US 2103957 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Dec. 28, 1937.
w; H. scoTT BRUSH AND AN APPLIANCE FOR 'USING THE SAME Filed May 29. 1936 a z w W A 1% m I v n W 6 1 w m, F- v 1 +5 main .2 F a 9 ll w 1 //%///////%%M.\\\\\\// v Patented Dec. 28, 1937 'BRUSH AND APPLIANCE ron USING mm: Sm V V .WiIIiamQH Scott,,Rochester, Y. Application 1936, SerialfNo. 82,607 3 claims. (or. .1= -127 This invention relates to a bru'sh "and an appliance for using the'same.
One. object of the present invention is to' provide a brush-for communicating connection with 5 aspigot-orffaucet-or'other source 'of water supply for massaging and '-"shampoo-ing purposes "or for (ileaning s'inks, cooking utensils or-"di's hes and for v variou s other uses and possessing sufiicient ela'sticity or fiexibility" under hand pressure to insure efi'eotive operations ini the use of the brush head. 7
Another object (if the invention resides in the xprovi'sion of a brush of the nature stated,- 'embo'dying among other oharacteriStics, i'simplicity, 1L5 ifiurability, sanitation, economy in the matter of zbroductionand: effectiveness. intoperation;
:A rstill further :object 'of zthe invention is ".to rprovidevan appliance includingsa-zbrush adapted :for ic'oimection with a suitable .isource 0f :water 'trsupply' sine combination with means ifors-in'strulmentalities arrangedito introducefregulatedtiquanitities ao'f 'a i'clea'ninga:or cleansingegentwinto ithe zappliancerfon passage withtlthe water through 'the brush head. rwithitheseandzotherrobjeots:inwiew, the in- :vention iiconsistsiin ithe construction and novel =oombination andfiarrangement of rpartsrihereinrafter .sfully described; ail'lustr-ated ;in-zthe:-.accom- ;.panying ;drawing :andapoi-nted :out: in time claims heretovappendedzit being;understood:.thatvarious =changes.v in'ithe;form;r.proportion and minor details 'of -tconstruction, cwithin the :scope 10f :the vclaims;mayibe resorted towithout' departing from thez spirit or sacrificing;any of the-advantages of thezin-vention. I y
In the drawing: r r Fig.4 1 is a .--view partly=in elevation and .partly .inisection illustrating. one adaptation of :the in- V vention. i a I ,Fig.-..2 -is ca -.ver-tioa1 sect-ionai -view on the line ,22=.Ofr*Fig, 1 a r I I -Eig.-:3.is,a similar .view-onzthe 1ine .3-3 of Fig.2. 4.isalhorizontal-asectionalNiew.on the line A-MofFig. -1. g I Fig. 5 is a detail view-of-.the-o1eansing medium .containerqcontrolling.valve.
rFig. Z6= is a-bottom plamview of the brush Referring-how more particularlyto the accompanying drawing, .-the reference character -Atindieates, generally, a brushcomposed of; a -sing1e piece 0f rubber or other .-suitab1e yieldable 'or xflexible materiaLhavingt-an upperlrelatively thick portion 4 for body :strength, -;and having -,a :subtstantially conical or.otherrshapedi-interior cham- ..;her.2, .formed. by arbottom =wa11 3 and sidewalls '4 "which convergefrom the bottom wan; 'toan inletorifice' i. H 1
The 'bottom wall 3 of the *brush has outwardly extending, exterior-1y tapered, 's'paoed, flexible massagingfingers 6. *Each'finger is provided at its inner end with an inverted substantially conical shaped or other form'oftapering cavity 1. The 'maj or or larger end of each cavity is arranged at the inner face of the bottom wall wwith V the 7 minor or smaller end of the cavity oom- '10 municating with 5a -'duc't 8 ;1eadihg toand through the outer :end -'of the respective finger 6. v By virtue of' the-Single piece of material of which the br'ush' is formed, it-is maintainedi in a sanitary condition; 1 havingnd Lcreases or parts wheresoa'p or foreign matter: might lodge and can 'rbe eas ily and readily cleanedi The singlerx'iieee formation has i the additional: advantage 1 in that it obviates-possibiiity-"of aocidentalzseparation of parts due toih'eavy or varyingipressures ofiwater" massing-through the brush; i'nilthe userofithesame. The provision: of the cavities z'ltpreventsibackwash 1 or form'atiomofieddies whichilatter woulditend'ito retardithe fiow of liquid zfrom the" "chamber 52 througmtheifingersfi. 1 The brush is 'of relatively small r'size': in order that? it may be:'readi1y 'he1d: in? the :operatonis' hand byfthe latter sfingertipswhen usingtheibrushz for rubbing, 'scnibbingkor imassaging or cleansingpurposes, and '.:t.oifaci1itate an effectivesgrip of the 1 brush by the fingertips sand :toz alsoifacilitate *yieldingriaction of zthe brush in .the use of tthe same underipressuresof theioperatorsxhand.
' To: provide for? an" easy andaeffective grip :of the brush :in the operators :hand, II provide ran-rannular orw'continuous; groove -9T in 'therexterior' surface thereof opposite the chamberfl andito prevent athe.=-users:finger nails fpossibly; contacting :with zaa' patientfs f scalp tor-body fto the injury" of the patient, ?I provide a-fiexib1e gguard inthe 0 naturezo'f yan" annularaor continuous :iaterallyand upwardly extending rib- HI ra'djacent the-lower :iportion of the groove 9. j
By virtue of the recesses 'H formed incident to ;the :tapering formation "of the 'fingers 6 1130- gether withthe-thin bottom *3 and the'cavities 1, and the thinness of the bodyrportionat-the :groove -.9, *as compared with the thicker upper. portion of the :brush, adjacent the inlet orifice "5, the brush isrreadily compressedslightly incident v 50 -toits,1yie1dab1e or flexible nature and the r-fingers, due partioularlyto their'taper and'to the thin-' iness ofr the bottom-tare readily flexed horizontally.-and.--a1so;readi1y flexed inwardly -and .out-
ward1y:.with relation .to the -chamber 2. The L brush has yieldability and yet it is effectively stable or possesses sufiicient rigidity to provide for an eifective rubbing or massaging operation.
The thickness of the inner portion of the brush at the inlet orifice provides for an effective mounting of the inner end I2 of a tubular nipple B which is provided with one or more ribs I3 designed to coact with the flange [4 on the nipple B to provide for an effective, tight mounting of the nipple B in the body portion of the brush. The flange I4 is designed to fit tightly upon the flat surface l5 of the body portion and thereby c'oact with the rib l3 to prevent accidental dislodgment of the nipple B from its seat in the A flexible or other tubing IBhas one end removably slipped over the outer end 17 of the nipple B, there being a rib I8 formed on the portion I! of the nipple B to bite or press into the inner surface of the tubing Hi to form a tight connection between the tubing l6 and the nipple the bottom 2| of a soap or other liquid cleansing material container D. The hollow nipple 20 is provided with grooves to form intervening ribs in a common manner to provide for effective, tight, but detachable connection of the tubing with the nipple, as will be readily understood.
The container D is provided with a bottom formed of downwardly converging walls 22, spaced from the bottom 2I and designed to feed, by gravity, the liquid cleansing substance in the container to' an orifice 23 in the wall 23 in the bottom of the container D for the passage of the liquid into a slightly tapered valve casing 24 formed in the bottom of the container.
A tapered valve 25 ismounted in the valve casing 24 and this valve may be of any suitable type but it is preferably tapered slightly to conform with the taper of the valve casing 24. It is provided with an annular groove 26 to receive the inner end of a removable screw or other suitable element 21 to maintain the valve 25 in its seat in the valve casing against accidental dislodgment and upon removal from its screw threaded socket 2'! permit removal of the valve 25 from its seat or casing.
The valve 25 also has a transverse perforation 29 adapted to be brought into registration with the orifice 23 in the wall 23' of the container and with the orifice 23a in'the bottom of the valve casing 24 to permit flow of the cleansing medium from the container D through the valve and its casing to and through the tubing l6 to the brush. For instance, when the handle 30 is in the full line position, the liquid cleansing medium is cut off from discharge from the container D because the aperture 29 in the valve 25'is at right angles to the orifice 23 and the nipple 20, permitting flow of water past the valve and the casing by way of the passage 28 (see Fig. 3). When the lever or handle 30 is turned to the dotted line position in Figure 1, the aperture 29 is aligned with said orifices 23 and 23a to permit flow of the liquid cleans- I of the spigot or faucet.
admixture with the water.
.forced from the chamber 2 under pressure through the hollow fingers 6 for shampooing of I hair or for massaging and cleansing the body of a patient.
To provide for the supply of water under pressure, and to mount the container D adjacent a spigot or faucet, I secure to or form with the container D the curved hollow arm 3|, the passage 28 of which opens at its inner end into the aforesaid hollow-nipple 20 below-the valve casing 24 for the passage of the water under pressure from the spigot or faucet C to the flexible tubing I6 for delivery to and passage of the Water under pressure to and through the brush, as should now be well understood.
The outer end of the hollow arm 3| is provided with a 'turnable coupling nut 32 which is held turnably on the curved hollow arm 3| by'a common type of flanged nipple 33, as shown, pressed or otherwise secured in the arm 3I. This coupling member 32 is interiorly screw threaded for working screw threaded fit with the exteriorly screw threaded end 33 at the end of the outlet l9 Thus, the container D is rigidly supported from and adjacent to the spigot or faucet by connection with the latter, and it will be understood that the valve of the spigot or faucet may be readily operated by the valve knob 34 to open and close the valve and when opened to provide for regulated flow and consequent regulated pressure of water from the source of water supply to the container and therefrom to the brush.
For the sake of attractiveness, the container D is made ornamental, and the cover 34 thereof may be secured on the container in any suitable well known manner, preferably bya bayonetslot connection formed by the provision of a slot a formed part way into the outer surface of the container at the top thereof to receive a slightly inwardly directed projection b formed by punching or otherwise extended from the inner sur-- face of the flange c of the cover 34. The container and its cover are formed preferably of aluminum or other suitable material.
A vent pipe 35 is mounted in the container D at its upper end and is adapted to project above the level of the liquid soap or other cleansing medium; 'The vent pipe 35 is connected with the tubing 16 by way of orifices 29' and 29a in the valve 25 when supplying cleansing medium for There is a certain amount of vacuum created and the vent pipe allows the vacuum to escape.
The brush being formed of a single piece of rubber or similar flexible or yieldable material, the
use of separate parts or the use of metallic or other clamping devices are obviated, and by virtue of the flexible bottom of the brush chamber the water or fluid in the brush chamber may be compressed therein either by inward or outward movement of the fluid discharge fingersbyvarying hand pressures on the brush during treatments of the scalp or body or by an inward flexing of.
nozzles or fingers 6; the rib l0 effectively serving,
to keep the operators fingernails away from possible injurious contact with the patients scalp or body during use of the brush.
What is claimed is:
1. In an appliance of the class described; a brush including a-body portion having an interior chamber and provided at the bottom wall thereof with outwardly extending massaging fingers hav; ing ducts, communicating with the interior chamber, said body being also provided with a continuous rib extending outwardly and upwardly from the body and arranged to receive the finger tips and prevent the same from slipping out of contact with it and coming in contact with a person when the brush is used for massaging.
2. In an appliance of the class described, a brush including a body portion having an interior chamber and provided at the bottom thereof with massaging fingers having, ducts communicating with the interior chamber, said body portion being provided with an exterior continous groove extending ientirely around the body and arranged to receive the tips of the fingers, and a continuous rib extending upwardly and outwardly from the body of the bottom of the groove and arranged to prevent the finger tips from slipping off the'body when the brush is in use. 7 r V V 3, In an appliance of the class described, a brush including a body' portion having an interior chamber and providedat the bottom with massaging means having ducts communicating with the body, said body being provided above the massaging means witha continuous groove arranged to receive the finger tips and presenting a substantially concave surface to the same and a continuous rib extending upwardly and outwardly from the body at the bottom of the groove.
and having its inner face forming a'continuation of and merging into the surface of the groove and arranged to prevent the finger tips from slipping out of the groove when the brush is in use.
WILLIAM H. SCOTT.