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Publication numberUS2116351 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 3, 1938
Filing dateSep 11, 1936
Priority dateSep 11, 1936
Publication numberUS 2116351 A, US 2116351A, US-A-2116351, US2116351 A, US2116351A
InventorsErnest B Jones, William M Clark
Original AssigneeNat Fireworks Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Snow plow
US 2116351 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

May 3, 1938. E.-\B. JONES ET AL.

SNOWPLOW 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed Sept. 11, 1936 is is 37 lnvenT o fs. ErnesT B, Jones AITyS.

May 3, 1938.

' E.- B. JONES ET AL.

SNOW PLOW Filed Sept. 11, 1936 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 lnvenTors. ErnesT Bdo mes William M. CIQrK aw; MIW ATTys.

Patented May 3, 1938 SNOW PLOW Ernest B. Jones, South Weymouth, and William l e ll. Clark, West Hanover, Mass, assignors to National Fireworks, Inc., West Hanover, Mass, a corporation of Massachusetts Application September 11, 1936, Serial No. 100,262

12 (Jlairns.

This invention relates to improvements in snow plows and the principal object of the invention is to provid'e a snow plow which will be more efficient in operation and will require less power of propulsion than snow plows of like capacity heretofore constructed.

More specifically the invention comprises a snow plow having a flat base provided with a sectional cutting blade, the sections of which are yieldably mounted upon said base and movable yieldably in parallelism therewith upon engagement with an obstruction, thereby enabling the section so engaged either to pass over the obstruction or by its yielding movement to permit the weight of material imposed upon the obstruction to be lifted so that the blade will either displace, cut through the obstruction, or pass over it.

Show plows as heretofore constructed have either been provided with a rigid scraping 0r plowing edge, or with sectional blades or plows pivotally connected to the front edge of the mold board in such manner that when a scraper section encountered an obstruction it would swing beneath the body of the plow, thus raising it until it had passed over the obstruction and thereupon be brought back into normal position by a spring or springs.

The present invention differs from prior constructions in that the plow is provided with true cutting blades which slice through accumulations of snow or ice and when an obstruction is encountered are forced backwardly temporarily while the forward movement of the plow lifts the weight upon the obstruction and permits the obstruction to be displaced, cut through, or to pass beneath the blade section.

A further object of the invention is to provide means for supporting the plow in such position that the cutting blade will be maintained normally in parallelism with and in proximity to the surface of the road, in combination with means for permitting yielding movement of the blade as aforesaid.

A further object of the invention is to provide novel means for lifting the snow plow away from the road surface to any desired height and which lifting means is controlled conveniently by the operator driving the motor vehicle to which the snow plow is attached.

A further object of the invention is to provide novel mechanism operable by yielding blade sec tions to lift the cutting edge .of the snow plow when an obstruction is encountered by said yielding blade section.

These and other objects and features of the invention will more fully appear from the following description and the accompanying drawings and will be particularly pointed out in the claims.

A preferred embodiment of the invention is illustrated in the drawings, in which,

Fig. 1 is a plan View of a snow plow adapted to be attached to the front end of a motor vehicle, the term motor vehicle being employed to define any kind of a propelling mechanism, such as a motor truck, an automobile, a tractor, or the like;

Fig. 2 is a side elevation of the construction illustrated in Fig. 1;

Fig. 3 is a vertical detail sectional view on lines 3-3 Fig. 1, illustrating the manner in which the yielding blade is slidably mounted between the base and the mold board, and a spring housing and spring maintaining the cutting blade in normal cutting position;

Fig. 4 is a fragmentary detail view showing the different form of spring mechanism for holding the cutting blade section in normal position;

Fig. 5 is a vertical sectional view illustrating a different form of yieldable mechanism for maintaining the cutting blade in normal position, but which upon the yielding movement of a blade section when an obstruction in encountered raises the front end of the plow to enable it to pass over the obstruction; and,

Fig. 6 is a sectional view of the supporting frame on lines 6-6Fig. 1, viewed from the left toward the right.

The snow plow embodying a preferred form of the invention illustrated in the drawings comprises a base I preferably in the form of a flat steel plate which is so mounted upon the frame, to be hereinafter described, as to be slightly inclined to the road surface, and which has an upwardly offset front edge portion 2 lying in a plane substantially parallel to the plane of the base plate I. A mold board 3, preferably of the usual concavedly curved type, is secured to the base plate I in such manner that its forward edge is coincident with the forward edge of the base plate. Desirably a wedge-shaped filler 4 having a concaved upper surface complementary to the front portion of the mold board is interposed between the mold board and the front portion of the base plate in substantially tangential relation to the lower edge portion of the concavedly curved mold board, but is separated therefrom by spacing collars 5 through which bolts 6 extend and serve to clamp the base plate, the filler and the mold board firmly together.

The plow thus constructed is provided with a cutting blade formed of like sections I each of which is provided with parallel slots 8 which slidably fit upon the collars 5 which surround the bolts 6. Desirably each of the cutting blade sections is provided with at least two of such slots which in cooperation with the collars 5 form guides for the cutting blade. Yieldable means are provided for maintaining the cutting blades in normally extended position so that the collars 5 engage the rear ends of the slots, as illustrated in Figs. 1 and 3.

Desirably the base plate I is in the general form of a parallelogram which retreats from a leading acute angle 9 and the sections of the blades are in the form of parallelograms having front and rear edges parallel to the front edge of the base plate and extending therebeyond and closely abutting ends in parallelism with the forward side edge ID of the base plate I, thereby presenting blades which, when the plow is moved forward, will produce a shearing out upon the snow, ice or material being displaced.

Any suitable means may be provided for maintaining the cutting blades in forwardly extended position. In the preferred construction illus trated in Figs. 1 and 3 tubular spring housings II are rigidly secured to the upper face of the base plate I preferably by angle irons I2 and I3 engaging the sides of the tubular housing II and welded to the housing and to the base plate I. The rear end of each housing II is closed by a plug I4 or like device which may be held in place by a pin I5 extending through the housing and plug. A coiled spring I 6 is mounted in the housing and abuts at its rear end against the plug I4 and at its front end against a plunger I! having a cross plate or fin I8 slidably mounted in diametrically opposite slots I9 in the tubular housing I I. The plate or fin I8 abuts against an extension In: of the blade section, the rear end of said extension being at right angles to the axis of the spring housing, thereby enabling pressure to be applied by the spring in the direction of the longitudinal axis of the slot 8. By reason of this construction any blade section which engages an obstruction during the forward movement of the plow may be forced back in parallelism with the base plate I, so that its edge will be raised upwardly relatively to the road surface, thereby applying to the obstruction a force tending to lift it upwardly and also a force tending to move it sidewise by virtue of the inclination of the edge of the blade relatively to the direction of movement of the plow. This yielding movement of the blade also enables the blade section and mold board to lift the material superimposed upon the obstruction so that the obstruction may be moved, out through or passed over by the yielding blade section.

An alternative form of spring mechanism for maintaining the blade section in normal position, while permitting it to yield in parallelism with the base plate upon engagement with an obstruction, is illustrated in Fig. 4. In this construction the blade section I is mounted in the manner heretofore described and illustrated in Fig. 3, but is held in extended position by a leaf spring 26 mounted centrally in a suitable bracket 20a: riveted or welded to the base plate I. The ends of the long leaf of the leaf spring engage the rear edge of the blade I and normally hold it in extended position, but permit the blade to yield in the manner heretofore described when an obstruction is encountered.

Desirably the mold board is provided at suitable intervals with reenforcing means, such as angle irons 2| complementary to the rear face of the mold board and secured thereto preferably by welding. The structure desirably is further strengthened by struts in the form of plates 22, the upper ends of which are secured to the rear wardly projecting flanges of the ribs ZI and the lower ends preferably secured to the base plate I by welding.

The plow structure thus assembled is supported upon a suitable frame which is adapted to be attached to the chassis of a motor vehicle. In the preferred construction the frame comprises a pair of structural bars, preferably channel bars 22 and 24, the front ends of which are secured by irons 25 and 26 to the base plate I. The rear ends of said channel bars desirably have wider plates 27 and 28 secured to them and extending upwardly above them, the plates 2'? and 28 being connected by a shouldered bolt 29. The plates 21 and 28 are adapted to be mounted upon a rod or bolt 30 which is mounted in brackets 3% seoured to the front axle 32 of the motor vehicle which is conventionally illustrated in dotted lines in Fig. 2.

The cross girder 33 connects the channel bars 23 and 24 together in proximity to the connection 26 between the channel bar 2 3 and the base plate 2|. The channel bars 23 and 2a are provided respectively with brackets 34 and 35 in which are journaled the stems of casters 36 and 31. The casters and their supports are of such height that they will, in cooperation with the pivotal connection of the channel bars and 24 with the axle of the motor vehicle, maintain the cutting blade normally in close proximity to the surface of the road, so that as the snow plow is moved forwardly the lades will shear the snow and ice closely to the road surface and as the snow plow is moved forwardly will cause the accumulated mass to ride upwardly and rearwardly on the mold board, so that the latter will deliver it at the side of the road.

The cutting blade sections 1 are so constructed that their cutting edges 38 will lie in the plane of the flat upper surface of the blade and the beveled surface 39 of the edge will be in approximate parallelism with the surface of the road. By reason of this construction such engagement as may occur between the cutting blade and the road surface will serve to sharpen rather than dull the cutting edge of the blade section.

The frame desirably is provided with suitable braces, such for example as a brace 40 of structural iron having a bent end portion 4| preferably seoured by welding to the base I and forward end strut 22 and welded at its opposite end to the channel bar 23, and a brace 42 connected and welded to the channel bar 24 and having a laterally bent end 43 welded to the base I and to the last strut 22x which connects the mold board to the base plate I, with braces 40a: and 42x interposed between the channel bars 23 and 24.

Means are also provided for lifting the plow away from the road surface to any desired height thereby enabling the plow to cut through the snow and ice at a somewhat higher level than that normally accomplished when the plow is supported upon the casters 36 and 31, or to be raised to a greater height when the plow is to be transported from one place to another.

In the preferred construction illustrated herein a supplementary lifting frame 44 is pivotally connected at its front end to brackets 45 and 46' which are fixedly secured to the base plate l or to a suitable frame member. The axle 41 of a wheel 58, which is journaled in the wheel frame 44, is adapted to rest upon the road surface. The rear end of the lifting frame 44- is connected by links 49 to parallel members 59 of an actuating lever which is fulcrumed upon suitable brackets 5! secured to and extending upwardly from the cross girder 33 of the frame.

Any suitable means may be provided for operating the actuating lever 50. In the preferred construction illustrated the rear end of the members of the actuating lever 50, which converge together and are provided with an eye 52, are operated through a chain 53 which extends upwardly over a suitable winch 54 which may be mounted in the front portion of the motor driven vehicle and rotated in any suitable manner.

In the preferred construction the shaft of the winch 54 is provided with a worm gear 55 which is actuated by a worm 56 having a shaft 51 provided with a wheel 58 which is located in a convenient position to be operated by the driver of the motor driven vehicle.

In the operation of the snow plow elevating mechanism the shaft 41 of the wheel 49 serves as a fulcrum for the wheel frame 44, so that as the winch is operated to raise the rear end of the actuating lever 59 the links 49 will be depressed, thereby forcing down the end of the lifting frame to which the links 49 are connected and consequently raising the forward end of the wheel frame and the base plate to which it is pivoted. By reason of the leverage provided by this compound lever mechanism and the winch, the plow can be readily raised bodily from its normal position with respect to the road surface as the plow will be'swung upwardly about its pivotal connection 39 to the brackets upon the front axle of the vehicle.

A modified embodiment of the invention is illustrated in Fig. 5 in which the yielding movement of one or more of the sections of the blades upon encountering an obstruction will raise the front end of the plow and its cutters relatively to the road surface. In this construction slots 59 are provided in the base plate I of sufilcient width to permit the passage of a lifting wheel 6!! and its bracket through the slot. The wheel is provided with a forked bracket 6| an extension 62 of which is pivotally mounted upon a shaft 63 in a bracket 64 which is welded to the base plate i. The extension 62 of the wheel bracket iii projects upwardly and is provided with a fiat forward face 65 normally engaging the rear edge of the cutting blade section I which is slidably mounted between the offset forward portion of the base plate I and the mold board in the manner above described. When the cutting blade section engages an obstruction it will be forced rearwardly so that its rear edge, acting upon the vertical face 65 of the extension 62, will force the same rearwardly, thereby causing the wheel-supported bracket to act as a lever having as a fulcrum the shaft 65 and acting through the pivotal connection 63 to the base plate to lift the plow sufficiently to displace the obstruction, or cut through or pass over it.

By reason of the construction above described a snow plow is provided in which the blade sections have a true cutting action as distinguished from a scraping action. As a consequence, the snow plow may be propelled forwardly by a motor vehicle with less consumption of power than is possible with snow plows of other constructions. By reason of the yieldability of the blades in parallelism with the base plate of the plow, the plow will more easily displace, cut through or pass over obstructions than is possible in usual types of' snow plows, thus avoiding to a very great measure the stopping of the plow by reason of obstructions upon the road surface. The adjustment of the plow relatively to the road surface enables it to be conveniently operated over surfaces which have thick accumulations of ice or hard-packed snow, and also enables the snow plow to be transported from place to place without engagement of the blades with the road surface. The mechanism is such that the plow can be conveniently raised and lowered with a minimum effort upon the operator and by reason of the worm and worm gear construction the plow may be set at any desired height without the provision of any special locking mechanism for retaining it in adjusted position.

It will be understood that the particular embodiment of the invention shown and described herein is of an illustrative character and is not restrictive, and that various changes may be made in construction and arrangement of parts within the spirit and scope of the following claims.

Having thus described the invention, what is claimed as new, and desired to be secured by Letters Patent, is:

l. A snow plow comprising a base, a concavedly curved mold board fixedly mounted thereon, a cutting blade formed in sections each of which is yieldably mounted upon said base 'in substantially tangential relation to the curve at the low er end of the mold beard and movable in parallelism with said base upon engagement of the blade section with an obstruction, a supporting frame rigidly secured to said base, and means for connecting said frame to a motor vehicle.

2. A snow plow comprising a base, a concavedly curved mold board fixedly mounted thereon, a cutting blade formed in sections each of which is yieldably mounted upon said base in substantially tangential relation to the curve at the lower end of the mold board and movable in parallelism with said base upon engagement of the blade section with an obstruction, a supporting frame rigidly secured to said base, means pivotally connecting the rear end of said frame to a motor vehicle, and casters on said frame acting in cooperation with said pivotal connection normaliy to maintain said cutting blade in close proximity to the road surface.

3. A snow plow comprising a base, a concavedly curved mold board fixedly mounted thereon, a cutting blade formed in sections each of which is yieldably mounted upon said base in substantially tangential relation to the curve at the lower end of the mold board and movable in parallelism with said case upon engagement of the blade section with an obstruction, a supporting frame rigidly secured to said base, means pivotally connecting said frame to a motor vehicle, casters on said frame acting in cooperation with said pivotal connection normally to maintain said cutting blade in close proximity to the road surface, a supplementary lifting frame pivotally mounted on said main frame and having groundengaging wheels and manually operable means for adjusting said lifting frame thereby to adjust the cutting blade relatively to the road surface.

4. A snow plow comprising a frame having a fiat base plate slightly inclined to the road surface, a convexedly curved mold board rigidly mounted upon said frame and base plate, a flat cutting blade formed in sections each slidably mounted between the front edge of said mold board and said base plate and extending forwar'dly in substantially tangential relation to the curve of the lower end of said mold board and movable in parallelism with said base plate, and yieldable means mounted on said base plate engaging each blade section and normally holding the same in forwardly extended position.

5. A snow plow comprising a frame having a flat base plate slightly inclined to the road surface, a convexedly curved mold board rigidly mounted upon said base plate, a fiat cutting blade formed in sections each having its cutting edge in the plane of the upper surface of said blade and beveled from said edge in substantial parallelism with the road surface, each of said sections being slidably mounted between the front edge of said mold board and said base plate and extending forwardly in substantially tangential relation to the curve of the lower end of said mold board and movable in parallelism with said base plate, and yieldable means mounted on said base plate engaging each blade section and normally holding the same in forwardly extended position.

6. A snow plow comprising a flat base plate slightly inclined to the road surface having an offset front portion, a mold board mounted upon said front portion with a filler therebetween, struts connected to said mold board and said plate, a flat cutting blade formed in sections each slidably mounted between said filler and the offset portion of said base plate, and yieldable means mounted upon said base plate engaging the rear edge of each blade section normally holding said section in forwardly extended position.

'7. A snow plow comprising a flat base plate slightly inclined to the road surface having an offset front portion, a mold board mounted upon said front portion with a filler therebetween, struts connected to said mold board and said plate, a flat cutting blade formed in sections each slidably mounted between said filler and the offset portion of said base plate, and spring housings mounted upon said base plate containing coiled springs engaging the rear edge of each blade section normally holding said section in forwardly extended position.

8. A snow plow comprising a fiat base plate in the form of a parallelogram and inclined slightly upwardly from the horizontal plane of a front edge which retreats from a leading acute angle, a mold board mounted on said base plate with its front edge substantially coincident with the front edge of said base plate, a sectional cutting blade comprising a series of flat blades of parallelogram form slidably mounted between adjacent front edges of said mold board and said base and movable in substantial parallelism with said base, and yieldable means normally holding said blade sections in extended position.

9. A snow plow comprising a flat base plate in the form of a parallelogram and inclined slightly upwardly from the horizontal plane of a front edge which retreats from a leading acute angle, a mold board mounted on said base plate with its front edge substantially coincident with the front edge of said base plate, re-enforcing ribs secured to said mold board at predetermined intervals, bracing struts connecting said ribs to said base plate, a sectional cutting blade comprising a series of fiat blades of parallelogram form slidably mounted between adjacent front edges of said mold board and said base and movable in substantial parallelism with said base, and yieldable means normally holding said blade sections in extended position.

10. A snow plow comprising a base plate slightly inclined to the road surface, a cutting blade formed in sections each of which is yieldably mounted upon said base plate and movable 1n parallelism therewith, a mold board, a supporting frame rigidly secured to said base plate and extending rearwardly therefrom, means pivotally connecting said frame to the chassis of a motor vehicle, a lifting frame pivotally mounted at one end upon said supporting frame and fulcrumed upon the axis of a lifting wheel which engages the road surface, and means for depressing the other end of said lifting frame thereby to raise the plow from its normal position relatively to the road surface.

11. A snow plow comprising a base plate slightly inclined to the road surface, a cutting blade formed in sections each of which is yieldably mounted upon said base plate and movable in parallelism therewith, a mold board, a supporting frame rigidly secured to said base and extending rearwardly therefrom, means pivotally connecting said frame to the chassis of a motor vehicle, a lifting frame pivotally mounted at its forward end upon said supporting frame and fulcrumed upon the axis of a lifting wheel which engages the road surface, an actuating lever fulcrumed upon said frame, a link connecting the forward end of said actuating lever to the rear end of said lifting frame, and means for manipulating said actuating lever to cause the lifting frame to raise or lower said snow plow.

12. A snow plow comprising a base plate slightly inclined to the road surface, a cutting blade formed in sections each of which is yieldably mounted upon said base plate and movable in parallelism therewith, a mold board, a supporting frame rigidly secured to said base and extending rearwardly therefrom, means pivotally connecting said frame to the chassis of a motor vehicle, a lifting lever pivotally mounted upon said base frame and fulcrumed upon the axis of a lifting wheel which engages the road surface, an actuating lever fulcrumed upon said frame, a link connecting the forward end of said actuating lever to said lifting lever, a chain connected to the rear end of said actuating lever and to a windlass mounted upon said motor vehicle, a worm gearing for actuating said Windlass, and a manually operable wheel connected to the worm of said worm gear.

ERNEST B. JONES. WILLIAM M. CLARK.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2417560 *May 3, 1945Mar 18, 1947Int Harvester CoTractor loading attachment
US2440765 *Dec 29, 1945May 4, 1948Acton Russel DTractor-mounted power loader
US2453943 *Mar 18, 1946Nov 16, 1948Stanley SmithTruck loading means
US2598944 *Apr 26, 1948Jun 3, 1952Deere & CoTractor mounted sweep rake
US2695465 *Dec 14, 1948Nov 30, 1954Dominion Road Machinery Co LtdSnowplow
US2794273 *Jun 22, 1953Jun 4, 1957Bomford & Evershed LtdAttachments for vehicles for traversing heaped up material along the ground
US2877573 *Oct 27, 1954Mar 17, 1959Frink Sno Plows IncTripping devices for snow plows
US2962821 *Nov 3, 1958Dec 6, 1960Josef PeitlSnow plow
US3309798 *Sep 13, 1963Mar 21, 1967Doe CorpSnow melter
US3545109 *Dec 18, 1967Dec 8, 1970Boschung Fa MAttachment for removing wet snow and slush,for detachable coupling to a raisable and lowerable snow plow
US4669205 *Jan 24, 1986Jun 2, 1987Smathers James ASegmented snow plow apparatus
US5410825 *Oct 25, 1993May 2, 1995Perrelli; Michael J.Self-propelled snowthrower
US5848654 *Jul 1, 1996Dec 15, 1998Belcher, Jr.; CliffFor a material moving device
US6178669Feb 3, 1999Jan 30, 2001Blizzard CorporationPlow hitch assembly for vehicles
US6276076Nov 3, 2000Aug 21, 2001Blizzard CorporationPlow hitch assembly for vehicles
US6393737 *Jul 11, 2001May 28, 2002Blizzard CorporationPlow support assembly
US6615513Mar 15, 2002Sep 9, 2003Blizzard CorporationDraw latch assembly for mounting a plow to a vehicle
US7730643May 23, 2006Jun 8, 2010Cives CorporationTwo-stage snow plow
US7908775May 10, 2010Mar 22, 2011Cives CorporationTwo-stage snow plow
US7975408May 7, 2010Jul 12, 2011Cives CorporationSnow plow and method of plowing snow
Classifications
U.S. Classification37/233, 37/279, 37/906, 37/270
International ClassificationE01H5/06
Cooperative ClassificationY10S37/906, E01H5/062, E01H5/066
European ClassificationE01H5/06B2, E01H5/06D2