US 2114268 A
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April 12, 1938. H. M. MCDONALD REENFORCED VENT ILA TED UNDERGARMENT Filed Nov. 20, 1956 2 Sheets-Sheet l April 12, 1938. j H. M. McDONALD 2,114,268
REENFORCED VENTILATED UNDERGARMENT Filed Nov. 20, 1936 2 SheetsSheet 2 Z Vzvn 207 Patented Apr. 12, 1938 SATES REENFORCED Herman M. McDonald,
MacDee Company, a corporation of Illinois Application November 20, 1936, Serial No. 111,901
In carrying out my invention, I preform a reenforcing device which may be inserted bodily as 7 an inner layer or lining of a garment, either in the course of manufacture of the latter, or afterwards. Since the garment and the reenforcement are two independent units that are brought together, each may be fashioned in order best to serve its intended purpose. In other words, the garment may be built in a manner to provide a smooth, comfortable fit, whereas the reenforcing device may be given the shape or configuration that will make it serve most advantageously as a supporter.
Therefore, viewed in one of its aspects, the present invention may be said to have for its object to provide an undergarment of the trunk type with a reenforcing means which will enable the one to fit as smoothly as would an unreenforced garment and the other to serve effectively as a supporter.
Since the supporting or reenforcing element is first made as a preformed unit the present invention may be regarded, in one of its aspects,
' as having for its objectto produce a device of novel construction adapted to serve as a supporter.
In the preferred construction, the reenforcing member is provided with a large open-work or perforated ventilating section so located that it extends upwardly from the crotch at the front of the garment. The body of the garment may be cut away in registration with this ventilating section and be stitched to the supporter around the edge of the latter; in this way leaving throughout a substantial area in the front of the garment a large section comprising only a single layer of material which constitutes an effective ventilator in the garment proper, without regard to any supporter.
Therefore, viewed in one of its aspects, my invention may be said to have for its object to produce a garment of the character described which shall contain a large perforated section located so as satisfactorily to serve as a ventilator.
The various features of novelty whereby my i'.v .ention is characterized will hereinafter be VENTILATED UNDER,- GARMENT Evanston, 111., assignor to REI'SSUEE pointed out with particularity in the claims; but, for a full understanding of my invention and of its objects and advantages, reference may be had to the following detailed description taken in connection with the accompanying drawings, where- Figure 1 is a front view of a garment embodying the present invention; Fig. 2 is a view, similar to Fig. 1, the garment being shown turned inside out; Fig. 3 is a plan view, on a larger. scale, of the reenforcing device and supporter detached from the garment; Fig. 4 is an edge view of the device shown in Fig. 3; and Figs. 5 and 6 are views similar to Figs. 1 and 2, illustrating a modification; Fig. 7 is a front view of the ventilator, of the modified formof garment shown in Figs. 5 and 6, and detached therefrom.
Referringto the drawings, I represents a garment of the trunk type, madefrom any suitable material, conveniently material thatis woven or knitted.-- In the arrangement shown, the gar ment is composed of two pieces, a rear section 2 and a front section 3, joined-together at opposite sides by scams 4 and at the crotch by a seam 5; there being an elastic waist band 6 around the top or the waistline of the garment.
In the particular arrangement illustrated in Figs. 1-4, there is a reenforcing device, serving also as a supporter; the same being composed of two pieces, a main piece 1 cut to'a pattern which,
roughly speaking, may be said to be U-shape, and an open-work or perforated piece of fabric or other flexible material 8 constituting a ventilating member. The closed end of the U is shaped to conform to the front half of the crotch portion of the garment so that it may be stitched at its edges to the garment along the seam 5 and along the front lower portions of the leg openings. The arms 9 and III of the part I are of strap-like configuration, and they are crossed about midway between their lengths and fastened together by lines of stitching H. The part 8 is preferably an oval which forms a closure for an opening left in the piece 1 between the lower ends of the crossed arms or straps. The member I being originally fiat, it follows that the lower end becomes more or less dished when the arms 9 and III are crossed over each other. The ventilating piece 8 may be made large enough so that when stitched to the member 1 around its entire periphery, as indicated at l2, it will adapt itself more or less to the curvature of the dished portion of the surrounding material. The overall length of the preformed reenforcing element or supporter is approximately the same as the length of the garment from the bottom seam 5 to the waist band 6. Therefore, when the reenforcing member is placed against the inner side of the front wall or section of the garment, with its straight lower edge l3 registering with the seam 5, the free ends of the arms or straps reach to the waist band. In assembling the reenforcing member in the garment, it is so placed that the concave side faces toward the rear. Having been laid against the inner side of the front wall or section 3 of the garment, the supporter is secured by stitching along the lower edge l3 and along the adjacent side edges l4 and I5 which conform to the corresponding portions of the part 3 of the garment adjacent to the leg openings. Lines of stitching are then run along the edges l6 and ll of the arm or strap portions, the stitches extending through the front wall or section 3 of the garment; these two lines of stitching continuing from the two leg openings to the waist band, as indicated at l8 and Hi. The edges 20 and 2| of the straps or arms from their upper ends down to the opening or window covered by the ventilating piece 8 are also stitched to the front of the garment, as indicated by the lines of stitching 22 and 23.
It will thus be seen that not only does the supporter itself serve as a tension member hung from the waist band of the garment, but the more or less diagonal lines of stitching constitute further comparatively non-elastic connections between the crotch portion of the garment and the waist band.
If nothing further were done to the garment, it would contain a ventilated supporter, but the ventilatedsection in the latter would be covered by part 3 of the garment itself. In other words. the garment proper remains unventilated even though it contains a ventilated supporter. To remedy this, I cut away so much of the material in the front wall or section 3 of the garment as lies in front of the perforated member 8 and run a line of stitching 24 through the front wall of the garment andthe perforated member along the periphery of the latter. Thus, there remains only a single layer of material in the central lower portion of the front wall of the garment, and this material is of an open-work or perforated type.
It will be seen that when the garment is right side out, as in Fig. 1, no part of the reenforcing means or supporter, proper, is visible except a few neat lines of stitching, and the garment, when worn, presents a very neat appearance. At the same time the garment contains a sturdy, pouchlike supporter hung from the waist band and reenforcing the entire front of the garment against stretching in the vertical direction. However, although there is no break in the supporter, a large section thereof is sufliciently open to afford adequate ventilation which is lacking in the ordinary garment, which has a reenforcing lining in the front thereof. Furthermore, in the manufacture of the garment, the best practices in garmentmaking and supporter-making may be carried out; for the garment proper and the supporter may be manufactured independently of each other and be united by stitching along all of the edges of the supporter, from the Waist band at the top to and across the crotch; the ventilating section being either a part of the garment proper or straps are joined to ether one to the fact that the straps constitute the arms of a U-shaped ele ment. The crossing pointof the'members 30 and 3| is also somewhat lower down than the corresponding point in the first form. Theventilating section 32 notonly fills the space between those parts of the straps. corresponding to the lower ends of the arms orlegsil and III in the first form, but it extends clearly down to the seam 5 which joins together the front and'rear sections 3 and 2 at the crotch. In order that theseam 5 will not be visible from the front, the front section 3 of the garment is preferably made'suiliciently long so as to bring the same on the rear side of the garment, as shown in Fig. 5, Also, to cause the supporter shape'to be retained, the lower edge of the ventilating section 32 is preferably curved or convex, as indicated at 33 in Fig. 7; the sewing of this curved edge to the lower straight edge of the back section of the garment giving a pouchlike form to the ventilating section.
In this modified construction the element 3 I, 3| and 32 may of course be united in a preformed unit which is then stitched to the garment or to the front wall or section of the garment before the front and rear sections are united; or the assembling of the various parts of the garment proper and of the reenforcing and ventilating elements may be carried out in any other suitable or desired way. In the completed garment, however, the ventilating section may be regarded as forming a part of the front wall of the garment or of the support, or as being a section common to the support and the front wall of the garment.
While I have illustrated and described with particularity only a single preferred form of my invention as applied to a garment which is an undergarment of the trunk type, I do not desire to be limited to the exact structural details thus illustrated and described; but intend to cover all forms and arrangements which come within the definitions of my invention constituting the appended claims.
1. A supporter adapted to be stitched to the front of a garment designed to encase the lower part of a human body and extend from, the crotch to the waist comprising a main piece of flexible material of U-shape the arms of which are.
crossed between their ends, and a piece of flexible open-work material covering the opening embraced by the closed end of the U and the parts of the arms of the latter below the point of crossing and stitched at the margin to the main piece of material.
2. The combination with a garment adapted to sheathe the lower part. of the body of the wearer and having a crotch, of a reenfcrcing member comprising a U-shaped piece of fabric lying inside the front of the garment and extending upwardly from the crotch, the arms of the -U being crossed between the ends, said piece of fabric being stitched to the garment along the outer edges, and a piece of open-work material extending across and covering the opening in the U below the crossing point of the arms of the latter and stitched along its entire edge to the fabric of the U-shaped piece only.
3. The combination with a garment adapted to sheathe the lower-part of the body of the wearer and having a crotch, of a reenforcing member comprising a U-shaped piece of flexible material lying inside and stitched along the edges to the front wall of the garment and extending upwardly from the crotch, the arms of the U being crossed between their ends and producing with the closed end of the U an opening surrounded by the flexible material, the front wall of the garment being cut away to provide an opening registering with the opening in the reenforcing member, and a piece of open-work fabric extending across and forming a common cover for both of said openings.
4. A garment adapted to sheathe the lower part of the body of the wearer and having a crotch portion, a pair of strap-like reenforcing pieces secured along their edges in the form of an X to the front wall of the garment and extending from the crotch to the waist, and a ventilating piece set into the front wall of the garment and filling the angle between the reenforcing pieces below their point of crossing.
5. A garment adapted to sheathe the lower part of the body of the wearer and having a waist band, leg openings, and a crotch portion between the leg openings, a pair of strap-like reenforcing pieces secured along their edges in the form of an X to the front wall of the garment and extending from the crotch to the waist band, and a ventilating piece set into the front Wall of the garment and filling the angle between the reinforcing pieces below their point of crossing.
6. A garment adapted to sheathe the lower part of the body of the wearer and having a waist band, leg openings and a crotch piece between the leg openings; and a pair of strap-like reenforcing pieces secured along their edges in the form of an X to the front wall of garment and extending from the crotch at the leg openings to the waist band.
7. A garment adapted to sheathe the lower part of the body of the wearer and having leg openings separated by acrotch piece, and a pair of strap-like reenforcing pieces secured along their edges in the form of an X to the front wall of the garment and extending from the crotch at the leg openings to the waist.
HERMAN M. MCDONALD.