|Publication number||US2096279 A|
|Publication date||Oct 19, 1937|
|Filing date||Mar 26, 1935|
|Priority date||Mar 26, 1935|
|Publication number||US 2096279 A, US 2096279A, US-A-2096279, US2096279 A, US2096279A|
|Inventors||Karcher John C|
|Original Assignee||Geophysical Service Inc|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (32), Classifications (15)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Oct. 19, 1937. J. c. KARCHER l INSULATED PIPE CONNECTION 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed arch 26, 1935 Y E Il ,2:55:52..
Oct. 19, 1.937. C, KARCHER 2,096,279
INSULATED PIPE CONNECTION Filed uar'cn 26, 19:55 z'snets-sneet 2 'n'. [Il] lll/,Ill Il? /II//L/I//I/I/I/I//I//IA ATTORNY Patented @et i9, 1937 INSTED PHE CONNECTION tion of New Jersey Application h 26, 1935, Serial No. 13,043
This invention relates to new and useful improvements in insulated pipe connections and it has particular reference to such connections adaptable to rotary drill pipe.
5 The principal object of the invention is to render practicable the method and means for so connecting drill pipe that an electrical current may be conducted through an electrical conductor within the drill pipe into the earth, and that such current may be maintained during the process of drilling for the purpose of locating or indicating the presence of oil, gas and other natural resources within the earth.
Another object of the invention is to provide a l5 simple, economical and practical drill stem connection which is likewise serviceable under any and all conditions.
With the foregoing objects as paramount, the invention has particular reference to its salient features of construction and arrangement of parts, which will become manifest as the description proceeds, taken in connection with the accompanying drawings, in which:-
Figure 1 is a vertical section of a drill stem assembly showing the invention operatively assembled.
Figure 2 is a continuation of Figure 1.
Figure 3 is an enlarged view of the electrical connection between the sections of drill stem.
Figure 4 is a vertical section through the upper section of the Kelly joint at the pointof connection of the ground current.
Figure 5 is a transverse section on lines 5 5 on Mgure 4, and v Figure 6 is a fragmentary section of a drill pipe showing a longitudinal section of a collapsible sleeve, to facilitate the jointing and disjointing of sections of pipe.
Drill pipe used in rotary drilling of wells in search of oil, gas and other natural resources within the earth is made up in sections, common lengths used in oil well drilling varying from twenty to thirty feet. In order to provide that an insulated electrical conductor may be run down the drill pipe and properly' connected into a circuit as successive sections of drill pipe are added, it is paramount that a suitable insulated connection for the electrical circuit be provided at the joint between any two adjacent sections. This connection must be so constructed that the electrical connection will be completed when the sections or drill pipe are joined together; and the electrical connection maintained during the process ci drilling. The electrical conductor at the (Cl. Z-28) joint must also be properly insulated from the drill pipe and the drilling fluid.
Referring primarily to Figure 1, l represents the Kelly joint of a rotary rig, which joint passes through the drilling table 2 of the drilling assem- 5 bly.. 'I'he Kelly joint l is threadably connected at 2a. to the drill pipe 3 as shown.
Because of the necessity for separating the joints of drill pipe when the pipe is taken apart, or conversely because of the necessity for joining l0 the drill pipe when the pipe is reassembled, it is necessary that an electrical conductor within the drill pipe be joined or disjoined as the case may be, simultaneously with the similar operation upon the sections of drill pipe. l5
The electrical coupling adaptable to be used between the Kelly joint and drill pipe, as well as between the various joints of drill pipe is best shown in Figure 3, wherein l represents a metal sleeve, preferably of steel, which is attached by 20 welding or other suitable means to the inside wall of the Kelly'joint l or drill stem 3. Within the steel sleeve d is inserted an insulating tube 5, preferably of synthetic resin-impregnated cloth. The conducting rod 6 is provided with a metallic 25 ferrule l, and the upper end of the insulating sleeve 5 is threaded to receive the insulating covering 8 which surrounds the conductor 6. A coiled spring Q is attached to the ferrule l by welding or other suitable means, thus affording an electrical connection between the conductors at the joints of the drill pipe.
'Ihe upper end of the conducting rod lll carries a metallic ferrule ll, similar to the ferrule l, and the interior of the sleeve 5 and exterior of the 35 covering l2 on the conducting rod l@ are of such size that the insulated rod l@ slides easily into the insulating sleeve 5.
In assembling the joint, the section 3 of drill pipe is supported on the oor of the drilling rig 40 while the Kelly joint l or another section of drill pipe is lowered so that it may engage the threads of the section of drill pipe Za. It will be noted that before the bottom end of the Kelly joint or drill pipe section is inline with the upper end or 45 female thread of the section the ferrule l l may be readily inserted in the sleeve l, the lower end of this sleeve being interiorly bevelled as shown at ain Figure 3 to aid in the resembling operation, As soon as the ferrule ll is guided into the sleeve d, the upper joint is lowered until the threads of the two joints of pipe are engaged, after which the upper section is turned until the threads are tightly screwed together.
Since the sleeve l is not concentric with the drill pipe, it will be noted that the upper end of the rod I2 will be obliged to sweep around inside of the upper end of the drill pipe 3, and therefore must be free to permit this motion. In order that this can be accomplished Without breaking the rod I0, and at the same time providing for its support within the drill pipe 3, a clamp I3 is so attached to the interior of the drill pipe 3 that the rod I2 is permitted to flex the necessary amount without breaking. With standard 4" rotary drill pipe and a 1A copper rod I0, having an outside diameter of 1/2" for the insulated covering I2, it has been found that satisfactory performance is obtained if the clamp I3 is located approximately '7 yfeet 6 inches below the threads 2a.
The upper end of the rod 6 is similar in construction to the upper end of the rod I0 shown in Figure 3, and likewise the lower end of the drill pipe 3 is fitted up in the same manner as the lower end of the Kelly joint or other section of drill pipe, so that successive joinings of the conductors can be-made in the manner above described as additional sections of drill pipe are added.
When extra heavy drill pipe is used, the inserting of the ferrule II is greatly facilitated by the addition of a collapsible sleeve I4, shown in Figures 1 and 6. This sleeve is similar in construction to the electrical couplings attached to the lower end of the Kelly joint and drill pipe sections. Referring to Figure 6 it will be noted that the collapsible sleeve I4 is comprised of an outer steel sleeve I5 within which reposes an insulating liner I6.
The conducting rod I1 is suitably insulated by a covering I8 which is threaded into the insulating liner I6 as shown. The conducting rod I1 is provided with a ferrule I9, to which is attached a spring 20. The lower conducting rod 2I is provided with a ferrule 22 and is suitably insulated by the covering 23, the various parts being so arranged that the lower insulated rod 2I and ferrule 22 are free `to slide Within the insulating liner I6. It is pointed out that the sleeves I4 are not attached to the drill pipe, but are free to move therein, and that the sleeves I4 are considerably longer than' the couplings attached 'to the lower ends of the drill pipe sections.
With the arrangement above described, it is possible to provide for the ferrule II on the rod I0 to extend substantially above the end of the ing of an electrical connection when the end of a drill pipe section is swung over the pipe section 3. During this operation the rod I0 is pushed downward, collapsing the spring 20. The upper section of drill pipe can then be swung over the lower section 2 to such a position that the lower end of the sleeve 4 will be coaxial with the ferrule II on the rod III, at which time the rod I 0 can be released, permitting the spring 20 to expand and force the end of the rod I0 into the insulating sleeve 5, thus completing the electrical connection before the upper section of drill pipe has been lowered into the drill pipe 3.
The connection of the conducting rods with the drill bit is shown in Figure 2. rIhe lower end of the conducting rod 24 is threadably secured to a metallic drill connection 25, to which a bit 26 is connected as shown. Torque is transmitted from the drill stem 21 to the bit 26 through the aoeaav medium of the metallic sleeve 28 and insulating sleeve 29 which are threaded as shown.
It will be noted that current may be led into the earth through the drill bit 26 by the arrangement above described, but it will also be noted that current can flow back to its source by way of the drilling fluid above the drill connection 25 and the drill stem 21. In order to reduce this latter current to a minimum, an insulated sleeve 30 is provided, which is made rel- 'atively long in order that the resistance of this path will be much greater than the resistance to the earth through the drill connection 25 and the bit 26.
The apparatus for leading current into the drill stem assembly is shown in Figures l, 4 and 5, current being supplied by a battery 3|, the return to which is accomplished by means of a suitable ground 32. Voltage and amperage readings may be taken during the progress of drilling with the instruments arranged as shown in Figure 1.
Current from the battery 3I is led into the assembly through' wire 33, which connects to a plurality of terminals 34 spaced around the periphery of a slip ring assembly 35, shown in detail in Figures 4 and 5. These terminals are insulated from the stationary metallic parts of the slip ring unit by an outer insulating ring 36, insulating bushings 31 and an inne;- insulating ring 38. Current is conducted to a slip ring 39 through a series of brushes 40. The slip ring 39 is insulated from the drill stem assembly by an annular insulating ring 4I. Referring to Figure 4 it will be seen that the slip ring 39 is electrically connected by a conducting link 42 to an insulated cap screw 43, which serves to conduct current to a metallic segment 44 which is insulated by a bushing 45. A spring 46 is welded to the segment 44, thereby enabling current to be conducted from the source to the interior of the drill stem, connection with the spring 46 being effected by a conductor having a ferrule as illustrated in Figure 3.
Manifestly, the construction as shown and described is capable of some modification and such modiiication as may be construed within the scope and meaning of the appended claims is also considered to be Within the spirit and intent of the invention.
What is claimed is:
1. An apparatus for exploring bore holes including in combination with a drill stem, insulated upper and lower electrical conductors disposed within successive sections of said drill stem, said conductors each having a length less than that of a drill pipe section, each of said lower conductors being rigidly mounted adjacent its lower end to the corresponding drill pipe section, an insulated sleeve carried by the upper end of each of said lower conductors and slidably mounted thereon, a second insulated conductor rigidly attached to each of said sleeves, conductor spring means within each of said sleeves whereby to urge each of said upper conductors to project beyond the end of the pipe section, and means for successively connecting one of said rst conductors to one of the second conductors in an adjacent section of drill pipe.
2. An apparatus for exploring bore Iholes including in combination with a drill stem, 4insulated upper and lower electrical conductors disposed within successive sections of the drill stem, said conductors each having a length less than that of a drill stem section, each of said lower conductors being rigidly mounted adjacent its lower end to the corresponding drill pipe section. an insulated sleeve carried by the upper end of each of said lower conductors and slidably mounted thereon, each of the upper insulated conduc- .tors being rigidly attached to its corresponding sleeve, and means within each of said sleeves whereby to urge the conductor attached thereto to project beyond the end of the drill pipe section.
3. Apparatus for conducting an electrical current inside a rotary drill pipe including an insulated electrical conductor mounted within each section of said drill pipe, said conductor having a length less than that of a pipe section, a second conductor slidably mounted relative to said iirst conductor, and means to cause said second K conductor to project beyond the end of the pipe section when said pipe section is disconnected.
1 -Apparatus for conducting an electrical current inside a rotary drill pipe including an insulated electrical conductor mounted within each section of said drill pipe, said conductor vhaving a length less than that of a pipe section, a second insulated conductor slidably mounted relative to said nrst conductor, spring means to cause said second conductor to project beyond the end of the pipe section when said pipe section is disconnected from a companion section, and spring means for effectingelectrical connection at the joints of said drill pipe.
5. Apparatus for conducting an electrical current inside a. rotary drill pipe including in combination with a drill bit insulated from said drill pipe, an insulated conductor mounted within each section of said drill pipe, said conductor having a length less than that of a pipe section, a second insulated conductor slidably mounted relative to said ilrst conductor, spring means to cause said second conductor to project beyond the end of the pipe section when said section is disconnected, means for effecting electrical connection at the joints of said drill pipe, and means for electrically connecting said conductors to said insulated bit.
JOHN C. KARCHER.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2748358 *||Jan 8, 1952||May 29, 1956||Signal Oil & Gas Co||Combination oil well tubing and electrical cable construction|
|US2750569 *||Jan 8, 1952||Jun 12, 1956||Signal Oil & Gas Co||Irreversible tool joint and electrical coupling for use in wells|
|US2795397 *||Apr 23, 1953||Jun 11, 1957||Drilling Res Inc||Electrical transmission lines|
|US3206537 *||Dec 29, 1960||Sep 14, 1965||Schlumberger Well Surv Corp||Electrically conductive conduit|
|US3807502 *||Apr 12, 1973||Apr 30, 1974||Exxon Production Research Co||Method for installing an electric conductor in a drill string|
|US3926269 *||Mar 7, 1974||Dec 16, 1975||Cullen Res Roy H||Method and apparatus for earth boring|
|US4537457 *||Feb 4, 1985||Aug 27, 1985||Exxon Production Research Co.||Connector for providing electrical continuity across a threaded connection|
|US4683944 *||May 6, 1985||Aug 4, 1987||Innotech Energy Corporation||Drill pipes and casings utilizing multi-conduit tubulars|
|US4716960 *||Jul 14, 1986||Jan 5, 1988||Production Technologies International, Inc.||Method and system for introducing electric current into a well|
|US4823125 *||Jun 30, 1987||Apr 18, 1989||Develco, Inc.||Method and apparatus for stabilizing a communication sensor in a borehole|
|US6142707 *||Aug 27, 1997||Nov 7, 2000||Shell Oil Company||Direct electric pipeline heating|
|US6171025||Mar 26, 1996||Jan 9, 2001||Shell Oil Company||Method for pipeline leak detection|
|US6179523||Mar 26, 1996||Jan 30, 2001||Shell Oil Company||Method for pipeline installation|
|US6264401||Mar 26, 1996||Jul 24, 2001||Shell Oil Company||Method for enhancing the flow of heavy crudes through subsea pipelines|
|US6315497||Dec 23, 1997||Nov 13, 2001||Shell Oil Company||Joint for applying current across a pipe-in-pipe system|
|US6686745||Jul 20, 2001||Feb 3, 2004||Shell Oil Company||Apparatus and method for electrical testing of electrically heated pipe-in-pipe pipeline|
|US6688900||Jun 25, 2002||Feb 10, 2004||Shell Oil Company||Insulating joint for electrically heated pipeline|
|US6707012||Jul 20, 2001||Mar 16, 2004||Shell Oil Company||Power supply for electrically heated subsea pipeline|
|US6714018||Jul 20, 2001||Mar 30, 2004||Shell Oil Company||Method of commissioning and operating an electrically heated pipe-in-pipe subsea pipeline|
|US6739803||Jul 20, 2001||May 25, 2004||Shell Oil Company||Method of installation of electrically heated pipe-in-pipe subsea pipeline|
|US6814146||Jul 20, 2001||Nov 9, 2004||Shell Oil Company||Annulus for electrically heated pipe-in-pipe subsea pipeline|
|US6937030||Nov 8, 2002||Aug 30, 2005||Shell Oil Company||Testing electrical integrity of electrically heated subsea pipelines|
|US7093680 *||Dec 23, 2003||Aug 22, 2006||Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.||Subsurface signal transmitting apparatus|
|US7243028||Jun 14, 2005||Jul 10, 2007||Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.||Methods and apparatus for reducing electromagnetic signal noise|
|US7252160||Jul 30, 2004||Aug 7, 2007||Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.||Electromagnetic gap sub assembly|
|US8049506||Nov 1, 2011||Aquatic Company||Wired pipe with wireless joint transceiver|
|US20040060693 *||Jul 20, 2001||Apr 1, 2004||Bass Ronald Marshall||Annulus for electrically heated pipe-in-pipe subsea pipeline|
|US20040100273 *||Nov 8, 2002||May 27, 2004||Liney David J.||Testing electrical integrity of electrically heated subsea pipelines|
|US20040134652 *||Dec 23, 2003||Jul 15, 2004||Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.||Subsurface signal transmitting apparatus|
|US20050068703 *||Jul 30, 2004||Mar 31, 2005||Tony Dopf||Electromagnetic gap sub assembly|
|US20060035591 *||Jun 14, 2005||Feb 16, 2006||Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.||Methods and apparatus for reducing electromagnetic signal noise|
|DE2852575A1 *||Dec 5, 1978||Jun 7, 1979||Serge Alexander Scherbatskoy||System und verfahren zur aufzeichnung bzw. protokollierung von daten, die beim bohren in der erde gewonnen werden|
|U.S. Classification||174/47, 174/21.0JR, 439/194, 166/65.1, 340/855.2, 174/84.00S, 324/356, 174/68.1|
|International Classification||E21B17/02, G01V3/20, G01V3/18|
|Cooperative Classification||E21B17/028, G01V3/20|
|European Classification||G01V3/20, E21B17/02E|