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Publication numberUS2103693 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 28, 1937
Filing dateOct 5, 1934
Priority dateFeb 12, 1934
Publication numberUS 2103693 A, US 2103693A, US-A-2103693, US2103693 A, US2103693A
InventorsErnst Pohl
Original AssigneeErnst Pohl
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Radiographic couch
US 2103693 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)


Filed Oct. 5, 1954 Patented Dec. 28, 1937 RADIOGRAPHIC COUCH Ernst Pohl, Kiel, Germany Application October 5,

1934, Serial No. 747,100

In Germany February 12, 1934- 8 Claims.

Figure 1 shows the couch with one patient support only in place in side elevation in use for a stomach examination.

Figure 2 is an elevation from the right, the parts built into the frame-work being omitted.

Figure 3 shows the couch with both supports in place in side elevation when inclined forwardly with the patient lying face downwards.

Figure 4 shows the couch turned right over the front when used for distance exposures with the patient lying face upwards.

Figure 5 shows the removable second support for the patient.

The new couch has a tilting frame consisting of two parallel annular members a formed from metal tubes and connected by transverse struts b. The frame is in its lower part made approximately circular, rests on pairs of rollers c, c 30 and can be tilted by driving one of the rollers or one pair of rollers'by means of an electric motor 1" and a worm drive 3, t. The rollers c are mounted with pivots v in bearings w supported by a base plate 3:, whereas the rollers c are fixed 35 upon a shaft 22 which is mounted in supports o also supported by the base plate 1:. The motor r too is mounted upon the base plate.

In the tilting frame there is provided a support d for the patient and a seat 6 for the radiolo- 40 gist.

X-ray tube f and the screen g is guided in the usual manner. The seat 6 is adjustable at least backwardly and forwardly and is preferably foldable. Its back rest 2 may, as shown in Figure 1,

45 carry a holder h for a cassette so that distance exposures, for example of the lungs, can be made with the patient standing; The desired distance from the tube is obtained by displacing the seat e.

As a second support for the patient there is- 50 provided a frame 1' (Figures 3 and 5) preferably covered with fabric 2. This frame is preferably intended to receive the patient face downwards,

and with this object in view it has an aperture 2 provided with cross bands 2' forming supports for 55 the forehead and the chin of the patient so that On the support 01 the carriage carrying the the patient-may have in his face downwards position free sight and free respiration and not- Withstanding'have the head firmly resting on the support. The band for the chin could eventually be dispensed with. This frame can be inserted in the tilting frame and can be adjustably secured by means of the following arrangement. The tilting frame is provided on the horizontal straight upper part of each metal tube with an adjustable sleeve is which can be fixed in any de- 9 sired position by means of a 'clamp'screw Z; The frame 2' can be inserted with upwardly projecting parts m in grooves n of the sleeves. At the lower end the frame 2' has at each side a bar 0 directed towards the support (2 and having a series of holes p. The bars 0 can each be connected with the support b by means of a pin u. Frame 1' can thus be adjusted at any desired distance from the support. It can be adjusted with in clination in the longitudinal direction as well as in 20 the transverse direction at an angle with relation to the support (1. The support d is in a known maner pivotally mounted in the frame a by means of pivots y, 1/ rotatably mounted in bearings z, .2 which are secured to the frame a.

The radiologist after having occupied the seat 6 can move the arrangement by means of a contact 7' which controls the electric motorr in such a manner that the patient, as shown in Figure 3 comes to lie face downwards while the radiologist himself lies upwards so that he can conveniently directly observe the screen while the rays pass through the patient from above. If the couch is to be used as a trochoscope the radiologist takes up a position beside the couch and by means of 35 the motor control he can turn the couch in a known manner so that the patient lies face upwards with the tube ,1 below and the fluorescent screen g above. I r

According to Figure 4 the frame 2' can also be 40 used as a support for the patient for distance exposures in all-positions from the vertical to the horizontal position. The frame a is then disconnected from the sleeve 70 and the support d and rests with the upper extensions mon sup ports q attached to the frame tubes at and with the lower end on the seat e.

The tube 1 is arranged vertically in the device according to the drawing but can also be swung into another position and is preferably so mounted that it may be withdrawn laterally from the arrangement in order for example to be used for dental exposures outside the device.

I claim:

1. A radiographic couch comprising a base, a

frame tiltably mounted on said base, and two supports for practically the whole length of the body of the patient capable of being mounted in said frame in opposition to each other for receiving the patient between them, the distance between said supports being variable depending on the thickness of the patient. 7

2. A radiographic couch comprising a base, a frame tiltably mounted on said base, two supports for practically-the whole length of the body of the patient capable of being mounted in said frame in opposition to each other for receiving the patient between them, the distance between said supports being variable depending on the thickness of the patient, and means for tilting the frame backwards and forwards from 'a middle position. i

3. A radiographic couch as claimed in claim 1,

further comprising means for positioning the supports'obliquely to one another.

4. A radiographic couch comprising a base, a frame tiltably'mounted thereon, and two supports for practically the whole length'ofthe body of the patient capable of being mounted in said frame in opposition to 'eachother for receiving the patient between them, the distance between said supports being variable depending on'the thickness of the patient, 'oneof said supports being adapted to support the patient stretched out in face upwards position and the other being adapted to support the patient stretched out in face downing the patient stretched out in face downwards position, and a seat for the radiologist combined with said tiltable frame for common movement therewith.

1 '6. A radiographic couch as claimed in claim 5,

further comprising a mechanism for imparting a tilting movement to the said frame, and electric means for controlling said mechanism, said electric means being adapted to be operated by the radiologist when occupying his seat.

7..A radiographic couch as claimed in claim 5, having the seat for the radiologist arranged opposite one of the patient supports.

8. A radiographic couch, comprising a base, a tiltable frame on said base, a main support adapted to receive the body of the patient in stretched out position, said support being permanently combined with said frame, a separate second support for the stretched out body of the patient and means'for removably mounting said a second support in the frame.


Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2534471 *Nov 4, 1946Dec 19, 1950Norheim Ludwig MRevolving bed
US2539323 *Sep 13, 1947Jan 23, 1951 Poittevin
US2692173 *May 17, 1952Oct 19, 1954Philips CorpTwo-way tiltable x-ray table
US2695362 *Apr 18, 1950Nov 23, 1954 Gerneth
US2751504 *May 1, 1952Jun 19, 1956Hartford Nat Bank & Trust CoSupport for image amplifiers
US2822477 *Nov 16, 1951Feb 4, 1958Gen ElectricX-ray apparatus
US2966588 *Oct 2, 1958Dec 27, 1960Gen ElectricChi-ray apparatus
US3034152 *Nov 20, 1958May 15, 1962Orthopedic Frame CompanyHospital bed
US3585386 *Jun 5, 1969Jun 15, 1971Jerry L HortonRadiographic chair rotatable about two mutually perpendicular axes
US3670163 *Jul 6, 1970Jun 13, 1972Radiologie Cie GleRadiological examination apparatus
US3708662 *Sep 10, 1970Jan 2, 1973Shoji NishiyamaX-ray photographing apparatus
US3783863 *Feb 1, 1971Jan 8, 1974W KlieverMethod and apparatus for immobilizing a patient and conducting an x-ray examination
US3833813 *Sep 25, 1972Sep 3, 1974Philips CorpDevice for examining a patient, in particular by means of x-rays
US4015836 *Jan 16, 1976Apr 5, 1977General Electric CompanyMammography table
US4093861 *Feb 25, 1977Jun 6, 1978General Electric CompanyGantry for computed tomography
US4937901 *Nov 4, 1988Jul 3, 1990Brennan Louis GApparatus for turning a patient from a supine to a prone position and vice-versa
US5088706 *Aug 30, 1990Feb 18, 1992Jackson Roger PSpinal surgery table
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US5184363 *May 15, 1992Feb 9, 1993American Echo, Inc.Support bed with drop-out sections for medical analysis
US5461739 *Jul 25, 1994Oct 31, 1995American Echo, Inc.Patient midsection and shoulder support apparatus for tilting examination table
US6874181Jun 3, 1999Apr 5, 2005Kci Licensing, Inc.Therapeutic bed
US7103932Dec 15, 2004Sep 12, 2006Biodex Medical Systems, Inc.Echocardiography table swing out patient support cushion
US9072646Dec 14, 2011Jul 7, 2015Allen Medical Systems, Inc.Lateral surgical platform with rotation
US9498397Mar 7, 2013Nov 22, 2016Allen Medical Systems, Inc.Dual column surgical support system
U.S. Classification5/601, 5/610, 378/209, 269/61
International ClassificationA61B6/04
Cooperative ClassificationA61B6/04
European ClassificationA61B6/04