US 2111884 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
J. M. CAHANEY 2,111,884
DISPENSING CONTAINER March 22, 1938.
Filed April 22, 1956 2 Sheets-Sheet l March 22, 1938. J. M. CAHANEY DISPENSING CONTAINER Filed April 22, 1956 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Patented Mar. 22, 1938 PATENT orrica DISPENSING CONTAINER James M. Cahancy, Dennison, Ohio, assignoi', by direct and mesne assignments, of onethird to Clarence H.
and one-third to Abe Mich.
Hooker, Dennison, Ohio, A. Schmier, Detroit,
Application April 22, 1936, Serial No. 15315 3 Claims. (01. 220-24) The present invention appertains to improvements in containers and in particular to that type of special receptacle used for dispensing fluids where facility of pouring of the fluid is a desideratum.
In general, the primary object of my invention Y is to provide a. container with an opening and a closure means therefor capable of introduction into" said opening from within before the container is completely formed and displaceable inwardly-only, without the use of tools or implements other than a convenient shock-producing means,-when it is desired to dispense the contents of the receptacle.
A further object-in view is the provision of a receptacle of special shape or configuration so designed as to require, a minimum amount of space in storage and lend itself particularly for compact shipment in quantities.
A still further object may be said to be attained by an additional feature of the contour of the container, which also greatly enhances the pouring operation, in that the receptacle is formed with an annular depression or decline 26 in the region of the closure means so that said closure and mouth of the container lie in a plane below the top or end surface whereby accidental displacement of the closure means in stacking of the containers one upon the other may be read- 30 ily prevented.
- In carrying out the foregoing objectives, the closure means is given such shape and construction preferably as to prevent reuse thereof or removal from the container to thereby eliminate 35 possible fraudulent refilling and reuse.
. Other and further objects and advantages of the invention will be hereinafter set forth and the novel features thereof defined by the appended claims.
In the drawings: V
Fig. 1 is aperspective view of the preferred form of container embodying my invention;
Fig. 2 is an enlarged fragmentary sectional view taken through the container in the region of the 45 pouring opening and closure, showing more clearly the details of construction of the container and its closure cap;
Fig. 3 is a top plan view of theportion of the container shown in Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 is a top plan view showing the arrangement of the receptacles in packing the same;
Fig. 5 is a side elevation of a plurality of containers in stacked relation andshowingthe relative position of the closure cap when the con- 5 tainers are so stacked;
Fig. 6 is a perspective view tainer in the pouring'operation;
Fig. 'lis a perspective view of a gasket used in conjunction with the closure cap;
Fig. 8 is a perspective view of the closure cap itself;
Fig. 9 is a, fragmentary view of a modified form of the invention; and g J Fig. 10 is a fragmentary view of the form of container shown in' Fig. 9 and illustrating the stacking of this particular form.
Like reference characters designate corresponding parts in the several figures of the drawings.
Referring to the drawings. and particularly describing the invention as illustrated in Figs. 1 to 6, I illustrates the body portion of the container which is preferably of triangular form in cross section, having the bottom closure 2 attached in the customary manner and the top' or end closure 3 similarly connected to the top of the body i by crimping in the usual way.
It will be particularly noted that this container at one of its corners designated 4 is formed with a decline and this corner is provided with an showing the conopening 5 which conforms to the configuration of v the corner. In other words, this opening is of triangular shape and being located in the corner portion of the receptacle, the latter is provided with a pouring spout arrangement which lies below the plane of the main end cap or closure 3. Into this opening 5 is introduced from within the container beforeit is completed, a frictionclosure cap-or shock plug 6, 'so called. This closure cap is dished in form and conforms to the configuration of the triangular openingi, but the body portion of the cap is slightlylarger in diameter than the opening so as to afford a very tight fit which will eflectively prevent leakage of the liquid.
I preferably form the opening 5 without any reinforcing head orflange so as to take advantage of the flexibility of theedges of the opening in inserting the cap in the position shown in Fig. 2. It will be observed that in pressing the cap home, the lips or edges of the opening 5 are slightly pressed in an outward'direction and tend to bite into the side walls of the cap to firmly interlock the cap in position. This cap, it will be observed, is provided with an annular flange l and upon this flange I preferably seat a cork washer or gasket 8, shown more clearly in Fig. 7 of the drawings, so as to produce a leakproof arrangement. Likewise it will be apparent that the diameter of the cap so formed is much greater than the diameter of the opening so that it is impossible to displace the cap outwardly or remove it from the container, serving to protect the container against refilling and reuse with fraudulent intent.
When it is desired to remove the contents of the container, the cap 6 may readily be depressed inwardly in any desired manner without the use of any special tools. This may be accomplished by striking the cap against any solid object with such force to overcome the frictional engagement of the edges of the opening, whereupon the cap will drop into the interior of the container and leave-the receptacle in condition to be tilted for pouring the contents out of the spout opening as clearly illustrated in Fig. 6 of the drawings.
It is obvious that the triangular form of the container is advantageous for numerous reasons among which may be mentioned the facility with which the container may be gripped by the hand in a manner to prevent accidental slipping of the container from the grip, as is experienced with receptacles of circular formation. Secondly, in the'packing of containers of this shape practically no waste space occurs, as will be noted in the arrangement of the receptacles illustrated in Fig. 4 of the drawings. This obviously is true in the stacking of the containers in storage and as illustrated in Fig. 5 of the drawings, the decline of the corner 4 tends to prevent accidental contact with the closure cap or pressure of the superposed containers thereon when in stacked relation.
While the receptacle is preferably shaped as above described and illustrated, I do not wish to be restricted to such form. In Figs. 9 and 10 there is shown an application of the same prin ciples of my invention to a circular form of receptacle designated la. In this construction, the receptacle is formed at one side with an angular wall designated lb which produces a pouring spout or corner. At its top 4a in this corner, as in the preferred form, the opening 5b of triangular shape is stamped and a friction cap of the design disclosed in Fig. 8 is introduced thereinto in the manner set forth hereinbefore. This type of container has the same advantages in stacking as the preferred type, in that the pouring corner 4a is formed on a decline as clearly shown in Fig. 10.
vof the container in the region of the opening being formed on a decline to bring the opening below the plane of the end, and a friction closure cap for said opening inserted insaid opening from within and projecting above the surface of the decline and edges of the container about said decline so as to be freely depressible therethrough into the interior of the container, all of the closure lying below the plane of the top of the container.
2. A container having an angular decline formation at one side of the top meeting the top of the side walls at a point below the plane of the container top and an opening in said angular portion conforming thereto to form a pouring spout, and a friction closure cap in said opening below the plane of the top, the outer surface of said cap lying in a plane above the side walls of the decline portion, said cap having an annular flange greater in diameter than the opening and seated against the underside of the top, being depressible to force the closure the container.
3. A dispensing container of the class described comprising a body of triangular shape in cross section, said container at one of its corners being depressed to form an area declining from the plane of the top of said container, said decline portion meeting the top of the side walls at a point below the plane of the container top,
cap into said top having an opening in the decline por-' tion, the edges of which are adapted to flex, and a depressible shock plug seated in the opening below the plane of the top to permit stacking of the containers without contact with the closure cap and depressed corner, and means associated with said cap for sealing the closure.
JAMES M. CAI-IANEY.