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Publication numberUS2121068 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 21, 1938
Filing dateJul 16, 1937
Priority dateJul 16, 1937
Publication numberUS 2121068 A, US 2121068A, US-A-2121068, US2121068 A, US2121068A
InventorsBuechler John A
Original AssigneeBuechler John A
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Pump lining
US 2121068 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

June 21, 1938. J, A BUE HLER 2,121,068 4 PUMP LI NING I Filed July 16, 1957 2 Sheets-Sheet l June 21, 1938. J. A. BUECHLER PUMP LINING Filed July 16, 1937 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Zrwnwvkw JOHN A. EUECHLE'P {513m @343 g. M ("J/ Hwy Patented June 21, "1938 UNITED S T 2 Claims.

The invention relates to centrifugal pumps and more particularly to pumps of the type that are utilized for moving liquids containing abrasive materials.

It is an object of the invention to provide a method of lining centrifugal pumps to resist abrasion by the pumped material.

It is also an object to provide a centrifugal pump having an abrasion resistant lining applied in such a manner that the pump may be relined at small cost and the life of the pump casing indefinitely extended thereby.

A further object of the invention is to provide a peripheral wear resistant lining in a centrifugal pump casing to minimize the wear in that portion of the casing where the hydraulic pressure and fluid velocity are greatest.

Still another object is to provide a centrifugal pump casing having a peripheral recess which is coextensive with the tangential outlet from the casing whereby a wear resistant lining may be inserted through the outlet and fixed in place within the recess by a low melting point material between the lining and the casing walls.

Other objects, together with the foregoing, will be apparent from the following description taken in connection with the drawings, in which:

Fig. 1 is a sectional view of a centrifugal pump embodying the invention.

Fig. 2 is a perspective view of a segment of the lining used in the invention.

Fig. 3 is a central sectional view of a turbine casing embodying the invention.

In the embodiment shown in Fig. 1 the pump casing l is provided with supporting flanges 2 whereby thecasing may be anchored to a suitable foundation (not shown). The pump impeller or runner 3, which rotates within the casing I, is fixed to a shaft 4 by means of key 5. The shaft l is rotatably mounted in bearings 6 in pedestal I, having supporting flanges 8 which may likewise be secured to the supporting foundation. A pulley 9 is fixed to shaft 4 between the bearings 6 whereby the impeller may be driven from a suitable source of power (not shown).

The opposite walls of casing I are flanged at Ill, these flanges being provided with radial slots H (see Fig. 3) 'to receive the bolts I! which pass through the casing-heads l8 and I9 whereby the walls are secured in place to form a composite casing. The inner casing head His secured to a flange 20 upon pedestal I and has a central opening 2| through which shaft 4 passes. A radial face 12 on the hub [3 of the impeller 3 serves as a thrust face to contact the inner wall of the casing head l9. At its opposit end shaft 4 is provided with a thrust collar 22 fixed to the shaft 4. With this arrangement it is obvious that the shaft 4 and its associated impeller are restrained from axial displacement.

The casing head I8 is provided with a central opening 30, which serves as an inlet opening for the pumped fluid. It is well known that the pressure at the axial inlet of a pump of this type is relatively low and. may be below atmospheric pressure. fore materially abrade the metal about the inlet opening 30. However, as the pumped material moves outwardly within the casing l the hydraulic pressure increases and reaches a maximum at the inner peripheral walls of the casing.

It is in this portion of the casing that the abrasion is maximum and it is the primary object of the invention to minimize the eflfects of this abrasion, as well as to make it possible to renew the parts subjected to the abrasive effects of the pumped materials. The method of attaining this primaryobject will now be described.

By reference to Figs. 1 and 3, it will be noted that the inner peripheral wall of the casing is provided with a U-shaped recess 3 i, which terminates in the side walls of the casing in outwardly facing shoulders 32. The recess 38 continues throughout the periphery of the casing l and. is coextensive with a like recess in the tangential discharge outlet 33 of the pump.

To minimize the abrasion of the peripheral inner wall of the casing l recess 3i is provided with an annular lining 3d of abrasion resistant material, such lining having U-shaped cross section and comprising a plurality of sectors 35, one of which is shown in perspective in Fig. 2. The material comprising the sectors 35 may be The abrasive material does not there of any suitable abrasion resistant alloy such, for 1 example, as manganese steel. This suggested material is to be considered as illustrative only and not as limitative of the invention, as any suitable abrasion resistant material may be used. It may also be noted that it is not intended that the invention shall be limited to the use of alloys for certain of the metals as, for example, white 'cast iron may be utilized without departing from mum abrasion-occurs at the extreme periphery of the casing where hydraulic pressure andyelocity are the greatest. Consequently, this portion of the casing is subjected to the greatest wear.

A novel and important feature of the invention is the manner of positioning the'liner 34 within the casing and fixing the liner therein in such a manner as to resist the stresses that may occur during the normal operation of the pump. These sectors 35 are introduced sequentially into the recess 3| of the mouth of the discharge outlet 33 until a complete liner is provided. In the present preferred practice a limited number of these sectors are inserted in the recess 3| in endto-end relation and are moved to the farthermost end of the recess. Each of the sectors is then wedged inwardly to bring the faces 33 of the sectors against the shoulders 32 in the casing walls. This wedging action is effected by any suitable wedging means. The casing l is then so oriented that liquid will flow ,by gravity into the annular space between the sectors 35 and the casing I. A suitable metal of relatively low melting point, such as brass, zinc, or bronze is then put into the annular space to form the bonding metal 40 to retain the sectors 35 in place within the casing. A second group of sectors is then inserted and the casing isagain oriented so that bonding metal 40 may be poured behind the lining sectors to fix such sectors in place. This sequence is repeated until a complete liner 34 is provided within the recess 3| of the casing.

While specific metals have been suggested for use as the bonding metal 40, the invention is not limited to the use of those metals but it is contemplated that the use of any metal may be used which has sufficient resistance to flow under pressure as to withstand the stress to which the sectors 35 are subjected when the pump is in use. At the same time the preferable metal will have a sufilciently low melting power and a sufllciently low latent heat of fusion that the casing I will not be deleteriously affected during the cooling of the metal within the annular space between the liner 34 and the casing When a pump casing is lined in accordance with the procedure just described it has been found that after a long period of use the sectors 35 will wear through at the thickened portions 31. If such wear is nonuniform throughout the periphery of the casing, the sectors may be severed as by means of a blow torch and the respective parts of the lining may then be removed from the recess 3|. Bonding metal 40 is of a sufficiently limited volume and a sufficiently low melting point that only superficial interfusion of metals occurs. Hence the segments of the severed sectors and the bonding metal may be readily removed and the recess 3| again prepared for a replacement liner. A single liner applied in accordance with the invention will withstand severe operating conditions. The liningmay .then be replaced at a small fraction of the expense that would be necessary in replacing the entire. casing. Furthermore, it has been found that as many as five replacement liners may be used in a single casing before it is necessary to replace the casing itself. It is thus apparent that the life of a casing is materially increased and maintenance costs are reduced to a minimum.

It is relatively unnecessary to touch upon the mode of operation of the disclosed device when addressing the description to those skilled in the art. It will be pointed out, however, that when the impeller 3 is driven through the rotation of shaft 4 fluid is drawn to the casing in the inlet opening 30. This fiuid is forced radially outward by the impeller 3 and moves along the liner 34 at high velocity and pressure. Abrasive material contained in the liquid hence effects material abrasion of the liner which may subsequently be replaced as above described.

Bonding metal 40 is necessarily sufliciently resistant to flow under pressure that the liner sectors 35 will be retained in a fixed position within the casing throughout the useful life of the sectors 35.

From the foregoing it is believed that the objects of the invention are apparent and that the construction and arrangement of the parts as disclosed in connection with the preferred embodiment of the invention effects the objects in a novel and economical manner. The initial cost of the production of a centrifugal pump embodying the invention is not increased and at the same time the life of a single liner increases the life of the pump, while the ultimate life of the pump casing may be increased many fold by replacing the lining in accordance with the invention.

Furthermore, it is apparent that the method of the invention obviates deleterious warping and change in metal structure of the casing walls such as results when a wear resistant coating is applied by use of the acetylene torch or electric arc. bolt holes in the casing with their attendant difliculties in maintaining a prime.

What is claimed is:

1. In a centrifugal pump, a circular casing having an axial inlet and a tangential outlet, an annular fluid channel in said casing, said channel having annular shouldersformingthe inner limits thereof, said shoulders extending around the interior of said casing and through said outlet to receive liner sections therein, liner sections slidable into said outlet and about said casing to form a wear surface forsaid channel, said sections in said channel beingof approximately uniform shape and size, and means to retain said liner sections in assembled position. v

2. In a centrifugal pump, a circular casing having an axial inlet and a tangential outlet, an annular fluid channel formed on the inner periphery of said casing with inner shoulders integral with said casing forming the inner boundary of saidchannel, said shoulders extending to the outer end of said outlet, U-shaped liner sections of wear resisting material slidable into said channel through said outlet and surrounding said shoulders, said sections being of approximately uniform size, and a bond of soft metal securing said sections in position.


The invention also obviates provision of

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2505197 *Apr 12, 1949Apr 25, 1950Borg WarnerPump housing
US2519588 *Dec 24, 1943Aug 22, 1950Borg WarnerPump housing
US2764096 *Dec 15, 1952Sep 25, 1956Continental Motors CorpWater pump for internal combustion engine
US4120605 *Apr 18, 1977Oct 17, 1978Skega AktiebolagWear liners for abrasive-material handling equipment
US4639191 *Feb 25, 1985Jan 27, 1987R. Leon WellsCentrifugal fan liner and installing tool therefor
DE3323167A1 *Jun 28, 1983Jan 3, 1985Soudbrase Schweisstech GmbhProcess for the production and repair of pump housings for pumps for delivering material containing sand and gravel, and pumps of this kind
U.S. Classification415/196, 415/206
International ClassificationF04D29/42
Cooperative ClassificationF04D29/4286
European ClassificationF04D29/42P4