US 2107462 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Feb. 8, 1938. H. A. w. WOOD 2,107,462
MEANS FOR-,CONNECTING SHEETS OPA NEWSPAPER .original Filed Dec. 1. 1934 2 sheets-sheet 1 MN m ww /ww i QN Nil Feb. 8, 1938.
H. A. W. WOOD MEANS FOR CONNECTING SHEETS OF A NEWSPAPER Original Filed Dec. l, 1934 2 sheets-sheet 2 Patented` Feb. 8, 1938 UNITED kSTAT-Es MEANS Foa CONNECTING SHEETS 0F A NEWSPAPER Henry A. vWise Wood, New York, N. Y., ass'ignorV to Wood Newspaper New York, N. Y.,
Machinery Corporation, v
a corporation of Virginia Application December 1, 1934, Serial No. 755,541 Renewed July 13, 1937 y 9 Claims.
'I'he principal objects of this invention are to provide a simple means for securing the diierent sheets in a' newspaper or similar product without paste and at high linear web speeds; to vprovide means for interlocking the sheets as they are broughtldown over the former without reduction in the speed of the web, and to provide means for accomplishing this result which has none of the disadvantages encountered with the use of glue fountains.
'Other objects and advanta will appear hereinafter.
Reference is to be had t drawings, in which Fig. 1 is a front view of a former for a printing press with a preferred embodiment of this invention applied thereto;
Fig. 2 is a side elevation of section;
Fig. 3 is an enlarged cross sectional view of the punching arrangement;
Fig. 4 is a similar view on still further enlarged scale showing the manner in which the interlocking faps are turned under to anchor the sheets securely together;
Fig. 5 is a at view showing the preferred location of the interlocking means on a newspaper: l
Fig. 6 is a view of the i down through the forme a modification, and
Fig. 7 is a similar view showing another modiges of thev invention o the accompanying the same, partly in nterlocked web coming r rolls and. illustrating cation.
It was customary at one time to paste the sheets of a newspaper together to form it into a kind of book. However, more recently the popularity of tabloid papers and the increasing speed at which presses have been run have practically necessitated the discontinuation of that practice. No method or machine has been devised to paste the sheets properly at the high linear speedsnow in vogue and in a simple manner. Such interlocking means is particularl comprising a single or course, disadvantageous to use glue fountains for pasting the sheets together. This invention is designed to secure the desired results without their use, in a simple manner and in a way in which it can be operated at high web speed.
, lIn the for-m illustrated a former support I is mounted in the usual way in the frame 2 of the folder. Thev support carries secured thereto a bracket 3 which pivotally supports the former 4 by a shaft 5. The lower end of the former 4 is pivotally secured in position to an eye bolt 1 by y desirable in papers dinky sheet. It is, of l (Cl. 27o-37) a stud 6. The right hand end of the eye bolt in l Fig. 2 penetrates a hole in the former support held inposition by nuts 8 on opposite sides of a flange of the support. The nose 9 of the former is secured to the former 4 and pivotally carries a former tip I0 of standard construction. Of course, a drag roll II is used as a means for leading the web to the former. The usual former rolls I2 and nipping rolls I3 -are shown for guiding the sheet down to the folding and delivering mechanism, not shown. The nipping rolls I3, as usual, are driven from 'some Y .part of the press through a shaft I4 and suitable gearing. v l
The former 4 is provided with an opening I5 extending through it and located along its center line. Above this opening is located a punching roller I6 substantially tangent to the line of the web and a die roller I'I extends through the opening substantially in contact with the back of the web. 'I'hese rollers are mounted on shafts I8 and I 9 respectively. The punching roller I6 carries projections 20 which register with complementary depressions 2I in 'the die roller II.
As-the webs W and W' are led between these rollers the projections will punch out a small flap 22 from all the webs which may be passing through this mechanism as the webs pass over the former. These flaps will be located near the center of the web. As the webs progress further 30 down the former the iiap 22 comes in contact with an edge' 23 carried by the former at the lower side of the opening I5. The travel of the webs past this edge tends to fold the flap in a backward direction, as shown in Fig. 4, under the lower web.
It will be obvious that not only does the punchp ing of the flap 22 in itself serve to interlock the webs but when the flap is folded back, as stated. a very secure hold is obtained between the several webs.
The drive for the punch and die rolls may be accomplished through sprockets 24 and 25 respectively on the shaft I4.y 'I'hese sprockets carry chains 26 and 21, one of them to drive the shaft I8 directly on which the punch roll is mounted.` The other chain 21 drives a jack shaft-23 which, j through bevel gear 29 and 30, rotates a shaft 3|.
To the other end of this shaft 3| is secured a bevel gear 32 driving a bevel gear 33 secured to the shaft I9 and therefore driving it. Obviously, the shafts I8 and I9 may be driven in such ratios that the projections on the punch roll I6 cooperate with the die roll I'I to cutout the flap.
as previously described.
`The rolls I6 and I1 are shown as of the same diameter so vthat theyA are driven at the same object of this is to get the flaps located on the` back sheet of a folded newspaper. This is a desirable arrangement because, in this manner, a better front page appearance is presented.
Fig. 7 shows still another modification where the iiaps 22 are placed directly in the center line of the fold. This permits the pages to be hinged in the exact center.
In this way the different webs, and therefore the different sheets after they are cut 'up into a newspaper, are interlocked without the use. of glue and in such a manner that the folder can be o perated at full linear speed. At thesame time the method of producing the interlocking is reduced to its simplest elements. applied to full or single sheets, as stated.
Having. thus described my invention and the advantages thereof, I do not wish to be limited to the details herein disclosed, otherwise than as' set forth in the claims, but what I claim is:-
1. In a machine for connecting the sheets of a newspaper, the combination of means for directing a plurality of webs over a course, and means for projecting a small portionof one web entirely through another web while the webs are traveling.
2. In a machine for connecting together two sheets of a newspaper, the combination of means for directing two webs to travelover va courseand rotary means for projecting a small portion of one web through to the back of another web while the webs are traveling at full speed.
'K 3. In a machine for connecting the sheets of a newspaper, the combination with a folder and `means for feeding a plurality of webs over the' folder, of means for projecting part of one web all the way through another web to connect them While the webs are running over the folder.
4. The combination with a folder having a former for conducting a plurality' of webs, of a pair of rollers in position yto engage the webs on opposite sides and having means for punching holes through the webs andthe former having an opening provided with an edge in position for The invention can be forcing a flap from one web through the other, for
the purpose described. l
5. The combination -with aformer for'conduct- I ing a plurality of webs to a folding machine, said former having .an opening therethrough, a pair of rollers, oneprojecting into the opening, one of' said rollers having aseriesof punches around its circumference and the other having a series of registering depressions into which the punches are adapted to force, in each case, a small piece of the webs, the opening in the former having an edge adapted to engage these projecting pieces of paper as the webs pass over the former and bend them back against the bottom web, for the pur-'I pose described. l l
6. The combination with a former for conducting a plurality of webs to a folding machine, a pair of-rollers, said rollers being adapted to engage the opposite sides of a plurality of Webs movable over the former, means for rotating said rollers, one of said rollers having a series of punches around its circumference and the other having a lseries of registering depressions into which the punches are adapted to force, in each case, a small piece of the web nearest lthe punching rollers through the webs behind it, and an opening in the former having an edge adapted to engage these projecting pieces of paper as the webs pass over the former and bend them back against the botv newspaper, the combination of means for punching openings through a plurality of webs along the center of the line of thecentral longitudinal fold which is made to convert the web into a newspaper and projecting a portion of one web entirely through an opening in another web.
9. In a machine for` connecting the sheets of a newspaper, the combination of means for punching flaps through a plurality of webs, said iiaps being staggered longitudinally of the web and placed on opposite sides of the central longitudinal fold which is made to convert the web into a newspaper. f
HENRY A. WISE WOOD.