|Publication number||US2101001 A|
|Publication date||Nov 30, 1937|
|Filing date||Feb 23, 1935|
|Priority date||Feb 23, 1935|
|Publication number||US 2101001 A, US 2101001A, US-A-2101001, US2101001 A, US2101001A|
|Inventors||Bruno E Balduf|
|Original Assignee||United States Gypsum Co|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (30), Classifications (10)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Nov. 30, 1937. B. E. BALDUF BUILDING CONSTRUCTION 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed Feb. 23, 1935 nil/54 k INVENTOR BRUNO E2 591.005
OOOOOOOOOQ 0000000000 000000000 OOOOOOOOOC m W f ATTORNEY Nov. 30, 1937. B. E. BALDUF I 2,101,001 r BUILDING CONSTRUCTION Filed Feb. 23, 1935 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTOR BRUNO E. BN.DUF'.
Patented Nov. 1937 PATENT? oFr-ilca nunmmo coNs'rnUc'rroN Bruno E. BalduL. Chicago, IlL, Signor to United States Gypsum Comp ny,
poration of Illinois Chicago, 111., a cor- Application February 23, 1935, Serlal No. 7,702 15 Claims. (01. 12-118) This invention relates to building constructions and has reference more particularly to wall board attachments to building structures.
In attaching wall boards, such as those of gypsum composition with paper cover sheets, fiber boards, metal sheets, or other building it is desirable that any attaching means used be flush with the exposed surface of the boards so that said boards m'ay be decorated with a plastic paint, wall paper, etc., to completely conceal said attaching means. It is preferable but not essential to have the connection between the wall boards and a frame member of a resilient or yielding nature so that slight relative movement between the boards and the frame members is permitted without cracking the decorative layer and to provide sound insulation.
An object of the invention, therefore, is to provide a means for attaching wall boards to frame members, said attaching means lying flush with the exposed surface of the board to be completely concealed by the decorative coating on the boards.
Another object of the invention is to provide a resilient connection between wall boards and frame members in which screws are used'to connect said boards or units to the attaching means which preferably consists of perforated metal; also to improve building constructions in other respects hereinafter specified and claimed.
Reference is to be had to the accompanying drawings forming apart of this specification, in which Fig. 1 is a perspective sectional view showing the improved wall and ceiling construction,
Fig. 2 is a perspective view of a resilient clip and perforated plate used in the construction shown in Fig. 1,
Fig. 3 is an elevation of the improved structure shown in Figs. 1 and 2,
Fig. 4 is a perspective sectional elevation showing a modified form of building construction utilizing metal studs.
Fig. 5 is a sectional plan view through the structure shown in Fig. .4,
, Fig. 5A is a sectional elevation through a modified form or resilient clip for attachment to special metal joists,
Fig. 6 is a sectional plan view taken at the intersection of two partitions,
Fig. 7 is a perspective sectional view showing a form of non-resilient attachment for walls and ceilings,
Fig. 9 is a modified form of wall construction in which the boards are attached to perforated plates by cementitious material, Y
Fig. 10 is a perspective sectional elevation of a further modified form of studless partition construction,
Fig. 11 is a perspective sectional elevation of a. modified formof ceiling attachm ent'for the partitionshown in'Fig. 10,
Fig. 12 is a. sectional perspective view of a modifled form of building structure inwhich boards are attached to perforated plates which in turn are attached to stelstuds,
Fig. .13is a perspective sectional-elevation of a still further form of partition structure in which boards are attached to metallic studs having perforated flanges,
Fig. 14 is a sectional plan view through two intersecting partitions using box spacers, and
Fig. 15 is a perspective view of .a connecting clip for the box spacers shown inFig. 14.
Referring to the drawings by numerals, wooden studs lllextend vertically in the usual manner in spaced, parallel relation, being connected at the top by a plate ii on which ceiling joists l2 are secured. In order to resiliently connect wall boards I! to thestuds l0 and joists I2, I provide spring loops it, one end of each loop being reverse bent to form a section l5 which is provided with a perforation l6 arranged to receive an attaching nail H. An outstanding flange I8 is formed on the inner end of the section I5 to embrace the comer of the studs or joists to provide lateral stability. The opposite end of loop II is formed into a flange l9 which extends through struck out straps 20, 2|, and 22 formed in a plate 23. The plate 23 hasmost of its outer area provided with closely spaced perforations 24 and outstanding stiffening flanges 25 are formed along the longitudinal edges of said plate. A locking flange 26 is provided in the plate 23 to be bentup into locking position after the flange l9 and plate. One of the salient features of my invention lies in the-simple and efllcient manner of attaching the boards I! to the resiliently held perforated plates 23. In order to accomplish this attachment, 1 punch or drill a hole through the board to receive the screw I'l, or other driven fastening element, the latter finding one of the perforations 2! in the plate and engaging in the same. The head of the screw sinks into the board to present a flush surface whichv may be puttied smooth. and then the exposed surface ofthe gage the-flanges 33 in a manner hereinabove de-" scribed. The clip 29 is snapped into position on the stud 21 with the flanges 21 seating between the loops and 32. 7
When wall boards meet at an angle at a corner of a room as seen in Fig. 6, the flanges 25 of the plate 23 are clipped in the center and the plate 23 is then bent at an angle to register with the boards l3. board and engage the plateperforations 24 so as to firmly connect the boards one to the other.
As seen in Fig. 5A, a channel shaped sheet metal joist 34 having intumed flanges 34a supports a. resilient ceiiingclip 34b. One end of clip 34b is return bent to form a flange 340 which hooks over the lower flange 34a. An L-shaped strip of metal 34d is spot welded to clip 34?) and flange 34, said strip having a flange 34c which engages below the joist to hold the clip firmly in place. A perforated plate 23 is attached to the clip 34b in a manner hereinabove described.
In the form of the invention shown in Fig. 7, flber boards 35 or other building sheets, are attached to perforated plates 23 by means of short screws 36 whose heads are positioned at the back of. the plate, the screws being of insufficient length to pass completely through the board. This form of construction may also be modified as shown to resiliently attach to ceiling runners or channels 31 by means of thespring clips 14 which terminate in a hook 38 attheir upper-ends which engage the upper flange 39 of channel 37, thus forming a ceiling construction. If desired a nonresilient connection may be used as shown in Fig. 8 in which a clip 40 has a laterally extending extension 4! which engages the perforated plate 23 as previously described. A hook .42 is formed on the upper end of clip 40 for engaging a flange 43 of a channel runner. 44 whose web, in this case, mayextend parallel to boards 45 which are attached to perforated-plate 23 by means of screws 46.
In the form of the invention shown in Fig. 9,
'a perforated plate 48 is attached to a masonry wall 49 of concrete or the like, witha stub nail 50 which is driven. through said plate 48 into the face of the wall.
Cementitious material 51, such as gypsum gauging plaster is then applied to the face of plate 48 and boards 52 are pressed onto the cementitious material 5|, which after setting, firmly attaches the boards 52 to the wall 49. I
The form of invention illustrated in Fig. 10 is a studless partition which can conveniently be loosely assembled'at the factory and shipped to the job for quick erection. A pair of .boards 54 is attached together in spaced parallel relation with box-like, metallic spacers 55 intervening. Two opposed faces 56 of the members 55 are perforated to receive board attaching screws 51.
These spacers 55 are positioned at suitable intervals over the faces and edges of the boards to cause said boards to act together as a beam and thus produce a rigid partition. The top and bottom edges of the boards 54 are attached together Screws I1 then pass through the by means of horizontal channels 58 and 59 which may be nailed through holes 60 to the floor and ceiling respectively. Flanges 6| formed on channels 58 and 59 are perforated to receive the board attaching screws 51. Instead of channels 58 and '59, box spacers 6| (Fig. 11) may be provided with outstanding ears 62 at their upper end, each ear being provided with a nail hole 63 for nailing attachment to the floor or ceiling. Instead of perforated box spacers 55, wooden blocks 55a may be used. On unusually high partitions where greater rigidity is needed, a steel angle 5517 may extend downwardly through a plurality of the spacers 55 at the joint between boards, Where twopartitions intersect at right angles, two of the box spacers 55 may be joined in edge to face relation at top'and bottom by U-shaped spring clip 55c, the boards being attached to the box spacers 55 by screws in the usual manner. This constructionpermits pipes or electrical conduits to be passed through the partition in any direction without interference from studs.
In theforrn of invention shown in Fig. 13, the channels 58 and 59 are used as studs 65 with boards secured in edge abutting relation to perforatedstud flanges 63 by screws 61. In Fig. 12,1 illustrate a modified form of wall construction in whichperforated-plates 68 are spot weldthe same can be considerably varied without departing from the. spirit of the invention as defined in the appended claims.
Having thus described my invention, I claim as new and desire to securebyLetters Patent:
1. A resilient clip structure for building con-.
structions, comprising a. resilient loop, a perforated plate associated with one end of said loop and adapted to receive boardattaching screws, said platev having closely spaced. perforations the edges of said perforations being adapted to act as threads for said boardattaching screws, and means on the other-end of said resilient loop for attachment to a building frame.
2. A resilient clip structure for building constructions, comprising a resilient loop, a plate having closely spaced perforations and associated with one end of said loop and adapted to receive board attaching screws, the edges of said perforations being adapted to act as threads for said boardattaching screws, an outstanding stiffening flange formed on said plate, and means on the other end of said resilient loop for attachment to a building frame. A
3. A resilient clip structure for building constructions, comprising a resilient loop,' a plate having closely spaced perforations and having struck out straps for receiving one end of said loop, said plate being adapted to receive board attaching screws, the edges of said perforations being adapted to act as threads for said board attaching screws, and means on the other end of said loop for attachment to a buildingframe.
4. A resilient clip structure for building constructions, comprising a resilient loop, a plate having closely spaced perforations and having struck out straps for receiving one end of said loop whereby the plate is supported thereon, said plate being adapted to receive board attaching screws, the edges of said perforations being adapted to act as threads for said board attaching screws, a locking flange associated with said plate and adapted to be bent into loc 'ng engagement with said loop to retain said p ate on said loop end, and means on the other end of said loop for attachment to a building frame.
5. A resilient clip structure for building constructions comprising a resilient loop, a plate having a multiplicity of closely spaced perforations, said plate being supported on one portion of said loop and adapted to receive board attaching screws, the edges of said perforations being adapted to act as threads for said board at- I taching screws, another portion of said loop being perforated for nailing attachment to a ing in the perforations in said plate, the edges of said perforations being adapted to act as threads for said board attaching screws, and means for securing said plate to a building structure.
7. In a building construction, an L-shaped plate liaving a multiplicity of closely spaced perforations, wall boards arranged at an 'ai gle with their adjoining edges lying adjacent'the apex of said plate, and screws passing through said boards and in binding retaining engagement in the perforations in said plate, the edges of said perforations being adapted to act as threads for said board attaching screws.
8. In a building construction, a channel runner having opposed flanges and a web, a clip having a hook at one end adapted to engage one of said flanges, a perforated plate secured to the opposite end of said clip, boards in face abutting relation to said plate, and screws extending into said boards and engaging the metal of the plate at the perforations in said plate to secure said boards to said plate.
9. In a building construction, a channel runner having opposed flanges and a web, a clip having a resilient loop and having a hook at one end adapted to engage one of said flanges, a perforated plate secured to the opposite end of said clip, boards in face abutting relation to said plate, and screws extending into said boards and engaging the metal of the plate at the perforations in said plate to resiliently attach said boards to said runner.
10. In a partition structure, a channel stud having "a web and flanges, boards lying in edge abutting relation against said stud, said stud being provided with a multiplicity of closely spaced perforations, and screws passing through said boards and engaging said perforations to connect said boards to said stud, the edges of said perforations being adapted to act as threads for said board attaching screws.
11. In a building construction, a channel stud having a web and flanges, a plate securedto said stud, said plate being provided with closely spaced perforations, a board having the inner face thereof abutting against said plate, and screws passing through said board and engaging in said perforations to connect said board to said channel, the edges of said perforations being adapted to act as threads for said board at taching screws.
12. The method of attaching building boards to a perforated plate having closely spaced perforations, which comprises positioning said board in face abutting relation against said plate, forcing a punch through said board into a registering perforation in said plate, withdrawing said punch to leave a hole in said board, and causing a screw to enter said hole and engage inthe registering perforation in said plate so as to pull said board tightly against said plate.
13. In a building construction, a perforated plate having a multiplicity of closely spaced perforations, a building board in face abutting relation against said plate, and a screw passing through said board and engaging in one of the perforations in said plate, said perforations being arranged to direct said screw into retaining engagement in one of said perforations.
14. In a buildinglconstructioma platehaving a multiplicity of closely spaced perforations, wall boards having edges, adjoining adjacent said plate/and screws passing; through said boards and engaging in the perforations in said plates, said perforations being arranged to direct said screw into retaining engagement in one of said perforations.
15. In a building construction, a strip having a multiplicity of closely spaced openings, 2. wall panel in facegabutting relation against said strip, and a driven fastening element passing through said panel and engaging in one of said openings so as to attach said panelto said strip, said openings'being arranged to direct said fastening element into retaining engagement in one of said openings. v
' BRUNO E. BALDUF.
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|US2706315 *||Jun 11, 1949||Apr 19, 1955||Manley R Price||Wall or ceiling treatment|
|US2793403 *||Mar 26, 1953||May 28, 1957||Livingston Joseph L||Building wall construction|
|US2809729 *||Oct 11, 1952||Oct 15, 1957||Capitani Arnold P||Fastening means|
|US2968070 *||Dec 10, 1957||Jan 17, 1961||Wolstead Olaf P||Building panel construction|
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|US3225394 *||May 8, 1963||Dec 28, 1965||Kaiser Gypsum Company Inc||Ceiling suspension clip|
|US3225503 *||Mar 29, 1963||Dec 28, 1965||Rallis James M||Ceiling access opening and bracket therefor|
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|US20120233950 *||Mar 17, 2011||Sep 20, 2012||Cemwall Systems||Concrete wall systems and methods and spacers therefor|
|US20130199118 *||Oct 21, 2011||Aug 8, 2013||Syma Intercontinental Ag||Frame profile system|
|U.S. Classification||52/506.9, 411/516, 52/285.3, 411/457, 52/144, 411/921|
|Cooperative Classification||E04F13/045, Y10S411/921|