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Publication numberUS2111642 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 22, 1938
Filing dateFeb 8, 1937
Priority dateFeb 8, 1937
Publication numberUS 2111642 A, US 2111642A, US-A-2111642, US2111642 A, US2111642A
InventorsSaier Francis D
Original AssigneeSaier Francis D
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Candle holding device
US 2111642 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

March 22, 1938. 7 D $A|ER I 2,111,642

CANDLE HOLDING DEVICE Filed Feb. 8, 1957 ATTORNEY Patented Mar. 22, 1938 UNITED STATES PATENT GFFIQE 15 Claims.

My invention relates to adaptors'for candleholders.

In practice it'is often'found that after a candle has been procured it either fits the regular socket of .the candleholder too loosely or is too large to be inserted-therein.

It is an object of theinvention to provide an adaptor that will enable a single candleholder to be; readily usable with candles of varying diameters.

' To this end thereis provided as a feature of the invention an adaptor having plug portion, preferably of flexible material, for insertion in the socket of a candleholder and having a sleeve of flexible material projecting from the plug portion .to be free of the socket to enable its being readily expanded to accommodate and efliciently hold candles of varying diameters.

Another feature of the invention resides in providing circumferentially spaced outwardly extending reinforcing ribs on the projecting candleholding sleeve to serve as additional supports toprevent adverse lateral bending of the sleeve, especially when tall candles are used.

Another feature of the invention resides in providing a plurality of suction gripping holes in theplug portion of the adaptor to enable a firmer engagement of the plug with the candleholder socket.

Another feature of the invention consists in forming. a bore extending longitudinally of the plug portion of the adaptor to enable a more ready conformance to varying sizes of candleholder sockets.

. Yet other features of the invention reside in providing either perforations in the projecting sleeve portion or forming inwardly extending circumferentially spaced flexible ribs on the projecting sleeve to enable a firmer and better main- 4-() tenanoe of the candle in proper relation with the adaptor.

Other and more specific objects and features (Cl. (Pl-+23) Fig. 4. is a side view of the adaptor shown in Fig. 3. p

Fig. 5 is a top view of a modified form of adaptor with a candle shown in section inserted therein.

Fig. 6 is a side view partially in section of the adaptor shown in Fig. 5.

Fig. 7 is a side view of another modified form of adaptor.

Fig. 8 is a sectional View taken on the line 101 8-8 of Fig. 7.

Fig. 9 is a side view of another modified form of adaptor.

Fig. 10 is a sectional view taken on the line |0lll of Fig. 9. 15 Fig. 11 is a sectional view of the adaptor shown in Figs. 5 and 6 showing the upper rim rolled downwardly.

Before describing the present improvements and mode of operation thereof in detail it should 20 be understood that the invention is not limited to the details of construction and arrangement of parts shown in the accompanying drawing, which are merely illustrative of the present preferred embodiments, since the invention is capa- 251 ble of other embodiments, and the phraseology employed is for the purpose of description and not of limitation.

Referring more particularly to the drawing and first to Figs. 1 and 2, there is shown for the purpose of illustration a candleholder 20 of conventional design having a base 2|, a standard 22 and a socket 23. 1

Because of the fact that candles, such for example as the candle 24, are produced in non- 5; uniform diameters there is presented the problem of properly maintaining a given candle in the socket of a holder. The adaptor 25 provided by the present invention presents a very satisfactory solution of this problem. 40.

As shown, the adaptor 25 is formed with a plug portion 26, preferably of a flexible material so that when inserted in the socket 23 of a candleholder 2|] it will effectively grip the socket and at the same time be capable of yielding to com- 45. pensate for irregularities in socket diameters.

Projecting from the plug portion 26 is a sleeve 21 of flexible material, as rubber or the like, providing an adaptor socket 28 for the receipt of a candle. Because the sleeve 21 is free of the 5 0 candleholder socket 23 it may readily be expanded to accommodate candles of varying diameters, and to firmly grip the same. A shoulder 29 formed on the adaptor 25 and adapted to engage the peripheral lip 30 of theacandleholder socket;

23 is provided to limit movement of the adaptor into the socket 23 and to support the candleholding sleeve 21 from adverse lateral bending at its juncture with the plug portion 26,

For economy in manufacture, and preferably as shown, the adaptor 25 is formed as in integral one-piece molded structure of rubber or similar flexible composition.

When the adaptor 25 is associated with a candleholder 20, as shown in Fig. 1, not only is there a neat appearance presented but the candle 24 is maintained firmly in position in the sleeve 27 of the adaptor.

If desired a slightly modified form of an adaptor may be used as disclosed in Figs. 3 and 4. Like the adaptor 25 first described, this modified adaptor 3| is formed with a plug portion 26, a projecting sleeve 21 and a shoulder 29 for limiting movement into the candleholder socket and to support the candleholding sleeve from adverse lateral bending at its juncture with the plug portion. Supplementing the shoulder 29 however are a plurality of circumferentially spaced outwardly extending reinforcing ribs 32 formed on and preferably integral with the sleeve and having a lower face 33 coextensive with the shoulder 29.

These reinforcing ribs are of particular advantage when a tall candle is inserted in the adaptor socket 28 and serve to prevent bending of the adaptor due to the over-balanced weight of the tall candle.

Also, as shown, the modified adaptor 3| has formed in the plug portion 26 thereof a plurality of suction gripping holes 34 to enable a firmer engagement of the plug portion with the candleholder socket. In addition, the provision of the holes 34 renders the plug portion more flexible and hence more readily adaptable to conform to various sizes of candleholder sockets.

While as shown in Figs. 3 and 4 both reinforcing ribs 32 and suction gripping holes 34 are provided it is to be appreciated that the adaptor may be used, although not as satisfactorily, without the inclusion of either or both of these features.

Thus, in Figs. 9 and 10 an adaptor 35 is shown in which reinforcing ribs 32 are omitted, but suction gripping holes 34 are formed in the plug portion 26. The adaptor 35, as in the case of the adaptors heretofore described, is provided with a projecting sleeve 2'! of flexible material, such as rubber, which is readily conformable to receive candles of varying diameters, and is provided with a shoulder 29 for supporting the sleeve and for limiting movement into the candleholder socket 23.

In Figs 5 and 6 another slightly modified form of adaptor 36 is shown differing from the adaptor 25 disclosed in Fig. 1 in the provision of a plurality of circumferentially spaced inwardly extending flexible gripping ribs 31 on and preferably integral with the sleeve 21 projecting from the plug portion 26. With this construction, the inwardly extending ribs, being of flexible material, yield to conform readily to candles of varying diameters when the latter are inserted in the sleeve socket 28. Because of the localized engagement of the ribs with the candle this form of adaptor is especially efficient in automatically compensating for varying diameter candles and at the same time firmly grips a given candle to maintain it rigidly in position. Moreover, because of the fact that the candleholding sleeve 21 projects from the plug portion 26 and is hence free of the candleholder socket 23 the sleeve itself is enabled to expand and contract to more readily conform to varying diameters of candles that may be inserted therein.

The modified adaptor 36 further differs from adaptor 25 disclosed in Fig. 1 in the provision of a longitudinally extending bore 43 in the plug portion 26 for giving added flexibility thereto and thus enabling a more ready conformance to candleholder sockets of Varying sizes. While the inclusion of the bore 43 is not essential it does result in a more adaptable and therefore satisfactory unit because candleholder sockets vary in size as well as do the candles themselves.

As shown in Fig. 11, the upper rim 39 of the projecting sleeve 21 may, because of its flexible construction, be rolled downwardly. This is a very real advantage in that it enables a more complete burning of the candle.

In Figs. '7 and 8 another slightly modified form of adaptor 40 is shown. Like each of the other adaptors described this adaptor is formed with a plug portion 26, a projecting sleeve 21 and a shoulder 29 for supporting the sleeve and limiting movement into the candleholder socket. To enable an especially firm and secure gripping of the candle, however, the flexible sleeve 21 is provided with a plurality of perforations 4|, which may be in the form of slots as shown, suction cups, or in any other desired form. The perforations 4! serve also to further increase the flexibility of the sleeve, thus enabling a more ready conformance to varying diameters of candles,

In addition, this modified adaptor 40 has formed on and preferably integral with the plug portion thereof a plurality of circumferentially spaced outwardly extending flexible ribs 42 which engage with the candleholder socket 23 when the plug portion 26 is inserted therein to maintain the latter securely in place. A plug having gripping ribs 42 thus formed thereon is particularly advantageous in that the flexible gripping ribs are even more readily conformable to varying sizes of candleholder sockets than is the smooth plug illustrated in Figs. 1 and 2 or the plug having the suction holes formed therein disclosed in Figs. 4 and 5.

Supplementing the flexible ribs 42 in enabling a ready conformance of the plug portion to sockets of varying sizes there is provided in the plug, as in the forms disclosed in Figs. 5, 6, and 11, a longitudinally extending bore 43 which gives added flexibility thereto. It is to be appreciated that the adaptor disclosed in Figs. 7 and 8 may be formed with either the bore 43, ribs 42, or perforations 4| omitted therefrom, although for maximum efficiency all should be included. If preferred, the ribs 31 and 42 may be annularly or circumferentially disposed within the sleeve 21 and on the plug 26, instead of longitudinally. With such a structure the ridges should be approximately the same heighth as shown and should be spaced a slight extent one above the other on the plug and within the sleeve.

As explained in connection with the form disclosed in Figs. 1 and 2, each of the adaptors described may be advantageously and preferably should, be formed as an integral one-piece molded structure of a flexible material such as rubber.

Other variations and modifications may be made within the scope of this invention and portions of the improvements may be used without others.

Having thus described the invention what is plug portion for insertion in a socket of a candleholder; and a'sleeve of flexible material extending from said plug portion, automatically adjustable for accommodating candles of various diameters.

2. An adaptor for candleholders, comprising a flexible rubber plug portion for insertion in a socket of a candleholder; and a flexible rubber sleeve extending from said plug portion, automatically adjustable for accommodating candles of various diameters.

3. An adaptor for candleholders, comprising a plug portion of flexible material for insertion in a socket of a candleholder; and a sleeve of flexible material extending from and integral with said plug portion, automatically adjustable for accommodating candles of various diameters.

4. An adaptor for candleholders, comprising a plug portion for insertion in a socket of a candleholder; a flexible rubber sleeve ext-ending from. said plug portion, for accommodating candles of various diameters; and a peripheral shoulder for limiting movement into the holder socket.

5. An adaptor for candleholders, comprising a plug portion for insertion in a socket of a candleholder; a flexible rubber sleeve extending from said plug portion, for accommodating candles of various diameters; and a plurality of circumferentially spaced outwardly extending reinforcing ribs formed on said sleeve.

6. An adaptor for candleholders, comprising a plug portion for insertion in a socket of a candleholder, having a plurality of suction gripping holes therein; and a flexible rubber sleeve extending from said plug portion, for accommodating candles of various diameters.

'7. An adaptor for candleholders, comprising a plug portion of flexible material for insertion in a socket of a candleholder, having a plurality of suction gripping holes therein; a sleeve of flexible material extending from said plug portion, for accommodating candles of various diameters; and a plurality of circumferentially spaced outwardly extending reinforcing ribs formed on said sleeve.

8. An adaptor for candleholders, comprising a plug portion for insertion in a socket of a candleholder; a flexible rubber sleeve extending from said plug portion, for accommodating candles of various diameters; and a plurality of circumferentially spaced inwardly extending candle gripping ribs formed on said sleeve.

9. An adaptor for candleholders, comprising a plug portion for insertion in a socket of a candleholder, having a longitudinally extending bore therein; a flexible rubber sleeve extending from said plug portion, for accommodating candles of various diameters; and a plurality of circumferentially spaced inwardly extending candle gripping ribs formed on, said sleeve.

10. An adaptor for candleholders, comprising a plug portion for insertion in a socket of a candleholder, having a plurality of circumferentially spaced outwardly extending flexible ribs formed thereon; and a sleeve of flexible material extending from said plug portion, for accommodating candles of various diameters.

11. An adaptor for candleholders, comprising a plug portion for insertion in a socket of a candleholder; and a perforated sleeve of flexible material extending from said plug portion, for accommodating candles of various diameters.

12. An adaptor for candleholders, comprising a plug portion for insertion in a socket of a candleholder, having a plurality of circumferentially spaced outwardly extending flexible ribs formed thereon; and a perforated sleeve of flexible material extending from said plug portion, for accommodating candles of various diameters.

13. An adaptor for candleholders, comprising a plug portion of flexible material for insertion in a socket of a candleholder and having deformations on said plug portion; and a sleeve of flexible material extending from said plug portion for accommodating candle-s of various diameters.

14. An adaptor for candleholders, comprising a plug portion of flexible material for insertion in a socket of a candleholder, having a longitudinally extending bore therein; and a sleeve of flexible material extending from said plug portion for accommodating candles of various diameters. 15. An adaptor for candleholders, comprising a plug portion for insertion in a socket of a candleholder, having a longitudinally extending bore formed therein; a plurality of circumferentially spaced outwardly extending flexible ribs formed on said plug portion; and a sleeve of flexible material extending from said plug portion for accommodating candles of various diameters.

FRANCIS D. SAIER.

Referenced by
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Classifications
U.S. Classification431/297, 403/361, 403/301, 248/519
International ClassificationF21V35/00
Cooperative ClassificationF21V35/00
European ClassificationF21V35/00