|Publication number||US2120985 A|
|Publication date||Jun 21, 1938|
|Filing date||Sep 19, 1936|
|Priority date||Sep 19, 1936|
|Publication number||US 2120985 A, US 2120985A, US-A-2120985, US2120985 A, US2120985A|
|Inventors||Alfred E Melhose|
|Original Assignee||Bell Telephone Labor Inc|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (5), Classifications (12)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
June 21, 1938. A. E. MELHosE ELECTROMAGNETC DEVICE Filed Sept. 19, 1936 /NVENTOR A. E. MELHOSE By A 7` TOR/VE V Patented June 21, 1.938
UNITE S ATES.
ELECTROMAGNETIC DEVICE Application September 19, 1936, Serial No. 101,556
This invention relates to electromagneticv devices and more particularly to a device for reproducing current variations such as are ordinarily encountered in telephone transmission,
such devices being commonly termed telephone relays or repeaters. It is an object of this invention to utilize, in a telephone relay which operates on currents within the voice frequency range, that property of 10 certain magnetic materials by virtue of which a change in length is produced by means of variations in the intensity of the magnetizing force to which such piece of material is subjected. This property of magnetic materials is generally termed magneto-striction and will be utilized,
in the present invention, by a core or rod having this magneto-strictive property supported within an energizing coil and free to undergo changes in dimension under the influence of a variable current traversing the coil..
Ordinarily, when a rod is stimulated magnetically by the exciting eld, it becomes slightly mechanically deformed or distorted by magnetostriction. The resulting increment of deformation may be a lengthening, or a shortening, or some other distortion, depending' on the material and on the polarity of the magnetic field. The mechanical deformation of the rod is produced by excitingreversible internal stresses therein and the rod readily recovers upon withdrawal of the deforming forces. If the current is alternating, the electromagnetic field created thereby will also be alternating and the rod will increase and decrease in length (let us say) many times a second, every variation in the current producing its stimulative e'ect on the rod. The rod will, in consequence, vibrate mechanically by magnetostriction with a period of vibration equal to the period of the alternating electromotive force. Or-
40 dinarily these vibrations will be quite small, but when the alternating frequency is close to, or substantially the same as, the natural frequency of the rod, the amplitude of vibration of the rod element inches in length. One of the objects of this invention, therefore, is'to avoid-this difculty by coupling a magneto-striction vibrating element of much smaller dimension and necessarily having a smaller natural frequency, tb one or more reeds having natural frequencies of vibrationin the audible range, the whole producing a 5 vibrating system having a mechanical resonance point equal to the frequency of the exciting current.
Another object of the invention is the use of a pair of inertia contacts in combination with the 10 vibrating magneto-striction element of the relay in order that the relay may be extremely sensitive in controlling, through these contacts, a secondary circuit at the frequency of the current to which the magneto-striction element responds. 15 To attain this object, a sealed receptacle, preferably of glass, is suitably aixed to the unsupported end of the magneto-striction element or rod which has within it a looped conducting terminal electrically continuous with the magneto- 20 striction 'rod and with a binding post to which oneside of a controlled circuit may be extended, and a loose contact member freely suspended from said terminal and connected to a lead-in wire extending to another binding post to which 25 the other side of said controlled circuit may be extended. When the rod vibrates in response to the train of magnetic oscillations set up by the current traversing the coil of the relay, it will have the effect of causing the looped conducting 30 terminal to be violently agitated at the frequency of the rod thereby opening the controlled circuit at the same frequency and causing the current therein to fluctuate at the same period as the current traversing the coil. 35
A clearer conception of the scope and purpose of the invention may be had by considering the following description and attached drawing in which Fig. 1 shows a front elevation of one embodi- 40 ment ofthe relay of my invention; and
Fig. 2 'shows a right side view of Fig. l with the portion above the lower end of the coil cut away to show the relation between the magnetic structure, the coil and the magnetof-striction rod. 45
Considering the figures in which identical designations in each of the figures refer to identical parts, l shows a rectangular base of insulating material to which, by means of screws 2 2, is centrally secured the soft. iron magnetic bracket 50 3 having the polar extensions 4 1, the upper extension ofwhich may be aligned, if desired, with the top edge of the base. Each side of the bracket is rigidly braced by non-magnetic metallic members 5 secured thereto by screws 6, the 55 purpose of said braces being to avoid the effect of resonance of the structure on the vibrationof the reeds, as more particularly described hereinafter. To the left upper side of the left brace 5 is rigidly attached, also by means of screws Ii, the bracket member 'I having two knife-edge supports upon which the spring 8 and the reed 9 are clamped by screws I extending through the clamping plate I I, also having two knife edges, into bracket member 1. To the lower edge of the right brace are rigidly attached, by means of screws I2, the rectangular clamping plates I3, each provided with two knife edges between which the spring I4 and the reed I5 are clamped.
On the lower left-hand side of the base ls further secured the binding post panel I6 carrying the binding post I 'I which is connected to the metallic frame of the relay' by means of conductor-I8, the binding posts I9 and 20 which are connected to the coil 2I of the relay, and the binding post 22 which, by means of lead-in conductor 23, is connected to the suspended contact member 24 inclosed in the receptacle 25.
Within the two polar projections 4-4 of the magnet bracket 3 and centrally secured to the base I by means of the four screws 29 is the coil 2I provided with a central sleeve 3| aligned with the openings 25 and 21 in the polar extensions 4 of the bracket 3.
The magneto-strictive element'. 28 is a long thin-core or rod of suitable magnetic material Whose change in length accompanies the variations in the intensity of the magnetizing force produced by the current traversing the coil 2I. It extends through the sleeve 3| and the aligned openings 26 and 2'Iand is secured at its upper end to the end of the tuned reed 9 and near its lower end to the tuned reed I5. Attached to the lower end of the rod 28 is a tubular sealed receptacle 25, preferably of glass, which may be simply sealed, or which may be evacuated or may contain a gas as desired to reduce theeffects of atmosphere and dust and to prevent oxidation of the parts inclosed therein. Within the receptacle is a looped contact^ element 3|) which is electrically continuous with the rod 28 and, therefore, with thebinding post I1 because of the continuity of the metallic parts and o f conductor I8 connected to the left brace 5. From the loop 30 the contact bob 24 is suspended by a hooked conductor, the other end of said bob being connected to one end of'a sealed-in conductor 23 which extends to binding post 22. The Weight 'of the bob is such that when the rod 28 increases in length upon vibration and the contact element 30 breaks the connection with the suspension hook of the bob 24, the inertia o f the bob will be sufdcient to cause it to remain momentarily suspended without support and without dropping from its position until it can be re-engaged again by the contact element 30 when the rod 28 shortens in length on the reversal of the magnetizing l force.
When the vrelay structure above described is placed in a circuit that supplies the coil 2| with an alternating current, say within the voice frequency range, the alternations in the current will produce changes in length in the magneto-- striction rod 28, and if the natural frequency of the entire vibrating system comprising the tunedy reed 9 and associated spring 8, the rod 2'8, the
tuned reed I5 and the associated spring I4, is-
resonant with the frequency of the current, the contact loop 30, being attached to the rod, will vibrate at -the same frequency as the rod and break the continuity of any circuit established through the contact element 30 and the bob contact 24 at the same frequency. Inasmuch as the time of contact is very small, the current alternations will cause the loop contact 30 to re-establish connection with the bob contact 24 before the force of gravity can disturb the vertical position of the latter, thus causing a vibration of the repeated or secondary circuit controlledI through the contacts to be established and broken at the same frequency as the current traversing the coil.
The natural period of the vibrating system can, of course, be Avaried by changing the tuning of. the reed 9 or I5 by means of their respectively associated springs 8 and I4, which can be done by increasing or decreasing the pressure of the clamps 1, II) and I3 or by shortening the length of each of the springs. In this way the vibrating system of -the relay can be suitably adjusted to resonate at any other frequency desired, resonance of the magnetic structure being prevented by the braces 5 secured to either side of the magnet bracket 3.'
What is claimed is:
1. In an electromagnetic apparatus, the combination with a coil, of a mechanical system adapted to vibrate at the frequency of an alternating current traversing said coil and comprising a magneto-striction rod held coaxially within said`coi1 by two reed supports, and a contact receptacle attached to one end of said rod having inclosed within it one electrode electrically integral with said rod and another electrode suspended from said rst electrode and adapted to break contact therewith on the vibration of said rod.
2. In an electromagnetic device, the combination with an energizing coil, of a rod adapted to resonate at the frequency of the current traversing said coil, a contacting element integral with said rod and a gravity contact freely suspended from said contacting element having a weight adapted to cause it to remain l'stationary by inertia when said contacting' element vibrates with said rod.
3. In an electromagnetic device provided with an energizing coil and a vmagneto-striction rod adapted to vibrate at the frequency of the current which traverses the coil, an evacuated chamber secured to one end of said rod, a first electrode/within said chamber electrically continuous with said rod, a second electrode within said chamber suspended from said rst' electrode, and conducting means for extending connections from both of the electrodes outside of said chamber. 4. In an electromagnetic device, an energizing coil, a mechanical system comprising a magnetostriction rod and a plurality of reeds for supporting said rod coaxially within said coil, and adjustable members for, tuningl said reeds whereby said mechanical system may be tuned'to the frequency of the current which traverses said col.
5. In an electromagnetic device, an energizing coil, a mechanical system comprising a magnetostrictlon rod and a plurality of reeds for-supporting said rod coaxially within said coil, damping springs overlying said reeds, and means for varying the effective lengths of said damping springs for tuning said reeds whereby said mechanical system may be tuned to the frequency of the current which traverses said coil. .v 6. In an electromagnetic device, a base, a
alsdann magnet yoke secured thereto and having two. polar extensions, non-magnetic braces joining said polar extensions, an energizing coil mounted between said polar extensions, a vibratory system comprising a magneto-striction rod and a plurality of reeds for supporting said rod for tree movement within said coil and through aligned apertures in said polar extensions, and clampingmeans secured to said braces for supporting said reeds.
7. In an electromagnetic device, a base, a magnetic yoke secured thereto and having two vpolar extensions. non-magnetic braces joining said polar extensions, an energizing coil mounted between said polar extensions, a vibratory system comprising a magneto-striction rod and a plurality of reeds for supporting said rod for free movement within said coil and through aligned apertures in said polar extensions, damping springs overlying said reeds the effective lengths oi' which may be varied to tune said reeds whereby said mechanical system may be tuned to the frequency of the current which traverses said coil, and clamping means secured to said braces for supporting' said reeds and associated damping springs.
ALFRED E. MELHOSE.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2487604 *||Sep 21, 1945||Nov 8, 1949||Gen Electric||Vibratory converter switch|
|US2928069 *||Oct 13, 1954||Mar 8, 1960||Gulton Ind Inc||Transducer|
|US3254269 *||Dec 17, 1958||May 31, 1966||Ibm||Readout device for computer systems|
|US3302141 *||Nov 12, 1963||Jan 31, 1967||Mayer Ferdy||Alternating current sensitive relay|
|US4042967 *||Oct 28, 1975||Aug 16, 1977||Yujiro Yamamoto||Ground fault sensor|
|U.S. Classification||335/3, 367/176, 318/118, 361/184, 335/90, 367/168, 29/DIG.460, 335/94|
|Cooperative Classification||Y10S29/046, H01H55/00|