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Publication numberUS2101102 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 7, 1937
Filing dateJul 9, 1935
Priority dateJul 9, 1935
Publication numberUS 2101102 A, US 2101102A, US-A-2101102, US2101102 A, US2101102A
InventorsSchaeffer Edward G
Original AssigneeCecilia E Bowers
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Doll
US 2101102 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

MDec. 7, 1937.

E. G. SCHAEFFER DOLL l Filed July 9, 1935 l 2 SheetsLSheet l FIG. 4

FIG. 3

- Edward G. Schaeffer Dec. 7, 1937. SCHAEFFER 2,101,101?

bom.

Filed lJuly 9, 1955 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 F169 FIG. 1o

FIG. 6 Edward G Schaeffer gg, M,

Patented Dec. 7, 1937 Y A UNITED STAT-es PATENT OFFICE nom.

Edward G. Schaeer, New York, N.Y Y., assigner lto Cecilia E. Bowers, Washington, D. C: f Application Juiy 9, 1935, 'serial No. 30,553

` 1c Claims. (01.46-135) vMy invention relates to dolls and it haszforits Figure 8 is a plan view of the base member principal object the provision of van.improved upon which the mechanism is mounted. andsimplified means for varying the facial eX-. Figure 9 isja front View of the member for pressions thereof. I f y operating the mechanism.

5'.. a. One of the primary features ofz the inventionV Figure 1 0 is a `side view of the operating 5 consists in providing a doll with a movable head member. and inV combining therewith mechanism Vfor'v'ary- Referring more particularly to the drawings, l

ing the facial expression of the doll which is opindicates the upper portion ofthe torso of thek erahle upon relative movement ofthe dolls'head doll which is provided with aneck portion 2 and 10 and torso. l 3 indicates the head whichis rotatably mounted 10 AAnother feature of the invention consists in on the torso, the lower end or under side ofthe rtatably; moun-ting'the dolls head onithe torso head being formed with an opening 4 for receivand in providing mechanism including a pluralityl ing the neck portion 2 Both the head and torso oflevers operable upon relativerrotationv ofI the may be advantageously made Vof anyA suitable 1'5 headand torso for varying the facial expression resilient material, such as rubber, and each is l5 of thevdoll. -v .f preferably hollow., The portion of the head A further lfeature ofthe. invention consistsin bounding the opening 4 is vmade relatively rigid providing a doll Awith a relatively movable head by being vof increased thickness and as indicated 'and torso andinvproviding meanswherebyllpon. at 5, the inner lside of this portion isv formed as 2'5" relative movement ofthehead .andy torso, in jone asubstantiallyplane surface affording a conven- 2O direction a facial expression simulating a'smile ent, SUIJPOI fOI the mechanism mplyed fOI iSUprQduced and upon relative movement yof the changing orvarying the facial expression of the head, andtorso in the opposite direction a facial doll. f Y expression simulating a-pout yis produced. This mechanism includes pivoted levers 6, the 2g. Otherandmore specific-features of the invens, inner ends'of vwhich are journalled in a base 25 tiongresiding in advantageous forms, comioina-v plate 0r member'l- The base plate may be'contionsand relations of parts will hereinafter. ap; Venently -fOImed fI'Oma Single Sheet 0f metal pear andibepointed Qutinthe-c1aimsand it comprises a main body portion 8 and a In the :drawings illustrating afpreferred ern-, pair of forwardly and rearwardly projecting arms 31(1)" bodimentof theinvention, or brackets 9 and I0, respectively, which are bent 30 Figure llis a fragmentary front view of thedoll downwardly at substantially right angles Ato the illustrating the relative position of the head andl main bOdy DOrtOri 8 and ltheir lower edges rest `orso after the former has been moved to effect upon the upper Surface 5 0f the lOWeI DOIOII 0f a facial expression Ysimulating a pout, the head. The rear portion of the base plate is `v`Figure 2is a fragniennary from View ofr the also bentdownwardly to form a flange Il which 35 doll illustrating ,the relative'position ofthe torso; likewise 1 @Sl/S 1113011 the surface 5. and vhead after the Alatter has been moved te. vThe forwardly projecting arms 9 curve inwardeffta facial expression. simulating asmile2 1y toward each other so as to conform to the 4Figure 3 is a `substantially horizontal sectional'A curvature 0f the neIOI 0f adjacent pOItiOnS 0f 40 View. takenthrough thedolls head o-naline corthe..d011s head and the rearwardly Projecting 40' arms I0 may be of substantially triangular shape, extending upwardly in outwardly inclined directions in engagement with the inner rear side of responding to line 3-3 of Fig `5"showing the mechanism for varyingthefacial expression ofv the :doll in ositiorrfor .eifectin Vsmil Figure 4 il; a View similar tov FgigaS shwing the the? head' The Inner ends of' the arms 9 and lo 4 y y A are offset inwardly to provide recesses I2 to re- 45 mechanism for varymg a facial expression of the ceve lugs I3 which are preferably formed in @um 9051519 for fied-'mg a Smue' tegrally with the head and project inwardly from Ffgu 5 1S a' .Vertlcal Sectloflal Vlwpf the the sides thereof. `These lugseffectively lock the dous head andthe .upper PQFtlQn 0f the torso base plate against rotation with respect to the m-tlie operating mechanism beingshown in elevahead 50 tion. j 1 l l e y While thelevers 6 may be pivotally connected Figure 6 is a 'sectional vlewtaken `Ori niiet-5E tothe base'plate in anyconvenient manner, this ofliig. f l may be simply and effectively accomplished by isa plan view of themehanisrn for; integrallyV forming the inner endsof the levers 515i var hlngzthefacial expression'oftheldoltr with relativelynarrow projections which are off- 55 set downwardly to extend through openings I4 in the base plate and terminate in rearward ex-` tensions l5 underlying the base plate. Intermediate their ends the levers are provided with laterally onset inwardly extending portions I6 which are spaced from each other in the direction of length of the levers and their adjacent edges are formed with reentrant portions I1 for receiving an operating member I3 which extends upwardly from the torso through an opening I9 in the base plate. The operating member I8 may be conveniently formed as a flat plate or bar and intermediate its ends it is formed with shoulders for engaging the under side of the base plate. opening i9 through which the operating member E8 projects is contracted at its central portion to provide abutments 2 I. about which the operating member is adapted to fulcrurn or rotate and portions of the opening on opposite "sides of the abutments Zi are preferably of sectorial shape as indicated at Eil.l By forming the opening in this manner and having the operating member extend into the reenrant portion I'l of the levers 6 it will be readily perceived that the levers will bercaused to rotate either toward or away from each other by simply inducing rotation of the operating member about its longitudinal axis with respect to the base member, the direction Yof movement of the levers depending upon the direction in which the operating member is rotated. Y

The operating member I8 may be operatively connected to the base member 'I Vby a coil spring 23 which encircles the upper end of the operating member and is confined between two disks or plates, Sie and 25, respectively. The spring is applied under compression and the upper disk 24 is restrained from moving upwardly by any suitable means such as a cotter 26 or the like passing through an opening 2l in the upper'end of the operating member. The lower disk overlaps the upper side of the levers 6 and in conjunction with the spring 23 serves to maintain the levers in pivotal association with the base plate.

The forward ends of the levers 6 are connected withthe rear side of the'face portion ofY the doll, preferably adjacent the corners of its mouth, by inwardly projecting elastic lugs 28 which may advantageously be of the same material as the face and be united to the inner sidethereof by vulcanization or by being formed integral therewith. The inner ends of the lugs 28 are formed with slots or the like to receive the forward ends of the levers il which terminate inwardly of and in spaced relation to the mouth portion of the doll. The portion of the face dening the mouth is sufficiently elastic, and it may have greater resiliency or elasticity than other portions of the face, so that it may be easily expanded or con'- tracted by the levers Ei and the lugs 28 arealso sufficiently elastic to afford a resilient or yielding connection between the levers and the elastic mouth portion of the doll. As clearly shown in Figs. 3 and 4 of the drawings the lugs 28 are deformed by the levers when the latter are operated and this yielding connection between the levers and the elastic mouth portion of the doll prevents abrupt deformations in the dolls face and enables the production of natural and lifelike expressions.

While it has heretofore been proposed, in an that it is slighly open when in repose and in prviding means for preventing substantial vertical movement of the lips. To this end the base plate 'I is provided, preferably integrally, with a forwardly projecting centrally disposed arm 29, the

forward end of which is bifurcated to form verti-Y cally spaced portions 29a and 291D which are respectively connected to the central portions of the lips slightly inwardly of the margins thereof, as.

illustrated in Fig. 5. Although elastic lugs similar to those heretofore described may be employed for connecting the arm 29 to the lips, this connection may be effected by merely having the bars 29 and 2gb extend into the inner side of the lips and, if desired, the latter may be of slightly increased thickness at these points, as indicated at 30, so that when the mouth is contracted to effect a facial expression simulating a pout and the lips are thereby caused to move outwardly slightly, the arm 29 will not become disengaged from the lips. While the arm 29 serves to prevent substantial Vertical movement of the lips upon operation of the levers 6, they may move slightly in this direction due to their elasticity and the fact that the arm 29 is connected thereto inwardly of their marginal edges. In addition to this function, the arm 29 also serves to prevent the lips from pressing inwardly when the mouth is extended or stretched to effect an expression simulating a smile.

To effect operation of the levers 6 upon relative rotation of the head and torso the lower end of the operating member I8 is connected to the member 3I disposed in the upper end" of the torso. 'Ihe member 3| is preferably of H-shape having side pieces 32, respectively engaging the front and rear walls of the torso and a transverse or connecting piece 33. 'Ihe lower end of the operating member I8 is provided with a return bend or flange 34 forming a hook adapted to engage under the transverse piece 33 of the H-shaped member 3l. Upward movement of member 3| is prevented b-y the contracted neck portion 2 of the torso and the operating member I8-may be easily connected and disconnected therefrom by merely compressing the coil spring 23.A Rotation of member 3| relative to the torso is preventedby the side pieces 32 thereof, and thus relative rotation of the head and torso will cause the operating member I8 to rotate relatively to the levers 6 and thereby actuate the latter. Not only does member I8 serve to operate the levers but it also serves as means for connecting the head and torso.

In assembling the doll, the mechanism including the base member 'I, the pivoted levers 6 and the operating member I8, all of which have been previously connected together, is inserted as a unit through the opening 3 in the under side of the head. This may be accomplished by first deforming the opening so as to elongate it and then, after placing the mechanism so that the forward ends of the levers project through the opening and moving the operating member I8 so as to compress the coil spring 23, the mechanism may be easily pushed through the opening. After the mechanism is disposed within the head it is moved into a position such that the forward ends of the levers E may be inserted into the lugs 28 and the forward end of the arm 29 inserted into the portion 30. The torso in which the member 3| has been previously disposed by being inserted through either of the arm openings thereof, is then associated with the head and the lower end of the operating member I8 may be easily 75 armata-f connected-to' the cross piece- 33-i by pulling wardly on the hooked end 34 WItIraiYsuitabIe tool' and thenl permitting it'V to spring' upwardly inhooked1 relation with theeross lpiece under'they influence ofl the coil spring 23;

To produce a change iny thei facial expressionof dienen, the head maybe rotated withfrespekjctto the torso or the' torso may be rotat'edwlth respect' toY the head1.V` AsV viewed; in Fig; 3 when' the head is rotated in a-*counter-clockwisedirection with respect'rto then torso, the leversi'A are causedl to movev towardy eachother to' contract" the elastic mouth portion and thereby to` produceV a't 1. facial expressionl simulating a'pout'andlas viewed in Fig. 4, when the head isrota'ted ina-clockwise directionwithv respect tol the' torso, theleversl are caused Yto movejinr opposite* directions arid" therebyj expand' the elastic mouth portion' to produce' ai ,facialexpression simulating asmile; Y 2 g It will of course be appreciated that a great variety of facial expressions willl beV produced byv moving the head from the extreme'p'ositicn-sliown in Fig. 3 to theextreme'L position shown iii-Fig.' 4-

and that when rthehead Yoccupies a central posihtion the facel Will bein' repose'. 'Y

I claim:

ably mountedon-the torsdand provided with' a facej'havi'ng an elastic" portion surrounding the Vcontrolled byy relative movement of the head and torso for actuating said movable members.

2. A doll including a torso, a hollow head rotatably mounted on the torso and provided with a face having an elastic portion surrounding the mouth, mechanism for moving'said elastic portion to vary the facial expression of the doll, and means controlled by relative rotation Yof the head and torso for actuating said mechanism. Y

3. A doll including a torso, a hollow head movably mounted on the torso and provided witha face having an elastic portion surrounding the mouth, a pair of members movable within the head and connected with said elastic portion ad- V jacent opposite corners of the mouth, and means actuated by relative movement of the head and torso for operating said members to vary the facial expression of the doll.

4. A doll including a torso, a hollow head movably mounted on the torso and provided with a face having an elastic portion surrounding the mouth, means connecting said head and torso, and mechanism including movable members cooperable with said elastic` portion for varying the facial expression of the doll, said connecting means being cooperable vwith said members and being movable with respect thereto upon relative movement of the head and torso for actuating said members. e

5. A doll including a torso, a hollow head movably mounted on the torso and providedwith a face having an elastic portion surrounding the mouth, movable means carried by the head for cooperating with said elastic portion to vary the facial expression of the doll, and rigid means -for actuating said movable means, said rigid means being connected to the torso so as to actuate said movable means upon relative movement of the head and torso.

6. A doll including a torso, a hollow head rotatably mounted on the torso and provided with a, face having an elastic portion surroundingl the mouth, a plurality of levers movably mounted saidimeansl including a rigid member disposed* within'fthevtorso; a-nd extending upwardly `into: the head for cooperating with the levers.

l'7. Adollincluding a torso, a hollow head provided vwitli 'a face having a-n-v elastic portion surrounding' the-mouth, andmechanismfor vary ing' the facial? expression` of the doll-by moving said elastic'portion, saidl'mechanism comprising abasemember, and a plurality of levers-mounted` on the base member andconnected tosaidelastic portioni, thel'owerf portion of saidheadbeing iin'- te'rnally formed witbr portions affording a sup-f port for said basev member. y I

18. A doll including-a torso;A al hollow4v head pro-v videdI with a face having anI elastic portion`- surrounding the mouth,y saidl head being also pronsm disposedwithin the 'head2 for Vvarying` the facial expressionl ofthe dolll by moving said elas- V20? vided with anopening in its lower encl, mecha-{- tic portion, saidk mechanismcomprising a base?.

member supported by*I portionsofthe head ony oppositeisides of saidifopening, and aiplurality ofy levers4 movably mounted?- onsV the base member for cooperating withV saidl elasticA portion', and means disposed: within theftorso arid extending.v upwardly through said opening in the Yhead for actuating said levers.

9. A doll including a torso, a hollow head provided with a face having an elastic portion surrounding the mouth, mechanism disposed within the head for varying the facial expression of the doll by moving said elastic portion, said mechanism comprising a base member, and levers pivotally mounted on the base member and connected to said elastic portion, said head and base member being provided with interengaging portions preventing rotation of the base member relatively to they head about an axis substantially parallel to the pivotal axes of said levers, and

means for actuating said levers.

10. A doll including a torso, a hollow yhead movably mounted on the torso and provided with a face having an velastic portion surrounding the mouth, and mechanism operable upon relative movement of the head and torso for moving said elastic portion to vary the facial expression of the doll, said mechanism including a plurality of movable levers connected to said elastic portion, means disposed Within the torso having a portion extending transversely thereof, and a member for actuating said levers connected to said transverse portion.

11.,.A doll including a torso, a hollow head rotatably mounted on the torso and providedV with a face having an elastic portion surrounding the mouth, mechanism operable upon relative rotation of the head and torso for moving f said elastic portion to vary the facial expression surrounding the mouth, and mechanism for varying the facial expression of the doll including hollow head n provided with a face having an elastic portion movable `members connected to said elastic por-y tion adjacent the corners of the mouth, and means for operating said levers, said means be'- ing movable in one direction to cause the levers to effect an expansion of the elastic mouth portion and being movable in the opposite direction to eiect a contraction of the elastic mouth porf tion.

13. A doll including a torso, a hollow head provided with a face portion having an elastic portion surrounding the mouth, and mechanism for varying the facial expression of the doll including pivotally mounted levers connected to said elastic portion adjacent the corners of the mouth, and means extending upwardly between said levers for actuating the latter, said means being movable in one direction to cause the levers to effect an expansion of the elastic mouth portion and being movable in the opposite direction to cause the levers to eiect a contraction of the elastic mouth portion.

14. A doll including a torso, a hollow head provided with a face having an elastic portion defining a normally open mouth, means connected to said elastic portion adjacent the corners of the mouth to effect a stretching of the elastic portion, and means. rigidly mounted within the head and connected to at least one of the lips of the mouth for preventing substantial vertical movement thereof Vupon a stretching of the elastic portion.

15. `A doll including a torso, a hollow head provided with a face having an elastic portion deiining a normally open mouth, and mechanism disposed within the head for varying the facial expression of the doll, said mechanism including a base member, levers pivotally mounted upon said member andV respectively connected to the elastic portion adjacent the corners of the mouth, and means rigid with said member and connected to the lips of the mouth adjacent the central part thereof for preventing substantial vertical movement of the lips upon a change in the facial expression of the doll.

16. A doll including aV torso, a hollow head provided with a face having an elastic portion de-` fining the mouth, and mechanism disposed within the head forstretching said elastic portion to effect a facial expression simulating a smile, said mechanism including a base member, levers movably'mounted upon said member and respec tively connected to said elastic portion adjacent the corners of the mouth, and means rigid with said member and cooperable with the lips of the mouth intermediate the corners thereof for preventing the lips from moving inwardly upon a stretching of the elastic portion.

EDWARD G. SCHAEFFER.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2700846 *Dec 13, 1952Feb 1, 1955Herring CoeChangeable feature doll
US3383795 *Dec 6, 1966May 21, 1968Mattel IncMechanism for simulating ingestion in a figure toy
US3745696 *Mar 1, 1972Jul 17, 1973Mattel IncDoll having means for changing facial expression upon turning of head
US5700178 *Aug 14, 1996Dec 23, 1997Fisher-Price, Inc.Emotional expression character
US6068536 *Apr 29, 1999May 30, 2000Merriment Inc.Mechanism for animated character
US6352464Feb 28, 2000Mar 5, 2002Douglas J. MadlandMechanism for animated character
WO2000066238A1 *Apr 27, 2000Nov 9, 2000Foster Nathan WayneMechanism for animated character
Classifications
U.S. Classification446/337
International ClassificationA63H3/48, A63H3/00
Cooperative ClassificationA63H3/48
European ClassificationA63H3/48