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Publication numberUS2109447 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 22, 1938
Filing dateSep 24, 1937
Priority dateSep 24, 1937
Publication numberUS 2109447 A, US 2109447A, US-A-2109447, US2109447 A, US2109447A
InventorsEdward Sadtler Robert
Original AssigneeEdward Sadtler Robert
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Roof structure
US 2109447 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Feb. 22, 1938.

R. E. sADTLER 2,109,447

ROOF STRUCTURE Filed Sept. 24, 1957 Patented `Feb. 22, -1938 "UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 8 Claims.

This invention relates to roof coverings and has special reference to an interlocking sheet metal construction of roof covering. d

One importantv object of the invention is to provide a novel sheet metal roof construction, the elements of which may be preformed in a shop or factory and which may be interlocked upon the roof to be covered by simple manipulations and without the use of tools.

A second important object of the invention is to provide a novel device of this character Wherein the parts are held in position on the roof without the necessity of forming nail holes or other securing openings in the roof covering.

A third important object of the invention is to provide a novelroof covering of interlocking preformed sheets and novel securing clips therefor provided with means to engage interlocked portions of said roof covering, said clips being nailed to the roof with the nail heads beneath certain of the roof covering sheets.

A fourth important object of the invention is to provide a roof covering of the kind described and having novel combined snow guard and drainage means. v

With the above and other objects in view, the invention consists in general of certain novel details of construction and combinations of parts hereinafter fully described, illustrated in the accompanying drawing, and particularly pointed out in the appended claims. Y

In the accompanying 'drawing like characters of reference indicate like parts in the several views, andz- Figure 1 is a transverse section'of the eaves portion of a root showing the improved roof covering as applied thereto.

Figure 2 is a front elevation oi' the construction shown in Figure l.

Figure 3 is a fragmentary broken plan view of a portion of the novel roof covering and disclosing one of the clips used for securing the covering to the roof structure proper.

Figure 4 is an enlarged detail section on the line 4 4 of Figure 2.

In the embodiment of the invention herein disclosed there is shown in the drawing an inclined or sloping roof structure III. On this structure is shown the roof covering and securing means forming the subject of this invention. The roof. covering includes an eave plate II consisting of a metal sheet having its lower edge bent down to form a. depending ange I2 engaging the edge of the roof structure and extending along the upper edge of the plate II is a rebent portion (Cl. 10S-17) I3 extending downwardly over the adjacent portion of the sheet to form a downwardly opening channel on the upper side of the eave plate at its upper edge.

At I4 is a combined snow guard and drainage 5 plate. -This plate extends longitudinally of the roof and has a at body portion I5 preferably of less than half the width of the plate II. The plate I4 has a rebent upper edge portion I6 overlying the -body I5 so as to form a downwardly 10 open channel on the upper side of the snow guard plate and at the upper edge thereof. The lower edge portion of the plate I4 is curled upwardly in spiral formation as at I'I to form substantially more than one convolution whereby to provide an i5 upwardly inclined terminal portion I8.

At I9v is disclosed one of the clips -used herewith. This c lip comprises ra relatively narrow sheet metal strip having a body portion 20 having its lower end rebent downwardly as at 2| to form 20 an upwardly extending flange fitting in the channel of the-plate I4 which, in turn ts in the channel of the plate II. The clip I9 has a downwardly oiset upper end 2I which rests on the roof structure I0 and is there secured by a nail 22. 25 Thus the clip I9 secures the interlocked channel portions of plates II and I2 togetherand holds the upper edges of bth plates to the roof structure.

At 23 is a main roof covering sheet having a plane body portion iitting at its lower edge beneath the terminal portion I8-of the spiral I1 and extending upwardly of the roof in engagement at its upper edge with the rebent portion IIa of plate Ila and near its lower edge on the body of the 3.;

clip I9.

At its'upper edge this plate 23 is provided with a channel portion 2l corresponding in construction and function with the channel at the upper edge oi' plate Il. Thus the plate 23 covers the 40 clip and its securing nail.

A snow guard and drainage element or plate Ila is tted to plate 23 inthe same manner as that in which plates I4 and II are interlocked. A clip I9a is applied to the interlocked parts of plates 45 23 and Ila and secured as before.`A Over the clip Illa extends a plate 23a of the same dimensions and form as plate 23. This arrangement is continued throughout the whole roof.

It will now be seen that but four differently shaped elements are employed. 'Ihese elements are the eave sheet or plate II, combined snow guards and drainage sheets such as I4, the clips and the main covering sheets or plates such as 23.

It will be noted that when the parts are as-,Lus

sembled the spiral portions I1 act to prevent snow accumulated on the roof from sliding oif and that these spiral portions also serve to collect water from melting snow or rain water and cause it to be conducted laterally of the roof. Also there is no possibility of rain water being driven up beneath the roof by wind as often happens with shingle and'slate roofs.

There has been provided a simple and efficient roof covering of the kind described and for the purpose specified.

It is obvious that changes may be made in the form and construction of this roof covering without departing from the material principles of the invention. It is not therefore desired to confine the invention to the exact form herein shown and described, but it is desired to include all forms which come within the scope of the appended claims.

What is claimed, iszx 1. A roof covering for inclined roofs including a cover sheet extending longitudinally of the roof, a snow guard member having a flat portion resting on the, upper part of said sheet, interlocking means formed on said sheet and snow guard at the upper edges thereof, a securing clip engaging said interlocking means and extending up the roof therefrom to have its upper end nailed to the roof, and a second cover sheet having its lower edge engagingly fitted under a portion of said snow guard and extending ,up the roof over said interlocking means and clip.

2. A roof covering for inclined roofs including a cover sheet extending longitudinally of the roof, a snow guard member having a flat portion resting on the upper part of said sheet, interlocking means formed on said sheet and snow guard at the upper edges thereof, a securing clip engaging said interlocking means and extending up the roof therefrom to have its upper end nailed to the roof, and a second cover sheet having its lower edge engagingly tted under a portion of said snow guard and extending up the roof over said interlocking means and clip, the interlocking means on the sheetl and snow guard comprising rebent upper edge portions forming downwardly opening channels of the upper sides of the sheet and snow guard with the snow guard channel fitting in the sheet channel, said clip having a rebent portion beneath its lower end engaging in the snow guard channel.

3. A roof covering for inclined roofs including a cover sheet extending longitudinally of the roof, a snow guard member having a flat portion resting on the upper part of said sheet, interlocking means formed on said sheet and snow guard at the upper edges thereof, a securing clip engaging said interlocking means and extending up the roof therefrom to have its upper end nailed to the roof, and a second cover sheet having its lower edge engagingly tted under a portion of said snow guard and extending up the roof over s'aid interlocking means and clip, said snow guard having its lower edge curved upwardly to form at least one spiral convolution.

4. A roof covering for inclined roofs including a cover sheet extending longitudinally of the roof, a snow guard member having a flat portion resting on the upper part of said sheet, interlocking means formed on said sheet and snow guard at the upper edges thereof, a securing clip engaging said interlocking means and extending up the roof therefrom to have its upper end nailed to the roof, and a second cover sheet having its lower edge engagingly fitted under a portion of said snow guard and extending up the roof over said interlocking means and clip, the interlocking means on the sheet and snow guard comprising rebent upper edge portions forming downwardly opening channels'of the upper, sides of the sheet and snow guard with the snow guard channel fitting in the sheet channel, said clip having a rebent portion beneath its lower end engaging in' the snow guard channel, said snow guard having its lower edge curved upwardly to form at least` a cover sheet extending longitudinally of the roof, a snow guard member having a flat portion resting on the upper part of said sheet, interlocking means formed on said sheet and snow guard at the upper edges thereof, a securing clip engaging said interlocking means and extending up the roof therefrom to -have its upper end nailed to the roof, and a second cover sheet having its lower edge engagingly tted under a portion of said snow guard and extending up the roof over said interlocking means and clip, said first mentioned cover sheet having a downwardly bent roof edge protecting ange extending along its lower edge.

6. A roof covering for inclined roofs including a cover sheet extending longitudinally l of the roof, a snow guard member having a flat portion resting ori the upper part of said sheet, interlocking means formed on said sheet and snow guard at the upper edges thereof, a securing clip engaging said interlocking means and extending up the roof therefrom to have its upper end nailed to the roof, and a second cover sheet having its lower edge engagingly tted under a portion o f said snow guard and extending up the roof over said interlocking means and clip, the interlocking means on the sheet and snow guard comprising rebent upper edge portions forming downwardly opening channels of the upper sides of the sheet and snow guard with'the snow guard channel fitting in the sheet channel, said clip having a rebent portion beneath its lower end engaging in the snow guard channel, said iirst mentioned cover sheet h aving a downwardly bent roof edge protecting ange extending along its lower edge.

7. A roof covering for inclined roofs including a cover sheet extending longitudinally of the roof, a snow guard member having a flat portion resting on the upper part of saidsheet, interlocking means formed on said sheet and snow guard at the upper edges thereof, a securing clip engaging said interlocking means and extending up the roof 'therefrom to have its upper end nailed to the roof, and a second cover sheet having its lower edge engagingly fitted under a portion of said snow guard and extending up the roof over ,said interlocking means and clip, said snow guard having its lower edge curved upwardly to form at least one spiral convolution, said first mentioned cover sheet having a downwardly bent roof edge protecting flange extending along its lower edge.

8. A roof covering for inclined roofs including a cover sheet extending longitudinally of the roof, a snow guard member having a at portion resting on the upper part of' said sheet, interlocking means formed on said sheet and snow guard at the upper edges thereof, a securing clip engaging said interlocking means and extending up the roof therefrom to have its upper' end nailed to the roof, and a second cover sheet having its lower edge engagingly tted under a porengaging inthe snow guard channel, said snow guard having its lower edge curved upwardly to form at least one spiral convolution, said first mentioned cover sheet having a downwardly bent roof edge protecting flange extending along its 5 lower edge.

ROBERT EDWARD SADTLER.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3289361 *Jun 1, 1962Dec 6, 1966Reynolds Metals CoSnow guard construction and method of making the same
US3583113 *Aug 29, 1967Jun 8, 1971Winbro IncSheet construction material with bafflelike members at joints
US4068424 *Dec 6, 1976Jan 17, 1978Madfis Alfred WRainwater run-off dispersion system
US5611186Nov 30, 1994Mar 18, 1997Elk Corporation Of DallasLaminated roofing shingle
US5666776Aug 30, 1995Sep 16, 1997Elk Corporation Of DallasLaminated roofing shingle
US6151836 *Oct 30, 1997Nov 28, 2000Mcglothlin; W. NealGutter system
US7069698 *Apr 28, 2003Jul 4, 2006Nee Stephen FMethod and apparatus for coupling structures to roofing
US9212487Sep 28, 2005Dec 15, 2015Elk Premium Building Products, Inc.Enhanced single layer roofing material
US20030219568 *Apr 28, 2003Nov 27, 2003Nee Stephen F.Method and apparatus for coupling structures to roofing
US20070068108 *Sep 28, 2005Mar 29, 2007Elkcorp.Enhanced single layer roofing material
USD369421Mar 17, 1995Apr 30, 1996Elk Corporation Of DallasRandom cut laminated shingle
Classifications
U.S. Classification52/15, D25/139, 52/530, 52/24
International ClassificationE04D3/362, E04D13/10, E04D3/36
Cooperative ClassificationE04D3/362, E04D13/10
European ClassificationE04D3/362, E04D13/10