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Publication numberUS2114896 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 19, 1938
Filing dateJul 1, 1936
Priority dateJul 1, 1936
Publication numberUS 2114896 A, US 2114896A, US-A-2114896, US2114896 A, US2114896A
InventorsRoy T Axe
Original AssigneeOm Edwards Co Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Window construction
US 2114896 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

April 19, 1938. AXE I WINDOW CONSTRUCTION Filed Jul 1, 1936 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 ATTORNEYS.

April 19, 1938. R, T. AXE

WINDOW CONSTRUCTION Filed July 1, 1936 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 g I ENTOR. BY

ATTORNEYS.

Patented Apr. 19, 1938 WINDOW CONSTRUCTION Roy T. Axe, Syracuse, N. Y., assignor to The 0. M.

Edwards Company Inc., Syracuse, N. Y., a corporation of New York Application July 1, 1936, Serial No. 88,441

11 Claims.

This invention relates to window structures, particularly for railway cars, buses, and the like, and has for its object a window frame construction by which the frame is readily mounted in the window opening and secured therein without fastening members or screws exposed on the inner or outer sides of the frame or the body in which the frame is mounted.

It further has for its object a means hereinafter pointed out for securing the frame of the window opening without exposed fastening members.

It further has for its object a window frame with rounding corners and slidable sash therein with rounding corners, the frame and the sashinterfitting at the margins of the sash, and means by which the sash can be demounted from the frame by sliding the sash out of the rounding corners onto a removable section of the frame into a position, whereby the sash and the removable section of the frame can be demounted or replaced as a unit.

It further has for its object a frame including a demountable section along one rail thereof, particularly between the rounding corners.

The invention consists in the novel features and in the combinations and constructions hereinafter set forth and claimed.

In describing this invention, reference is had w to the accompanying drawings in which like characters designate corresponding parts in all the views.

Figure 1 is a side elevation of a window structure embodying my invention, contiguous portion of the structural body in which the window is mounted being also shown. 1

Figure 2 is a sectional view on line 22, Figure 1.

Figure 3 is an'enlargedsectional view on line 3-3, Figure 1..

Figure 4 is an enlarged fragmentary isometric view of the window frame, the removable portion being shown as demounted.

The car body or structural body provided with a window opening may be of any suitable form,

size and construction. It includes generally upper and lower rails I, 2, posts 3 and outer and inner facing sheets 4, 5. The rails I, 2 and posts 3 are, in the illustrated embodiment of my (Cl. l8964) bottom 8 toward the inner faces of the posts3 and rails I, 2.

9 and I designate the outer and inner side flanges of the channel. The frame is also formed with an external circumferential flange H on the outer side thereof, which laps the car body around the window opening or laps the margin of the sheeting 4. A suitable gasket I2 is interposed between the flange and the margin of. the sheeting 4. The frame is usually formed of extruded metal and bent into rectangular form with rounding corners. The frame may be of one piece or a plurality of pieces welded together. It

is preferably of two pieces, one of which extends along the bottom rail 2 and includes a removable section between the lower rounding corners, as will be hereinafter explained. The bottom 8 of the frame 7 constitutes a portion which telescopes into the window opening and a circumferential flange I l forms a facing for the margin of one lateral side wall of the car body around the window opening.

It and I designate sashes slidably mounted in the frame.

r In the window here shown, these sashes are shown as slidable horizontally in the frame, and when entirely closed, the outer stile i8 of one sash laps the corresponding stile I! of the other sash midway between the ends of the frame, as seen in Figure 2. The sashes H, l5 are also here illustrated as provided with rounding corners for conforming respectively. with the rounding corners at the opposite ends of the frame I. The frame I and the sash are formed with interfitting parts, as ribs and grooves, the frame 1 being formed with ribs l8 and I9 which also extend around the rounding cprners from the bottom 8 of the channel. The sash, as best seen in Figure 3, are formed with grooves 20 for receiving the rib I'B or l9,the rib- I8 entering the groove of the sash I4 and the rib l9 coacting with the groove of the sash l5, and the grooves or channels of the sash being provided with a fibrous U-shaped lining 2| for receiving the rib and holding the sash and the frame from out of metal-to-metal contact.

The frame is held in the window opening by fastening members exposed or accessible from the bottom 8 of the channel of the window frame I, so that no fastening members or screw heads are exposed on the inner and outer sides of the window structure.

The frame is located in the window opening by having a head 24 having flanges lapping the outer face of the side flange it! of the channel of the frame 7 and the outer face of the sheeting 5. The fastening members or screws 25 extend through the bottom 8 of the channel, the leg 23 and into the post 3, the heads of the screws being exposed on the bottom 8 of the channel. The leg or strip 23 of the member 22 constitutes a portion telescoping into the window opening and lapping the telescoping portion or the bottom 8 of the frame member 1, and the head 24 of the member 22 serves as a flange lapping the margin of the lateral side wall of the car body around the window opening, opposite to the side lapped by the flange ll of the frame member i and forms a facing therefor. The fastening screws extend through the lapping portions. Thus, the parts are assembled by telescoping the members 1 and 22 into the window opening and finally fastening them together with the fastening screws. Usually, in assembling, the telescoping portion or bottom 8 of the frame member 7' is formed with screw holes and when the two members I and 22 are brought into proper position, the holes in the lapping portion or strip 23 of the member 22 are marked through the holes in the bottom 8 and then bored out for receiving the screws.

The member 22 may be in the form of a rectangular frame with rounding corners or may be made up of sections. It is preferably a single unit in the form of a rectangular frame.

The frame I and the retaining member 22 constitute sections of a complete window frame, the bodies of which telescope, one in the other, within the window opening, which sections are insertable in the window opening from opposite sides of the opening with the bodies or telescoping portions lying flatwise, one on the other, and secured together by screws passing throughthem.

The bottom rail of the window includes a removable section 26 located between the rounding corners. This section 26 is angular in cross section and formed with an external flange H forming a continuation of the flange H and also with ribs i9 and l8 forming continuations of the ribs l9, IS. The ribs I9, l8 extend into the grooves in the lower rails of the sashes. The section 26 overlies a base strip 21 angular in cross section and having a flange 28 along its outer edge alined with the flange III. The base strip extends under the bottom of the channel at the rounding corners and is secured to the bottom of the channel, as by welding. The abutting ends of the flanges l0 are also welded together. The leg 23 of the retaining member 22 extends between the removable section 26 and the base strip 21. The section 26 is secured in position by screws 29 extending therethrough through openings 30 in the strip 21 and through the interposed leg 23 and into the body structure. The gasket l2 extends between the flanges H and the sheeting 4 over the bottom rail 2.

In operation, the sashes are moved to lap each other sufficiently so that their over-all length is less than that of the removable section 26. The removable section 21 placed with the ribs I9 l8 in the grooves of the bottom rails of the sashes N, l 5. Then while the sash is tilted, the grooves on the upper rail thereof are interfitted with the portions of the ribs I 9, 18 on the upper rail of the frame. Then the sash, with the removable strip 26 swung inwardly, as a unit, between ribs IS l8 into alinement with the ribs l8, l9 and the screws 29 applied. To remove the sash, the reverse of this movement takes place.

By this construction, a rectangular sash with rounding corners is provided which interfits throughout the circumference of the sash leaving no cracks or crevices and also the sash can be readily demounted for re-glazing or for repairing. Furthermore, the frame construction consists of a few parts, as the channel 1, removable section 26, retaining member 22 and the screws, which screws are hidden or not exposed.

What I claim is:

1. In a window construction, the combination with a body formed with a rectangular window opening, of a rectangular frame mounted in the opening and formed with rounding corners, the frame being channel-shaped in cross section with the channel facing inwardly and with a circumferential external flange lapping the body around the window opening at one side of the frame, sashes slidably mounted in the frame and having rounding corners conforming to the rounding corners of the frame, the sashes and the frame including the rounding corners, being formed with interfitting ribs and grooves, a retaining member extending entirely around the window frame, and including a leg portion interposed between the frame and the wall of the window opening and a head portion having flanges lapping the body structure around the window opening and the window frame on the side of the structure opposite that on which the first-mentioned flange is located, and fastening members extending through the bottom of the channel of the window frame, the leg member and into the body.

2. In a window construction, the combination with a body formed with a rectangular window opening, of a rectangular window frame mounted in the opening formed with rounding corners. sashes slidably mounted in the frame and having rounding corners fitting the rounding corners of the frame, the sashes and the frame, including the rounding corners, being formed with interfitting ribs and grooves, the portion of the frame along one rail thereof between the rounding corners at the ends of the rail and the interfitting parts thereon being removable as a unit, whereby when the sashes are moved out of engagement with the rounding corners within the ends of the removable portion the sashes and the removable portion are demountable, as a unit, from the frame.

3. In a window construction, the combination with a body formed with a rectangular window opening, of a rectangular window frame mounted in the opening and formed with rounding corners, sashes slidable in the frameand having rounding corners fitting the rounding corners of the frame, the sashes and the frame, including the rounding corners, being formed with interfitting ribs and grooves, the frame including a removable section located between two of the rounding corners and along which both of the sashes are slidable, said section having parts interfitting with the sash and' forming continuations of the interfitting parts at the rounding corners. I

4. In a window construction, the combination with a body formed with a rectangular window opening, of a rectangular window frame mounted in the opening and formed with rounding corners,

sashes slidably mounted in the frame and having rounding corners fitting the rounding corners of the frame, the sashes and the frame, including the rounding comers, being formed with interfitting means, the frame including a base strip extending. between two of the rounding corners and a removable sectionoverlying the base strip and along which both sashes are slidable, the removable section having means for interfitting with the sash, forming continuations of the interfitting means at the rounding comers.

5. In a window construction, the combination with a body formed with a window opening, of a window frame mounted in the opening, sash means mounted in the frame, the sash means and'the frame being formed with interfitting parts, the frame having an external flange lapping one'side of the body around the window opening, and the frame including a removable section between two of the corners of the frame, said section being formed with the parts thereof interfitting with the sash, forming continuations of the interfitting parts of the remainder of the frame and said section having an outwardly extending flange forming a continuation of the former flange.

6. In a window construction, the combination with a body formed with a window opening, of a window frame mounted in the opening,v sash means mounted in the frame, the sashmeans and the frame being formed with interfitting.

parts, the frame having an external flange lapping, one side of the body around the window opening, and the frame including a removable section between two of the corners of the frame, said section being formed with the parts thereof interfitting with the sash, forming continuations of the interfitting parts of the remainder of the frame and said section having an outwardly extending flange forming a continuation of the former flange, and fastening members extending through the frame into the body in a direction edgewise of the sash.

7. In a window construction, the combination with a body formed with a window opening, of a window frame fitting in the opening and having an external circumferential flange lapping a face of the body around the window opening, a retaining member encircling the frame, and extending between the frame and the edge wall of the window opening around the frame, the retaining member having a head at its outer edge lapping the side of the frame and the face of the body opposite to that on which the former flange is located, a sash in the frame, the portion of the frame fitting into the opening being a flange and being provided with means directly thereon for receiving the sash, and fastening members extending through the frame, the retaining member and into the body in a direction edgewise of the sash.

8. In a window construction, the combination with a body formed with a window opening, of a window frame fitting in the opening and having an external circumferential flange lapping the inner face of the body around the opening, a retaining member encircling the frame, and extending between the frame and the edge wall of the window opening around the frame, the retaining member having a head atits outer edge lapping the side of the frame and the side of the body opposite to that on which the former flange is located, a sash in the frame and fastening members extending through the frame, the re-, taining member and into the body in a direction edgewise of the sash, the frame andthe sash having interfitting tongue and groove means at the edges of the sash.

, 9. In a window construction, the combination with a body formed with a rectangular window opening, of a rectangular window frame mounted in the opening and formed with rounding comers,

a pair of sashes slidably mounted in the frame and having rounding corners fitting the rounding corners of the frame, the sash and the frame, including the rounding corners, being formed with interfitting ribs and grooves, respectively, the frame being channel-shaped in cross section with the channel facing inwardly and the frame being formed with an external circumferential flange lapping one side of the body around the window opening, the frame also including a strip along one rail thereof between the rounding corners, said portion being common .to both sashes and having a flange forming a continuation of one of the side flanges of the channel, and a removable section on said strip and having a flange forming a continuation of said external flange of the frame and also being formed with ribs for interfitting with the sash and forming continuations of the ribs at the rounding corners, a retaining member encircling the frame and extending between the bottom of the channel and the body and between said strip and the body and having flanges overlapping the side flange of the channel and the face of the body opposite to that on which the first-mentioned flange is located and fastening members extending through the bottom of the channel and into thebody and the interposed retaining strip and. the body and through the removable section, the base strip and interposed retaining member and the body.

10. In a window construction, the combination with a body formed with a window opening, of a window frame having a portion telescoping into the opening and a circumferential flange at an angle to the telescoping portion and lapping one lateral side face of the body around the opening, a member having a portion complemental to the former frame portion and telescoping into the opening from the opposite side of the opening from that on which the frame is mounted and also lapping and lying flatwise on the telescoping portion. of the frame, said member having an angular marginal flange lapping the other laterall side of the body around the window opening, the outermost lapping portion being provided with means directly thereon for receiving a sash, and fastening members extending through the telescoping and lapping portions of the frame and said member and extending in a direction edgewise of the sash.

11. In a window construction, the combination with a body formed with a window opening; of a window frame including opposite sections, each having a body portion telescoping into the opening, the body portion telescoping into the opening and a circumferential flange at an angle to edgewise of the sash and located in the plane of.

the sash.

ROY 'I. AXE.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2494161 *Dec 3, 1947Jan 10, 1950Daniel D BlackmanWindow construction
US2504879 *Jan 24, 1946Apr 18, 1950Hazard E ReevesPortable crib
US2511341 *Oct 11, 1945Jun 13, 1950Oscar H JohnsonWindow construction
US2572124 *Jun 14, 1946Oct 23, 1951Gen Motors CorpWindow construction
US2683926 *Sep 6, 1951Jul 20, 1954Haskelite Mfg CorpMethod of fabricating window panels
US2685110 *Apr 1, 1950Aug 3, 1954Gen Bronze CorpSliding window construction
US2735714 *Dec 18, 1952Feb 21, 1956 Vehicles
US2869187 *May 13, 1953Jan 20, 1959Liebman LouisSliding type window construction
US3031223 *Oct 20, 1958Apr 24, 1962Gen Motors CorpVehicle body with forward sliding windshield and side window structure
US3191987 *Mar 18, 1964Jun 29, 1965Dodge Robert WReinforced cab construction with adjustable closure panel arrangement
US3808742 *Sep 20, 1972May 7, 1974Adams & Westlake CoWindow
Classifications
U.S. Classification49/456, 29/455.1, D12/183, D25/48.7
International ClassificationB61D25/00
Cooperative ClassificationB61D25/00
European ClassificationB61D25/00