US 2095437 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Oct. 12, 1937.
- RIcE MARKING TAG AND METHOD oF MAKING TME SAME Filed April 1s, 193s- I' /N E /V TO@ Zarzis ,75x 5J 'KAL AToe/VEK i `ianiaooa. 12, 1931 i PATENT oi-Fics vPawn simmons AND Mrrnon or' Mama 'rmi .sans
Louis Fox, Los Angeles, Calif. Application -April 13, 1936, Serial No. '14,038
, `My invention relates to price marking tags, tickets, labels, and stickers. and lparticularly to an article vof manufacture and the method of making the same for making pressure sensitive adhesive or gum units for the manufacture of such price marking tags, tickets, labels, and stickers.
My invention more particularly relates to labels or price marking tags, tickets, or stickers adapted to be applied to articles or goods through the medium of a pressure sensitive adhesive and to a. method of making such price marking tags, etc.
Throughout this specication and for the sake of brevity the term label is meant to include a price marking tag, ticket, and sticker.
An object of my invention is to provide a novel label which may be put up Vin rolls that are adapted to be fed through any of the conventional labeling machines or in which the label may be manually removed vfrom the roll and manually applied to the article to be tagged or marked.
An object of my invention is to provide a novel label wherein a plurality of labels `are connected end to end tc form a continuous chain as distinguished from individual labels separately mounted (if at all) on a separate mounting strip without any other connecting means than such mounting strip.
Another object is to provide a. novel label that is simple and economical of manufacture.
Another object is to provide a novel unit that may be used in the manufacture of labels.
A still further object is to provide a novel unit whereby pressure sensitive labels may be economically manufactured and adapted for use in connection with machines at present used in the manufacture .ci such labels.
A still further object is to provide a new and useful method of manufacturing pressure sensitive adhesive labels either with or without printed matter thereon.
A still further obj ectls to provide a novel method of manufacturing pressure sensitive adhesive and protected labels wherein the labels may be formed, printed and otherwise prepared while attached one tothe other.
`ther objects, advantages, and features of invention may appear from the laccompanying drawing, the subjoined detail description and the appended claims.
The accompanying drawing illustrates the invention in some of the forms I at present deem preferable. l
Figure 1 is a fragmentary view of a pressure sensitive gum unit used in the manufacture oi price marking tags, tickets, labels and stickers, in
accordance with my invention. The non-adhesive covering is partially broken away to expose the rows of pressure sensitive adhesive thereunder.
Fig. 2 is a view analogous to Fig. 1 but illustrating a unit having a different number of pressure sensitive adhesive rows thereon.
Fig. 3 is a fragmentary view of the unit shownl 10 in Fig. 1 but viewed from the reverse side thereof and showing the unit perforated and partially printed.
Fig. 4 is a view analogous to Fig. 3 but showing the same cut or slit to form a plurality of individual rows of labels. The rows have been separated from each other along the line of cutting to more fully disclose the individual structure.
Fig. 5 is a view of a plurality of nished labels but looking from the reverse side of Figs. 3 and 20 4 and showing the non-adhesive covering partially raised to disclose the pressure sensitive adhesive on the label.
Fig. 6 is an enlarged transverse sectional view taken on line 8 6, Fig. 5. 25
Fig. l is a view of a price marking tag in its finished form and viewed as applied to anarticle.
In carrymg out my novel method of making a pressure sensitive price marking tag, ticket, label, and siticker, including the unit in connection therewith, I first take a strip of suitable material i which is vof a predetermined width and elongated to an indefinite length such as a tape and which is of a suitable character to receive and retain on its surface a pressure sensitive adhesive a which is of a non-drying character. The pressure sensitive adhesive a is arranged on the strip. l in a series of rows 2 that extend longitudinally of the strip i and which rows are spaced thereacross and separated by narrow uncoated portions 3 of sub- 40 stantially equal width. The rows 2 of pressure sensitive adhesive a are also of substantially equal width and may be of any predetermined number, and as shown in Fig. 1, there are 5 rows spaced across the strip i, and as shown in Fig. 2 there are 45 4 rows of the pressure sensitive adhesive spaced across the strip I. AI'he difference in the width oi the pressure sensitive adhesive rows 2 provides for making wider or narrower labels that are adapted to be used in standard label attaching machines.
The pressure sensitive adhe'slve a is preferably of the type known as a pressure sensitive gum or adhesive and which is non-drying and which will adhere to most surfaces sulciently strong enough to retain the label in place, but which adhesive permits removal of the label without damage to the goods or surface upon which it was applied.
A non-adhesive covering t which is in substantially the same form as the strip i forms a backing of protective material over the rows oi the pressure sensitive adhesive a and such non-adhesive covering may be either Cellophane, holland cloth,
glassine or any other treated or similar material which may be removed from the strips or rows 2 of the pressure sensitive adhesive a without liirelihood of the adhesive adhering thereto and being removed from the strip i.
The multiple label blank unit A thus formed is then perforated at spaced intervals along the strip i in predetermined distances that determine the length of the labeland such perforations may be of any suitable size or shape such as the polygonal perforations 6 that extend in columns along the uncoated portions 3 and which perforations t delineate the corners of the individual label unit 6'. 'I'he perforations 1 that are preferably centered in the rows 2 of the pressure sensitive adhesive a are formed simultaneously with the perforations 5 and such perforations 'i may be rectangular as shown or of any other desired contour suitable to conform to the feeding mechanism of mechanicalv label machines, and also further aid in weakening the junctions between the ends of the label units so as to permit easy separation one from the other. In some labeling machines the strips of labels are fed therethrough by mecha; nism engaging the notches b that are formed by the perforations in the longitudinal sides of the labels and it is apparent that such perforations 5 may be of any desired contour or size to adapt themselves for use with the labeling machine adapted to feed labels therethrough by engagement with such notches b. The small perforations il connecting the perforations 5 and i insures easy and accurate separation of individual label units 6 one from the other.
During this perforation of the label blank, the label units are usually printed with suitable indicia 9 to indicate the establishment in which they are to be used. However, it is apparent that such indicia 9 may be subsequently applied to the label units after the step of perforating the same.
The label blank A is then out longitudinally along the columns of perforatlons 5 as at c thereby forming strips lil of individual label units 6 that are connected in independent rows at their ends to adjacent label units.
By cutting the label unit A as above set forth it will be seen that the cuts c are made along the centers of the uncoated portions 3 thereby forming a label unit E that is provided with edge portions II that are uncoated and which enables a person to easily separate the protective backing material B from the strip I when it is desired to remove the protective backing material from the pressure sensitive adhesive a.
In order to accurately form each strip Iii of a predetermined width and shape the longitudinal edges of the strip i are provided with portions d that are discardedv after slitting or-cuttingthe label blank by the cuts c.
The labels may then be'printed with any suitable iii'dicia i2 as shown/in Fig. 'l to indicate the stock number, sizeor price, or any other data desired thereon, and the strips i0 are then rolled up into rolls'containing the predetermined numbei' of label units after which they may be applied to articles, either manually or through mechani-1 cal labeling machines. I
In summation, my method of forming labels of this type consists essentially in applying to one side of an elongate sheet a plurality of spaced rows of pressure sensitive adhesive and which rows are separated by relatively narrow uncoated portions; then applying a non-adhesive covering or protective backing material to the pressure sensitive adhesive; then periorating the blank and covering, transversely and longitudinally oi' the strip and applying indicia to one side of the sheet;
then separating the combined sheet and covering into strips or columns oi' individual label units in such a manner that the side margins of the covering are free of 'the sheet: and then printing price indicia thereon.
My invention also includes the articles shown in Figs. 1 and 2 and which are supplied in rolls to printers of 'price tags who are equipped with special machinery for that purpose as well as the complete method hereinbefore set forth.
1. A label strip comprising; a plurality of label units attached end to end to form a continuous strip, an adhesive covering at least part of the back of said label units, a non-adhesive backing for the adhesive continuous therewith and og, greater width to form a free margin, and aligned spaced feeding apertures extending between the label units and through the backing, said label units having weakenedportions, and said covering forming a reinforcement for said label units at the weakened portions thereof.
2. A label strip comprising; a plurality of label units attached end to end to form a continuous strip, an adhesive covering at least part of the back of said label units, a non-adhesive backing for the adhesive continuous therewith and of greater width to form a free margin, and aligned spaced feeding apertures extending between the label units and through the ungummed portion thereof, and through the backing, said label units having weakened portions, and said covering forming' a reinforcement for said label units at the weakened portions thereof.
3. A label strip comprising; a plurality of label units removably attached end to end. a continuous strip of adhesive extending along the label strip, a backing for protecting the adhesive and reinforcing said label units, and having a greater width than the strip thereof to provide a free margin, and notches extending between the label units and through the backing at the corners oi said label units.
4. A label strip comprising; a plurality of label units attached end to end to form a continuous strip, an adhesive, covering at least part of the backs of said label units, a non-adhesive backing for the adhesive covering said adhesive on the backs of said label units, and aligned spaced `feeding apertures extending between the label units and through the backing, said label units having weakened portions, and saidv covering forming a reinforcement for said label units at the weakened portions thereof.