|Publication number||US2096499 A|
|Publication date||Oct 19, 1937|
|Filing date||Jan 31, 1936|
|Priority date||Jan 31, 1936|
|Publication number||US 2096499 A, US 2096499A, US-A-2096499, US2096499 A, US2096499A|
|Inventors||Mandell Irving F|
|Original Assignee||Reinforced Paper Bottle Corp|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (9), Classifications (7)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Oct. 19, 1937. I. F. MANDELL 2,096,499
DISCHARGE VALVE FOR BOTTLE FILLING MACHINES Fil ed Jan. 31, 195
Inventor I. 'F. MANDELL F/G/ Patented Oct. 19, 1937 DISCHARGE VALVE FOR BOTTLE FIIJLING MACHINES Irving F. Mandell, North Quincy, Masa, assignor to Reinforced Paper Bottle Corporation, New York, N. Y., a corporation of Delaware Application January 31, 1936, Serial No. 61,793
My invention relates to improvements in discharge valves for bottle filling machines; and more particularly to that class of valves used for filling bottles of fragile or non-rigid material,
such as paper, which would sustain damage from excessive pressures exerted by valve closures, and the outside surfaces of which would absorb any waste liquid leaking through the outside of the valve.
The object of the invention is to provide a valve with a valve closure member of relatively light resistance to pressure exerted by the bottle in opening the valve and which will prevent leakage around the outside of the valve.
It is well known to those skilled in the art, that filling machines for liquid food products, and particularly milk, must be constructed in a thoroughly sanitary manner and that gland packings are not approved. Also that seals or cushions must be plain and easily cleaned.
To those ends, my invention consists of a cylindrical valve casing, slidable vertically in a discharge orifice of the liquid reservoir and having an annular flange extending therefrom, inter- 5 mediately of its length, perforations extending through the wall of the casing Just above the flange, an annular valve seat at its lower end, contacting a vented valve, and a sleeve of impervious resilient material surrounding the cas- 30 ing, spaced therefrom and extending between the flange and the reservoir bottom as hereinafter more particularly described.
In the drawing showing one form of my de.- vice:-
5 Fig. 1 is a. side elevation of a fragmentary portion of a bottle filling machine showing my device applied thereto.
Fig.- 2 is an enlarged sectional detail through the filling valve and adjacent parts.
40 Fig. 3 is a plan view of valve securing ring. Fig. 4 is an elevation of valve securing ring. Referring to the drawing in which like characters of reference indicate corresponding parts in each view.
45 l is a fragmentary portion of a liquid reservoir, having an opening 2 in. which a valve guide 3 is secured by nut l. A valve stem 5 having a vent hole 6 through its entire length is supported in the valve guide 3 bya valve securing ring I en- 50 gaging a groove 8 in an enlarged portion of valve stem 5 and holding the valve head 9 to resist the downward pressure of the cylindrical valve casing I0 slidably fitted, at its upper end, in the discharge orifice ll of the valve guide 3.
55 The valve casing I0 is provided, intermediately of its length, with an annular flange l2 having an annular shoulder l3, and at its lower end with a valve seat ll. Perforations l5 extend through the wall of the valve casing just above the flange l2 and a sleeve iii of resilient and impervious material having a double cone shape H on the interior of its wall with the larger diameter in the centre of its length and a slightly barrel shaped exterior surface l8, surrounds the shoulder I3 at its lower end so as to be spaced from the casing I0 and bearing at its upper end against a shoulder IS on the valve guide 3 to exert aninitial pressure between the valve 9 and valve seat It.
- A cushion 20 of soft resilient and impervious material, such as to conform under a light pressure, to ordinary irregularities in the lip surface of bottle, surrounds the lower end of the valve casing it bearing against the lower surface of the flange I2.
The bottle 2| to be filled is carried on a vertically movable support 22 in a circular path concentrically beneath the valve 9 in a manner common to filling machines. The bottle and support are raised by a stationary cam 23 until the bottle mouth is vertically brought into contact with the cushion 20. A continued upward movement of the bottle lifts the valve casing Ill, lifting the valve seat M from contact with the valve 9, allowing the milk or other liquid to flow into the bottle. The compression of the sleeve l0 while the valve is open maintains an air seal between the mouth of the bottle and the cushion 20, preventing the over-flow of the liquid when bottle is filled.
Air displaced by the liquid flowing into the bottle escapes through the vent hole 6 in the valve stem 5.
As the valve casing It has a free sliding flt in the discharge orifice ll, milk or other liquid will leak between the valvecasing Ill and the wall of the orifice II. By my device, this leakage passes into the space between the valve casing l0 and the sleeve l6, thence through perforations I5 into i of the perforations. There is, therefore, no tendency for any liquid to pass downward from between the valve guide 3 and casing l 0.
As the bottle 2| is raised vertically its mouth is brought into contact with the cushion 20 so as to raise the casing Ill vertically a short distance to lift the seat l4 clear of the valve head 9. Any increased pressure produced on the liquid between the casing l0 and sleeve l6 by the lifting of the casing it] forces such contained liquid through the perforations into the liquid flow passing beneath the lifted seat l4.
It will thus be seen that a pressure above the normal pressure will not be exerted tending to force the liquid outward at the ends of the compressible sleeve l6 and thus wasting the liquid and producing the unsanitary condition above referred to.
What I claim as my invention is:
1. In a bottle filling machine, aliquid reservoir having a depending outlet, a tubular valve slidably fitting the outlet and having perforations in the wall thereof beneath the outlet, a stationary valve stem extending through the outlet and valve and having a valve head at its lower end, an
2 annular flange extending from the valve beneath the perforations, and a sleeve of resilient material surrounding the perforated portion of the valve and extending between the flange and receptacle to resiliently hold the valve seated on the valve head.
2. In a bottle filling machine, a liquid reservoir having a depending outlet, a tubular valve slidably fitting the outlet and having perforations in the wall thereof beneath the outlet. a stationary valve stem extending through the outlet and valve and having a valve head at its lower end, an annular flange extending from the valve beneath the perforations, and a sleeve of resilient material surrounding the perforated portion of the valve and extending between the flange an'd receptacle to resiliently hold the valve seated on the valve head, such sleeve having its ends bevelled outward, its exterior slightly convexed from end to end and its interior flared outward from its ends to a medial line.
. IRVING F. MANDELL.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2499149 *||May 4, 1942||Feb 28, 1950||Cherry Burrell Corp||Receptacle filling device|
|US2553447 *||Oct 19, 1948||May 15, 1951||Karl Kiefer Machine Company||Sealing member for filling machines|
|US2630960 *||Oct 21, 1947||Mar 10, 1953||Cherry Burrell Corp||Receptacle filler|
|US2701676 *||Jun 8, 1951||Feb 8, 1955||Crown Cork & Seal Co||Filling nozzle for apparatus for filling containers with liquid|
|US3023791 *||Sep 4, 1957||Mar 6, 1962||Gen Electric||Fluid filling apparatus|
|US3038507 *||May 19, 1958||Jun 12, 1962||Watts Electric & Mfg Co||Metering device for plastic material|
|US3155125 *||Dec 23, 1960||Nov 3, 1964||Hansel Raymond J||Filling apparatus|
|US3386625 *||Dec 9, 1966||Jun 4, 1968||United Shoe Machinery Corp||Apparatus for melting and dispensing thermoplastic material|
|US5725034 *||May 13, 1994||Mar 10, 1998||Gogas (Australia) Pty. Ltd.||Pressurized fluid dispensing nozzle|
|U.S. Classification||141/295, 141/117, 141/353|
|International Classification||B67C3/02, B67C3/26|