US 2100505 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
H. GIMENO TILE ROOFING Nov. 30, 1937.
' Filed March 15, 1957 I gwwcvvho a Harold C-zmeno Patented Nov. 30, 1937 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE Application March 15,
My invention relates to the art of building construction and more particularly to that branch of the art known as roofing, and more specifically to tile roofing.
The practice heretofore of laying tile roof has been to nail each pan tile to the underlay and to nail each cover tile either to the underlay (using long nails) or to strips secured to the underlay and located between the rows of pan tiles. Since under such practice it is necessary to nail each pan tile to the underlay, much labor (rendered unnecessary now by my invention) is required, and the underlay is pierced at many places, thereby increasing the possible leakage factor.
Among the objects of my invention are the saving in material and labor expense, and the reduction in the number of nail holes in the underlay.
Other objects will in part be obvious and in part be pointed out hereinafter.
To the attainment of the aforesaid objects and ends the invention still further resides in the novel details of construction, combination and arrangement of parts, all of which will be first fully described in the following detailed description, and then be particularly pointed out in the appended claims, reference being had to the accompanying drawing, in which:-
Figure 1 is a perspective view of a portion of a 30 roof under construction with my invention applied.
Figures 2, 3 and 4 are detail perspective views showing various cross-sectional form-modifications of the continuous metal pans.
In carrying out my invention I do away with pan tiles entirely (thus saving about forty-five per cent of the tile heretofore used in tile roofing practice) and substitute therefor continuous metal pans extending from the ridge purlin to, 40 or nearly to, the lower edge of the roof, the metal pans having provisions by which they may be secured in place at or near their ends.
In the drawing, in which like numbers and letters of reference indicate like parts in all the figures, 1 represents the usual projecting ridge purlin, 2 the usual underlay and 3 the usual ridge tiles which are nailed to the ridge purlin l as at 4.
The metal pan strips which comprise the essen- 50 tial element of my invention comprise channel members 5 having upturned sides 6, either diverging, as in Figures 1 and 2, straight up at right angles to the base 5 of the strip, as at 6 in Figure 3, or curved up as at 6 in Figure 4. These strips extend the length of several tiles ll, pref- 193i, Serial 'Nol" 131,023
erably as one piece from the ridge purlin I to the edge of the roof (see Figure 1).
At their upper ends the strips 5 have upturned ears 9 that are provided with one or more nailholes for nails II] by which the strips are fastened to the purlin I. At their lower ends one or more nail-holes I (l 'l as the case may be) are provided through which nails 8 may be driven to secure the lower ends of the strips in place.
The cover tiles 1 l are placed over the pan strips 5 and spaced apart their usual distance. They may be directly nailed to the underlay by means of long nails 12, or to the interposed strip I3 to I which they are nailed as at I2 Thus it will be seen that instead of having to use at least one nail for every tile length (as with pan tiles) it is only necessary to nail the strips 5 at the extreme ends of the roof.
Clay tile in certain climates, such as exists in the vicinity where I reside, makes the very best roof, but it is the most expensive sort of roofing, costing from $35.00 to $50.00 a square, as compared to $5.00 to $18.00 a square for shingles or the many varieties of composition materials available.
Actual experience in installing tile roofing embodying my invention has demonstrated the following advantages over the prior practice, namely: (1) it saves about forty-five per cent of the tile; (2) it saves definitely in labor about ten per cent; (3) the total saving in cost of installation is from twenty-five per cent to thirty per cent, or more; (4) in the previous practice the underlay is pierced by a nail in every pan tile, which is a weakness in all tile roofing; with my method only over the eaves and at the ridge purlin need there be any nails driven through the underlay-hence the entire roof directly over the building has a perfect underlay without the otherwise necessary nail piercings; (5) an appearance with all the charm of the ordinary tile roof is maintained, since only an expert can tell the difference, and that after close observation.
Any standard manufactured semi-cylindrical tile or any imported make, or antique rustic tile,
provided it is semi-cylindrical or quasi-semicylindrical, may be used for the cover tiles II. The pan tiles heretofore used are only slightly exposed to observation, the cover tiles being practically all the casual observer sees hence the use of the metallic pan strips in place of pan tiles does not materially alter the appearance of the roof.
From the foregoing description, taken in connection with the accompanying drawing, it is thought that the advantages and method of carrying out the invention will be clear to those skilled in the art.
What I claim is:
1. In clay tile roofing, the combination with the ridge purlin, the underlay and the rows of cover clay tiles mounted on the underlay, of metal pan strips, .one common to each two adjacent rows of cover tiles, on which strips said tiles rest unconnected, in view of which one or more tiles may be removed and replaced without effecting the pan strips, and means to secure said pan strips in place soas to leave a free and unobstructed drain way beneath the tiles, be-
tween their longitudinal edges and the sides of. the
2. In a clay tile roofing, the combination with roof, respectively.
a ridge purlin and an underlay extending from the ridge purlin to the edge of the roof, rows of overlapped clay cover tiles spaced apart, a single metal pan strip between each two adjacent rows of cover tiles, said strip comprising a fiat base portion and upturned sides, the longitudinal edges of said rows of cover tiles resting on and in the pan strip and spaced from the sides thereof to provide longitudinal drain channels from the ridge purlin to the edge of the roof within the pan strips beneath the tiles, means to secure the cover tiles individually to said underlay, and means to secure the ends of said strip to said ridge purlin and to said underlay adjacent the edge of the HAROLD GIMIENO.