therebetween to permit room air to be drawn up between said pipes and to be motivated across the surfaces of the plates by the high pressure cold air emitted from said openings in said pipes.
2. The combination in a machine of the type defined having means for supporting in unifomfly spaced relationship a. plurality of plates to be cooled and moving-the same along a predetermined path, of an air blast device designed to cooperate with the plates on said supporting means to produce a stack efiect, said device having a series of uniformly spaced apart nozzles extending the width of the plates, and restricted mouths registering with the spaces between the plates, said nozzles having symmetrically curved sides forming streamline passages therebetween, and a source of cool air supply connected. with the nozzles and eifective to eject air between the plates and draw a relatively larger quantity of room air into said spaces.
3. The combination in a machine of the type defined having means for supporting in uniformly spaced relationship a plurality of plates to be cooled and moving the same along a predeterrmined path, of an. air blast device designed to cooperate with the heated plates to produce a stack efi'ect in the spaces between the plates, said device comprising a series of nozzles extending the width of said plates and having curved sides forming streamline passages between the nozzles and connected with a system of cool air supply under pressure and operative to draw a relatively large quantity of room air into an intermixture injected into the spaces between the plates, whereby the spaces between the plates are alternately subjected to high velocity thin scavenging air streams and low velocity relatively thick induced air streams.