|Publication number||US2106508 A|
|Publication date||Jan 25, 1938|
|Filing date||Aug 18, 1933|
|Priority date||Aug 18, 1933|
|Publication number||US 2106508 A, US 2106508A, US-A-2106508, US2106508 A, US2106508A|
|Inventors||Robert W Shaw|
|Original Assignee||Robert W Shaw|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (9), Classifications (12)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
R. W. SHAW Jan. 25, 1938.
INSOLE Filed Aug. 18, '1933 Patented Jan. 25, 1938 UNiTEo States 'emi-:NT oFFicE Application August 18,
All previous ideas of making insoles for shoes appear to have been to make them conform toA the shape of the sole of the foot. My inventio-n is made With the opposite idea, namely:
The prominent parts, instead of having a depression under them, as is now used, are elevated still higher.
The arches or hollows of the sole of the foot which are raised above the surface we are walking on, instead of having a rase under them, as is now used, have these parts lowered, making the hollow still greater than nature has provided and so working with nature.
I also provide for the recking of the foot while walking, the heel raising and lowering while the anterior part of the foot rocks up and down.
I attain these objects in the following way:
By using a thick part, which extends across the foot, under the heads of the inner and outer metatarsal bones each becoming thinner as they approach the centre of the foot, causing a depressio in the centre under the metatarsal arch.
There is also a depression under the internal arch and under the superficial arch at the front of the heel on its outer side. Another depression at the back of the heel on the inside to facilitate the sliding backwards of the heel which is necessary to correct flat feet, and another depression under the shaft of the outer metatarsal bone.
The purpose of raising the prominent parts by the insole so as to carry the weight will be obvious, nature has made them with no tender structures under them.
The purpose of the depressions under the arches will also be obvious, nature having made them arched for the protection of muscles, tendons, blood vessels and nerves from receiving pressure from below.
The depression under the toes and under the heads of the second, third and fourth metatarsal bones, these heads extending farther forward in the foot than the inner and outer heads, allows these parts to drop downwards as the wheel' is raised in walking, the foot rocking on the axis which passes across the foot under the prom-- inences on the under side of the heads of the inner and outer metatarsal bones.
All these thickenings and depressions tend to place the foot in the position and assume the shape which nature has intended, and correct the troubles that have been caused by badly shaped soles in modern footwear. This must be obvious as foot trouble only occurs in races who are wearing such footwear.
At the front under the toes and under the 19-88,` serial No. 885,767 (cl. ata- 71) heads of the second, third and fourth metatarsal bones, the whole thickness of the insole may be removed, which will permit less thckening under the heads lof the innner'and outer metatarsal bones, leavng the shoe smaller and still give sum- 5 cient 'depression for the parts at the front to drop downwards when the heel is raised.
My invention is'illustrated in the following drawing:
The figure is a view of the upper surface of the insole showing the parts that are depressed and the parts that are left the original thickness of the insole.
l represents the complete insole showing the depressions and the p'ortions which are left the original thickness in position.
2 represents the inner-portion of the section which extends .across the Vinsole and is left the original thickness at the inner side under the head of the inner metatarsal bone.
5 represents the outer portion of' the section which extends across the insole and is left the original thickness at the outer side under the head of the outer metatarsal bone.
2 and 5 become thinner as they approach the centre of the insole and together form a depression |5 under the metatarsal arch in order to protect the soft and tender parts therein.
ll represents the inner edge of the insole.
3 and 8 represent a portion of the insole at the inner and anterior part of the heel which is left the original thickness and becomes thinner as it passes inwards and backwards and assists in forming a depression |4 at the inner and back part of the heel to facilitate the sliding back of the heel in the relief of flat feet. It also assists in forming the depressed portion |2 under the internal arch, the depressed portion |3 under the superficial arch at the front of the heel on the outer side, both E2 and |3 are depressed for the protection of the soft and tender parts contained in each of them from pressure from below.
6 and 9 represent a portion of the insole at the outer and posterior part of the heel which is left the original thickness and becomes thinner as it approaches the' centre and front part of the heel, and assists in forming l3 the depression at the front and outside of the heel under the superficial arch at the front of the heel.
I represents the depression under the toes and under |9, 20 and 2| which represent the heads of the second, third and fourth metatarsal bones respectively, in order to allow these parts to drop' downwards when the heel is raised in wa1king,whi1`e the foot rocks on the axis I 6 which passes under the most prominent part under l'l and |8 representing the heads of the inner and outer metatarsal bones respectively.
ll represents the centre of the heel.
l2 represents the internal arch which is depressed in order to protect the soft and tender structures therein from pressure from below.
|4 represents the depression at the back and inside of the heel which is lowered to facilitate the sliding of the heel backward and thus correcting flat foot.
5 and M acting together twist the anterior part of the foot inwards and relieve flat foot.
In flat foot the toes are always turned outwards, causing the weight to be carried on the inside of the foot and the heel to slide inwards and forwards. 5 turns the toe inwards, throwing more of the weight onto the outside of the foot. |4 slides the heel backwards and outwards, and acting in combination with 5, holds the foot in the straight and normal position.
This can be demonstrated by placing the fingers under the internal arch and turning the toes to the extreme outward position. As the toes are brought inwards, the arch is felt to rise and thus fiat foot is relieved.`
2 and I 3 acting together twist the anterior part of the foot outwards and relieve turning in of the toes.
5 and |4 acting with 2 and |3 retain the foot in the proper normal position.
IO, |5, 12, |3, and 22 form a continuous depression for the protection of the soft and tender structures while H] provides for the rocking of the foot on the axis 16.
22 represents the depressed portion under the shaft of the outer metatarsal 'bone.
23 represents a section under the posterior end of the outer metatarsal bone which is left the original thickness.
1. In a shoe, an insole to be built into a shoe or which may be removable, a thickening restricted approximately to that portion of the insole that underlies the outer metatarsal heads of the superimposed foot, in combination With a depression under the inner posterior part of the heel extending forward beyond the place where the heel bone normally rests on the insole, in order to twist the anterior part of the foot inwards, slide the heel backwards, and thus raise the internal arch.
2. In a shoe, an insole to be built into a shoe or which may be removable, a thickening restricted approximately to that part of the insole` that underlies the inner metatarsal heads of the superimposed foot, in combination with a depression anterior to a thickening (9) at the back of the heel of the shoe extending backwards beyo'nd the place where the heel bone normally rests on the insole, in order to twist the anterior part of the foot outwards, slide the heel forwards, lower the internal arch and protect the soft and tender parts in the superficial arch in front of the outer side of the heel, against pressure from below.
3. In a shoe, an insole to be built into a shoe or which may be removable, provided with thickenings under the heads of the inner and outer metatarsal bones, a depression under the five toes and heads of the second, third and fourth metatarsal bones which is continuous with the depression under the metatarsal arch, which in turn is continuous with a depression under the internal arch, while the depression under the internal arch is continuous with a depression under the small superficial arch at the front and outer side of the heel, and with a depression under the posterior and inner part of the heel, in order to support the foot in the normal position, protect all the soft and tender parts in the arches of the foot, and provide for the rocking of the foot, as the heel is raised and lowered in walking.
4. In a shoe, an insole to be built into a shoe or which may be removable, provided With a thickening restricted approximately to that part of the insole which underlies the posterior end of the outer metatarsal bone of the superimposed foot, thus forming depressions in front of and behind the said thickening, in order to protect the soft and tender parts of the foot above the depressions.
ROBERT W. SHAW.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2423622 *||Oct 2, 1945||Jul 8, 1947||Herman L Samblanet||Sesamoid-cuboid foot balancer|
|US2569721 *||May 16, 1949||Oct 2, 1951||Edward H Juers||Foot support|
|US2631387 *||Dec 10, 1949||Mar 17, 1953||Robert W Shaw||Sole of a shoe|
|US2680919 *||Dec 3, 1951||Jun 15, 1954||Florida L Riggs||Insole-type appliance|
|US2710462 *||Oct 16, 1951||Jun 14, 1955||Dale Belford||Arch support|
|US5394626 *||Mar 11, 1993||Mar 7, 1995||Northwest Podiatric Laboratory, Inc.||Orthotic and method of making of the same|
|US5784811 *||Sep 30, 1997||Jul 28, 1998||Walter Mauch||Shoe insole|
|US5864969 *||May 26, 1998||Feb 2, 1999||Margit Mauch||Shoe insole|
|US20090031583 *||Aug 3, 2007||Feb 5, 2009||Schering-Plough Healthcare Products, Inc.||Foot Support For Alleviating Knee Pain|
|U.S. Classification||36/174, 36/80, 36/43|
|Cooperative Classification||A43B7/1435, A43B7/14, A43B7/143, A43B7/1425|
|European Classification||A43B7/14A20C, A43B7/14A20F, A43B7/14A20B, A43B7/14|