US 2102369 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Dec. 14, 1937. E, J, MARTEL 2,102,369
GARTER STOCKING Filed March 5, 1936 Patented Dec. 14, 41937 UNiTEosTATEs PATENT oFFicE 2,162,369 GARTER STOGKING` Edgar J. Martel, Laconia, N. H. Application March 3, 1936,`` Serial No. 66,826
This invention relates to stockings, socks or anklets of inelastic yarn, characterized by certain areas in which a fine elastic yarn is knitted in with the inelastic yarn so as to impart addi- 5 'tional resilience to such areas for certain purposes. More specifically. the invention relates to stockings having elastic areas located in such place or places as to be serviceable in holding up the stocking but which are arranged to be inconspicuous and to provide maximum comfort to the wearer. This application is a continuation in'part of my copending application Serial No.
51,609', iiled November 26, 1935.
For a more complete disclosure of the invenl-5 tion, reference may be had to the description of various embodiments which follows, and to the illustration thereof on the drawing of which Figure 1 is a perspective view of the upper portion of a stocking, an elastic area being indicated thereon.
Figures 2 to 9 are side elevational views of the upper portions 'of stockings having one or more elastic areas arranged in diierent ways but for a common chief purpose of supportin the stocking, sock or anklet.
Figure 10 is a fragmentary elevational view of a portion of Figure 2, on a larger scale, showing a ribbed effect produced by the elastic yarn.
Figure 11 is a diagrammatic view of the 30 stitchesused in an elastic area.
In knitting -a stocking embodying the present y invention, the usual inelastic yarn, such as cotton, silk, rayon or the like, may be employed. In certain areas, such as those illustrated in various 35 gures of the drawing, a fine elastic yarn is knitted in with the inelastic yarnso as to provide a greater degree oi.' elasticity in such areas.
'I'he elastic yarn may be incorporated in the fabric in the manner described in my copend- 40 ing application Serial No. 42,251, led September 16, 1935; that is, the elastic yarn may be knitted in with each stitch of the inelastic yarn in the areas in which elastic yarn is desired, or the elastic yarn may be knitted on spaced needles 5 and floated past the intervening needles. To that end, the elastic yarn may be supplied to every needle or to spaced needles having between them, three, four, five yor more needles which donot takethe elastic yarn.
50 'I'he elastic yarn may be fed under a desired degree of tension to needles which are spaced by several (i. e.v three or more) needles which take the inelastic yarn only. Thus, when the stocking or other fabric is removed from the machine,
55 the stretches of elastic yarn between successive stitches contract, drawing the corresponding wales close together and giving the fabrica noticeable ribbed appearance, the size of the rib dependingv (other factors being the same) upon the number of wales skipped between successive 5 stitches of elastic yarn. When such fabric is sufficiently stretched in the direction of the courses, the ribs flatten. On the reverse side, the floated stretches of elastic yarn are each elongated and under considerable tension. .In the ag- 10 gregate, these oated stretches impart to the fabric a high degree of stretch and restoring force.
An elastic area of this kind is diagrammatically indicated in Figure 11. As therein 15 shown, an inelastic yarn l5 may be knitted into regular courses and wales to form the ordinary knitted fabric. 'In the elastic area, an elastic yarnv I6 is knitted in with the inelastic yarn in certain stitches and omitted from the other stitches. As shown, the elastic yarn i6 is knitted into every course of stitches in the elastic area, but into wales which are spaced by fourl wales past 4which the elastic yarn `is, oated.
These iioated portions of elastic-yarn contract when free from the needle cylinder, causing the intervening areas of inelastic fabric to gather into a ribbed formation as indicated in Figure 10. According to the present invention, the elastic areas are disposed in the stocking in such a man-V ner as to be effective in holding the stocking up in place, maintaining the stocking smooth and free from wrinkles, and tending to prevent runs. These elastic areas thus serve as garters for supporting the stocking but are so arranged as not to have any portion thereof appearing at the front of the stocking.
As shown in Figure l, an elastic area 20, preferably narrow, is provided in the rear portion of the stocking, this area being spaced above the heel so as to come just above the calf and below the knee of the wearer. This serves to support the lower or shank portion of the stocking and may cooperate with another elastic area 22 at or near the top of the stocking, i. e., above the knee of the wearer. In such case, the lower area 20 supports most of the stocking, the upper area 22 being called upon only to support the upper portion of the stocking. Thus the support of the stocking is divided betweenthese two elements. VIf desired, the lower element may be omitted as indicated in Figure 4, the support of the stocking being assumed by the upper garter element 22 which extends only part way around 55 the stocking so as not to portion of the stocking.
In Figure 5 elongated narrow areas 28 are provided at both the front and rear of the stocking. Similar areas in greater numbers are illustrated in Figure 6, these areas extending to the top of the stocking. Figure 7 shows a plurality ot circular series of small spaced areas 82. In knitting such areas, the elastic yarn is floated from one area to the next as the knitting progresses. When the knitting operation is completed, the elastic yarns floating from area to area may be clipped or not as desired, according to the spacing between the areas. It, as in Fig-I ures 6 and 7, the areas are suillciently close together to permit the -oating yarns to remain without being in the way when the stocking is put on or taken ci! by the wearer. the elastic yarn extends all the way around the stocking, a very considerable portion of its length being subject to straight stretching in the portions which iloat between successive stitches and between successive elastic-areas. Moreover, the elastic areas may be mais narrower and more closely spaced than the examples shown on the drawing by way appear at the front of illustration, and in such areas the elastic yarn may, if desired, be knitted in with every stitch ot inelastic yarn and iloated from area to area.
Figure 9 shows a narrow circular band u extending all the way around the stocking between the calf and the knee. Figure 8 shows a series of areas 38 of progressively shorter length, each area being somewhat similar to the area 22 illustrated in Figure 4.
Some oi' the various arrangements of elastic areas, such as those illustrated in Figures 4, 5, 6, '1, and 8, can be employed to advantage in socks and anklets as well as in full length stockings.
It is evident that many of these arrangements of elastic areas provide not only efllcient means forsupporting the stocking but also form novel and attractive designs.
1. In an larticle oi' hosiery, supporting means incorporated therein comprising an elastic area in the leg portion thereof extending around approximately the rear half only of the circumference, said elastic area containing knitted elastic yarn.
2. In an article of hosiery knitted of inelastic yarn, supporting means incorporated therein so as to be between the calf and knee of the wearer, said means comprising an elastic area extending around approximately the rear halfl only of the circumference, said area being characterized by an elastic yarn knitted into certain stitches of the basic yarn and oated past the other stitches.
EDGAR J. MARTEL.