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Publication numberUS2118704 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 24, 1938
Filing dateSep 14, 1936
Priority dateSep 14, 1936
Publication numberUS 2118704 A, US 2118704A, US-A-2118704, US2118704 A, US2118704A
InventorsRaymond B Grontkowski
Original AssigneeRaymond B Grontkowski
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Embalming machine and aspirator
US 2118704 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

May 24, 1938. R. B. GRoNTKwsKl I EMBALMNG MACHINE AND ASPIRATOR Filed Sept. 14, 1936 4 Sheets-Sheet l ATTORNEYS w a ,mm m

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yMay 24, 1938. R. B. GRoNTKowsKl EMBALMING MACHINE AND ASPIRATOR Filed sept. 14, 19:56

4 Sheets-Sheet 2 m B- 80 `IQY' w' 6% L E155 I 96 y l im .91: 730 5;? Fz nmz ig, w 3,? 1,5/ a5 l I4 1 7.6 l P50195 *Z 6% 74* 1'? 3# IIIIIIIIHI 70 ATTORNEYS May 24, 1938. R. B. GRoNTKowsKl 2,118,704

EMB'ALMING MACHIE AND ASPIRATOR Filed Sept. 14, 1936 4 Sheets-Sheet 3 May 24, 1938.

R. B, G RONTKOWSKI EMBALMING MACHINE AND lASPIRATOR 4 Sheets-Sheet 4 Filed Sept. 14, 1.936

can be arrived at and also the working operation aspirating or vice versa as well as assuring thel Patented May 24, 1938 UNITED STATEs,

'rA'rENT ori-ica j 24,118,104 EMaAunNc'iuAcmNE AND Asrrna'roa raymond aomnckowki, we.: wenn, r. Applicationeptember 14, 1936, Serial No. 100,708 s claims.. l(ci. z'z-zi) The invention relates to an embalming machine and more especially to an embalming, aspirating and air ejecting machine.

'I'he primary object of the invention is the pro- -vision of a machine of this character, wherein embalming iuid can be regulated and controlled as well asthe supply of different characters of solution had so that the embalming of a corpse may be expeditiously effected and at the -same time enabling aspirating so as to'relieve the corpse from semi-solid matter and to avoid possibility of inflation, the machine being free of interference through possibility of clogging stoppage during aspirating thus assuring `perfect Working of such machine while in use.

Another object of the invention is the' provifsion of a machine of this' character, wherein through selective mechanism and electric control the high or low pressure action of the machine can be changed or converted for embalming or feed of the proper embalming fluid, the quantity thereof and eliminating inflation should the feed 5 of such fluid cease while the machine is working,

thus eliminating separate operations through the use of separate and independent appliances or machines in that these operations can be carried forth by the unity of mechanism of the machine.

A further object of the invention is'the provi.

sion of a machine of this character, wherein the embalming and aspirating of 'a corpse can becarried forth with dispatch and with certainty without liability of damage thereto resultant from the lack of supply of solution thereto during the period of embalming and also permitting the supplying of air under pressure for any purpose desired, for-examplaffor spraying, as "is necessary when embalming a corpse or whenever it be required for the use. of air under pressure without the body of the corpse.

A still further object of the invention is the provision of a machine ofv this character, wherein drainage from the bodyvof the corpse can be ei- 4 provision of a machine of this character, where.

in selection by hand of the quality of the embalming iluid to be used in the corpse or the embalming operation carried forth automatically and through automatic working selectivity of the quality of the solution while during-the working 'valves employed in the machine.

of the machine. indicators and gages will identify the character o! the working of such machine, these being clearly visible to an attendant of such machine.

A still further object of the invention is the provision of a machine of this character, which is comparatively simple in its construction, thoroughly reliable and eillcient in its operation, compact. practically noiseless in the working thereof.

` readily and easily handled, portable, possessed of selectivity for embalming purposes and alsol aspirating of -a corpse, and comparatively inexpensive to manufacture.

With these and other objects in view, the invention consists in the features of construction, combination and arrangement of parts as will be hereinafter more fully described, illustrated in the accompanying drawings, which disclose the preferred embodiment of the invention and pointed out in the claims hereunto appended.

In the accompanying drawings:

Figure 1 is an elevation of the machine constructed ,in accordance with the invention.

- Figure 2 is a diagrammatic'plan view showing the arrangement and parts of the machine operative for embalming and 'aspirating Figure 3 is a diagrammatic plan view of the circuit arrangementof the machine.

Figure 4 is-a side elevation partly broken away and injsection of a pair of solenoid' controlled Figure 5 is a vertical sectional view through a muiller in the machine.

Figure 6 is a vertical sectional view through an automatic oat valve in the fluid line Vof the machine.

l'Figure 'l is a vertical sectional view through a manually set air pressure regulator valve.

Figure 8 is a sectional view on the line B-I of Figure 7 looking in the direction of the arrows. Figure 9 is a. vertical sectional view through a hand operated fluid -fiow Vcontrol valve.

lFigure l0 is a sectional view on the line Il-III of Figure 9. V

, Figure 11 is a fragmentary vertical sectional view through an aspirator compensating valve.

Similar reference characters indicate corresponding parts throughout the several views in the drawings. Referring to the drawings in detail, the machine comprises a portable carriage Il preferably supported by swiveled caster wheels l I permitting convenient mobility for placement of the. machine at convenient locations when embalminga corpse. suitably arranged within the carriage is a pres- A solutions.

l 'amava sure air tank I2 of any required capacity which the nipple il or delivery of such air through through the lead il is supplied with air under branches l2 into the bottles i 1. ese branches pressure troma rotary pump il driven by an electric motor ii. these being also suitably supportedinthecarrisge. Withinavisiblechamber or compartment Il viewed from the front of thecarriage ilisarrangedseveralgroupsofcontainers or bottles Il and Il. respectively, in this instance there being three bottles I1 in one group andtwobottles Ilintheothergroimwhichare readily removable for filling or emptying from the chamber or compartment ii. The bottles i1 of one group are for containing embalming solutions, one bottle thereof may contain a weak solution, another a strong solution and another a medium strength solution while the bottles -Il of the other group are for drainage content from a corpse.

Thecarriage Il atitsfrontprovidesamain panel II and a supplemental panel 2l, respectively, for switch, carriage and dial equipment in a manner presently described.

The electric motor Il is arranged through electrical connection by wiring 2i with an electric power circuit 22, as, for example, that installed withahousesystemi'romasourceoi'powersupply and thisconnection 2i has arranged therein amainhandswitch 2Icoactingwithadial24 indicative of on and oi! of the current as arranged on the panel Il. This switch 23 is the control for the entire machine for the feeding of currentsupplythereto. Uponthetankiiare built high and low pressure controls 2I and 2|, respectively, including automatic switches 21 arranged in the connections 2l so that when a determinedlowpressureexistswithinthetank i2 the motor will be stopped and also whenva determined high pressure exists within the tank I2 the motor will be stopped, either one or the other of the contrai 2l or 2t is selective for activity through manipulation of a regulating switch 2l hand set and arranged upon the panel ".itssettingbeinghadbycooperationwitha dial 20 common thereto.

'Ihe tank I2 is arranged'with manually sei air regulating' valves 2l, the manual setting means being indicated at Il. and these valves. respectively, are arranged in independent leads I2andcommontosuchvalvesareairpressure gages whichareiittedinthepanel 2landexposedfrom the machine for reading thereof, the manual control means Il is'iitted to the panel 2l and accessible at the front of the machine for regulation. The leads I2 have arranged therein solenoid acting valves Il which solenoids thereof through electrical connections are selectively operated from a switch 8l simultaneously coacting with the switch 2l. These switch 2l and arecommontoeachotherforunityactionso that when either switch is set the other switch correspondingly becomessettherewith. 'Ihe leads 82 Join a pipe Il having connection with an air delivery line 88 provided with an outlet nipple Il extended from the panel Il for attachment oi' a delivery hose ll therewith. This line Il opens into an air distributor co the inlet branches I2 extending into the bottles I'lofthe onegroupcontainingtheembahnlng Arranged in the line Il at opposite sides of the pipe Il are solenoid controlled valves 43 in electrical connection with a two-way switch u. it coacting with a dial Il for the proper setting thereof land thusby this switch either solenoid valve Il can be rendered active so that aircanbedischargedfromthelinelthrough orcellllhavingA I2 have arranged therein solenoid controlled valves electrically associated with a plural contact switch Il upon the panel Il in association with the dial 4l and upon adjustment of said switch Il the ini'iow of air to a selected bottle through a branch I2 can be had. The switch 41 is susceptible of hand adjustment and also automatically adjusted in a manner presently described.

Leading from the bottles il of the group having the embalming solution content are iiuid outlet branches 4I which open into a fluid outlet distributing column or cell 50 which by a pipe Il has communication with a oat valve container i2 havingthe outlet main Il provided with a. coupling nipple I4 for a lead-ofi' hose 55, the main l2 at the nipple Il tits the panel i9. 'I'he pipe Ii is equipped with a flow meter lt which is set in the panel 2l and also arranged in this pipe is a hand actuated flow regulating valve il which is carried by the panel 20 and this valve has coaction with the dial Il for proper setting thereof and its purpose is to regulate the ilow of embalming solution delivered by the main Il.

Fitting the branches Il are solenoid controlled vaiv Il, their electrical connections being common to the switch Il which is a control therefor. In other words, when the valves 46 are controlled by the switch 41 the valves 5I are likewise controlled, thus when thelswitch is set in one position the valve in one branch 42 will become active and likewise the valve Il in one of the branches l! becomes active according to such branches common to one of the bottles and in this fashion selectivity is had for the delivery of a solution from ythe respective bottles I1 of the group. Within the container l2 is a float Il carried on a valve stem Il lof a ball valve l2 controlling an air escape opening t2 and in association with the said stem 6i is a switch il electrically connected with a. solenoid Il, its amature or core 68 having a spring dog Il acting as a feeder for a ratchet wheel l operatively connected with the switch I1 for automatic operation of the same. The PUI'POM of the iloat il within the container l2 is that when the embalming solution empties from a bottle I1 the valve t2 automatically opens liberating 'air under pressure from-the pipe Il and prevents such air passing outwardly through the main. 'Ihe operation of the solenoid Ii takes care automatically when one bottle empties to bring another bottle Il of the group into play for the delivery of its solution contents. the bringing of the next bottle into play through the float II of the valve l2 becomes closed and the switch M opens. By the hand setting of the switch 41 when one of the bottles I1 may be selected for the emptying thereof and when all bottles Il of the group have emptied an operator then manipulates the valve l1 closing the system to avoid excessive waste of air under pressure from the tank I2, it being understood, of course, that when the last bottle has been emptied the valve i2 being in an open position permits the Leading from the bottles I8 of the other group are the branches 12 of an aspirating main 13 with a nipple end 14 for a feedhose 15, the nipple end 14 being built in the panel I9 while opening into said bottles I8 are the suction branches 16 of a suction pipe 11 which through a union 18 communicates with the pump I8 and this union has coupled therewith an atmospheric air intake pipe 19 equipped with a hand controlled air inlet .regulating valve 89, the pipe 11 being at the suction side of the said pump I4. .Also the union 18 has connected by a pipe 8l a vacuum gage 82 which is built in the panel 20 for the reading thereof. The valve 88 is also built in the panel for hand actuation. The branches '16 have tted therein solenoid controlled valves 83 which through electrical connections 8l' are operated by a switch 85 which coacts with a dial 86 on the panel I9, the said switch 9 5 being also arranged thereon and through this switch selec tion of activity of either bottle I8 may be had for drainage of a corpse through the aspirating main 13. Q

The pipe 11 is a vacuum conduit and'opens into a mufiier 81 having a steel wool filling 88 and such inutiler is located on that sideof the union 18 next to the bottles I8 and is for the purpose of deadening sounds to render the apparatus in the working thereof noiseless when the said apparatus is employed for aspirating. Arranged on the panel I9 is a push button switch 89, which through electrical connectionsSII has association with the solenoid valve 9|, the latter being arranged for operation upon the airpipe 31 and the aspirating main 13. When the apparatus is employed for embalming, that is, the surface of the embalming solutions within the bottles I1 should it be desired to expel air to shut oil the ow of the uid or solution temporarily from said bottles the button switch 89 is operated and when this takes place the valve'9I opens thus freeing the air or causing the bleeding thereof through the aspirating main 13. Now 'when the apparatus is in use for aspirating should the main 13 become clogged from any` cause, on pushing the button switch 89 for closing the connections 90the valve 9| is automatically opened thereby permitting air under pressure from the tank I2 to flow through the said main 13 and thus removing any obstructions or barriers therein for the cleaning of the same, it being understood, of course, that the main 13 at this time has n'o connection with the corpse and such air passing therefrom is delivered to the atmosphere.

Arranged within the electrical wiring or circuit layout of the apparatus is a conventional transformer 92 and a condenser 93, respectively, the latter being directed to the solenoids for operating the valves as equipped in the apparatus. Each solenoid as employed with a valve in the apparatus is possessed of a coiled spring 94, 'its purpose being to automatically close the valve when the solenoid is deenergized while on energizing such solenoid the valve is open.

'rhebomes I1 and is are fitted with removable caps or covers 95, each provided with a suitable handle 93 and such caps on removal thereof permit the emptying or lling of the said bottles as well as enabling convenientcleaning of the same. It is, of course, understood that the branch leads to 'and from the bottles are of a kind that permit the removal and placement of such caps or covers.

The valve 89 is of the needle -type to permit close adjustment thereof.

.Sequence 01' 'Ihe switches 21 preferably are of the snap type for quick acting and arel adjustable -for pressure regulation through adjusting screws 91.

In the operation of the apparatus when it is desired to carry forth the embalmlng process of a corpse the attendant of the machine sets the same for the desired air pressure in conformity with conditions present then through controls the air under pressure is admitted or delivered to the bottles I1 containing the embalming solutions and such delivery of a desired solution from any one of the bottles can be selected for delivery either by hand or automatically and the selectivity enables these solutions to be delivered in individually. When one bottle empties the other bottle is brought into action and the flow of the embalming fluid is regulated by the valve 51.

Now for aspirating under activity of the pump which serves as a suction device a vacuum will be created in the main 13 so that drainage of the content of the corpse can be had with the deposit of such drainage made within the bottles I8. The valve 80 serving to regulate the atmospheric air admitted to the pump Il thus controls the vacuum effected in the main 13.

Should it be required to service the pipe .98 with air under pressure the valves 43 are operated so that air under pressure can be delivered through the pipe 38 to the point of consumption.

vShould it be required to shut oil' the supply of embalming solution from the bottles I1 ,the button 89 will be actuated and the air diverted from the bottles 'and thereby temporarily preventing the flow of such solution through the main 53. Then should the' main 13 become clogged or choked for any reason by operating the button 89 such main can be cleared due to the flow of air under pressure thereto.

What is claimed is:

l. An apparatus of the kind described comprising a compressed air tank, a combined motor and compressor, connections between the compressor and said tank, automatic high and Alow pressure controls associated with the tank and coacting with the motor for the stopping thereof, means for effecting selective activity of said controls, a plurality of fluid receptacles, and means for-directing air under pressure from the tank to the receptacles.

2. An apparatus of the kind described comprisy ing a compressed air tank, a combined motor and compressor, connections between the compressor and said tank, automatic high and low pressure controls associated with the tank and coacting with the motor for the stopping thereof, means for effecting selective activityof said controls, a plurality of fluid receptacles, means foxdirecting air under pressure from the tank to the receptacles, and means for delivering fluid from the receptacles.

3. An apparatus of the kind described comprising a compressed air tank, a combined motor and compressor, connections between the compresser-and said tank, automatic high and low pressure controls associated with the tank and coacting with the motor for the stopping thereof, means for effecting selective activity of said controls, a plurality of uid receptacles, means for directing air under pressure from the tank to the receptacles; means for delivering fluid from the receptacles, and' automatic means active on the emptying of onereceptacle for bringing another receptacle into action for delivery of .its contents.

4. An apparatus of the kind described com- 4 i ansgos' prising a compressed air tank, a combined motoi and compressor, connections between the compressor and said tank, automatic high and low pressure controls associated with the tank and coacting with the motor for the stopping thereof,

, means for effecting selective activity of said controls, a plurality of fluid receptacles, means for directing air under pressure from the tank to the receptacles, means for delivering iluid from the receptacles, automatic means active on the emptying of one receptacle for bringing another receptacle into action for delivery of its contents,

and means operative for selective dispensing of receptacles, automatic means active on the emp'l tying of one receptacle for bringing 'another receptacle into action for delivery of its contents, means operative for selective dispensing of the iluid from said receptacles, and manually adjusted regulating valves between the said receptacles and the tank.

6. An apparatus of the kind described comprising a compressed air tank, a combined motor and compressor, connections between the compressor and said tank, automatic high and low pressure controls associated with the tank and coacting with the motor for the stopping thereof, means for eilecting selective activity oi'- said controls, a plurality of iiuid receptacles, means for directing air under pressure from the tank to the receptacles, means for delivering fluid from the receptacles, automatic means -active on the emptying of one receptacle for bringing another receptacle into action for delivery of its contents, means operative for selective dispensing of the fluid from said receptacles, manually adjusted regulating valves between the said receptacles and the tank. and means for regulating the flow of fluid during dispensing thereof.

7. An apparatus of the kind described comprising a compressed air tank, a combined motor and compressor, connections between the compressor and said tank, automatic high and low pressure controls associated with the tank and coacting with the-motor for the stopping thereof, means for eilecting selective activity of said controls, a plurality of fluid receptacles, means for directing air under pressure from the tank to the receptacles, means for delivering nuid from the receptacles, automatic means active on the emptying of one receptacle for bringing another receptacle into action for delivery of its contents. means operative for selective dispensing of the iluid from said receptacles, manually adjusted regulating valves between the said receptacles andthetank,meansfor regulating theilowof fluid during thereof, and vmeans for automatically liberating compressed air from the receptacles on the emptying thereof.

8. An apparatus of the kind described comprising a air tank, a combinedmotor and compressor, connections between the compressor and said tank, automatic high and low pressure controls associated with the tank and coacting with the motor for Atime stopping thereof, means for eifectingselective activity of said controls, a plurality of fluid receptacles, means for directing air under pressure from the tank to the receptacles, means for delivering fluid from the receptacles, automatic means active on the emptying of one receptacle for bringing another receptacle into action for delivery of its contents, means operative for selective dispensing of the iiuid from said receptacles, manually adjusted regulating'valves between the said receptacles and the tank, means for regulating the now of fluid during di thereof, means for automatically liberating compressed air from the receptacles on the emptying thereof, and means for diverting air under pressure between the tank and said receptacles to the iiuid dispensing means.

9. An apparatus of the kind described comprising a compressed air tank, a combined motor and compressor, connections between the compressor and said tank, automatic high and low pressure controls associated with the tank and coacting with the motor for the stopping thereof, means for eectingsele'ctive activity of said controls, a plurality of iiuid receptacles, means for directing air under pressure from the tank to the receptacles, means for delivering fluid from the receptacles, automatic means active on the emptying of one receptacle for bringing another receptacle into action'l for delivery of its contents. means operative fonselective dispensing of the iiuid from said receptacles, manually adjusted regulating valves between the said receptacles and the tank, means for regulating the iiow of fluid during dispensing thereof, means for automatically liberating compressed air from the receptacles on the emptying thereof, means for diverting air under pressure between the tank and said receptacles to' the fluid dispensing means, and a carriage for the said receptacles, tank and4 combined motor and compressor and having the receptacles visible, therefrom.

RaYMoNnB. Gnomxowsxr.

l. il

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2569016 *Jan 7, 1946Sep 25, 1951Gavin G MitchellEmbalming apparatus
US2589728 *Oct 18, 1947Mar 18, 1952Pratt Edmond OPneumatically operated irrigating apparatus
US2626446 *Sep 10, 1949Jan 27, 1953Moore William StirlingEmbalming apparatus
US2686952 *Jul 21, 1949Aug 24, 1954Philip A DonahueEmbalmer's syringe
US2788107 *Sep 23, 1954Apr 9, 1957Bruce GarrardBeverage dispensing apparatus
US2855126 *Sep 13, 1956Oct 7, 1958Robert C P JacksonHydrogen peroxide fuel dispensing vehicle
US2905361 *Jan 3, 1956Sep 22, 1959Firestone Tire & Rubber CoDevice and method for measuring and dispensing fluids
US2955726 *Nov 12, 1957Oct 11, 1960FeldmanApparatus for dispensing liquid concentrates from their original containers
US3005474 *Jul 21, 1958Oct 24, 1961Swanson Erie CorpDual tank lamp base filler
US3108300 *Mar 6, 1959Oct 29, 1963Richmond John LPower-driven rotary toothbrush and liquid applicator
US3124271 *Sep 27, 1960Mar 10, 1964 Timer controlled pressure operated dispenser
US3157210 *Nov 3, 1960Nov 17, 1964James R PalmaApparatus for filling nursing bottles
US3528146 *Jun 27, 1968Sep 15, 1970Armen MarkarianEmbalming machine
US3976227 *Jan 27, 1975Aug 24, 1976Rok Industries, Inc.Liquid chemical dispensing unit
US3985267 *Oct 2, 1974Oct 12, 1976All State Vending Equipment, Inc.Logic and selector circuitry for flavored-beverage dispensing apparatus
US4485830 *Sep 3, 1981Dec 4, 1984Westfalia Separator AgCleansing arrangement for a milking machine
US5607411 *Feb 10, 1992Mar 4, 1997Scott N. HeironimusContainment and treatment aspirator system and method
US7487888 *Jul 15, 2005Feb 10, 2009Pierre Jr Lloyd AFluid dispensing apparatus
Classifications
U.S. Classification222/61, 27/24.1, 222/626, 222/144.5, 222/63, 137/113, 222/504, 137/87.3
International ClassificationA01N1/02
Cooperative ClassificationA01N1/02, A01N1/0205
European ClassificationA01N1/02, A01N1/02C