US 2120684 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
' www J. SOSS HOOD HINGE June 14, 1938.
Filed Oct. l2, 1954 2 Sheets-Sheet l INVENTOR Jouw/1.5055,
J. SQSS www June 14, 193.
HOOD HINGE Filed 0G13, 12, 1934 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENT JoEPH 5055 ATTORNEY Patented June 14, 1938 'Y Y a UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE HGOD HINGE Joseph' Soss', Roselle, N. J.
Application October 12, 1934', Serial No. 747,997 9 Claims. (C'l. 16h-128.1)
This invention relates to hinges for the hoods Fig. 9 is an inside plan view of a part of a of motor vehicles; and the object of the invenmember shown in Fig. 8. tion is to provide a hinge of this class consisting Fig. 1U is a sectionalV detail View of one butt of two elongated sheet metal parts having spaced member shown in Fig. 4 and showing a modica- 5 interfitting pintle bearing portions with la pintle tion.
pin disposed therein for coupling and hingedly Fig. 11 is'a View similar torFig. 3 showing anmounting the parts together; a further object other modified form of construction; and, being to provide a hinge of this class wherein one Fig. 12 is an end view of the plntle pinv emof the butt parts includesan integral hood porployed'. Y 1U tiOn extending @OntinnOllSly thrOughout the In my prior Patent #1,743,495, dated January 10 length thereof and concealing the joint of the 14, 1930, I disclosed a hinge composed of two hinge end e150 Orning a finishing Strip between sheet metal parts having interfitting pintle bearadjacent surfaces of the members coupled toing portions, one of the parts being shaped to gether by Said hinge; e further Object being t form a hood. My present invention consists in l provide the pintle pin of the hinge with large end an improvement on said prior patent wherein the 15" portions facilitating the attachmentof the pin hinge butt parts are so constructed as to form an to suitable supports, and further to the provision elongated hinge designed primarily for use as a ofva pin composed of separate parts having. a means for joining the separate parts of an autosliding coupling therebetween to properly aline mobile hood together, or in other words, to pron.'
the bracket ends of the pin with respect to the dnee what iSknOwn as 21 hOOd hinge. 2`0
supports and to yprovide attachment and detach- In the drawings', l0 and l l represent the edlement of the butt parts by the removal of said Cent edge portiOnS 0f 'the Seperate Darts 0f a pin;v and with these and other objects in View, hOOd t0 be COUDled tegethei by 011e 0f my iinu, the invention consists in a hinge of the class and DrOVed hOOd hingeS |2 The hinge COIlSiStS 0f 2' for the purpose specified,` which is simple in con- Separate parts or two members I3 and Ill having 2`5 struction, eflicient in use, and which is constructextending attaching plete portions l5 end l5 reed as hereinafter described and claimed. speetiVely fOr attachment t0 inwardly and dOwn- The invention is fully disclosed in the followwardly projecting anges Ia, IIa of the hood ing.. speccation, of which thel accompanying parts Il) and Ii. Each of the butt members I3 drawings form a part,v in which the separate parts of my improvement are designated by suitablek reference characters in each of the views, and in which:
of a length substantially equal to the length of the vadjacent edges ofthe hood parts Ill and II. The part I3 is fashioned to form an upwardly and I consists of elongated strips of sheet metal 356k' Fig. 1 is a plan and sectional view of a hinge or outwardly projecting Curved hood portion Il, sgat made according to my invention, indicating the within which iS an inwardly 01 downwardly di-l method'of its use and with part of the construcreeted Semi-Cylindrical Dintle bearing portion i3 tion broken away, formed as an extension to the edge i'ia of the Fig, 2. shows sectional views through the sephood I? in the offset shoulder portion I9, and arate parts of` the hinge shown in Fig. l in dethe end 20 0f the Strip reStS Den and iS Setached' relation.
Fig- 3 is a view similar to Fig. 2 showing the by Weldmgpr m 92m other desled mannen, The hin .a t cou led to ether, the section bein pintle bearmg I8 1s cut out at lntervals as 1s 1ng p r s p g g dicated at 2l to receive the cylindrical bearings on the Ime 3;'3 of Flg' 1' 22 formedvat one side of the strip from which the cured to the other side of the hood portion Il" h Flg' 4 1s a Section on the Ime li-a of Fig' 1 butt member I4 is formed. It will appear from 45 gi?? is@ Smllt" toFg 2 Showing'mod" a consideration of Figs. 3 and 4 of the drawings e omits? in ge.. u s thatthe cylindrical pintle bearing 22 is disposed Flg' 6 1s a' Seamen 'along the same Ime as Flg' in alinement'withthe semi-cylindrical bearing I8 1 the pats illustratediin Fig' 5 in so as` tol receive the pintle pin 23, said pinl seat- 3,* assembled relatlonshlping rin both of the bearings ls .and 22- 56' Fig. 7 is` am section of the hingei'parts shown in The. beating 22 joins the attaching plate' I6 Figs'.4 5 and 6 'al'ong the line similar to thatshown in anV arcsh'apedY portion 24 having a radial end in Fig.A 4. 25` which provides'a clearance space 26' between Fig. c is-asectional view showing a modified thebearing 2v2,V and the arc-shaped portion v24in` fnof hinge. which the o'iset'en'cl II'of the b'utty part' I7 is 55 adapted to operate as the separate hood parts Il! and I I are moved into open position in the manner indicated in dotted lines in Fig. 3 of the drawings. The butt member I4 has the bearings 22 arranged in spaced relation to each other longitudinally thereof to receive the spaced bearings I8 of the butt member I3. One of the spaces is indicated by the cut out 25a in Fig. 4 of the drawings.
It will be understood that a single or unitary pintle' pin 23 may be employed, in which event, it will include at one end an integral bracket portion 23a, note Fig. l2 of the drawings, by means of which the pin may be secured to a suitable support. In the construction shown, however, the pin is made of separate parts 23h and 23e having a tongue and groove or other sliding connection as is indicated at 23d. At 23e I have shown an integral bracket at the free end of the part 23e. By means of the sliding coupling between the parts 23h and 23e, the bracket ends 23a and 23e may be fitted to spaced supports 2'I and 28 as indicated in Fig. 1 of the drawings. At the same time, the pintle pin or the separate parts thereof may be readily detached from the hinge butts in coupling and uncoupling the same. The bracket ends 23a, 23e will be formed by simply flattening the ends of the rod forming the pintle pin, thus providing a very simple and economical construction. This will avoid the use of the conventional mounting brackets commonly employed as supports for hinges of the class under consideration.
In Figs. 5, 6 and '7, I have shown a slight modication wherein a butt member 29 similar to the butt member I3 is employed and a butt member 30 similar to the butt member I4. The primary difference between the butt members in the two hinges is that the butt member 29 includes a double hood wall 3| instead of the single wall shown in Figs. 1 to 4 inclusive, the inner wall being cut and pressed downwardly or inwardly at intervals to form spaced semi-cylindrical bearings 32 equivalent to the bearings I8.
The butt member 35 differs from the member I4 in that the ends of the sheet forming the cylindrical bearing 33 are extended to form a spacing or offset member 34 of double wall thickness and a curved or arc-shaped portion 35 of double wall thickness instead of single walls 25, 24 of like parts shown in Figs. 2 to 4 inclusive. With this construction, it will appear that the attaching plate portion 29a of the butt 29 is of double wall thickness, and the attaching plate portion 30a of the butt member 30 is shown of single wall thickness, but both ends of the sheet could be extended to form a double wall thickness if desired. However, I find that by welding or otherwise joining the double walls of the parts 34-35, a substantial hinge construction is formed.
It will also appear that a space 36 is formed between the arc-shaped portion 35 and the bearing 33 to receive the offset end 3Ia of the hood portion 3I of the butt part 29 in the swinging movement of the hinge butts one with respect to the other, as is indicated in dotted lines in Fig. 6 of the drawings. The butt members 29 and 30 are coupled. together by a pintle pin 23 identical in all respects to the pin 23 shown in Figs. 1 to 4 inclusive. It is here to be noted that the curvature of the semi-cylindrical bearing portions I8 and 32 is greater than 180 to extend the folded edges I8a, 32a sufficiently above the pintle pin to. prevent its displacement from said bearing. However, I have shown in Figs. 8, 9 and 19, slight modifications of the butt members I3, 29 respectively.
In Figs. 8 and 9, I have shown at 31 a butt member which is identical in general construction to the butt member I3 excepting that a tongue portion 38 is cut from the material of the part 39 to form the bearing 49, which is a substitute for the bearing I8, a complete cylindrical bearing which is of less length than the complete bearing 48. The end portions 40a, note Fig. 9, at each side of the tongue 38 are of the same cross sectional contour as that of the hinge butt I3 as shown in Fig. 4 of the drawings. The cut out in the part 39 forming the tongue 38 is indicated at 39a. In this connection, it will be understood that all of the pintle bearings 40 of the butt member 3'I may be of the same construction as that disclosed in Figs. 8 and 9. On the other hand, this construction may be employed only on predetermined bearings or on alternate bearings throughout the complete hinge strip.
In Fig. 10 of the drawings, I have shown at 4I a butt member similar in general construction to the butt member 29 and to which is applied the structural principle incorporated in Figs. 8 and 9 of the drawings. In other words, the normal semi-cylindrical bearing 42 includes a projecting tongue 43 cut from the end portion 44 of the butt as indicated at 44a to provide a complete cylindrical bearing intermediate the ends of the bearing 42. With this type of hinge, each bearing 42 may be of the same construction or predetermined spaced bearings or alternate bearings may be ofthis construction and the others similar to the bearings shown on the butt 29.
With the construction shown in Figs. 8, 9 and 10, the companion butt members I4-39 will be employed or butt members similar to the butt member 45 shown in Fig. 11 of the drawings, which butt member differs from the members I4 and 39 primarily in eliminating the arcshaped extensions 24-35 and substituting therefor on one part 46 of the hood an integral curved or arc-shaped portion 4'I which forms a space 48 permitting the free travel of the butt members one with respect to the other. The end of the portion 4l has a flange 49 for attachment to the attaching plate 45a of the butt 45, said plate being extended to provide this attachment. The butt member 50 in this construction may constitute any one of the butt members I3, 29, 31 or 4I.
To illustrate one use of a companion butt member I have shown in Fig. 8 of the drawings a butt member 5I which is similar to the butt member 30 and includes a spacing or offset portion 52 and a curved or arc-shaped portion 53,
the portions 52 and 53 being of double walled thickness, and may be welded or otherwise secured together. At the free end of the curved or arcshaped portion is an angularly extending attaching plate portion 54 for attachment to the other part of the hood. At 55 I have indicated a pintle pin which passes through and couples both of the butts 37 and 5I, the pintle pin 55 being of the same structure as the pin 23.
It will be noted that by arranging the flanges Illa, IIct of the hood parts at acute angles with respect to the adjacent walls of said parts, or in other words, in diverging relationship with respect to each other, sufficient clearance is provided for the butt members to permit the swinging movement of the hood parts into open position.
The hood portion of the outer butt member forms. aspacing and iinishing strip between the adjacent edges of the hood parts or other swinging? members toV be coupled together by the hinge, whereas thev inner vbutt member or the curved arc-shaped portion thereof, for example, the portions 24-'35 or the parts 41, Fig. 11, forms a trough for receiving any water that may pass between the separate butts of the hinge or between the' butt and the opposed hood portion.
A hinge made according to the structures disclosed will be simple and-economical in construction, as well as strong and durable in use. While the invention is shown applied to swinging members of specific character, it will be apparent that the hinge may be used in coupling opposed swinging members of any kind or class, wherein it is desired to conceal the joint of the hinge as wellas to provide a finishing strip between adja-1 cent hinged edges of the swinging members.
It will be noted upon a consideration of the drawings that in the several forms of hinges disclosed, the pintle bearings are free from or in spaced relation to the walls of the outer hood portion as well as the channel or trough portion of the hinge. In other words, the hinge parts or butt members are mounted and supported upon the pintle pin by the engagement of the pintle bearings therewith. Thus, it will be seen that the frictional engagement is between the pintle bearings and the pin and not between the other relatively movable parts, aside from the possible endwise engagement or abutment of the pintle bearings of one hinge part with those of an adjacent part.
Having fully described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is:
l. In a hood hinge, an outer hinge part comprising a curved portion extending throughout the length of said part and forming a finishing strip between the hood members to be joined by said hinge, one side edge portion of said part being fashioned to form a plurality of spaced pintle bearings disposed within said finishing strip, another hinge part having spaced pintle bearings disposed intermediate the bearings of the first named part, a pintle pin mounted in the bearings of both parts to couple said parts together, the last named hinge part including a projecting attaching plate portion including an arc-shaped trough disposed in spaced relation to the pintle bearings of said part, the pintle bearings of the second named part being cylindrical in form and the pintle bearings of the first named part being of an arc greater than 180 and including projecting tongue portions forming cylindrical bearings intermediate the ends thereof.
2. A hinge construction comprising a pair of sheet metal hinge parts, one part being fashioned to form spaced cylindrical pintle bearings with an extending attaching plate portion, the other part having a central curved hood portion extending throughout the length thereof, on-e edge of the hood portion terminating in an attachingv plate and the other edge portion being fashioned to form spaced pintle bearings disposed intermediate the bearings of the first named part, a pintle pin mounted in the bearings of both parts for coupling said parts together, the pintle bearings of the second named part including a continuous strip extending onto the attaching plate of said hinge part, and the attaching plate of the rst named hinge part joining the pintle bearings in an arc-shaped portion disposed in spaced relation to the bearings thereof.
3i A hinge comprising a pair of elongatedE hinge parts, each fashioned from elongated strips of sheet metal andV having longitudinally spaced pintle bearings-interiitting in edge to edge relation with the pintle bearings of the opposed hinge part, the central portion of the sheet metal strip forming one hinge part being fashioned to form a convex substantially semi-cylindrical hood portion and.A spaced concave semi-cylindrical portions arranged beneath the hood portion and continuous with the edge thereof forming the pintle bearings of said part, the free side edges of the strip extending from the hood portion and said pintle bearings to form an attaching plate portion of double wall thickness, the pintle bearings of the other butt part being formed intermediate the side edges of the sheet metal strip employed for constructing said part, and said last named part including a concave trough portion arranged in spaced relation to the pintle bearings through the length of said part, said trough portion being of double wall construction.
4. A hinge comprising a pair of elongated hinge parts, each fashioned from elongated strips of sheet metal and having longitudinally spaced piny tle bearings interfltting in edge to edge relation with the pintle bearings of the opposed hinge part, the central portion of the sheet metal strip forming one hinge part being fashioned to form spaced cylindrical bearings and a concave semicylindrical hood portion extending throughout the length of said strip in close proximity to said bearings, and the side edges of said strip extending from said bearings and hood portion at one side of said part and being arranged one directly upon the other.
5. A hinge comprising a pair of elongated hinge parts, each fashioned from elongated strips of sheet metal and having longitudinally spaced pintle bearings interfitting in edge to edge relation with the pintle bearings of the opposed hinge part, the central portion of the sheet metal strip forming one hinge part being fashioned to form spaced cylindrical bearings and a concave semicylindrical hood portion extending throughout the length of said strip in close proximity to said bearings, the side edges of said strip extending from said bearings and hood. portion at one side of said part and being arranged one directly upon the other, and the central portion of the strip forming the other hinge part being fashioned to form spaced pintle bearings and the side edges of said sheet being folded one upon the other and fashioned to form a -trough extending throughout the length of the hinge and in spaced relation to said bearings.
6. In a hood hinge, an outer hinge part fashioned from an elongated strip of sheet metal, said strip intermediate the side edges thereof being fashioned to form an outwardly extending curved hood portion extending throughout the length of said part, the adjacent portion of the strip being cut and fashioned to form pintle bearings spaced longitudinally of and arranged within said 4hood portion, the side edges of said sheet being arranged one upon the other and extending from said hood portion and bearings to form an attaching plate portion for said hood part, and portions of said bearings being circumferentially continuous.
7. In a hood hinge, an outer hinge part fashioned from an elongated strip of sheet metal, said strip intermediate the side edges thereof being fashioned to form an outwardly extending curved hood portion extending throughout the length oi said part, the adjacent portion of the strip being cut and fashioned to form pintle bearings spaced longitudinally of and arranged within said hood portion, the side edges of said sheet being arranged one upon the other and extending from said hood portion and bearings to form an attaching plate portion for said hood part, and the portions of said strip intermediate said bearings being arranged on the inner surface of said hood portion.
8. In a hood hinge of the class described, elongated sheet metal hinge butts, one of said butts being fashioned to form a continuous curved hood portion with pintle bearings spaced longitudinally of and arranged within the hood portion, the companion butt of the hinge being fashioned from an elongated strip of sheet metal fashioned substantially centrally thereof to form spaced cylindrical bearings, the side portions of the strip extending from said bearings being arranged one directly upon the other and fashioned to form a curved trough arranged in spaced relation to and extending longitudinally of said bearings and an attaching plate portion at the free edge of said trough.
9. A hinge comprising a pair of elongated hinge parts, each fashioned from elongated strips of sheet metal and having longitudinally spaced pintle bearings intertting in edge to edge relation With the pintle bearings of the opposed hinge part, the central portion of the sheet metal strip forming one hinge part being fashioned to form a convex substantially semi-cylindrical hood portion and spaced concave semi-cylindrical portions arranged beneath the hood portion and continuous with the edge thereof forming the pintle bearings of said part, the free side edges of the strip extending from the hood portion and said pintle bearings to form an attaching plate portion of double Wall thickness, the other hinge part having an integral semi-cylindrical portion rnedially underlining the axis of the pintle bearings thereof and arranged in spaced relation to said pintle bearings, said portion extending throughout the length of said part with an attaching plate projecting from the edge of said semi-cylindrical portion, and a pintle mounted in the bearings of the hingev parts for coupling said hinge parts together.