US 2102132 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Uec. 14, 1937. sCHMlDTKE 2,102,132
MACHINERY FOR MARKING HOSIERY OR OTHER ARTICLES Filed March 14, 1936 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Dec. 14, 1937. A. H. SCHMIDTKE 2,102,132
MACHINERY FOR MARKING HOSIERY OR OTHER ARTICLES Filed March 14, 1936 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 rill. 5W6
' and features of construction tending to increase l of the drawings.
Patented Dec. 14, 1937 PATENT o Fics MACHINERY FOB manuals on a o'rnEa narrows v, Albert 11. Schmidtke, St. Joseph, Mich, asaig'l'lor to St. Joseph Iron Works, St. Joseph, co ration of Michigan I Mich, a
Application March 14, 19st, Serial- No. 65,224 1': Claims. (01. 101-41) This invention relates to, machinery for aflixing transfers; or decalcomania to hosiery, or to other articles, so that the work may be done rapidly and with very little hand work.
Generally stated, the object of the invention is to provide novel and improved means for regulating or. goveriiing'the speed of travel of the paper strip or tape on which the transfers or decalcomania are carried, thereby to insure accuracy in the placingpr attachment of the transfers to the hosiery or other articles. I
It is also an object to provide certaindetails the general eiliciency and the desirability of a a variable speed feeding means for feeding the transfers or decalcomania into position to be transferred to the hosiery or other articles.
To the foregoing and other useful ends, the i invention consists in matters hereinafter set forth and clainied and shown in the accompanying drawings, in whichr A Fig. 1 is a side elevation of a machine for transferring the decalcomania to the hosiery or other articles, having a variable speed feeding means for feeding the transfers or decalcomania, em-
- bodying the principles of the invention.
.Fig. 2 is a vertical section on line 2-2 in Fig. 4
Fig. 3 is a plan view' of the speed controller shown at'the top of Fig. 2 of the drawings.
Fig. 4 is an enlarged transverse vertical section on line 4-4 in Fig. lof the drawings.
Fig. 5 is a perspective of one of the parts. of said machine.
As thus illustrated, the machine to which the invention relates, as shown in Fig. 1 of the drawings, comprises a main frame I having rolls 2 I at each end thereof, and a feed belt 3 supported by said rolls and given an intermittent feeding motion by the rolls 4 and 5, which latter are suitably actuated to give the belt the desired intermittent feeding motion. The said frame provides a flat table 6, upon whichthe upper portion of the belt 3 travels in the direction indid cated by the arrow inFig. 1 of the drawings.
The decalcomania or transfers are on the strip ortape 1, shown in Fig. 4 of the drawings, which may be a strip of paper, and this strip: is fed downwardly from the roll,8 and around the roll 9, and then horizontally and transversely across the table 6, just abovethe belt 3 on which the hosiery I is carried. Thestrip of paper is then deflected upwardly by the guide bar H, and over the roll l2, and then down below the roll 13,; upwardly and over the roll i4, and then is wound upon the device l'that is detachabiy .mounted on the wheel l6, which latter is positively rotated inthe direction indicated by the arrow, by the coil spring belt 11 that connects the wheel l6 with the. axis of the roll 43. The
.rotation of the roll l3 and the wheel l6 during spring 26 is interposed between the bottom of.
"transfers or decalcomania are pressed upon the hosiery or other articlesby the hot iron l8, which may be suitably actuated in timed relation to the decalcomanla or transfers to the hosiery or other articles. The iron i8 may be-actuated by any suitable or known means. The waste paper then travels over and around the rolls [2, l3, l4, and then finally around the device 15, shown in Fig. 5 of the drawings, which is in the nature of a spring clip havingprongs I9 that are removably inserted in openings in the wheel it previously mentioned. Therefore, when the waste paper is finally wound upon the device IS, the latter can be removed with the waste paper thereon, and can be removed from the roll of waste paper and re-attached to. the wheel ii to receive another strip oi waste paper.
The roll I3 is intermittently rotated, preferably, by a vertically reciprocating bar having rack-teeth 2| for engaging the pinion 22' on the axis of the roll i3. The pinion 22 has a suitable ratchet connection with the roll l3, so that the vertical reciprocation of the bar 20, by any suitable orknown means, gives the roll IS an intermittent rotation in the direction indicated by the arrow, and the wheel It will have the same intermittent rotation, andth'e coil spring I! will compensate for any diflerencein the speed of the operation of feeding the waste'paper into position to be removed from the machine.
Inasmuch as the placing" of the impressions on the strip "l is not always accurate, or may vary more or less, it becomes desirable to provide means for controllingthe speed of travel of the tape or strip l, thereby to insure proper replacement of the decalcomania on the hosiery or other articles. For this purpose, the upper end of the bar 2i! is provided with a reduced round portion '23 that extends upwardly through the screwthreaded bushing 24, adjustably held in a bracket 25, rigid with the frame of the machine. A coil the bushing 24 and the shoulder 21, formed on Q the bar. The upper end portion of the reduced round portion 28 is provided with adjustable nuts 28 and an arm 28 is rigid with the upper end of the bushing 24, and is provided with a handle 30 for the operation thereof. A flat plate 3i is secured in stationary position on the bracket 25, and is graduated to provide a dial, as shown in Fig. 3 of the drawings. By adjusting the mecha-- nism so that the nuts 28 are either nearer to-the top of the bushingg24, or farther away, the length of the down stroke of the bar 20 may be changed :orvaried. This isdone, preferably, not by adjusting the nuts 28, but'by adjusting the arm 29, for when the latter is swung to-the right, so
the bushing I4 will move upwardly, thus shortening the feed stroke of the paper 1. Similarly, when the lever 29 is swung to the left, the top of the bushing 14 moves downwardly, thus causing the bar 2| to move a greater distance downwardly before the iuts 2! will engage the upper end of said bushing, and this will lengthen the feed stroke. Thus, the shortening or the lengthening of the downward stroke of the bar 20 has the eflect of changing the speed with which the paper 1 travels, for a hundred long strokes, for example, with the arrangement shown and described, will produce a faster feeding movement than a hundred shorter strokes of the rack bar.
In this way, therefore, the transfers or decalcomania on the paper 1, or other sheet material, may be caused to come along faster or slower, beneath the iron l8, depending upon the placing and arrangement of the hosiery or other articles on the belt 3 below. Therefore, a speed controller, for controlling the speed of the feeding movement of the paper bearing the decalcomania, or other markings is provided, in the form of a device susceptible of manual control, so that the machine can be controlled to properly place the transfers on the articles to be marked. The hosiery or other articles are placed on the belt 3,
' with accuracy, so that they are uniformly spaced apart, but the spacing of'the impressions on the tape or strip of paper I tends to vary, for various reasons. Sometimes these strips of decalcomania are not accurately made, and in addition the sheet material from which this strip is made 'is subject to temperature and moisture, so that the strip may either stretch or shrink, and in such case the spacing of the impressions thereon will now and then be found to be out of step with the spacing of the hosiery or other articles on the conveyer belt. The important thing, of course, is to have each impression on the strip I directly under the iron l8, when the latter is forced downwardly, so that the impression may be properly located on the article to be marked. Therefore, by providing means for regulating the paper strip feed, in the manner shown and described, the timing of this feed relatively to the feed of the belt 3, may be regulated or controlled, thereby to insure the proper positioning of each impression under the iron it! before the latter is forced downwardly.
The inverted U-shaped casting 32 that supports the rolls 4 and 5 may be fastened to the bottom of the table 6, and it may be supported at the side of the body or casing 33 that carries practically all of the movable parts, such as .the means for feeding the paper strip, the means for operating the hot iron, and which forms therewith a machine unit that is set into the side of the table to enable the paper strip and the hosiery or other articles.
One way of using the machine is as follows: The hosiery, preferably suitably folded, will be brought to the receiving end of the belt 3, and will be placed upon the latter by one of .the
attendants or workers, in properly spaced relation. The folded hosiery will pass under the iron l8 and be properly marked. The marked hosiery will then be taken off the belt 3, by other workers, and slipped into coverings, and will then be replaced on the belt to be carried along to the discharging end of the machine. The exposed surface of the table 6, at each side of the belt 3, can be used for any desired purpose, as
in the handling of the articles when they are placed upon or when they are taken oft the belt.
Thus the screw adjustment 24 is in the nature of a micrometer screw adjustment as it can be adjusted to. any degree within the limits of the screw adjustment, thus changing the length of the feed stroke, and thereby changing the speed of the feeding motion of the paper strip. As the member 25 is stationary, the guide and strap member 24 is thereby held against vertical axial movement by the vertical feed movement of the member 20, and hence the entire screw adjustment device is stationary during the operation of the machine. i
As the parts. 25 and 29 are not moving in any way, while the machine is running, it follows that the feed of the strip can be manually changed or controlled, while the machine is in operation.
What I claim as my invention is: 1. A machine for transferring successive markings or impressions from a strip or sheet to hosiery or other articles to be marked, comprising means for successively feeding the articles to be marked, to the marking position, means for feeding the strip or sheet to the marking position, in timed relation to the feeding of said articles, so that the articles will be successively marked, and
manually controlled devices including a screw adjustment device having interengaging screw threaded members, means to hold one member against movement and thereby in fixed stationary 7 position on the machine, preventing this member sure the desired predetermined positioning of the marking on each article, by said screw adjustment, which latter is held by said stationary member against axial movement by the feeding means.
2. A structure as specified in claim 1, the feeding of the articles being longitudinally of the machine, and the feeding of said strip or sheet being transversely thereof, above the plane of the articles to be marked, and said devices being adjustable for governing the speed of transverse feeding motion of said strip or sheet.
3. A structure as specified. in claim 1, said strip or sheet having an intermittent feeding motion, and said articles also having an intermittent feeding motion, whereby both the strip or sheet and the article are stationary when the marking is applied to the latter, and said devices being operative for shortening or lengthening the stroke of one of said intermittent feeds.
4. A structure as specified in claim 1, said adjustable member forming an adjustable stop for limiting a movement and for in effect giving said strip or sheet a variable intermittent feeding motion, so that the stroke of such feed may be either longer or shorter, as may be desired.
5. A structure as specified in claim 1, said devices beingoperative for changing the speed of the feeding motion of said strip or sheet.
6. A structure as specified in claim 1, said strip or sheet having an intermittent feeding motion, and said articles also having an intermittent feeding motion, whereby both the strip or sheet and thearticle are stationary when the marking arca es stroke of the intermittent feed of said strip or sheet. I
'7. A machine for transferring markings from astrip or sheet to hosiery or other articles to be marked, comprising an intermittent feed device for the strip, a stop for limiting the back stroke of the feed device, thereby to vary the length of the feeding stroke, and screw means for changing the position of said stop, including inter-engaging screw threaded members, means to hold one member against movement and thereby in fixed stationary position on the machine, preventing this member from having any motion, and means for rotating'the other member in said fixed memher, while the machine is in operatlcmthereby in effect to change the speed of the intermittent feeding motion of the strlp,by said screw adjustment, which latter is held by said. stationary member against axial movement by the feeding device, said rotating member forming said stop.
8. A structure as specified in claim 'I, comprising a graduated dial for said screw means with a handle movable to any position within the limits of said dial, for adjusting said screw means about the axis thereof, causing said stop to have axial adjustment.
'9. A structure as specified in claim"'7, comprising a handle for operating said screw means about the axis thereof, said handle being about the vertical axis of said screw means.
.10. A structure as specified in claim '7, said de-' vlce comprising a reciprocating member, and said stop comprising a sleeve on said reciprocating member, with means for rotating said sleeve,
whereby said screw means will cause the sleeve to move axially on said reciprocating member,
, with means forming a shoulder on said reciprocating member to engage the end of the sleeve.
11. A machine for transferring markings from a strip or sheet to'hoslery or other articles to be marked, comprising feeding devices for feeding the articles to be marked and for feeding the markings to be placed thereon, and a micrometer screw adjustment for adjusting one feed relatively to the other, including interengaging screw threaded members, means to hold one member against movement and thereby in fixed stationary osition on the machine, preventing this member from having any motion, and means for rotating the other member in said fixed member, while the machine is in operation, to insure the desired placing of the markings on the articles, by said screw adjustment, which latter is held by said stationary member against axial movement by the feeding means.
' 12. A structure as specified in claim 11, said 1 micrometer screw adjustment providing an adjustable stop for limiting a movement and for in effect causing one feed to have a variable speed relatively to the fixed speed of the other.
. 13. A structure as specified in claim 11, said micrometer screw adjustment being operative by adjustment thereof to vary the speed of feed'of the markings.
14. In a machine for transferring impression! from a strip to hosiery or other articles, an oblong table, a conveyer belt extending longitudinally of said table, with its upper stretch resting and traveling on the top of the table, the latter being wider than the belt to provide exposed table surface upon which to work, means for feed-- ing said belt with the articles spaced apart thereon, means for feeding the strip in suitably timed relation to said belt, devices having screw adjustment for regulating the relative feeding motion between the articles and the strip, adJust-.
able without stopping the running of the machine, and means for pressing the strip downwardly against each article, while the latter is.
supported against the pressure and in marking position by said table, to transfer the impressions to said articles successively.
15. In a machine for transferring wax or other impressions from sheet material to stockings or other articles or goods, an endlessbelt conveyor for receiving and feeding the articles in predetermined spaced relation, means for feeding a strip latter extending a distance at each end thereof beyond said strip, a feed roll in axial alignment with and operated by said shaft for engaging and feeding the belt, means on said shaft for. causing actuation of said transfer strip, and means on said shaft for causing actuation of said heated plate. Y
16. In a machine for transferring impressions from a strip to hosiery or other articles, a table havinga conveyer belt operating longitudinally of the top thereof, to receive and carry the articles along in spaced relation, forming a relative- 1y long table unit, supported independently on the floor, and a relatively small machine unit disposed transversely of and at an intermediate point in the length of said table. said machine unit comprising a body structurally distinct from said table unit and having power operated means thereon for feeding the belt and the strip, in timed relation, devices having screw adjustment for regulating the relative feedlngmotion between the articles and the strip, adjustable without stopping the running of the machine, and means for heat pressing the paper against said articles,
to transferthe impressions thereto.
17. In a machine for transferring waxor other impressions from sheet material to stockings or in timed relation to saidspacing of the articles,
into position to be pressed downwardly against the stockings or other articles, devices having screw adjustment for regulating the relative feeding motion between the articles and .the strip, ad-' justable without stopping the running of the machine, a flat faced presser operative for successively pressing the transfers flstwise against "the stockings or other goods, and a flat support for said conveying means, subject to the pressure or said presser.
' ALBERT H. 80.