US 2118964 A
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May 31, 1938. c. BONNAIRE MAP, TIMETABLE, AND THE LIKE 7 Filed April 26, 1934 INVENTOR. C. Bonnaz're By: d9
A TORNEYS Patented May 31, 1938 x I I I l UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE MAP, TIMETABLE, AND THE LIKE Claud Bonnaire, London, England Application April 26, 1934, Serial No. 722,583 In Germany November 13, 1933 2 Claims. (Cl. 281-) This invention is directed to an improvement Figure 4 is a front view of a sheet showing the in maps, time-tables and the like involving a lines of the primary and the secondary folds. single sheet interfolded in a particular manner Figure 5 is a view of the sheet folded into for area reduction, with the interfolding perprimary folds.
5 fected in a manner to provide complete accessi- Figure 6 is an inverted perspective showing the 5 bility to any fold individually, with further proprimary and secondary folds approaching that vision of visible indexing to all folds required. relation providing a normally folded article.
It has been heretofore proposed, in order to Figure '7 is a similar view showing oneof the facilitate the perusal of maps, time-tables or the secondary folds being open to permit access to lo like, to fold a sheet or strip in a step-like manthe sheets formed by the primary folds through- 10 ner or to affix offset indexes at the outer edges of out that area.
the folded sheets. This arrangement is not pargure 8 iS a S m ar View Showing the Sheet ticularly serviceable, however, because it is not, opened at a primary fold permitting access to all under such an arrangement, possible to index the primary folds of that section.
a middle surface of a large sheet folded upon The primary fol m ybe carried out in various 15 itself nor is it ossible to expose to View such ways, each o the sect o s p v ded y t ese p imiddle surface of a large sheet independently, mary folds be ng o 165$ Superimposed and of the surrounding surfaces. preferably, as shown for example, in Figure 1,
The primary object of the present invention is being folded in a manner to P t exposed the folding of the sheet to permit a clear visibility margins h s t, according t the quire- 20 of any part or parts thereof independently of m i y be fo d n progressively ceedin any other part or parts without completely unreturn folds as indicated, or example, in Fi folding the sheet and at the same time to prou e 5- vide a completely visible index preferably for The Character of e fo d s iS Such hat they each and every folded portion of the sheet to Show intermediary folding that can be used for 25 facilitate convenient inspection of any selected exposing parts of th s t after several d ctly part Without the necessity of exposing to View Superimposed folds Such as to Provide o ator disturbing the parts not so selected. taching strips between the fold sections or a In carrying out the invention, the sheet formcover. Figure 2 Shows a fo d w an p d t :0 ing the map, time-table or the like will be first tri p s g d gl and zfi t d w t g t p r ary folded in return bend folds in any desired man- 0 e e gee 0 e 0 S e er S ay ner, preferably in step-like relation to obtain be cut out or bear tabs, in the manner indicated exposed areas at the margins, these primary folds in Figure 3 for index P p sbeing as many as are required, with such sheet llowing the prima y fold, With W t ou he 1;; following the primary folding being folded over difli:1 olding nil sirgilarp as illuS- for a secondary folding in step-like relation by trated an escli e t e S el 15 further folded return bend folds on lines at approximately right along Selected lines of fold at epp y angles to the lines of primary folds, so that the right angles to the lines of the pllmflly foldingprimary and Secondary fold or margins will This latter or secondary folding may obviously tersect or cross one another in at least two dis- 5 2 out fi E g ig 40 n t ue ces. Ths will re ult art 0 e pnmary mgye W1 aways e 0 e Selig ipos ed to pro vide indgxing ar as, 2 11: 1 2: in step-like relation in order to obtain exposed the sheet carries data on both surfaces, the folded a at the margm of each pnmary fold wmch sheets ma be divided along the line of fold is included between the secondary folded sect th t f m t t th t tions; if the secondary folding is, for example, in C81) 8 rs 0 g g o e 2 accordance with the character of folding illusor rear of any 0 f S wlt out the necesslty trated in Figure 1, there will result exposed marof complete y Ope i the e gins of the folded sections incident to such sec- The invent on 15 illustrated in the accompanyondary f 1di mg f m which: The primary folding provides a series of sec- Figure 1 1S a nt v w owin n typ of tions in interfolded relation, the margins of fold ng. which are preferably relatively offset, and fol- Flgure 2 shows a folded sheet with an insert. lowing the secondary folding, each section of such Figure 3 is a front view showing the formasecondary folding will include a part of all of tion of a type of tabs for the folded sections. the sections of the primary folding. If the sec- 55 ondary folding follows an arrangement in ac-,
cordance with, for example, the primary folding, the secondary folding, when completed, will also present exposed margins for each section of the secondary folding. Therefore, as thus completed, the sections incident to the primary folding will each havean exposed margin which, for the sake of clearness, will be referred to as an index margin, and then each section of the secondary folding which, of course, includes all the sections of the primary fold within the plane of the secondary fold section, will have an exposed or index margin which is particularly or peculiarly adapted to that secondary fold section.
Figures 4 to 8 may serve as a general example of the folding. If the main sheet (Fig. 4) is folded into the primary folds in the longitudinal direction according to the method of folding, for example, shown in Figure 1 to thus provide the primary folds c, c, 0', etc., into the longitudinal sections R, S, T, V, (Fig. 5) and the sheets so folded receive a further or secondary folding at right angles to the primary folds, for example, on the folding lines b, b, b", with each of such secondary folds at relatively different distances apart, one end of the sheet so folded will present relatively exposed free edges exactly similar to those resulting from the primary folds.
If desired and as preferred, each primary fol-d section, except the main underlying section, may
vbe cut through on every second secondary folding (line at b Fig. 4) which will, of course, divide the folds or sections of the primary folding from each other along the lines of each alternate line of secondary folding, so that the sheet as a whole is made up ofconnected primary fold sections which are each subjected to a single secondary fold so that, when that particular secondary fold is opened out, (Fig. 7) the sections included in that particular secondary folding are presented flat in primary fold relation and preferably with their margins offset, so that any priopened out for inspection (Fig. 8).
mary fold of this secondary fold section may be Of course, the primary folds and also the secondary folds may be constructed in any number in accordance with the size of the original sheet and with the desired size of the completed article after folding, the primary purpose of course being to permit the sections of any one secondary fold to be opened out to provide independent access to the sections of the indexed primary fold included therein.
As the sheet is folded longitudinally in secondary folding, that is the lines of secondary folds extend at right angles to the length of the sheet as resulting from the prjmary folds, it is apparent, that any two or more secondary folds may be opened out to provide access to additional lengths of primary folds. Furthermore, in this type of folding, convenient access to any primary fold .section on either face thereof is provided for,
thus permitting the sheet to be printed on both surfaces with any selected material readily available without the necessity of opening up the entire sheet.
The combined fold of this character provides a multiple character of index. As the exposed margin of each of the primary folds may be indexed or marked according to the character of showing on that fold and the exposed section resulting from each secondary fold may be appropriately indexed as to the character of showing on the respective primary fold sections included within that secondary fold, any particular portion of the showing printed on the sheet as a whole is not only conveniently accessible but is also conveniently marked or indexed to be readily and definitely selected with certainty and without loss of time.
The individual sheets may be printed in different colors or be themselves of different color, or may be made of any material, even different materials, or be made up of sheets having colored bands which are parallel to or cross one another.
Any of the sheets, parts of the same, or the cover may be used to bear additional plans or text such as advertisements, illustrations, etc. Cross reference over the parts of a map that has been separated by part cuts will be facilitated by the indexes.
What is claimed is:
l. A sheet of material having imprinted thereon a diagrammatic representation such as a map, which is folded into a number of sections along substantially parallel lines at a progressively increasing distance from each other, the edges on one side of the folds registering with each other and folded again into a number of sections along substantially parallel lines but transverse to the first set of parallel lines, whereby sections with successively exposed edges parallel to each set of fold lines are formed.
2. The device as claimed in claim 1 in which a fold line is out along a portion of its length whereby the sheet may be readily opened to dis play only a small section thereof.
' CLAUD BONNAIRE.