|Publication number||US2102368 A|
|Publication date||Dec 14, 1937|
|Filing date||Sep 26, 1935|
|Priority date||Sep 26, 1935|
|Publication number||US 2102368 A, US 2102368A, US-A-2102368, US2102368 A, US2102368A|
|Inventors||Martel Edgar J|
|Original Assignee||Martel Edgar J|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (39), Classifications (13)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Dec. 14, 1937. E. J. MARTEL 2,102,368
ARCH SUPPORTING STOCKING Filed Sept. 26, 1955 www@ Patented Dec. 14, 1937 UNITED STATES PATENT oFFicE ARCH-SUPPORTING STOCKIG Edgar J. Martel, Laconia, N. H. Application September 26, 1935, Serial No. 42,251
This application is a continuation in part of my copending application Serial No. 753,811, filed November 20, 1934. The invention relates to a sock or stocking which is preferably of knitted 5 construction and which has embodied therein a supporting element for the arch of the foot of the wearer.
It is well known that a great many people are subject to troubles with their feet which cause pains in their feet and elsewhere in their bodies. These troubles are frequently due to a tendency on' the 'part of the cuneiform bones of the foot to be depressed by the weight of the person to positions below the positions they normally occupy. As these bones are the keystones of the arch formed by the bones structure of the foot, undue depression of these bones results in what is commonly known as fallen arches. While considerable restoring force is required to push the cuneiform bones back into place when once .the arches have fallen, yet a comparatively small sustaining or supporting force under the arch portions of the feet is often sufllcient to prevent the falling of the arches. The present invention relates to a sock or stocking having means acting to prevent fallen arches rather than to restore the arches after they have fallen.
According to the invention, I provide socks or stockings, the leg portions of which are knitted with inelastic yarn only, so that the pressure against the leg of the wearer is slight, being due only to the tension of the knitted loops in the fabric, whereas the foot of the sock or stocking is made with a substantial area of knitted elastic thread in the sole portion, which may, if desired, extend all of the way around the instep portion of the stocking. By using for such areas a ne elastic thread to be knitted with the inelastic yarn, a stocking is thus provided with a yielding instep portion having a substantial supporting tension on the arch of the wearers foot. Furthermore, the knitted elastic yarn on the sole of the foot forms a resilient cushion between a portion of the'wearerfs foot and the insole of the shoe.
`Since in some cases the straight addition of an elastic yarn to the inelastic yarn may result in a more bulky fabric than is desired, I may reduce the bulk either by knitting the elastic yarn into courses alternating with one or more courses without the elastic yarn, or by knitting the elastic yarn in each course by needles which are spaced by needles which do not take the elastic yarn so that the elastic yarn floats between successive stitches.
(Cl. (i6- 182) For a more complete understanding of the invention, reference may be had to the disclosure thereof -in the description which follows and on the drawing of which Figures l, 2, 3 and 4 are elevational views of the 6 foot portions of stockings showing reinforced areas of different shapes.
Figures 5 and 6 are diagrams of alternative forms of fabric which may be employed.
The stocking illustrated in Figure 1 is provided with an elastic area I0 which extends. entirely around the instep portion of the stocking and extends on the sole of the stocking from the toe part II to the heel pocket I2.
Figure 2 shows a stocking with an elastic area I5 extending around the foot of the stocking at `the instep portion thereof, this area being more nearly in the shape of an encircling band for the instep of the foot. I
Figure 3 shows a stocking having an elastic area I6 limited to the sole portion of the stocking but extending from the toe cap to the heel cap.
Figure 4 shows an elastic area I1 similar to the area I6 in Figure 3 extending `higher on the sides of the foot.
In carrying out the invention, socks or stockings are preferably made with the leg portions consisting solely of an inelastic yarn of suchmaterial as cotton, rayon or silk. In the foot ofthe sock or stocking, an elastic threadis fed to the needles to be stitched with an inelastic thread, the feedbeing controlled so that the added elastic thread is limited to predetermined areas.
It is evident that elastic areas may be made in various other designs or patterns, having, in common with the designs shown, the function of providing a substantial, resilient, supporting force for the arch of the foot, and a cushion for a portion of the sole of the foot. These areas may be built into the stocking in any desiredmanner, 'and the elastic thread may be employed in the elastic areas instead of the inelastic yarn used for the other portions of the stocking.' or with such yarn as a reinforcing thread. In order not to render the stocking objectionably bulky, a very ne elastic thread may be used, such thread consisting preferably of a fine strand of soft rubber having a double covering of cotton or other ne yarn wound thereon. These elastic threads can be made small enough to be knitted successfully into loops by the needles of conventional knitting machines so that such elastic thread can be fed to the machine like ordinary yarn. The resulting area thus is elastic not only by reason of the 55 formation of loops (which gives a small degree o! elasticity), but also by reason of the stretching power oi' the elastic thread. Although each individual thread exerts a small tension, the elastic area contains a large number of courses of such thread, the combined tension of which is suiiicient to exert a substantial supporting force on the arch of the foot.
If it is desired to reduce the bulkiness still further, the elastic yarn may be knitted in with the inelastic yarn in consecutive courses in the manner shown in Figure 5 or as shown in Figure 6. The fabric shown in Figure 5 may be knitted by feeding the inelastic yarn 20 to all the needles, but elevating every other needle to take the elastic yarn 2i. The elastic yarn is thus stitched by these needles and iioats past the other needles. It is evident that instead of alternate needles, every third, fourth or fifth needle may be raised to take the elastic thread prior to stitching. When the elastic yarn is knitted on a machine into spaced wales of the fabric, the action of the needles and sinkers inevitably produces more or less tension on the elastic yarn as it is being knitted. As a necessary result, the floated portions of the elastic yarn draw together the wales into which the elastic yarn is knitted, thus gathering the fabric and causing it to have a riblike structure when unstressed. Furthermore, the stitches in the several courses which include the elastic yarn need not be in the same wales as shown, but may be staggered.
As indicated in Figure 6, the elastic yarn may be-knitted into alternate courses, this being done by control of the feeding iinger through which the elastic yarn is supplied. It is evident that the courses containing the elastic yarn may be spaced by more than one course of inelastic yarn if desired.
Stockings embodying the invention may be knit on circular machines or 0n flat machines, since in both types of stockings it is common practice to insert substitute or reinforcing yarns in the sole portions of the stockings and extra reinforcingl yarns in the heel and toe portions.`
It is evident that various modifications and together with an inelastic yarn continuously from the heel pocket to the toe pocket thereof, whereby the arch of the foot is given support and a .substantial cushion is provided for the ball of the foot.
2. A knitted sock or stocking having the foot knitted of inelastic yarn and an elastic yarn knitted in with said inelastic yarn after the manner oi a reinforcing yarn over a substantial area of the sole portion suicient to`provide an elastic support for the arch and a resilient cushion for the ball of the wearers foot. a
3. A knitted sock orl stocking having the foot knitted of inelastic yarn and an elastic yarn knitted in with said inelastic yarn in courses spaced by courses which do notcontain elastic yarn over a substantial area of the sole portion suiiicient to provide an elastic supportfor the arch and a resilient cushion for the ball of the wearers foot.
4. A knitted sock or stocking having the foot knitted of inelastic yarn and an elastic yarn knitted in with said inelastic yarn over a substantial area of the sole portion and in a sumcient number of courses to provide an elastic support for the arch and a resilient cushion for the ball of the wearers foot.
5. A knitted sock or stocking having the foot knitted of inelastic yarn and an elastic yarn knitted in with the inelastic yarn in successive courses over a substantial area of the sole portion, the elastic yarn in each course being knitted with the inelastic yarn in stitches which arespaced by groups of at least three stitches Past which the elastic yarn is floated. i
EDGAR J. MARTEL.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3413824 *||Feb 19, 1965||Dec 3, 1968||Swiss Knitting Company||Method for the spot shaping of knit fabrics and resultant fabrics produced thereby|
|US4149274 *||Oct 10, 1978||Apr 17, 1979||Alba-Waldensian, Incorporated||Anti-slip hosiery article and method|
|US4213312 *||May 1, 1978||Jul 22, 1980||Alamance Industries, Inc.||Panty hose with stretch-cotton panty|
|US4253317 *||Apr 26, 1979||Mar 3, 1981||Burlington Industries, Inc.||Sock construction|
|US4255949 *||Aug 16, 1979||Mar 17, 1981||Thorneburg James L||Athletic socks with integrally knit arch cushion|
|US4341097 *||Jul 21, 1980||Jul 27, 1982||Kayser-Roth Hosiery, Inc.||Hosiery article with a reinforced toe with varying density|
|US5103656 *||Mar 27, 1990||Apr 14, 1992||Nk Mills, Inc.||Split-heel sock|
|US5708985 *||Nov 12, 1996||Jan 20, 1998||Ogden & Company, Inc.||Enhanced frictional engagement sock|
|US5791163 *||Sep 26, 1996||Aug 11, 1998||Throneburg; James L.||Knit foot protector having integral padding and method of knitting same|
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|US7016867||May 21, 2002||Mar 21, 2006||Lyden Robert M||Method of conducting business including making and selling a custom article of footwear|
|US7107235||Oct 24, 2002||Sep 12, 2006||Lyden Robert M||Method of conducting business including making and selling a custom article of footwear|
|US7752775||Sep 11, 2006||Jul 13, 2010||Lyden Robert M||Footwear with removable lasting board and cleats|
|US7770306||Aug 23, 2007||Aug 10, 2010||Lyden Robert M||Custom article of footwear|
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|US8209883||Jul 8, 2010||Jul 3, 2012||Robert Michael Lyden||Custom article of footwear and method of making the same|
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|US8663178 *||Feb 19, 2008||Mar 4, 2014||Carlo De Luca||Reinforced stocking or sock for the prevention and/or treatment of hallux valgus|
|US8918917 *||Aug 2, 2013||Dec 30, 2014||Nike, Inc.||Articles of apparel providing enhanced body position feedback|
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|US20090044313 *||Mar 6, 2007||Feb 19, 2009||Pacific Brands Clothing Pty Ltd||Sock|
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|US20090223254 *||Feb 6, 2009||Sep 10, 2009||Manabu Ishida||Sock and process for the production thereof|
|US20090282607 *||Feb 8, 2006||Nov 19, 2009||Masatoshi Kaneda||Socks|
|US20100106110 *||Feb 19, 2008||Apr 29, 2010||Carlo De Luca||Reinforced stocking or sock for the prevention and/or treatment of hallux valgus|
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|US20120180195 *||Jan 14, 2011||Jul 19, 2012||James Troy Shull||Socks having areas of varying stretchability and methods of manufacturing same|
|US20120284902 *||Jan 24, 2011||Nov 15, 2012||Kazuhiko Matsuo||Foot wear|
|USD740014 *||Apr 20, 2015||Oct 6, 2015||Nike, Inc.||Sock|
|DE1059374B *||Aug 20, 1955||Jun 18, 1959||Unbekannte Erben Des Verstorbe||Strumpf oder Socken|
|EP3053472A4 *||Aug 7, 2014||Jun 14, 2017||Mizuno Kk||Shoes|
|U.S. Classification||66/182, D02/994, 66/185|
|International Classification||D04B9/00, D04B9/46, D04B1/14, D04B1/22, D04B1/26, D04B1/18|
|Cooperative Classification||D04B1/26, D04B1/18|
|European Classification||D04B1/26, D04B1/18|