US 2104248 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
J. W. STARK Jan. 4, 193.8.
ORNAMENT Filed Feb. 10, 1956 INVENTQR l/OSEPH N. STHRK.
ATTORNEY Patented Jan. 4, 1938 UNITED STATES onmmnm' Joseph W. Stark, New
York, N. Y., asslgnor to General Ribbon Mills, me, New York, N. Y., a corporation of Pennsylvania Application February 10, 1936, Serial No. 68,137
7 The present invention relates to ornamentation, and more particularly, to. ornamental bows, rosettes, and the like, formed from strips of ribbon. In its more specific aspect, the invention is primarily concerned with such bows or rosettes formed from ribbons produced from non-fibrous cellulosic sheet material such as regenerated cellulose and the cellulose ester compositions, although the invention may be used to advantage on other ornaments of the type described.
It has been proposed heretofore to provide ready-made bows or rosettes formed from strips of Cellophane or similar material to be attached to packages or other articles, such as candy boxes, for the purpose of ornamentation, thereby providing convenient means of ornamentation for such articles and consequently eliminating the necessity for the individual who desires to ornament an article to form the bow from the ribbon. Said ready-made bows are genadhesive, usually liquid glue. It is difficult, however, owing to the rough or irregular-surface of the knotted or gathered portionof the bow or rosette, to provide a good adhesive bond between the ornament and the article. One object of the present invention, therefore, is to provide, as a new article of manufacture, ready-made bows, rosettes, and the like, formed from strips of ribbon with means forming a substantial flat surface to facilitate the adhesive attachment of the ornament to the article.
The use of liquid glue for attaching the ornaments of the type described to the articles is unsatisfactory and disagreeable and is furthermore objectionable because of the danger of soiling the article by the glue during the act of applying the adhesive for attaching the ornament. Another object ofthe present invention, therefore, is to eliminate the necessity for using liquid adhesive, and more specifically for that purpose to provide, as a new article of manufacture, ornaments such as bows, rosettes, and the like, which can be readily attached by the individual to the article to be ornamented without the use of extraneous adhesive substance.
The above objects of the invention and other objects ancillary thereto will best be understood from the following description considered with reference to the accompanying drawing.
In the drawing:
Fig. 1 is a plan view of the rear side of the bow embodying the present invention;
Fig. 2 is a view similar to Fig. 1 showing the ribbon bow in one state of its manufacture, ac-
cording to the present invention, with one of the elements of the ornament omitted for the pur- I pose of explanation;
Fig. 3 is a perspective view of a package having attached thereto a ribbon bow constructed in accordance with the present invention;
Fig. 4 is a perspective view of an ornamental. box provided with a bow of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is a view similar to Fig. 1, showing a modification;
Fig. 6 is a fragmentary plan view of the rear side of the bow or rosette shown in Fig. 5, in one state of its manufacture.
Referring to the drawing in detail, the ornament i0 here shown as a ribbon bow is made of a strip of suitable material, such as colored or ornamented "Cellophane, although it may confsist of other non-fibrous cellulosic material, such as paper or sheet material produced from cellulose esters, or even from a strip of woven fabric. When the ribbon is formed into a bow, there are provided a plurality of folded portions i2 and a central gathered, knotted or tied portion l4. Said portion l4, at the rear or wrong side of the how, has a rough or irregular surface due to the crossing and knotting of the several strands of the ribbon at said portion. Because of said irregular surface it is difiicult, in attaching the bow to the article to be ornamented, to form a good adhesive bond between the bow and the surface of the article to which it is attached. This difllculty is eliminated, in accordance with the present invention, by covering said irregular surface with a member i6 comprising one or more layers of thin sheet material, such as paper. Said member i6 is secured in position over the knotted portion I4 by means of an adhesive, such as glue. The outer surface l8 of the member I6 is covered with an adhesive of any suitable kind, preferably a water soluble adhesive so that while normally dry in the condition of the bows in which they are purchased by the user, said surface may be rendered sticky or tacky by the application of moisture thereto at the time it is desired to attach the ornament. Said member i6 may be cut from a sheet of paper gummed on both sides. Said outer surface ill of cover member I6 is smooth and flat and therefore greatly facilitates the adhesive attachment of the ornament to the article.
The manner of using the bows of the present invention will be obvious, and many uses therefor will be apparent. In the drawing, however, I have illustrated the bow Ill attached to the wrapper 20 of a package, said wrapper being tied with an .ordinary or ornamentalstring or cord 22, and in package.
of an ornamental box 30, and more specifically, to a woven ribbon 32 secured to the cover 34 of said box. In this manner the bow may be attached to any part of the package or box, as may be desired, independently of the tying cord, or ornamental or tying ribbons, used on the box or The bows provided with the members i6 may be purchased in various colors and readily applied by the individual to the package or other article in accordance with the individuals wishes,
it being merely necessary for the latter to moisten the exposed surface l8 of the member I6, when .said surface is covered with a water soluble adhesive or to otherwise render said outer surface sticky. While I have referred to a water soluble adhesive, it will be understood that other adhesives, such as thermoplastic adhesives, may be used.
In the form of the invention illustrated in Figs. 5 and 6, the bow or rosette 40 may be made of any of the ribbon materials referred to in connection with the description of the ornament I0, and like the latter, comprises a plurality of folded strips 42. However, instead of securing the folded .por-
tions 42 together by portions of the folded material itself, as in the previously described con- 'struction, there is utilized a separate thread or fine wire 44 which is wound about the folded ribbon portions 42. When a wire is used, it is preferably pliable and non-resilient so that the turns thereof do not unwind. Also, in this form of the invention instead of adhesively securing the bow attaching member 46 to the low or rosette said member is secured by means of one or more turns of the wire 44. Thus referring to Fig. 6, after the bow or rosette is formed from a strip of suitable material to provide a plurality of folded portions 42 which preferably overlie each other, said overlying portions at the central portion of the bow are fastened together by a few turns of the wire 44, leaving a portion 48 of said wire unwound. Then the member 46 is superposed on the wrong side of the bow at the gathered portion thereof and over the wound portion of the wire 44. Finally said member 46 is secured to the bow by winding the portion 48 of the wire 44 over said member 46 and the underlying portion of,
the bow. As here shown, said member 46 extends at both sides of the wire and provides a relatively large surface for attaching the bow to the article which it is desired to ornament. It will be understood, of course, that the member 46 may be made of any suitable material such as paper, or Cellophane having its outer surface covered with an adhesive of the same character as that provided on the member l6 of the ornament Ill. It will also be understood that the ornament 40 may be used in the same way and Fig. 4, the bow I0 is shown attached to the cover for the same purpose as described above in reference to the ornament I0.
Thus, it will be seen that the ornament herein shown and described is well adapted to accomplish the several objects of the present invention. It will be understood, however, that certain changes may be made without departing from the essential principle of the invention and that the invention may be applied to bows, rosettes and ornaments of other specific forms than that illustrated herein. Accordingly, I do not wish to be limited to the precise construction herein shown or described except as may be required by the appended claims considered with reference to the prior art.
Having described my invention, what I claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:
1. As an article of manufacture, an ornament comprising a strip of ribbon formed into a bow or rosette having between its ends a normally irregular and uneven intermediate surface portion and other portions which are flat and provided with means on the rear side thereof covering said irregular surface portion and not substantially larger than the latter and forming a substantially flat and smooth surface to facilitate the adhesive attachment of said intermediate surface portion of the bow directly to an article to be ornamented thereby.
2. As an article of manufacture, an ornament comprising a strip of ribbon formed into a bow or rosette having between its ends a normally irregular and uneven intermediate surface portion and other portions which are flat and provided with means on the rear side thereof covering said irregular surface portion and not substantially larger than the latter and forming a substantially flat and smooth surface to facilitate the adhesive attachment of said intermediate surface portion of the bow directly to an article to be ornamented thereby, said means comprising a fiat piece of material adhesively attached to the wrong side of the bow.
3. As an article of manufacture, an ornament comprising a strip of ribbon formed into a bow or rosette having between its ends a normally irregular'and uneven intermediate surface portion and other portions which are flat and provided with means on the rear side thereof covering said irregular surface portion and not substantially larger than the latter, forming a substantially fiat and smooth surface to facilitate the adhesive attachment of said intermediate surface portions of the bow directly to 'an article to be ornamented thereby, said means comprising a piece of material secured to said ornament by a fine thread and having an outer surface adapted to be adhesively attached to the article.
' JOSEPH W. STARK.