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Publication numberUS2114316 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 19, 1938
Filing dateJul 28, 1936
Priority dateJul 28, 1936
Publication numberUS 2114316 A, US 2114316A, US-A-2114316, US2114316 A, US2114316A
InventorsRandel Bo Folke
Original AssigneeRandel Bo Folke
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Heating and cooling apparatus
US 2114316 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

April 19, 1938.

I INVENTOR Q0 FoLKE RANDEL ATTORNEY B. F. RANDEL 1 2,114,316

HEATING AND COOLING APPARATUS Fild July 28, 1936 Patented Apr. 19, 1938 UNITED STATES PATENT o1=1=1c|-;

n'aarnvc AND COOLING APPARATUS Bo Folke Randel, San Diego, Calif.

Application July 28, 1936, Serial No. 93,017

4Claiins.

(Granted under the act of March 3, 1883, as

amended April 30, 1928; 370 O. G. 757) This invention relates to heating and cooling and the object is to devise a method of and an arrangement of apparatus which may be utilized for heating and cooling by the manipulation of 5 valves, either manually or automatically.

The several difl'erent parts are standard devices known and used-in the arts, and my in-' vention is ,a combined arrangement of such known parts ina' novel manner to carry out a 1o desired object. Such well known parts are a conventional heating boiler, radiators,- steam eiector, condenser andyacuum producer, miscellaneous floats and thermostatic valves, etc. Any

1 ing and cooling system constructed and operating in accordance with the invention. .To use the combined device for either heating or cooling will require the manipulation of one part only, the mixing valve 3. This mixing valve 3, which I will describe first; is. illustrated as a three-way cock so arranged that the-discharge end 3a is open at all positions while the inlet end is open to 3?; or 3c.or partly to both. Or, in other words, by turning cock 3, 3b mayopen to 3a. or 30 30 may be open to 30, and the cock may be manipulated so as to arrange certain proportions of 3b and 30 to open to la. It, therefore, hot water passes through 3b and cold water through 3c, we may have all hot or all cold through 3a, 5 or a mixture of both to give any desired temperature through 3a. The valve may be manually or automatically operated. It may be operated by outside temperature so as to furnish a desired temperature on the water passing to a 40 radiator to either heat or cool as required.

Other arrangement of mixing valves may be made, as for instance two ordinary valves controlled manually or automatically, either singly or in conjunction, so that one will close while 45 the other opens. Any such arrangement is included in my invention.

The mixing device has been described first for the reason that by manipulation of this device the entire system will operate either as a heating 50 device or as a cooling device. In the position of this mixing valve shown on drawing, the device will operate as a heating system, and I will describe the system first as such..

Boiler I generates hot water and steam which 55 former passes through pipe 2, opening 313 in mixing valve 3 and 3a in same valve, through pipe 4 into radiator or heating element 5. This radiator may be an individual radiator or several radiators r so-called unit heaters or any device which transfers heat to a space, substance or an object.

The power which forces this hot water from the boiler to the radiator originates in pump I0 driven by motor II. It is seen that pump ID will pull water from condenser-storage tank 28 through pipe 9 and deliver to high pressure cham- 10 ber I2. From this high pressure chamber, the water will flow in two directions, through nozzles 32 and 33 and pipe 34 backto condenser 28, and

- also through pipe I3, valve I4. to boiler I and thence as before described to radiator 5.

The pulling of water from condenser 28, some of .which will discharge into theboiler will lower float 8 in this condenser and open valve I permitting aflow from radiator through pipe 6.

.And the lowering of the water level in boiler I 4 should rise over a desired point. In starting the arrangement, boiler I would be filled so high that valve I [would be open.

- It is seen that pump 25 delivering water from i storage vessel 2 I, through pipes 24 and-26 will not be active, merely turning around in its casing.

Valve 22, made to be closed by an upward motion 30 of float 23;is closed when water coming from radiator 5 through'pipe 21 has accumulated in storage vessel 2|.

As stated before, boiler I generates steam which will-rise in pipe I6, bypass valve l I (openin up-diaphragm position) which ispperated by diaphragm l8 actuated by pressure or vacuum in flash chamber IS. The steam continues through steam ejectors 3B and 31, causing a high vacuum in flash chamber I9. As no wate enters into this flash chamber during heating operation, valve 22 being closed, a high vacuum will be produced and valve I1 is adjusted to close at a definite high vacuum, thus throttling or completely stopping inflow of steam through I6.

Nozzles 32 and 33 in vacuum producing chamber 35 will allow for an initial low pressure, these When the mixing valve 2 is reversed so as to have a passage from 30 to la. instead or from 311 to Sc, pump 25 comes into action, pulling water from storage vessel 2| through pipes 24, 28

- closed at valve 3, no hot water will be pulled out of boiler, which will cause an accumulation of water in condenser 28, where valve I is closed by float 8.

The combined action will cause an increase of vapor pressure in I 9 and then an opening of steam valve l1. The action in steam ejector I! will lower the pressure in i9 and cause evaporation of the water with absorption of heat. The water will be lowered in temperature and the ,water circulated by pump 25 will be cold water instead of hot water, which thus will cause cooling by radiator 5.

The steam passing through ejector 21, with the water vapors from 19, will be condensed by jet in chamber 35. When the temperature of the water in condenser 28 rises above a predetermined point, valve 3| controlled by thermostat 30, permits water from an outside source to pass through coil 29 in condenser 28 to absorb the heat in this steam and vapor. a I

It is thus seen that in this condition, the system acts as a cooling system but between these two extreme conditions, any desired condition may be obtained by the manipulation of mixing valve 3. If this valve is actuated by the outside temperature, it will be possible to obtain just the proper temperature on the water in radiator 5 as will maintain an even room temperature. Both hot and cold water will flow in their respective. pipes 2 and 26=to be mixed in correct proportions in valve 3.

I have mentioned water as medium as a means of illustration. However, any other medium may be used, as hydrocarbon liquids or other liquids and I include the use of every and all, either pure or solutions or mixtures in my invention.

The invention described herein may be manufactured and used by or for the Government of the United States of America for governmental purposes without the payment of any royalties thereon or therefor.

I claim:

1. A system of heating and cooling consisting of three interconnected circuits as follows: a first circuit for purposes of heatingincluding a boiler with liquid heating medium, liquid mixing means and communication means between said boiler and said mixing means, a radiator and communication means between said mixing means and said radiator, circulating pump means dium, circulating pump means and communication means between said vacuum chamber and said pump means, said second circuit also including the said mixing means and communication means between said pump means and said mixing means, the said radiator and said communication means between said mixing means and said radiator and communication means between said radiator and said high vacuum chamber; and a third circuit for purposes of creating a vacuum, including the said boiler in which the liquid heating means is partially vaporized, a vapor ejector in connection with the said high vacuum chamber and vapor communication means between said boiler and said vapor ejector, the vapor passing through said ejector creating the high vacuum in said high vacuum chamber, a low vacuum liquid condenser and communication means between said vapor ejector and said condenser, cooling means in connection with said condenser and communication means between said condenser and the said boiler to return condensate back to same, the said mixing means being operable to selectively control both of said first. and second circuits to obtain the desired degree of heating and cooling.

2. In a system for heating and cooling the combination of a temperature controlling element, a boiler for supplying said temperature controlling element with a heating fluid, an evaporator for supplying said temperature controlling eiement with a cooling fluid; an injector communicating-with said boiler for reducing the pressure in said evaporator; a valve controlled by the pressure in said'evaporator for controlling communication between said boiler and said injector; and a valve mechanism for establishing communication between said temperature con-- trolling element and said boiler, and for interrupting communication between said temperature controlling element and said evaporator when the system is employed for heating purposes, and for establishing communication between said temperature controlling element and said evaporator and for interrupting communication between said temperature controlling element and boiler, when the system is employed for cooling purposes.

3. In a system for heating and cooling the combination of a temperature controlling element, a boiler for supplying said temperature controlling element with a heating fluid, and an eva rator for supplying said temperature controlling element with a cooling fluid; a valve automatically controlled by the liquid level in said evaporator for controlling communication between said temperature controlling element and said evaporator; and a single two way valve for establishing communication between said temperature controlling element and said boiler, and for interrupting communication between said temperature controlling element and said evaporator when the system is employed for heating purposes, and for establishing communication between said temperature controlling element and said evaporator and for interrupting communication between said temperature controlling element and boiler, when the system is employed for cooling purposes.- Y

4. In a system for heating and cooling the combination of a temperature controlling element, a boiler for supplying said temperature controlling element with a heating fluid, and an evaporator for supplying said temperature controlling element with a cooling fluid; a valve mechanism for establishing communication between said temperature controlling element and said boiler, and for interrupting communication between said temperature controlling element and said evaporator when the system is employed for heating purposes, and for establishing communication between said temperature controlling element and said evaporator and for interrupting communication between said tempera.- ture controlling element and boiler, when the system is employed for cooling purposes; an injector communicably connected with said boiler for reducing the pressure within said evaporator to accelerate the rate of temperature reduction of said cooling fluid; a condenser for condensing the steam from said injector; and a second injector for increasing the pressure within said condenser.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3500897 *May 20, 1968Mar 17, 1970Bosch Hausgeraete GmbhAir temperature control system
US3837769 *Nov 20, 1972Sep 24, 1974Erlenbach HApparatus for the manufacture of molded articles of foam-forming thermoplastic synthetics
US5339645 *Jun 29, 1992Aug 23, 1994Israel SiegelSolar hot water cooling system
US6000235 *Dec 2, 1997Dec 14, 1999Gas Research InstituteAbsorption cooling and heating refrigeration system flow valve
Classifications
U.S. Classification165/62, 165/61, 62/268, 62/324.2
International ClassificationF24F5/00
Cooperative ClassificationF24F5/00
European ClassificationF24F5/00