US 2121346 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
L. M. HARVEY TOWEL CABINET Filed Oct; 5, 1934 2 Sheets-Sheet l June 21;, i938. K L, M, HARVEY I 2,121,346
TOWEL CABINET y Filedfoct. y5, 1934 v 2 sheets-sheet 2' I 3235 [IF 'Il Patented .fune 2J., 1938.. f
` $21,346 TOWEL CINT Leo M. Harvey, Los Angeles, Calif. Appiieetien oeteber 51 1934, serial Ne. 746,983
20 Claims. (CL 1ML-8425) This invention rentes te e dispensing device needlessly actuating the cabinet to receive exfand relates more particularly to' a towel cabinet cessive amounts of toweling. for supplying orf-dispensing tcweling. lA general' Another object of the inventionisto provide obJect of this invention is to provide a simple, a towel cabinet that involvesajco'ntrol governing practical and improved towel cabinet for dis-J the' withdrawal of toweling frm teabnet. said 51;'
pensng paper toweling. control including a `rotatable member in the application relates to towel dispensing cabinet or ease e'rfigagingv the toweling to prevent devices of the` general character described and its withdrawal when held against rotation and distilled in my co-pending application Serial N0. means for holding the meniber against rotation it teatrali, iiieaoeteber 5,1934; and Letters Patent reiee'sebie typieeeing epefiftieriei exposed toweii6" lef the United States Number 2,067L760, granted ieg against the member ,ina manner to turnv it. to me January 12, .1937. e e The a'ctuationvor releasel of the control member The common forms of towel cabinets in gen-` does" not require that the user directly engage eralY use embody towel" dispensing `or delivering or manipulate any meehani'cfalpart' of the deyice. l5' mechanisms that may be repeatedly operated' Another object ofthe invention is to provide i5A Withoutappreciable'manipiilation"or delay. The a towel cabinet of .thecharacter' mentioned in users of the cabinets: often repeatedly actuate which the rotatable control member governing them to withdraw quantities oftowels or toweling the withdrawal of the tc'iweling` has' Supporting greatly in excess of their needs o r requirements. and" feeding engagement withthe supply roll Vof 25" Thirsneedless and wasteful withdrawal of toweltoweling so that ashaft or spindlefor supporting 20y ing is costly and rapidly depletes the supplies of the supply roll is not required. toweling in the cabinets. The to'wel cabinets j-lnotherobjectl of the inventionis to provide now in use usually embody levers, buttons or a towel cabinetthatis attractive and lsiglitly other devicesthat must be engaged andl manipuin appearance and d'oe's n otnorrnally carry a e fait* lated to deliver orl allow the withdrawal of towels protruding piece of toweling and doesnot include 25 or toweling; Theselevers; buttons', etcl, are en` projecting operatinglevers; buttons `or the like" gage'd by the wet hands of the users and soon A furtherV object ofthe invention isto provide become soiled; unsightlyand unsanitary. a t'cvvel cabinet characterized bye.V simpleinexm Another' object ofthe invention `is to provide pensivencas'e whose interior is made conveniently. 30 an eifectivetowel cabinet that; requires" a series accessiblefor the insertionv of the supply roll of 30" fof manual acts or manipulations forits complete toweling by swinging open its outer section.
actuationand for` conditioning it for furtherac` The various objects and f eaturesof my inventuation; said requiredmanipulation's being'sucli tion willbe fully understood from the following that they usually deter'the user from repeatedly detailed description of' a typical preferred form` operating the cabinet; and application of the invention, throughout Another object of the inventonis'toprovde awl'iich description reference maybe made tothe towel cabinet embo'dynga means controlling'the" accompanying drawings,` in which: e withdrawal of towelingfthat may be released and' Figglis a; front elevation ofthe towel cabinet actuated through the mediumof a portionV of provided'by the invention." Fig, 2 is a side ele-A clean tcweling accessible for engagement throughl vation'of'thetowel cabinet.` Fig. 3 is an enlarged 40 an'openingiin thecas'e, said-y portion of toweling` vertical detailedsectional view of the lower por? beingreceived by tle user who engages it. The tion of the device`, beingajview taken as indicated towel cabinet of the present invention mayv be b'y line 3--3"on Fig. land illustrating the meme easily `and conveniently operated toY permit the bersof the controlintheirnormal positions. Eig.
etlltvitudtewei effe-1 length orto-weinig without en- 4 isa' ,enlarged fragmentary vertical detailed 45` gaging buttons,` levers orflike unsanitary operat' sectional vviewjtalren substantially as indicated by ing devices. e linellll-Ll on Fig. 3. Fig. 5 isfa fragmentaryver- Anotherobjectloftheinvention isto provi-de a tical detailed sectional View takenV substantially towel 1cabinetdn' whichftlie' delivered orprojected asf-indicated byline' 5-5" on Fig.4.` Fig. 6 is a Sil portion of toweli'ng"m'ustv betorn or cut free by view similar to Fig." 5fillustrating a different posi- 50 the user, when he operates-'or manipulates the ti'on of the control mechanism parts. Fig. '7 is a device inthe usual for intended manner,` before fragmentary vertical detailed sectional view taken the control mean'scan be `released and reactuated substantially as indicated'by line T-'I on Fig. 6, to permit the withdrawalof more toweling; andl Fig`.`t 8"is an enlarged fragmentary vertical secnlfthis requirementl usuallyl' deters'thef'usery fronll' tialviewtaken substantially#V asindicated by line 8 8 on Fig. 3 and Fig. 9 is a fragmentary vertical detailed sectional view similar to Figs. 5 and 6 illustrating another position of the mechanism parts.
The towel cabinet provided by this invention includes, generally, a cabinet or case I for containing a supply roll I I of toweling, and a control for governing the withdrawal of the toweling from the case I0, said control including a member I2 over which the toweling T must be moved to be withdrawn from the case I0, releasable means I3 limiting movement of the member I2 to limit the amount of toweling T that may be withdrawn from the case at one operation and means I4 independent of the means I3 which may prevent the withdrawal of further toweling until the withdrawn portion of toweling is cut free.
The particular cabinet or case I0 shown in the drawings is adapted to be attached to or mounted on a wall or vertical support, it being understood that the cabinet may be designed for arrangement on legs or other supports. The case I0 is a hollow structure for containing the supply roll II of toweling and for housing the control mechanism. It is a feature of the invention that the case I0 is a simple inexpensive structure comprising two sections A and B. The sections A and B may be formed of sheet metal, or the like, and are hingedly or pivotally connected for relative movement. The section A com-r prises the back wall I5 of the case and the bottomA I6. The back wall I5 is adapted to be suitably secured to a wall or vertical support and the bottom. I6 projects horizontally forward from the back wall. The section B comprises the top I'I, the spaced ends or sides I8 and the front I9 of the case. The sides I8 are adapted to join or engage the back wall I5 and the bottom I6 when the section B is in its normal or closed position. The top I1 may be substantially horizontal and may overlap the upper end of the back wall I5. K
While the'front I9 of the case may be a plain front wall it is preferred to make it in the shape or configuration illustrated throughout the drawings. rIhe front I9 illustrated in the drawings has an upper portion that is convex or rounded outwardly and downwardly from the top I1 and then downwardly and inwardly to join an in termediate portion 2|. The portion 2| is also bowed or rounded outwardly and forwardly and then downwardly and inwardly where it joins a lower convexed or rounded portion 22. The upper convex portion 20 may be curved about a center or vaxis spaced substantially midway between the back wall I5 and its outermost surface portion. The rounded or convexed portions 20, 2| and 22 are graduated in diameter, the portion 2U being of the largestdiameter and extent and the portion 22 being of the smallest diameter and extent. The surfaces of the portions 20, 2| and `22 preferably extend forwardly to a common vertical tangential plane. 'The front IS shaped as just described is attractive and is of particular utility as will become evident from the following description of the control mechanism.
In accordance with the invention the case section B is hinged or pivoted to the section A so that it may be swung forwardly and downwardly to permit the insertion of the supply roll II in the case. Pivot pins 23 are carried by suitable brackets 24 on the bottom I6 and extend through openings in the sides I8 to pivotally connect the section B with the section A. The common axis of the pivotal connections between the sections A and B is preferably spaced substantially midway between the front and rear extremities of the bottom I6. A suitable lock or latch 25 may be provided to connect the top I'I with the back wall I5 to hold the section B in its normal closed position. Means is provided on the case section A to guide and aid in supporting the supply roll II of toweling. Vertically disposed plates 26 project upwardly from the bottom I6 and are spaced from the sides I8. The plates 26 are inwardly offset adjacent their upper ends to have guide parts 2l' which are adjacent the opposite ends of the roll of paper toweling II to maintain the roll in its proper position. A support 28 extends between and is connected to the plates 26. The support 28 is inclined downwardly and forwardly and may aid insupporting the supply roll II when the roll becomes reduced in diameter. It is to be understood that the roll II is primarily supported by the member I2 as will be hereinafter described. The large outwardly bowed'or curved portion 20 of the front I9 forms a socket or pocket which receives the forward portion of the supply roll II.
The control is an important feature of the invention and operates to govern the removal or withdrawal of the toweling T from the case IU. The control is housed entirely within the case I0 and may be released and actuated by the user without engaging any mechanical part of the device. The control includes the member I2 which is the principal element of the control mechanism. The member I2 operates to support and feed the supply roll II and constitutes a backing or support for a portion oftoweling T that may be engaged or acted on by the user to release and actuate the control.
The member I2 is in the nature of a roller or roll positioned below the supply roll II and rotatable about a horizontal axis. 'Ihe roll or memberv I2 is. positioned in the case IU so that its forward portion is received in the pocket formed by the front portion 2I. Axles or trunnions 29 are provided on the opposite ends of the member I2 and are rotatably received in openings in the plates 26 to support the member for rotation. The member I2 is spaced above the bottom I6 and carries or supports the supply roll I I. The supply roll I I rests on the member I2 as illustratedin Figs. 3, 5, and 6 of the drawings, and is held in cooperation therewith by gravity. The rolling contact of the periphery of the member I2 with the supply roll II tends to feed or rotate the supply roll II when the member is turned in the direction indicated by the arrow X. 'I'he toweling T is trained forwardly from the lower peripheral portion of the supply roll II and downwardly over the forward peripheral face of the member I2. From the member I2 the toweling T passes vdownwardly and rearwardly to be withdrawn through an opening 30 in the bottom I6. The member I2 may be formed of wood or the like and is preferably provided with a peripheral covering of rubber or similar, material for cooperating with the toweling T.
A spring urged-roller 3I is rotatably supported in the lower forward corner of the case I to hold the toweling T against the periphery of the member I2. The roller 3I is partially received in the pocket formed by the portion 22 of the case front I9. Trunnions 32 on the opposite ends of thegroller 3l are rotatable and shiftable in slots orelongated openings 33 in the plates 26.
Springs 34 are connected with :the trunnions32 to urge the roller 3 I- toward the member `I 2 wherebythe towelingpassing betweenf the rolleriand .1 member is suitably gripped or engaged. The-end 55 portions of the roller 3I maybe of reduced di.-
ameter so that the roller has limited engagement. with the central portion vof the strip of toweling TL Means is provided at the opening .'30 whereby the user may conveniently out "the withdrawn por- Ition of toweling T free fromthe main portion of l' toweling within the case.A The forwardvwall oredge of the opening 3U is shaped to form a cutter against which the toweling T may bedrawn;` In` the particular form of the invention `illustratedA Fin` the drawings sharpenedserrations or teeth` 35 are provided at the forward edge of the opening 35 to effectively cut ythe toweling T'."
It is a` feature of the invention that an opening 55 is provided in the wall of the case I0 whereby 201fthe user may engage and act von the toweling` T trained over the forward portion `of the memberA I2 to move the member tofrelease the means I3 and initiate the Vdownward delivery or discharge of the toweling -throughilthe opening 30:V Ther-1 ?opening 35 is provided in the rounded or Acurved portion ZI of the case front I'vandV is preferably `equally spaced between the `sides I8 so that the middle portion of the strip of toweling is exposed for engagement. Theopening 36 may -be subfstantially rectangular and of substantial .vertical length so that the user may conveniently pressL on the exposed toweling to turn the member I2fas required. The user of the-,devicein engaging thev toweling T/through the opening to release the L .p ameans l 3 and initiate the delivery of the toweling,
does not engage any part of the apparatus and only engages a clean portion of toweling whichL he later withdraws for his use.
The means I3 normally holds the member I2` ioagainst rotation to prevent the withdrawal of th'e toweling T and is releasable by turning the mem-` ber l2 in a reverse direction. The `principal func-- ticn of the means I 3 is to limit the length or` amount of toweling Tthat may-be withdrawn flfrom the case IU at one operaticnandoperates to stop turning of the member I2 "after a p-redetermined amount of toweling has been withdrawn through the opening 30. When the memberIZ is held against rotation by the means nI3"th`e userA goris unable to pull or withdraw moretowelingV from the case. ratchet wheel 31 attached to one endof the member l2 to turn therewith and a cam disc'SB-aiwA ranged to turn with the member I2'fand havey Uzlimited rotative movement with respect thereto.
Suitable plates 35 may be provided attheopposite ends or sides of the ratchet wheel 31 and 'the'assembly of these plates and the wheel maybe secured to the member I2 by screws 4!l. The pro- 601jecting heads of the screws 4U are receivedin curving or arcuate slots 4I in the cam disc 38.1?
which is positioned adjacent or against the outer plate 39. The means I4 includes a cam ydisc.42 which is preferably arranged adjacent the disc 33 and connected with the disc to simplify the construction. A plate 43 is interposed between the cam discs @Sand 42 and projects beyond their The assembly of the cam discs 38.
peripheries. and i2 and the plate 43 may be welded or other-1 Owise rigidly secured together;
openings 4d are provided in the assembly of the discs 38 and 42 and the plate 43to pass or re ceive pins 55. The pins 45v are shouldered :to 'bear inwardly against the outer `plate 39xamz1their.,`v` ".'reduced inner'endsmaybe riveted `to the vinner The means I3 includes a sprocketsl or spaced arcuate plate 39v'and ratchet wheel 31' asiat 46.?, Ther-outer ends of the pins .45.are reducedrto-befriv'eted into.` openings-41 :iniarretainingplate 48'; Withsthezr construction .justtdescribed the connected ,came
discs 138 .and.42; Shave llimited rotative movement with? respect Lto` the control'.` member I2 'anda .area adapted` tto turnA with4 the member"y I 2` when-athis playor: rmovementxhas .been taken iup.'
atingfwithfwthe canr disc 33.'Mv Afpivot pinx5ll11fis" supporty yther-"lever 492" The lever-49:=.is: provide`d with-h; anfV elongated. vopening or slot .52 receiving.: theJpi-n 5llfwhereby it may pivot n about .the pin.; andfhaveflimited endwise movement.: Thelever.:
has an :upwardly :and forwardly `proj ectingtxarm-c` 53fp=rovidedrwithia finge-r 54 `for` cooperating-with!vv the camdisa The periphery of thecam: disc 38,;I
The shoulder v:55 faces.;
has aninwardly curved portion terminatingoat anfabruptshoulder 5555 inthe direction th'emember` I2 `is turned when:-`
towelirig.` is withdrawn .from thercase` and is` ene.
gageable by l the nger;54; The engagement r.of
the finger` 54.-'with the `shoulder 55'.operates=to,.
prevent-rotation of 'the member I21Finsthe1dir`ection `indicated bythe arrow xXiand thus spreventsf.
withdrawal of the toweling T'fr'om the caserls Means isv provided for releasing the leverl nger.
541-from the shoulder `55; This means comprises a lower arm 56 on thelever I9 and la pawl--5'II pivotallysupported by the arm.56 portion of "the-lever arm 56 mayfbeueshaped and may carry a pin 534lforlpivotally-'supporting The ilo'wer the pawl 51.` The arm 56 fprojectsfdownwardlyf and forwardly from the pivotal axis of the leverf 49 so that ythe combinedfweight of thefarmf 56 and pawl- 51 tends to move the leverdownwardly.
on the'pin 50 and normally tends to maintain" `therlriger 54 in cooperation with the shoulder 55."
The rpawl' 51 Aprojects forwardly and has afinger` orf'head 59"on its forward end for-cooperating` latedfto remain` in cooperation and causey they ber-l2 is turned in thedirectionindicatedibythe` arrowYv and to ratchet or release whenthe mem` ber ^I2` is'turnedin the opposite-direction indie` cated bythe arrow X. The Apawl 51 has `arear-` wardlyprojecting varm 6I which" isi ofx greater weight than its forward arm to normally urge the vhead 59 upwardly into cooperation with-Y the.
The assembly offthe lever 49 ratchet teeth 5l). and the pawl'f5l`constitutes an escapement cooperating with the ratchet wheel 3'I- and thecam di'sc38 connected with the control membery 12.?
To' release the means I3 the user pushes :up-lA wardlyfandfinwardly'on the portion'of towelingf Tiiexposed through the openingi-36fto turn the the pawl 5l 'is moved forwardly to-causepivoting of the lever 49iand`relea`se of the-head '54 from .60:1 member I2 `in the direction indicated by thear-` row'Y.` This turning of the member I2 finethe direction `indicated by the arrow Y of course rei sults .in` turning of the ratchet wheel`31 so that pawl 51 and the lower lever arm 56 moves the lever 49 downwardly on the pin 50 until the upper end of the slot 52 engages the pin. 'Ihis downward movement of the lever 49 brings the head 54 to a position where it is prevented from re-engaging the shoulder 55 until the member I2 has been rotated one complete revolutionk in the direction indicated by the arrow X. A boss 64 is provided on the lever arm 53 to cooperate with a stop 65 on the support 28 to limit the outward or rearward movement of the lever arm.
The means I4 operates to prevent the withdrawal of unlimited quantities of toweling T from the case I by pulling downwardly Vand forwardly on the protruding toweling even though the means I3 may be released following the withdrawal of one portion or length of toweling. The means I4 is governed or released by the cutting free of the withdrawn portion of toweling T and includes agate element or apron 66 engag'eable by the toweling T extending through the opening 3B. The apron 66 is disposed within the case I0 above the opening 30 and is inclined upwardly and forwardly to be engageable by the toweling T passing from the periphery of the member I2 to the opening 30. The apron 66 is supported or suspended for swinging movement by plates 61 pivoted on the trunnions 29. One or both of the plates 61 has its. greatest mass in front of its pivotal axis to normally urge the apron 66 rearwardly against the toweling T. The plate 61 adjacent the assembly of the cam discs 38 and 42 may have a notch 68 in its edge whose opposite end walls are adapted to engage the opposite ends of a stop 69 tolimit the. movement of the above, the projection 1I remains in cooperation with the notch 12. Following the release of the means I3 the user may push downwardly and Ainwardly on the toweling T trained over the member I2 to turn the member in the direction indicated by the arrow X to start or initiate the delivery of the toweling T through the opening 30. The turning of the member I2 in the direction indicated by the arrow X brings the wall 13 of the notch 12 into camming engagement with the head 1I to move the head out of the notch.
As the rotation of the member I2 is continued either by pulling downwardly on the projected portion of toweling T or by turning the member through the medium of the toweling exposed through the opening 36, the projection 1I engages or rides on the periphery of the cam disc 42. The lever has a rearwardly projecting arm 14 of greater weight than the forward arm of the lever to maintain the projection 1I in cooperation with the cam disc 42 through the action of gravity.
In accordance with the invention the lever 1D has cooperation with the adjacent plate 61 to prevent the cutting of the toweling T by the teeth 35 while the toweling is being withdrawn from the case. A lower projection 15 is provided on the outer end of the lever 10 to cooperate with a lateral lug 16 on the adjacent plate 61. When the projection 1I is moved downwardly out of the notch 12 as described above, the projection 15 is moved downwardly in front of the lug 16 to the position illustrated in Fig. 6 of the drawings. When the lever 15 is in this position its projection 15 cooperates with the lug 16 to prevent forward swinging or movement of the apron 66 and holds the apron in a position where the toweling T is prevented from engaging the teeth 35 as the user pulls the toweling downwardly through the opening 30. After the user has pushed downwardly and rearwardly on the toweling exposed at the opening 36 to turn the member I2 and release the means I3 he may grasp the portion of toweling T thus projected through the opening 30 and pull downwardly and forwardly on the toweling. This withdrawal of the toweling T causes the member I2 to be turned in the direction indicated by the arrow X. The toweling may be freely withdrawn through the opening 35 until the member I2 has been turned for one complete revolution, whereupon the shoulder 55 engages the head 54 to limit further rotation of the member.
Substantially simultaneously with the reen gagement of the shoulder 55 with the head 5.4 the projection 1I re-enters the notch 12 releasing the apron 56 for forward movement. The user may then pull forwardly on the depending portion of toweling T to bring it against the teeth 35 and cut it free for use. The apron 66 freely swings forwardly during this cutting of the toweling T. The projection 15 and the lug 16 are related to prevent a second revolution of the member I 2 in the event that the user attempts to obtain additional toweling by merely releasing the means I3 and pulling downwardly and forwardly on the withdrawn toweling without tearing free the withdrawn toweling T. When the projection 1I re-enters the notch 12 upon the member I2 being turned one revolution the lower edge 18 of the projection 15 is directly above and immediately adjacent the upper edge of the lug 16 (see Fig. 9). As long as the user maintains a forward pull on the withdrawn portion of toweling T without attempting to cut it free the upper edge of the lug 15 is disposed below the projection 15 so that the projection 1! is held in the notch 12 to prevent rotation of the member I2. While the member l2 is held against rotation by the cooperation of the projection 1I with the notch 12 the user is prevented from withdrawing toweling from the case I0.
It is believed that the operation of the towel cabinet will be readily understood from the foregoing detailed description, To operate the device the user pushes upwardly and inwardly on the toweling T exposed by the opening 35 to turn the member I2 in the direction indicated by the arrow Y. This partial rotation of the member I2 moves the pawl 51 forwardly so that the head 54 is swung out of engagement with the shoulder 55. The assembly of the cam discs 38 and 42 is free to remain stationary during the turning of the member l2 to release the head 54 from the shoulder 55. After the disengagement of the head 54 fromfthe shoulder 55 the lever 49 shifts downwardly on the pin 50 so that the head is prevented from re-engaging the shoulder. Following the release of the means I3 the user pushes downwardly and rearwardly on the toweling T trained over the face of the member I2, whereupon the cam wall 13 of the 1- `notch ...'I2wcooperates with: the projection 4II to shifttthe projection downwardly out of the notch.
Theturning;fonthewmember` :I2 .also feedsa por` lfprojection 1I: out; of..;.ltl1e notch. l2 bringsxthe `lever .'Iiltoa Yposition. where` its projection'flf isis.. in `front ofllthe: lug .7.6. The. projection `.l5 lillOwcooperates ivitlfiithel.lug` r"Iii to. hold .the apron l166iain.:theanposition .illustrated in Fig. `6-of ...the drawings When .in this position* theapron prevents the'toweling 'I' from engaging the `teeth -`351fas .the .user pulls. the. toweling-.through..the
5115` openingfJ30..`..Tl1e userxmayl freely withdrawxthe :..towelingf T zuntil fthe` member I2 hasfbeenturned for lonecomplete l.revolution to bring the vshoulder .c55 finto engagement. with the headg. 54. *.At .this fntimethezmember I2 isllmovingi'n the direction `."rc20jindicated:by therarrow X.and the shoulder. 55 cooperating.with. they head 5!! moves. the. lever i=1l9..upwardly to. bringothe lower. end oftheslot .z-ffinto engagement with rthepinbll. This .engagement prevents further lturningofY the-.mem-
berfiIZwand stopsthcwithdrawal. of the toweling. `Substantially simultaneously with the engagementof the lower. end .of `the slots. 52.. with. the pin 5E! thesgravityactuated lever 'id moves to l thelpositionavlfhereitsi projection 'I I` is .received in: thewnotch 12.` This movementof the. lever A'Iil"disengages then/rear edge of the projection l :'Iiifrom the 1lug lrIiffreeingthe. apron. @Efor `for-- ward movement.
.,In. practice ythe user usually maintains a downward `andforward pull on the towelingas he withdraws it and-.the sudden release. of the projection ..15 .from fthe'llug 'I6 .allows `the apron .l 66 tolsud- M denly move. forwardly to bring;the toweling T l against the teethi 35.` In" this manner ythe .towelinglT. is readily cut .free Afor use. In the event thatthev user does `not `cut the toweling free and `attempts to obtain further towelingbymerely re- :leasing .the means., I3. and maintaining. a. down- ;ward and forward strain on the toweling .the .lug 45h16. remains directlyy below. the projection. 15 to prevent the disen-gagementof .the projectionl "from thenotch v'I2. The projectionll thus prevents `turning of the member I2 and withdrawal `of toweling, `see Fig. 9. l A
Thesupply roll II of toweling is supported by `thezcontrol.member` .I2l and4 is urgedto turn in a directionto permitthe.` free reeling of the towel- *ingrfrom it. Asthe supplyroll` I I `is supported `on thermember IZ Vno `other' means is requiredfor carryingithessupply of toweling. r When the supply roll Hoof. towelingvbecomes reducedlin.` di- Mameter.' it maybe partially supportedby the supportl` 128. The',` control member I2 engages the toweling .T Atogovern` itswwithdrawal .from the casefl and `constitutes a'` backing for the por-tion of toweling s T .l that.; isc engaged :orxmanipulated l .bytheusen Further, the.` control vmember-.I2 constitutes the manually/actuatedelement ofthe device but is housed` by the case I` and toweling T so that.theMusendoes-not` directly contact it. The `portion oftoweling` T exposed at the opening 36 is engaged byythe user to release and actuate the control;mechanism and this self-same portion of toweling is ilater withdrawn for use by the `same..1.1 ;rson.` V.TlDhedevice may be fully Vactuated andlcontrolledvwithbut the` direct manual engagementrof .any lparts of the mechanism. The series Vof acts. or manipulations required for .the operationofthedevicelis such that the user .is usually deterred l from withdrawing excessive lquantitiesfi'of toweling. .The control member I2 :1ioperateslasnaxmeasuringelement and provides for `lthefwitlidrawalfof apredetermined length of towelinglTjaaeaohfoperation. The parts of the con- `which theusermay `graspand pull' downwardly H and forwardly. The downward movement zof .the
trol mechanismzare entirely automatic in opera- 5 .tionand are; gravitycontrolled and dognot require frspringswfor their operation. The case I0 is particularlysimpla and inexpensive of manufacture ...-andtherfront section Bmay be swung toits open wpositionto makethe interior ofthe case readilylllO,
paccessible.` LThe supply `roll of toweling may be .easilypositioned in the case without being arranged on a shaft or rod. .aHaving describedfonly atypical preferred `form iand. application-ofmywinvention, I donot wish;` 15
.tolbey limited-orlrestricted to the. specific form and application'herein set forth,lbut wish to `re-` servel to .vmyself `any Y modications or variations f all within `theiscope of the following claims.
thatemayappear to` thosefskilled inthe art or `d Having described-myinvention, I claim:
1. fA. device for; handling sheet material'including a case .forholdinga supply of the material, l, the case-havingan opening through which a portion of the ,material .confined .within the caselj25 .against use is-engageable bythe operator, a control member in the case having movement con- `trollingengagenient-with the material and .positioned withrespect to the opening tobemovable `by manual force applied to .said portion of ma-liIBO terial accessiblefthroughv the opening, a cutting offthe said material. l
part adapted to cut free' the material withdrawn from, the case, and means for preventing movementof thefmemberjreleased by the'cutting free 5.35 '1 2. `A device for handling sheet material includ- 1 ing a case 4fori holding a supply ofthe material, thecase'liaving anoopening through which the `material-may be removed from the Caseland. having a second opening, a Lmember having move-40 ment controlling engagement` with the material andtmovable by manual action on the material l accessible `through the second opening, a control for stopping movement of the member to limit the `removal of the materialgreleasable; by such manualgL action on the material accessible through said sec- ,.ondtopeningand means for cutting freethe port `tionsjof material removed through the first openina A l 3. A device `for handling'sheet material includ-50 ing a case for holding` al supply of the material,A the case` having an opening throughwhich the cutting free the portions of material removed through the .rst opening, and means actuated by j themember for controlling the cutting means. ,460
l 4. A device forhandling sheet material including a case forfholding a supply of the-material, and a control for governing the removal of material from the case including. a member hav- `inglmovement controlling engagement `with thai-,65 material, .manually releasable meanslfor stopping movement of .the memberwhen a definite portion of the material `has been removed from the case,.;andfmeans preventing furthermaterial removing movement ofthe member following theme v.release ofsaid. means made operative byra for- 1 ward pull on theremoved portion of the material.
. 5. .A device for handling sheet material; includinga'case foriholding a supply of the material, and a control for governing the removal of ma- 75 terial fromthe case including a member mounted to be manually movable through the medium of madeoperative by a pull on the removed portion of the material and released on cutting free the said portion of the material.
v6. VA device for handling sheet material including a case for lholding a supply of the material, and a control for governing the removal of material from the case including a member having i Amovement controlling engagement with the material, manually releasable means for stopping movement of the member when a 4definite portion ofthe material has been removed :from the case, and means preventing material removing `movement of the member made operative by a forward pull on the removed portion of the material, the last mentioned means including a part -for engaging the material where it leaves the case.
'7. A vtowel cabinet including a case for holding a supply of toweling Aand a control governing the withdrawal of towelingirom the case including a manually movable member having movement controlling engagement with the toweling, a shouldered part having a lost motion connection with the member, a. lever adapted to cooperate with the shoulder of said part to stop movement of the member, and means for releasing the lever including teeth on the member, and a pawl connected with the leverand adapted to cooperate with the teeth to transmit releasing motion from the member to the lever.
8. A towel cabinet including, a case adapted to house a supply roll of toweling and having an opening through which the toweling may be Withdrawn and having a second opening, a rotatable member in the case in feeding relation to the-supply and adapted to have a portion of toweling trained over it to be engageable through said second opening for the purpose'of turning the member, a cutting element adapted to cut free a withdrawn portion of toweling, and a control governing rotation of the member.
9. A towel cabinet including, a case having an opening and adapted to house a supply roll of toweling, Va rotatable member in the case in feeding relation to the supply roll and adapted to have a portion of toweling trained over it to be engageable through said opening for the puri pose of turning the member, a cutting element an openingand adapted to house a supply roll of toweling, a rotatable member in the case in feeding relation to the supply roll and adapted Vto have a portion of toweling trained over it to be engageable through said opening for the purpose of turning the member, a cutting element adaptedto cut free a withdrawn portion of toweling, and `a control `governing rotation of the memben-the control including a ratchet wheel krotatable with the member and an escapement -mechanism for cooperating with the ratchet wheel.
11. A towel cabinet including, a case having an opening and adapted to house a supply roll of toweling, a rotatable member in the case in feeding relation to the supply roll and adapted to have a portion of toweling trained over it to be engageable through said opening for the purpose of turning the member, a cutting element adapted to cut free a withdrawn portion of toweling, a control for limiting rotation of the member releasable by manipulation of the member through the medium of said portion of the toweling, and means coacting With the control for governing the operation of the. cutting element.
12. A device of the character described including a case for holding a supply of sheet material, the case having an opening through which the material may be withdrawn and a second opening past which the material is movable to the first opening, a member in the case behind the material passing the second opening, the member being rotated by movement of the material, means limiting rotation of the member to limit the withdrawal of the material, means at the rst opening for cutting the withdrawn material free, and means preventing engagement of the material with the cutting means releasable substantially simultaneously with the operation of the first mentioned means.
13. A vdevice of the character described including a case for holding a supply of sheet material, the case having an opening through which the material may be withdrawn and a second opening past which thematerial is movable to the rst opening, a member in the case behind the material passing the second opening, the member being rotated by movement of the material, means limiting rotation of the member to limit the withdrawal of the material, means at the rst opening for cutting the withdrawn material free, and means preventing engagement of the material with the cutting means releasable substantially simultaneously with the operation of the first mentioned means, the last mentioned means including an element for engaging the material, a part rotatable with the member and having a notch, and a pivoted lever engaging the element and cooperating with the said part to be maintained in holding engagement with the element by said part and releasable from the element upon moving into said notch.
14. A device of the character described including a case for holding a supply of sheet material, the case having an opening through which the material may be withdrawn and a second opening past which the material is movable to the rst opening, a member in the case behind the material passing the second opening, the member being rotated by movement of the material, a cutting part at the first opening 'for cutting free the Withdrawn portion of toweling, and means preventing engagement of the material with the cutting part releasable after a predetermined rotation of the member.
l5. A device of the Icharacter described including a case for holding a supply of sheet material, the case having an opening through which the material may be withdrawn and a second lopening past which the material is movable to the first opening, a rotatable member in the case engaging the material passing the second opening to control its movement, means operable to stop rotation of the member after the withdrawal of a predetermined amount of material and releasable by reverse rotation of ther member, means for cutting free the withdrawn material, and
means for preventing rotation of the member in the event the rst mentioned means is released and an attempt is made to withdraw more material without cutting the withdrawn material free.
16. A device for dispensing paper toweling including a case for housing a supply of toweling, the case having an opening through which the toweling may be withdrawn, a cutting part against which the toweling may be brought to cut free the toweling withdrawn from the opening, releasable means for preventing engagement of the toweling with the cutting part, a control operable to stop the withdrawal of the toweling, and means for releasing said releasable means substantially simultaneously with the operation of the control.
17. A device for dispensing paper toweling including a case for housing a supply of toweling, the case having an opening through which the toweling may be withdrawn, a cutting part against which the toweling may be brought to cut free the towelingr withdrawn from the opening, releasable means for preventing engagement of the toweling with the cutting part, manually releasable means for automatically limiting the withdrawal of the toweling, means for` releasing the rst mentioned means, and means for preventing the subsequent withdrawal of the toweling released by the act of bringing the toweling into engagement with the cutting part.
18. A device for dispensing paper toweling including a case for housing a supply of toweling. the case having an opening through which the toweling may be withdrawn, and a second opening, a control including a movable member in the case having movement controlling engagement with the toweling which is trained over it to be accessible through the second opening, releasable means for stopping movement of the member to limit withdrawal of the toweling, means operable by a pull `on the withdrawn portion of the toweling to cut the same free, means operable by ,manual action on the member through the medium of the tow-eling accessible through the second opening for releasing the releasable means, and means for preventing toweling withdrawing movement of the member releasable by said pull on the withdrawn portion of the toweling.
19. A device for dispensing paper toweling including a case for holding a supply of the toweling and having an opening through which the toweling may be withdrawn and having a second opening, a movable member having movement controlling engagement with the toweling, the material engaging the member being accessible through the second opening, means for limiting forward movement of the member released by rearward movement of the member transmitted thereto by manual action on the toweling accessible through the second opening, a cutting part against which the toweling may be engaged to free the toweling withdrawn from the case, and means for preventing engagement of the toweling with the cutting part released substantially simultaneously with the actuation of the first mentioned means.
20. A towel cabinet comprising, a case :for holding a supply of toweling, the case having a towel dispensing opening and a second opening through which a portion of the toweling conned Within the case is engageable by the operator, a dispensing member in the case having engagement with the toweling and positioned relative to the said second opening to be movable by manual force applied to said portion of the toweling, a cutting part operable to cut free the toweling dispensed through the dispensing opening, and means for holding the dispensing member against movement released by such cutting free of the dis-` pensed toweling.
LEO M. HARVEY.