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Publication numberUS2105204 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 11, 1938
Filing dateFeb 8, 1937
Priority dateFeb 8, 1937
Publication numberUS 2105204 A, US 2105204A, US-A-2105204, US2105204 A, US2105204A
InventorsJoel Soderholm
Original AssigneeJoel Soderholm
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Barrier wicket
US 2105204 A
Abstract  available in
Images(3)
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

BARRIER WICKET Filed Feb. '8, 193? 3 Sheets-Sh e l amen W00 el 5oderl'colnz,

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Jan. 11, 1938. J. SODERHOLM BARRIER WICKET Filed Feb. 8,1937

3 Sheets-Sheet 2 1 n w 7 5, v. ww aw N M QN\ QM. QM, RN W w M J w v m WW, M 9n ww kw Po /mm 0N MN WM mu \m w \wx nw '\Q s R. ww

Jan. '11, 1938. J SODERHQLM 2,105,204

' BARRIER WICKET Filed Feb. 8, 1957 s Sheets- Sheet 3 Elma whoa;

:Toe Z soderkolvn Patented Jan. 11, 1938 UNITED STATES ATENT OFFICE 8 Claims.

My invention relates toimprovements in barrier wickets, particularly though not exclusively, for the protection of bank cashiers.

An object of the inventionis to provide. an improved wicket of the present character through which objects may be readily passed from the patrons station at one side thereof to the attendants station at the opposite side, and vice versa, in full view of both attendant. and patron, such structure constituting an effective barrier that is bullet resistant and which serves toisolate the attendants station from'the station for patrons whom he serves. V

More specifically, it is an object of my invention to provide a structure of the instant nature including a counter and ,a transparent, nonshatterable barrier pane between an attendants station at one side of the counter and a patrons station at the opposite side thereof, such structure having a counteror deal tray beneath said pane through which papers, currency and the like may be passed from either of said stations to the other, the tray being supplied with simultaneously movable closure panels or transparent non-shatterableglass, one at either side of the barrier pane,

each panelbeing movableinto a position. cover- 7 ing itsrespective portion of said tray atitsrespective side of said barrier pane, such positioning of one closure panel being attendedwith movement of the other into a position uncovering its respective portion of the dealtray at its respective side of the barrier pane. 1

Other objects of l the invention reside in the novel combination and'arrangement of parts and in the details of construction hereinafter illustrated and/or described.

In the drawings, Fig. 1 is afragmentary perspective view illustrating a barrier wicket em bodying my invention;,Fig. 2 isa plan view of the structure shown in Fig, 1; Fig. 3 is a sectional View taken as on the line 3--.3 of Fig. 2; Fig. 4 is a detail sectional view taken as on the line 4-4 of Fig. 3; Fig. 5 is a fragmentary perspective view of the deal tray proper, and Fig. 6 is a fragmentary perspective view illustrating one of the two closure panels for the tray and the corresponding portion of the panel carrying carriage.

Reference being had to'the drawings, it will be seen that the illustrated structure comprises a 50 barrier including a counter. Ill, window panes H,

l2 and mullions l 3 for said panes risingfrom the counter in aplane paralleling said counter approximately midwidth thereof. Said barrier also includes a drop panel l4 beneath the counter, Ill.

The barrienpane [2 stands between an at- (C1. cog-1.01)

tendants station, at one side of the counter I.ll,.and a patrons station It at the other-side of said counter. The pane I2, like its companion panes H, are of bullet resistant material, said pane [2 being transparent and, preferably, of

shatter-proof glass.

Set into the counter l0, beneath the pane I2, is a deal tray I! through which objects, such as bank-books, papers, currency and the like may be passed under the pane 12 from the one station atone sideof said pane to the other station at the opposite side thereof.

The body of the.tr,ay I1 is trough-shaped, the same being formed of metal and having a substantially 'flat bottom 18 and upturned sides l9. Said trayis supported at its ends by means of rails 20 formed with depending plates 2| providing hangers for the body of the tray and also forming the ends thereof. Attaching flanges 22 turned outwardly from the body of the tray ll,

at the extremities thereof, are secured by screws '23 to the hanger plates 2l on the rails 20. The rails 20 .are Z-shaped in cross-section, each thereof having a web 2.4, an inwardly turned track flangel25' at its "lower edge and an outwardly turned attaching flange 26at its upper edge. The attaching flanges 26 of said rails 20 are riveted orotherwise secured to the lower face of a mounting plate 2'! which is cut awaycentrally thereof to provide an opening 28 therein above the tray H. An opening 29 is cut in the counter 10 to accommodate the rails 20 and the tray ll, said counter being recessed for the reception of the mounting plate 21 to bring the upper face thereof into the plane of the face of the counter. The drop panel I4,'beneath the counter NJ is also cut away as at 30, to accommodate the rails 20 and tray, I I. Said rails 20'extend transversely of the counter, l6, while the body of the tray ll extends longitudinally thereof, one side portion of the tray being open, at one side of the barrier pane l2 and the other side portion of said tray being open at the oppqsite of said pane. V

Mounted for, to and fro movement on the track flanges 25 of the rails 20 is a carriage 3| having a rectangular frame consisting of side members 32 I and end members 33. At each corner of the carriage frameis a wheel 34, which is journaled on a lug issuing from an end member 33 of a the frame. Thewheels 34 at each side of the reach the end frame members 33 of the carriage 3| in all positions of the carriage and the inner marginal portions of said plate, transversely of the counter, overreach the side members 32 of said frame.

Carried by the carriage 3!, in relatively spaced relationship, are a pair of closure panels 36 for the tray ll, one panel for the portion of the tray at one side of the barrier pane l2 and the other panel for the portion of said tray at the opposite side of said pane. These closure panels 36 are of transparent, non-shatterable material,

preferably of bullet resistant glass. Said panels 36 extend from one side frame member 32 of the carriage 3| to the other and each panel has a support, at its respective end of said carriage, which consists of an inside flange 3? formed on the frame member 33 at such end of said carriage. Further supporting the spaced closure panels 36 are channeled nose-strips 38, each sheathing the edge of its respective panel 36 and secured at its ends to the side frame members 32 of the carriage 3i by means of screws 39. The lugs 35 at the ends of the carriage 3i extend beyond the wheels 33 journaled thereon and serve to strike the counter id at their respective edges of the opening 29 therein and thereby limit the to and fro movement of the carriage. Thus, in either of the extreme positions of the carriage 3|, one of the closure panels 36, carried thereby, is projected from beneath its corresponding portion of the mounting plate 21 and positioned to cover its respective portion of the tray IT at the one side of the barrier pane 12, while the com panion closure panel 36 is retracted beneath its corresponding portion of said mounting plate 21 and thereby located in a position uncovering its respective portion of the tray H at the other side of said pane l2.

The edges of the upper flanges 40 of the channeled nose-strips 38 are beveled, as at M, and the facing edges of the mounting plate 21 are similarly beveled, as at 62, to prevent the catching of objects between said strips and plate.

Dual means are provided to prevent the pinching of papers between the edges of the lower flanges 43 of the nose-strips 38 and the lip of the tray H, the same comprising a pair of guardstrips 44 extending from one rail 20 to the other and slidably supported at their ends on the track flanges 25 of said rails. One guard-strip 44 is located beneath one closure panel 36 coplanar with the flange 43 on its nose-strip 38 and its panel supporting flange 31. The other guardstrip 46 is similarly located with respect to the other closure panel 36. Said guard-strips 44 are similarly shifted into and out of their operative positions, wherein they overhang their respective portions of the lip of tray H. Each guard-strip 44 in operative position, forms a stop to catch the leading edges of papers, inserted into the tray from the opposite side, and prevents them from entering the path of the flange 43 on the nosestrip 38, where they might be caught between such flange and the tray lip and thereby mutilated as a consequence thereof. Each guide-strip 44 is pushed into its projected or operative position by the carriage frame flange 3'1 supporting its respective closure panel 36 and is pushed into its retracted or inoperative position by the flange 43 on the nose-strip 38 of its respective closure panel 36. The guard-strip M at the left hand side 'of Fig. 3 is shown in its operative position and the guide-strip M at the right hand side of said Fig. 3 is shown in its inoperative position.

The barrier pane I2 projects through the opening 28 in the mounting plate 21, the lower marginal portion of said pane being positioned between the side frame members 32 of the carriage 3|, so that the nose-strips 38 on the closure panels 36 will assume positions substantially abutting said portion of said pane.

Having reference to Fig. 3 of the drawings, the manner in which objects may be passed through the barrier structure will be readily understood. Assume that a patron at the patrons station l wishes to pass a check through the barrier wicket to the attendant at the attendants station IE. Such check would be slipped into the tray I! through the space between the retracted closure panel 36 and the barrier pan l2. Thereafter, the patron or attendant, each having access to the nose-strip 38 of his respective closure panel 36, would push or pull upon such strip, as the case may be, to shift the carriage 3| and reverse the relation between closure plates 36 and barrier pane l2. This accomplished, the check in tray I! would be accessible to the attendant through the opening between the closure panel 36 and the barrier pane 12 at his station l6. Should the transaction call for the exchange of currency for the check, the attendant would slip the currency into the tray I! through said opening between said panel 36 and pane i2 and, thereupon, slide the carriage 2| to reposition the same in its relation with respect to the barrier pane I2 as shown in Fig. 3. The currency in the tray H, in such position of the carriage, would then be accessible to the patron through the opening between the barrier pane i2 and closure panel 36 at his station l5. The'pane l2 and closure panels 36 being transparent, it is possible at all times for both patron and attendant to view objects within the tray l1 and each party is able to see the objects as they are placed in and taken from the tray by the other party.

All of the parts of the barrier structure, including the pane l2 and closure panels 36, being of bullet resistant material, it is impossible, from the patrons station l5, to inflict injury upon the attendant at his station l6, since no bullet or other weapon could reach the attendant through the tray i! or other portion of the barrier. With the portion of the tray I! at the attendants side of the pane [2 covered by the corresponding closure panel 36, it is obvious that no bullet could pass said panel, and even with said portion of the tray entirely uncovered, it will be seen that a bullet directed into the tray i! from the patrons station l5 would be intercepted and stopped by the closure panel 36 at the attendants side of the barrier pane 12. And, too, it will be seen that a bullet directed into an opening of any size between the barrier pane l2 and closure panel 36 at the patrons side of said pane, would be deflected by the bottom l3 of the tray I! in such manner as to be intercepted and stopped by the then only partially retracted closure panel 33, at the attendants side of the pane l2.

My invention is particularly advantageous in that it can be readily embodied in a structure which, though relatively simple and inexpensive, is highly effective for the purpose intended, and convenient in use and sightly in appearance.

Changes in the specific form of my invention, as herein disclosed, may be made within the scope of what is claimed without departing from the spirit of my invention.

Having described my invention, What I claim as new and desire to protest by Letters :Patent 1. A barrier structure including annprightbarrier pane,-a deal tray'therebeneath, said tray extending beyond the pane at either side thereof and providing apassageway through which objects may be passedfrom one side-of saidpane to the other, a carriage interposed between said pane and tray, railssupporting said carriage for to and fro movement, companion closure panels for said tray, said panels being mounted on the carriage in coplanar and'relativelyspaced rela-. tionship, one at one side of said pane and the companion (panel at the other side thereof, the plane of the lower edgeof'saidpane being beneath the plane of the. upper surfaces of said panels, the movement of said carriage inone directionserving to shift-the panels causingone thereof to cover its respective portion of the tray andcausing'the otherto uncover its respective portion of said tray, the reverse movement of said carriage reversing such relationship between panels and tray, nose-strips framing the facing edges of said panels, each strip having a flange underlying its respective panel, a pair of guardstrips, one for each panel, each of said guardstrips being located beneath its respective panel and slidably' supp'orted at its ends on said rails for movement into and out of operative position,

overhanging its respective lip portion of said.

tray, wherein it serves as'a stop for the leading edges of papers inserted into the tray from the opposite side thereof, means on the carriage for engaging said guard strips and moving the same into their said operative positions, the flanges on said nose-strips being in a plane common to that of said guard-strips, and providing means for engaging said guard-strips and retracting them from their said operative positions.

2. A barrier structure including an upright pane of transparent material, a deal tray therebeneath, said tray extending beyond the pane at either side thereof'and providing a passageway through which objects may be passed from one side of said pane to the other, a carriage interposed between said pane and tray and supported for to and fro movement, companion closure panels for said tray, said panels being of transparent material and mounted on the carriage in relatively spaced relation, one at one side of said pane and the companion panel at the other side thereof, said panels being in a common plane occupied by the lower marginal portion of said pane, the movement of said carriage in one direction serving to shift the panelscausing one thereof to cover its respective portion of the tray and causing the other to uncover its respective portion of said tray, the reverse movement of said carriage reversing such relationship between panels and tray, and stop means to. limit the extent of the to and fro movements of said carriage and thereby keep said panels from striking said lower marginal portion of the barrier pane.

3. A barrier structure including an upright pane, a deal tray therebeneath, said tray extending beyond the pane at either side thereof and,

providing a passageway through which objects may be passed from one side of said pane to the other, a carriage interposed between said pane and tray and supported for to and fro movement,

companion closure panels for said tray, said panels being mounted on the carriage in spaced relationship, one at one side of said pane and the companion panel at the other side thereof, and both of said panels above the plane of the lower .edge of said pane, the movement of said carriage inone direction serving to shift the panels caus- 'for'engagement with said abutment means to limit the to and fro movements of said carriage.

4. In a structure of the present character, a barrier including an uprightpane, a deal tray therebeneath, said tray extending beyond the pane at either side thereof and providing a passageway through which objects may be passedfrom one side of said pane to the other, a car-- riage interposed between said pane and tray and supported for to and fro movement, companion closure panels for said tray, said panels being mounted on the carriage in coplanar and relatively spaced relationship, one at one side of said pane and the companion panel at the other side thereof, and both of saidpanels above the plane of the lower edge of said pane; the movement of said carriage in one direction serving to shift the panels causing one thereof to cover its respective portion of said tray and causing the other to uncover its respective portion of said tray, the reverse movement of said carriage causing the one panel to uncover its respective portion of the tray previously coveredthereby and causing the companion panel to be re-positioned and thereby disposed in tray covering relation, guard strips, one for each closure panel, eachguard strip being located beneath its respective panel and movable into and out of position over-reaching the lip of its respective side of said tray, and means for shifting said strips to project the one as its respective closure panel takes tray covering position and to retract the other, as its respective panel takes tray uncovering position.

5. In a structure of the present character, a

barrier including an upright barrier pane, a deal tray beneath and contiguous to the lower edge of said pane, said tray extending beyond the pane at either side thereof and providing a passageway through which objects may be passed from one side of said pane to the other, companion closure panels, one for that portion of the tray at one side of the barrier pane and one for that portion of said tray at the opposite side of said pane, said closure panels being movably mounted and shiftable to cover and uncover their respective portions of said tray, and means for coordinating the movement of said closure panels, whereby the shifting of one into position covering its respective portion of said tray will be attended with the shifting of the other into position uncovering its respective portion of said tray, said barrier pane and closure panels being of transparent bullet resisting material isolating the stations at either side of the'pane, one from the other, and affording a clear view of thecontents of said tray from both stations.

6. In a structure of the present character, a barrier including an upright pane, a deal tray therebeneath, said tray extending beyond said pane at either side thereof and providing a passageway through which objects may be passed from one side of said pane to the other, a pair of edgewise spaced closure panels for said tray, one panel being located at one side of said pane and the companion panel at the other side thereof, each panel being disposed in a plane occupied by a lower marginal portion of said pane; said panels 76 being slidably guided for concurrent to'and fro movement, each in its own plane, above said tray, the movement of said panels concurrently in one direction causing one panel to cover its respective portion of said tray and causing the companion panel to uncover its respective portion of the tray, the movement of said panels in the other direction reversing such relationship between panels and tray.

7. In a structure of the present character, a barrier including an upright pane, a deal tray beneath and contiguous to the lower edge of said pane, said tray extending beyond the pane at either side thereof and providing a passageway through which objects may be passed from one side of said pane to the other, companion closure panels, one for that portion of the tray at one side of the barrier pane and one for that portion of said tray at the opposite side of said pane, said closure panels being movably mounted and shiftable to cover and uncover their respective portions of said tray, and means for coordinating the movement of'said closure panels, whereby the shifting of one into position covering its respective portion of said tray is attended with the shifting of the other into position uncovering its respective portion of said tray.

8. In a structure of the character described, a barrier including an upright pane, a tray disposed beneath said pane contiguous thereto, a portion of said tray at one side thereof opening at one side of the pane and the opposite portion of said tray opening at the other side of said pane, companion closure panels, one for each of said portions of said tray, said panels being movable into and out of their respective tray closing positions, each panel in its closed position occupying a plane also occupied by a lower marginal portion of said pane.

JOEL SODERHOLM.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3298329 *Sep 23, 1964Jan 17, 1967Jr Bernard A CarstensModular teller unit
US4294380 *May 21, 1979Oct 13, 1981Chubb Integrated Systems LimitedTeller machines and methods of operation thereof
US4372225 *Mar 6, 1981Feb 8, 1983Alain TissotPanel structure for public enclosures
US6006681 *Aug 28, 1997Dec 28, 1999E. F. Bavis & Associates, Inc.Modular transaction station
DE1133531B *Sep 5, 1957Jul 19, 1962Kaufmann Metallwerk J C FSchalter fuer den Publikumsverkehr
Classifications
U.S. Classification109/19
International ClassificationE05G7/00
Cooperative ClassificationE05G7/005
European ClassificationE05G7/00D4