US 2112465 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
March 29, 1938. M. cfmAlsp-i 2,112,465
; REFUSE RECEPTACLE v Filed Nov. 17, 1933 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 x ATTORNEYS M. c. MAISH REFUSE RECEPTACLE .March 29, 1938.
2 Sheets-Sheet. 2
Filed Nov. 17, 1953 ATTORNEYS Patented Mar. 29, 1938 p r I 2,112,465
UNITED srarns l' ATENT OFFICE REFUSE RECEBTACLE Morton C. Maish, Wyoming, Ohio v Application November 17, 1933, Serial No. 698,497
4 Claims. (01. 220-17) This invention relates to the disposal of refuse Figure 2 is a vertical longitudinal sectional and is particularly directed to improvements in view of the receptacle disclosing the details refuse receptacles for home or ollice use. t ereof.
It is obvious that the handling of refuse or Figure 3 is a sectional view taken on lin garbage of any sort has always been an unpleas- F gu e ant task. The typical pail or bucket, for receiv- Fi ure 4 is a p r pectiv vi w f the receptacle ing refuse or garbage, functions quite well for showing the lid and the hopper element removed. receiving the garbage, but, when it becomes neces- Figure 5 is a perspective view f h garbage sary to dispose of the contents of the pail, the packagin cylinder. wi it in expanded com task becomes extremely unpleasant. Often it is dit on or permitting discharge of the contents 10 quite difficult to completely empty the bucket, thereof. and the interior of the bucket must be cleaned Fi ure 6 i a p rsp iv vi w il u n the periodically. Since the cleaning of the pail is an packa in ta n r in c lap d p t and t obnoxious chore it is often neglected and an operation of rolling a paper cylinder thereon.
l5 unhealthy and unsanitary condition exists. u e 7 s a p spe v V w Of the packaging 1 Many of the cities require the wrapping of container disclosing the paper cylinder formed garbage before it will be collected. This adds to thereabout and the lower end of the paper cylinthe duties of the housewife in disposing of the der in the operation of being tucked in for formgarbage. The wrapping is an awkward'operation ing the base thereof.
and is seldom done eificiently. The common pro-- Figure 8 is a side view of the expanded con- 20 cedure in taking care of these requirements for tainer, showing the paper receptacle in place garbage collection is to wrap the garbage in therein and ready for use in receiving garbage. newspapers. Unless this is neatly done, the pack- Figure 9 is a perspective view of a modified bagages are not effective and the garbage becomes holding tube structure.
scattered from the loosely and clumsily made Figure 1c is a sectional view taken on line package. This has a further disadvantage in that Ill-Ill, Figure detailing a hook d vi e w the packages as made are deposited in the garbage modified tube. pail or receptacle and in a short time become The refuse receptacle, as disclosed, incorpo- Water soaked and burst when handled for disrates the following major parts: a pail or bucket posal. Ill of the desirable size and an expansible cylin- 30 Accordingly, in view of the foregoing, it is the drical bag holder H mounted in the pail. A hopobject of this invention to provide an improved per I2 is mounted on the upper end of the pail garbage or refuse bucket or pail which is inand provides a hopper portion over the bag holder elusive of a device for forming a neat paper packfor directing the refuse into the bag. A readily age for refuse. It is the purpose of this improve- .removable lid I3 is secured in position on the 3 ment that the garbage receptacle be readily and hopper element. efliciently usable as a form for creating a uniform The bucket ill in this instance is tapered to and sturdy package, which package fits neatly in provide a large upper end. Its internal diameter the container and can be readily completed when at the base is substantially the same as the outer 40 filled and thereafter efiiciently and pleasantly diameter of the cylindrical bag holder H when 40 disposed of merely by pitching the package from the bag holder is adjusted to service diameter. the cylinder into the ultimate outside collection Therefore, the bag holder cylinder is securely receptacle. mounted against lateral shifting on the bottom It is a further object of this invention to pro I 4 of the bucket. There is ample clearance, in
vide a garbage pail incorporating means by which the bucket, about the upper end of the bag holder 45 a package can be efliciently and quickly formed to permit the housewife to grasp the bag holder from ordinary newspapers, the resulting package for removal thereof.
being substantial and of the proper size for re- A formed bag it is fitted into the holder for diceiving an average meal or days garbage or rectly receiving the refuse. This bag l5 and its refuse. formation will be described in detail hereinafter. 50
Other objects and further advantages will be For the present understanding, it sufiices to state more fully apparent from a description of the that the open upper end of the bag projects accompanying drawings, in which: slightly above the cylindrical bag holder. The
Figure 1 is a perspective View of the improved hopper or funnel l2 includes a depending flange garbage receptacle of this invention. or rim l6 fitting into the upper enlarged end of 55 the bucket for mounting the funnel in position. The funnel or hopper portion l2 of the element l2 projects into the upper end of the bag. For this purpose the lower end of the funnel is of smaller diameter than the upper end of the bag, whereby the hopper accurately directs the refuse into the bag.
A bail I1 is provided for the bucket. A lidcarrying, wire bracket I8 is connected to this bail for receiving movement therefrom and for locking the lid l3 in place. To this end the bail is formed to provide a leverage portion which consists of a reverse bend I9 adjacent each pivot of the bail. The loops thus formed extend downwardly when the bail is in upwardly swung position for carrying the bucket.
The lid bracket is of U-shape and has its cross bar 29 pivotally fixed across the top of the lid by means of clips 2|. The ends of the arms 22 thereof are looped to provide eyelets 23, hooked about the reverse bend loops 19 of the bail. It will be apparent that when the bail is swung downwardly, the lower or looped ends thereof are raised, this raising the lid bracket and the lid. The lid includes a locating or centering flange 24 of tapered form fitting in the mouth of the hopper, the lid lying on the upper margin of the hopper. A fumigant or deodorant container '25 is secured on the under side of the lid.
The movement of the lid can be readily followed through the views of the drawings. For instance, Figure 2 illustrates the bail l1 disposed upwardly for carrying the bucket and the lid 13 drawn down in position of closure. In Figure 1 the ball has been lowered swinging its loops l9 upwardly and raising the lid, the lid falling sideways and over the upper edge of the hopper. With the lid down or suspended at the side of the bucket, the bail can then be raised for carrying the bucket with the lid displaced as shown in Figure 4.
The bag holder has a double utility. It not only functions to support or to sustain the bag within the bucket and serves as a carrier for the bag when it is necessary to dispense of the contents into the ultimate garbage container, but it has the added function of serving as a mold or form for making up the package. In its development for these two purposes, the holder has been made collapsible so that its diameter may be varied for the various operations and functions.
The holder is fabricated of a split tube or cylinder 26 and an apertured bottom Z'l brazed to the inner, lower end of the tube around that half which is opposite to the split portion. The diameter of the tub-e is varied by means of a longitudinally shiftable plate 28 mounted along the split of the tube. In this instance, four studs 26 are provided as a part of the tube and are disposed along the edges. of the tube adjacent the spilt, in pairs.
The holder controlling element is of the same length as the tube having pairs of longitudinally disposed slots 3i) therein, the slots of each pair being angularly disposed relative to each other. The pins or studs of the holder are engaged in these slots and are headed to prevent displacement of the plate. These slots are close together at their lower ends or those ends disposed toward the bottom of the holder. The plate includes an aperture 3!, in its upper end, for purposes of manipulation. Longitudinal, sliding movement of the plate accomplishes the change of diameter which is effective for converting the tube for its different uses.
Assuming that the bucket is about to be put in service, the first operation is to withdraw the bag holder cylinder from the bucket and collapse the cylinder to small diameter by pulling the plate 28 uywardly as far as it will go. Then, in accordance with Figure 6, the operator procures a newspaper 32 and rolls the newspaper about the cylinder. The bag holder is of a length slightly less than the width of the average newspaper sheet or it can be made of a length slightly less than the height of a newspaper sheet in case it is desirable to use a double sheet as in larger con- 'tainers or half sheet size for smaller containers.
In rolling the newspaper about the cylinder a portion of the margin of the newspaper is permitted to extend beyond the upper edge of the cylinder as at 33 and a portion 34 projects beyond the lower edge for tucking to form the bottom of the package as shown in Figure 7.
Now with the cylindrical package fully formed. the package is drawn off the bottom 'of the cylinder. The holder is then expanded by moving the plate the full extent of its movement down wardly (see Figure 5). The formed package is then placed in the cylinder, whereupon the latch is moved back or upwardly slightly to the position shown in Figure 4. The conversion from collapsed to expanded position effects a change "of tube diameter, whereby the inner diameter of the expanded tube is equal to or slightly greater than the outside diameter of the contracted tube, and the paper bag fits within the container. When the final adjustment of the plate ism'ade, the tube is slightly compressed or collapsed and thus fits snugly about the bag.
After the bag has been filled with refuse, the extended, upper end thereof is collapsed into the holder for closing the package. In the operation of dispensing the package from the cylinder, the cylinder is slightly expanded by moving the latch downwardly to the position It is then feasible for the housewife to pitch the package from the holder into theultimatecontainer.
In the modification of Figure tube is of spring steel and is split as in the preceding form but includes overlapping edges or margins 40. One longitudinal, marginal portion has circular apertures 4| formed therein. The
other portion, overlapping the apertured marginal portion, has a hook 42 adjacent each aperture. Those hooks are pressed or struck inwardly from the metal of the tube and project toward the edge of the marginal portion in which they are included. Specifically, the hooks or tangs 42 include ofi-set portions and arrow-shaped, circumferentially, projected portions which book through the apertures.
The tube is normally expanded for receiving the formed paper tube. It is collapsed by pressure applied for forcing the edges into greater overlap and hooking the tangs into the apertures where the off-set portions engage the sides of the apertures and hold the tube against normalexpansive force while the paper is being rolled thereon.
Having described my invention, I claim:
1. A refuse receptacle, comprising, a pail, a cy lindrical bag holder mounted in said pail, a hopper element engaged in the top of said pail and projecting into the upper end of the holder, and a lid for said hopper, said holder of collapsible form for varying its diameter whereby a paper sheet can be rolled into a cylinder thereon when the holder diameter is reduced and inserted in 9, the holder 4 4o shown'in Figure 5.
the holder when the holder diameter is increased. 2. In a device of the class described, a refuse receptacle, a container disposed in said receptacle, a hopper element mounted in the top of the receptacle and projecting into the container, said container device comprising a split collapsible tube and including means for varying the diameter of the tube, and a lid for said hopper.
3. In a refuse receptacle, a bag holder of split cylindrical form mounted in the receptacle, an adjustment plate disposed longitudinally of said holder over the split thereof, said holder and plate having pin and slot connections at each of the holder decreases or increases the diameter 5 of the holder for package rolling and holding respectively.
4. In a device of the class described, a split cylindrical container having 'a bottom, said cylinder including an adjustment plate along the 10 split for spreading or closing the same for changing the diameter of the container.
MORTON C. MAISI-I.