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Publication numberUS2117195 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 10, 1938
Filing dateFeb 5, 1937
Priority dateFeb 5, 1937
Publication numberUS 2117195 A, US 2117195A, US-A-2117195, US2117195 A, US2117195A
InventorsMckerlie George F
Original AssigneeKirsch Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Venetian blind tilting mechanism
US 2117195 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

May 10, 1938.

G. F. MQKERLIE 2,117,195

VENETIAN BLIND TILTING MECHANISM.

Filed Feb. 5, 1937 V INVENTOR. fieor eF/Z/Q/fer/[e ATTORNEY S Patented May 10, 1938 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE George F. McKerlie, Sturgis, Mich" assignor to Kirsch Company, Sturgis, Mich.

Application February 5, 1937, Serial No. 124,319

8 Claims.

This invention relates to Venetian blind tilting mechanisms and particularly to the worm gear type of tilting mechanisms in which a cord passes over a pulley for driving the tilting mechanism. It has for its objects:

First, to produce in such mechanism a satisfactory driving means for the tilting mechanism. Second, to provide such a driving means in which the cord trained over the pulley is held evenly and firmly in contact with the pulley so that there is no creeping of the cord which, in such a mechanism, is highly objectionable because after such a cord has crept it is impossible with a divided cord to actuate the tilting mechanism from one limiting position to the other.

Third, to provide such a structure in which the creeping of the cord is prevented by equalized pressure on the cord trained over the pulley to hold it in position.

Fourth, to provide such a mechanism which may be made inexpensively and easily and which will not require any appreciable repair service when in operation.

Other objects and advantages pertaining to details and economies of construction and operation will appear from the description ,to follow. A preferred embodiment of my invention is illustrated in the accompanying drawing, in which:

Fig. l is a view partly in section of a Venetian blind with my improved tilting mechanism there- Fig. 2 is a view taken from the left hand end of Fig. 1 and partly in section.

Fig. 3 is a detail view partly in section showing the arrangement of the parts of my invention.

Fig. 4 is a. detail cross sectional view of one of the cord engaging lugs in the periphery of the pulley wheel.

Referring to the drawing, I ,represents the heading or casing of a Venetian blind. 2 represents the tilting mechanism which is attached to a tilting rod 3 having a drum I thereon to which the ladder tapes 5 of the blind are attached. 8 are the blind slats and l are the brackets for supporting the header. The tilting mechanism 2 consists of a support 8 comprising a member 8a and a base 8b having a worm gear 9 thereon which is keyed or otherwise fastened to the tilting shaft 3. A shaft III is disposed transversely of the shaft 3 and has thereon a worm I I in engagement with the worm gear 9. Mounted on the shaft II) is the pulley wheel I2 which is fixed to the shaft inany suitable manner for rotating the same.

highly The pulley wheel. I2 is provided with a grooved periphery I 3 over which a cord I4 is trained, having depending portions Ila and Ilb. At the ends of the cord are the handles I5. In the grooved periphery are V-shaped cord engaging lugs I6 extending transversely of the groove.

In order to maintain equal pressure on both cord portions Ila and Ill) against the lug IS in the grooved periphery on both sides and the top of the pulley wheel I2, as shown in Figs. 1 and 3, and to assure driving contact between the cord and the sides and top of the pulley wheel at all times, I provide a pair of pressure equalizing levers I80. and IN). Each of these levers has a. cord engaging end l9 each of which exerts equal pressure against the cord within the grooved periphery I3 of the wheel and forces it into engagement with the lug IE on both sides of the pulley wheel I2 with an amount of pressure equal to that exerted by the cord engaging end I9 of the other lever.

The levers I8a and I8?) are formed as metal stampings and each has between its ends a curved bearing recess 2!]. At the opposite end 2| of each pressure equalizing lever Ilia and IN), a notch is provided for engaging the spring 22. The levers are fulcrumed on pins 23 which are mounted on the support 8. These pins are located in such a manner that the cord engaging ends I9 of the levers I81: and I8b engage the cord on opposite edges on the pulley I2 and are so arranged that the levers I 811 and I8b lie between the pins 23 and the pulley with the hearing surfaces 20 engaging the pins 23 because of the outwardly directed pressure of the spring 22 on the levers I8a and lab and the engagement with the cord of the cord engaging ends ill of the levers I8a and I8b, which thus engage the cord with equalized pressure.

The spring 22 is a downwardly curved leaf spring having at each end a ing 24 to fit in the notch-ed ends 2| of the levers I8a and I817. The spring 22 is so disposed that it forces the ends 2I of the levers I8a and I812 apart, thereby forcing the cord engaging ends I9 of the levers I81: and I8b with equal pressure into the grooved periphery I3 of the wheel I2 to hold the cord in position and in engagement with equal pressure with the lug I6 on both sides and top of the pulley wheel I2. By this arrangement the spring 22 also holds the levers I80. and I8!) in position on the pins 23 and the force exerted by the ends I9 of the levers Ito and I8b is equalized.

The ends 2I of the levers are bent inwardly and the spring 22 is curved downwardly so that there is no danger of the spring forcing itself out of engagement with the levers. It will be appreciated that this arrangement may be made very inexpensively since the levers iii are merely metal stampings and that the assembly of the construction in a manufacturing establishment is very simply effected. It will also be appreciated that for the purposes of repair,,if necessary, parts may be disassembled very speedily and replaced without interfering with other parts of the blind mechanism.

In the preferred form of the invention as illustrated in the drawing, it will be noted that the levers Ma and "lb diverge outwardly and downwardly somewhat so that they are biased on the wheel and exert an equalized force best adapted to hold the cord in engagement with the top as well as the sides of the pulley. It will be appreciated that the equalized pressure will not only assist materially in maintaining smooth operation of the tilting mechanism, but for all practical purposes prevents the cord from creeping along the pulley, even when it is subjected to most violent jerks from one operating the blind. Having the levers disposed at opposite edges of the wheel assures not only full and positive contact between the cord and the pulley, but also causes a snubbing action around the pulley which provides all necessary frictional engagement between the cord and the pulley.

It will also be apparent that should the cord l4 become displaced either on or from the pulley, it may be easily readjusted by simply inserting a screw driver or similar instrument through the opening in the header through which the cord depends and between the end IQ of one of the levers lfla or 18b and the cord to lift said end I9 out of engagement with the cord, thereby releasing the friction so that it is a simple and easy matter to adjust the cord to desired position.

I have shown and described my invention in the form preferred by me and wish to claim the same specifically and broadly as pointed out in the appended claims.

Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:

1. In a Venetian blind tilting mechanism, a driving pulley havinga grooved periphery having V-shaped cord engaging lugs extending transversely thereof, a cord trained over said pulley, and means for holding said cord on said pulley with equal pressure on both sides and top of said pulley comprising a pair of levers each having a cord engaging end disposed in said grooved periphery and at opposite edges of the pulley and each having between its ends a bearing recess, and spring engaging means at the end opposite from said cord engaging end, a pair of fulcrum pins for said levers, one engaging the bearing recess of each lever on the side thereof opposite the pulley, and a leaf spring having means at its ends to engage the spring engaging means of the levers and tending to urge the ends of the levers engaged by the spring apart, whereby the cord engaging ends are urgedtoward said pulley to hold said cord thereon and in engagement with said cord engaging lugs and whereby said levers are held in position against said bearing pins.

2. In a Venetian blind tilting mechanism, a driving pulley having a grooved periphery having V-shaped cord engaging lugs extending transversely thereof, a cord trained over said pulley, and means for holding said cord on said pulley with equal pressure on both sides and top of the pulley comprising a pair of levers each having a cord engaging end disposed in said grooved periphery and at opposite edges of the pulley and each having between its ends a bearing recess,

- a pair of fulcrum pins for said levers, one engaging the bearing recess of each lever on the side thereof opposite the pulley, and a spring disposed between the free ends of said levers tending to urge said ends apart, whereby the cord engaging ends are urged toward said pulley to hold said cord thereon and in engagement with said cord engaging lugs, and whereby said levers are held in position against said bearing pins.

3. In a Venetian blind tilting mechanism, a driving'pulley having a grooved periphery having cord engaging lugs, a cord trained over said pulley, and means for holding said cord on said pulley with equal pressure on both sides and top of said pulley comprising a pair of levers each having a cord engaging end disposed in said grooved periphery and at opposite edges of the pulley and each having between its ends a bearing recess, and spring engaging means at the end opposite from said cord engaging end, a pair of fulcrum pins for said levers, one engaging the bearing recess of each lever on the side thereof opposite the pulley, and a leaf spring having means at its ends to engage the spring engaging means of the levers and tending to urge the ends of the levers engaged by the spring apart, whereby the cord engaging ends are urged toward said pulley to hold said cord thereon and in engagement with said cord engaging lugs, and whereby said levers are held in position against said bearing pins.

4. In a Venetian blind tilting mechanism, a driving pulley having a grooved periphery having cord engaging lugs, a cord trained over said pulley, and means for holding said cord on said pulley with equal pressure on both sides and top of said pulley comprising a pair of levers each having a cord engaging end disposed in said grooved periphery and at opposite edges of the pulley and each having between its ends a bearing recess, a pair of fulcrum pins for said levers, one engaging the bearing recess of each lever on the side thereof opposite the pulley, and a spring disposed between the free ends of said levers tending to urge said ends apart, whereby the cord engaging ends are urged toward said pulley to hold said cord thereon and in engagement with said cord engaging lugs and whereby said levers are held in position against said bearing pins.

5. In a Venetian blind tilting mechanism, a driving pulley therefor having a grooved periphery having cord engaging lugs, a cord trained over said pulley for rotating the same, and means for holding said cord on said pressure on both sides and top of said pulley comprising a pair of levers each fulcrumed at a point between its ends, one fulcrumed at one edge of said pulley and the other fulcrumedat the opposite edge thereof, each having one end in contact with said cord, and a spring disposed between the other ends of said levers and tending to force them apart, whereby the cord contacting ends of said levers hold said cord in engagement with the cord engaging lugs of said pulley.

6. In a Venetian blind tilting mechanism, a driving pulley therefor having a grooved antifriction periphery, a cord trained over said pulley for rotating the same, and means for holding said cord on said pulley with equal pressure on both sides and top of said pulley comprising a pair f levers each fulcrumed at a point between its ends, one fulcrumed at one edge of said pulley and the pulley with equal other fulcrumed at the opposite edge thereof, each having one end in contact with said cord. and a spring disposed between the other ends of said levers and tending to force them apart, whereby the cord contacting ends of said levers hold said cord in engagement with the anti-friction periphery of said pullw.

7. In a Venetian blind tilting mechanism, a driving pulley therefor having a grooved antlfriction periphery, a cord trained over said pulley for rotating the same, and means for holding said cord on said pulley with equal pressure on both sides and top of said pulley comprising a pair of levers, one fulcrumed at one edge of said pulley and the other fulcrumed at. the opposite edge thereof, each having one end in contact with said cord, and a spring tending to force the cord contacting ends of said levers against said cord to hold it in position on said pulley.

8. In a Venetian blind tilting mechanism, a driving pulley therefor having a grooved antifriction periphery, a cord trained over said pulley for rotating the same, and means for holding said cord on said pulley with equal pressure on both sides and top of the pulley comprising a pair of friction arms pivoted for free action and held in equalized pressure exerting relationship to the cord on both sides of the pulley by spring tension thereby compensating for unequalities in either cord or pulley whereby creeping or slippage of the cord along the pulley is prevented.

' GEORGE F. McKERLlIE.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2534679 *Jul 21, 1945Dec 19, 1950Charles I PlaceBelt drive assembly
US2554331 *Mar 5, 1949May 22, 1951Hunter Douglas CorpPulley and cord for venetian blinds
US2601500 *Dec 19, 1949Jun 24, 1952Columbia Mills IncVenetian blind operating mechanism
US2802366 *Feb 12, 1954Aug 13, 1957American Enka CorpSlippage reducing pulley
US3375725 *Nov 22, 1965Apr 2, 1968Robert V. MathisonRotatable cylinder and pulley devices
US4337055 *Mar 10, 1980Jun 29, 1982Autotron Equipment CorporationDrive belt tensioning apparatus
US6196916 *May 3, 1999Mar 6, 2001Agco CorporationCombine crop conveyor with improved feed drum chain guides
US7476168 *Aug 15, 2005Jan 13, 2009Borgwarner Inc.Pivoting mechanical tensioner with cross strand damping
US8608601Sep 25, 2009Dec 17, 2013Borgwarner Inc.Tensioning device
Classifications
U.S. Classification74/89.22, 474/140, 160/176.10R
International ClassificationE06B9/307, E06B9/28
Cooperative ClassificationE06B9/307, E06B2009/285
European ClassificationE06B9/307