US 2109751 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
March l, 1938. E. MATTHIAS ET Al. 2,109,751
SPORT BOOT Filed April 3, 1956 2 sheets-sheet 1 ATTORNEY.
l March l, 1938. E. MATTHIAS ET A1.
SPORT BOOT Filed April 3, 1936 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 l INVENTOR:
ATTORNEY Patented Mar. 1,
2,109,151 sroa'r Boor APMENT AoFFl'cr.;
Eugen Matthias and Giovanni Testa, St. Moritz, Switzerland; said Testa assigner to said Mat- Application April 3,
Serial No. .72,582
In switzerland rias, 1935 Claims.
This invention relates to a sport shoe, which is particularly adapted for ski-running andmountaineering. In consequence of this particular application for the shoe, the principle on which the 5 invention is based involves a heel problem and a metatarsal problem. Hitherto, sport shoes of this kind were shaped mainly from the point of view of the technics of the sport for which they were to serve without giving due regard to the physilO ology of the conditions of movement which arise duringparticipation in the sport concerned.
'I'he technique of ski-running as well as the technique of mountaineering requires heels as low as possible. This requirement calls'for an accordingly low disposition oi' the heel i`nconsequence of which a construction of a sh-last was devised, the rise in the shank portion of which was very small. This necessitates' a shoe whichis very slightly cambered so that the heel must 2 0 extend down deeply into the heel cap in order that it come to bear against the inner sole, `These circumstances are contrary to the anatomic structure of the foot. In the naturally released condition, the fore-foot extends down below the level of the heel.
The problem solved by means of the present 'invention in regard to sport shoes with a view to shaping them at least to some extent in conformity with the ordinary shoes, which are adapted to the anatomic conditions, thus consists in raising the heel and in suspending the middle of the boot from above. This is accomplished by providing the shoe with two superposed instep closures opposite to which a wedge-shaped foot a arch supporter is arranged in the sole which extends from the heel to the metatarsal arch at va.
This boot tends to restore proper conditionsby raising the heel and by suspending the middle -of the boot. The aim is accomplished by providing two separate instep flaps adapted to be tightly spanned in overlapping position-'in inventive cooperation With an extra inserted shoe sole brace IB which curves forwardly and downwardly from 'the heel gradually to disappear under the metatarsal arch. l
In the accompanying drawings two embodiments of. our invention are shown by way of example only in which: Fig. 1 shows a shoe representing a first embodiment as seen from the side with the sole portion broken out and the lacing of the shoe only :halfway effected; Fig. 2 shows aside View of the completely laced 55 shoe;
fications of a plurality oi? mechanical embodi- Fig. 3 is a top planview of the shoe shown in Fig. 2;
Fig. '4 shows a side view of a shoe representing a second embodiment with the exteriorinstep cover strip, which is not yet laced down, bent 5 back;.-
Fig. 5 is a top plan view of Fig. 4 with the exterior instep cover strip shown in section, and
-,Fig. 6 is a side view of the completely laced shoe.
It is to be realized that the scope of our invention comprehends many equivalent constructions. The-showing of the drawings and the particular description are merely specific exempli- 15 ments and arrangements.
About the region of the instep of the shoe upper a relatively' wide instep cover strip 2 is ctout from the shoe-top longitudinally thereof so as to extend to the metatarsus where it is integral with the remainder or toe-covering portion of the shoe. An interior instep cover strip 3 is arranged parallel withthe exterior instep cover strip 2 and is firmly secured at its forward and lower -end to vthe shoe-top at a point below the integrally connected end of the strip 2 and consists of soft leather, the marginal portions thereof being sewed together with the lateral marginal edges I of the shoe-top I.` On both lateral portions of the shoe-top I string hooks 5 are provided which' are so dmensioned that they arey adapted to accommodate two shoe-strings.
In the ilrstv embodiment of the inventionvas shown lin the Figs. 1 to 3 on the exterior instep cover strip 2, string hooks B aie alsofastened to the edges thereof. However, aslowermost means for receiving the lacing, eyelets l are provided; and as uppermost means for this purpose eyelets 8, which are` situated so far down from the uppermost hooks 5 that with the aid of a shoe string 9 the instep cover strip 2 can be tensioned vigorously, are also provided. This lacing is carried into eiect as follows: At first the shoe-string 9is passed across the interior instep cover strip 3 and through the hooks 5 arranged on the edges 4 of the shoe-top I, then the end portions of this shoe-string 9 are passed through the upper eyelets 8 o f the exterior instep cover strip 2 and tied into an exterior knot, thereby tensioning the exterior instep cover strip 2. The considerable spacing between the edges 4 of the two lateral portions of the shoe-top I permit of pulling these edges vigorouslytoward one another by means of the shoe-string 9, whereupon the soft interior` instep cover strip 3 becomes folded and the shoetop I is caused to bear snugly against the foot.
The second lacing is carried out in such manner that a shoe-string I is passed across the exterior instep cover strip 2 and through the lower eyelets 1 thereof and is then continued through the hooks 6 of the exterior instep cover strip 2 and the hooks 5'of the lateral portions of the shoe-top I. The upper ends of the shoe-string IIJ are passed about the top I and tied together. Finally a leather strap II, which is sewed onto the upper edge of the exterior instep cover strip 2, is tightened and closed by means of a buckle I2. Opposite this lacing a wedge-shaped heel and shank member I 6 is arranged between an intervening sole I4, which overlies the exterior sole I3, and the inner sole I5, as well as the heel and shank piece I1. The wedge-shaped heel and shank member I6 extends from the heel forwardly to the region of the metatarsal arch of the foot, advantageously, to the front end of the metatarsal bones and tapers gradually into a knife edge.
In the region of the heel the thickness of Ithe wedge-shaped heel and shank member I6 is relaf tively great. This member I6 is reinforced by a portion I1 which is, advantageously, somewhat thicker than usual and is prolonged to the end of the wedge-shaped member I6. At the region of the inner marginal portionof the arch of the foot the inserted heel and shank member is, ad-
vantageously, somewhat raised above the corresponding outer side of the' foot arch. With the aid of the wedge-shaped arch supporting member I6, reinforced by the member I1, the foot is held in its natural position on the exterior sole I3 and the heel I8 attached thereto, so as to maintain its natural form and vaulting. Inorder to maintain this form lastingly, the lacings 9, III mentioned above are provided which permit of suspending the middle of the sole and therefore of the foot in its natural form and vaulting from the tensioned exterior cover strip 2 and confine it from above.
In the second embodiment of the invention, as shown in the Figs. 4 to 6, the exterior instep cover strip 2 has no upper eyelets, but an exterior auxiliary string hook 20 which is disposed at the center portion somewhat lower than the pair of uppermost hooks 5 and, that is, in the longitudinal middle plane of this instep cover strip. On each lateral portion of the shoe-top I an eyelet 2I is provided.
When the shoe is to be laced, the shoe string 9 is at rst pulled through the upper eyelets 2| of the shoe-top I'and then passeddownwardly through three lower stringhooks 5 by crossing the interior instep cover strip (the uppermost string hooks of these rows of hooksv string are pulled downwardly, one of these portions being passed from the respective uppermost string hook 5 downwardly about the auxiliary string hook 20, whereupon the two string portions are tied into a knot between the auxiliary string hook 20 and the other uppermost string hook 5.. During this tying operation the exterior instep cover strip 2 is tensioned by tightening the shoe-string correspondingly. In this Way the double lacing is finished and the shoe rmly secured on the foot.
In this manner the exterior instep cover strip can be Well tightened in a beneficial manner with -the very advantageous result that the shoe lits thefoot very closely, while only one shoe-string is necessary for this double lacing.
1. A sport boot comprising the combination of a sole structure, including a reinforcing element shaped to conform to the arch of the foot, a shoe upper provided along opposite sides with hooks, an instep cover strip attached to said shoe only at its lower end and at a point nearer its toe than its instep and adapted to overlap the sides of the shoe upper, means cooperating with the leg of the wearer for tensioning said strip to hold its middle spaced `from the shoe instep and lacing looped around said hooks and interlocked\with margins of said strip for drawing the reinforced -sole and strip toward each other whereby said strip is adapted to suspend the foot arch of the wearer.
2. A sport boot comprising in combination, a sole structure including an arched and forwardly tapering reinforcing element, a shoe upper, a row of hooks along opposite sides of the latter. an instep cover strip attached only at one end to the toe below its instep area, 'said strip being provided near its attached end with eyelets and also along each of its margins with a row o1' hooks, means for placing said strip in tension from the leg of the wearer and a single lacing looped about said hooks in a direction from top to bottom underneath said strip for lightly constricting the shoe upper and also passed upwardly through said eyelets and then looped about the strip hooks and shoe upper hooks in a direction from said eyelets toward the top of the shoe whereby to draw said sole structure and strip toward each other and achieve a suspension of the foot arch.
3. A sport boot comprising the combination of a solek structure including a shank portionl shaped to conform to the arch of the foot and extending from the heel to the metatarsal arch of the foot of the wearer, a shoe upper provided along both opposite sides with a row of hooks, with a soft foldable inner instep-cover strip secured therealong between said hooks and with an eyeleted outer instep-cover strip attached thereto only at its lower end whereby to adapt it to overlap said inner instep-cover strip, lateral margins of said outer instep-cover strip likewise each carrying a row of hooks, lacing looped about said hooks on the upper boot structure for constricting the latter and creasing the inner strip and lacing passed through eyelets Iin said outer instep-cover strip and on both sides of the boot being looped around and strung back and forth between the row of hooks on the outer instep-cover strip and said rows of hooks on the upper boot structure, the outer instep-cover strip being additionally provided near the middle of its upper end withla hook, said lacing also occupying the bight of said last mentioned hook and adapted to exert an upward pull thereon for tautening said outer instep-cover strip, whereby the latter functions as a suspension element for the shank portion of the sole and hence of the middle foot of the wearer.
4. In a sport boot, the combination of a sole conform to the arch of the foot, a 'shoe upper including toe and side portions, an instep-covering strip having its lower end secured to the toe portion at a point forwardly of the lower vfront end of the instep of the shoe, means for drawing the upper end of said strip upwardly and adapted to tauten it in spaced relation above the entire instep portion of the shoe and lacing between the shoe upper and the lateral margins of said strip and adapted to hang the sole structure from opposite ends of said strip as points of suspension. y
5. A sport boot comprising in combination, a sole, forwardly tapered means for reinforcing said sole at the shank portion thereof, said reinforcing means conforming substantially to the arch of the foot of the wearer, a shoe upper secured to said sole, a strip connected at one end to the toe portion of said shoe upper and adapted at the other end to be connected to the ankle of the wearer, means for drawing said strip taut, and lacing .for connecting said tautened strip and the shoe upper, and adaptedv to draw said reinforcing means against the bottom of the foot. 6. A sport boot comprising in combination, a sole, means for reinforcing said sole under the arch of the foot of the wearer, said reinforcing' means shaped to conform to the arch of the foot and diminishing in thickness progressively in a direction from the heel toward the toe, a shoe upper secured to said sole, and including a rm toe-portion and an instep-covering strip extending from the latter, meansvfor connecting the instep-covering strip with the ankle of the wearer and adapted to tauten it, and lacing connecting said strip and shoe upper and adapted to exercise a lifting eiiect upon the arch of the foot of the wearer.
7. A sport boot comprising in combination, a
composite sole structure including outer and in-l ner layers and therebetween a reinforcing element shaped to conform to the arch of the foot of the wearer, a shoe upper including a rigid toe-portion, an instep-cover strip attached at its lower end to said toe-portion, means for encircling the ankle of the wearer for tautening said instep-cover strip, and lacing for drawing together appositioned margins of said shoe upper structure and instep-cover strip and adapted to suspend the sole structure and the arch portion of the foot of the wearer whereby to minimize muscle strain and to cause the reinforcing element to maintain the natural arch of the foot of the wearer.
8. A sport boot comprising in combination, a composite sole structure including outer and inner layers and there between a reinforcing member shaped to conform to the arch of the foot,
said reinforcing member extending from the heel forwardly to the region of the metatarsal arch of the foot of the wearer and said member being progressively thinner in a direction from heel to toe, a shoe upper including a rigid toe-portion, an instep-cover strip attached at its lower end to said y toe-portion, means for longitudinally tautening said instep-cover strip and lacing for drawing togetherappositioned margins of said shoe upper and instep-cover strip and adapted to suspend the sole structure and the arch of the foot of the wearer whereby to minimize muscle strain and to cause the reinforcing arch to maintain the natural arch ofI the foot of the wearer.
9. A sport boot comprising in combination, a shoe upper provided with hooks along opposite sides thereof, a composite sole structure include ing outer and inner soles and an arched re-enforcing element between said soles which element is shaped to conform to the arch of the foot and extends from the rear of the heel to the extautened strip.
10. A sport boot comprising the combination of a sole structure including a reinforcing element shaped to conform to the arch of the foot,
extending and thinned in a direction fromv the heel to the ball of the foot, an instep-covering suspension element, connections for stretching said element between the toe and the top of the 4shoe and means for drawing the shoe upper and said suspension element toward each other whereby to exert a lifting force upon said sole v,
EUGEN MA'I'I'HIAS. GIOVANNI TESTA.