|Publication number||US2122442 A|
|Publication date||Jul 5, 1938|
|Filing date||Sep 25, 1937|
|Priority date||Sep 25, 1937|
|Publication number||US 2122442 A, US 2122442A, US-A-2122442, US2122442 A, US2122442A|
|Original Assignee||Charles Palmer, Harry Model, Harry Schwartz|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (3), Classifications (4)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
July 5, 1938. .s. SEGAL I FASTENING DEVICE Filed Sept. 25, 1957- INVENTOR ATTORNEY Patented July 5, 193a UNITED STA ES PATENT OFFICE FASTENING DEVICE Application September 25, 1937, Serial No. 165,616
The present invention is directed proved slide fastener of the type having a plurality. of spaced runners attachedto an elongated flexible and foldable ribbon adapted to serve as a closure for a gap deflned by beaded edges of spaced flexible tapes usually attached to a garment although not necessarily limited thereto and for slidably guiding the plurality of runners. The dominating object of the invention is to provide a slide fastener of the type referred to wherein the runners are secured to the flexible closure by means retained in such relation to preclude iniury to the wearer of the garment or to the garment. The invention has as another object the provision of a slide fastener wherein the several runners are slotted to receive loops adapted to be formed in the flexible closure and wherein the loops are retained in position within the runners by anchoring means spaced from the rear faces of runners and inaccessible to cause injury to the wearer of the garment or to the garment. I
Other objects, advantages, and features of the invention will be readily understood from the teachings of the following description considered in the light of the accompanying drawing wherein:
Fig. 1 is a broken and front view of the adjustable slide fastener according to my invention showing the gap, defined by beaded edges of a pair of spaced and flexible tapes, in a closed relation.
Fig. 2 is a vertical sectional view taken on the line 2-2 of Fig. 1. I
Fig. 2a is a fragmentary sectional view of the fastener showing the runners brought together to reduce the overall length of the flexible 'closure for opening the gap defined by the beaded edges.
Fig. 3 is a transverse sectional view on the line 3-3 of Fig. 1.
Fig. 4 is a perspective view of one of the run ners illustrated in'Flg. 1.
Fig. 5 is a fragmentary and broken view of another form of slide fastener according to the invention.
Fig. 6 is a transverse sectional view taken on the line 66 of Fig. 5.
Fig. 7 is a'perspective view ofone of the runners illustrated in Fig. 5.
Fig. 8 is a sectional view taken on the line 8-8 of Fig.5 and Fig. 9 is a rear fragmentary and broken view of another modified slide fastener according to my invention.
In the drawing, the slide fastener is generally 7 (Cl. 2420l) to an imdenoted I0 and includes spaced flexible tapes H, a flexible closure l2 in the form of a ribbon and the plurality of spaced runners i3. Tapes II are adapted to be secured to the sides of. a gap ,in a garment or wearing apparel (not shown) and are each provided with a beaded edge l4 adapted to be threaded into spaced enlarged longitudinally disposed channels l5 of the runners to slidably support, retain, and guide the latter. The several runners, however, are fixedly fastened but in spaced relation to the flexible ribbon 12 arranged at the back of the runners. Particularly however the several runners or blocks in the form according to Figs. 1 to 4 inclusive each include a slot l6 extending across the width thereof and in which a bend or loop I! of the flexible ribbon closure is received and each of these runners is also provided with an opening 18 extending lengthwise of the runner and at right angles to and intersecting the loop receiving slot [6.
In actual practice, a'portion of the closure ribbon I2 is inserted into slot IE to form a loop ll therein by suitable means not showh. Thereafter, anchoring means in the form of a pin 26 is forced into the longitudinal opening I 8 to pierce and penetrate the formed loop I! and be totally arranged within its runner as shown in Fig. 2. By this arrangement, the several runners iii are fixedly fastened in spaced relation on the flexible ribbon I2 and longitudinally thereof. Subsequently the runners are slidably threaded on the beaded edges I 40f the flexible tapes.
The gap defined by the spaced beaded edges I4 may be readily closed or opened by actuating the end runner, for example, the runner having the swingable manipulator 24 attached thereto. As shown in Figs. 1 to 3 inclusive the flexibleribbon I2 is at the back of the beaded edges l4 and is extended to constitute a closure for the gap deflned by these beaded edges.
When it is desired to open the gap the runner carrying the swingable manipulator 24 is urged in the direction indicated by the arrow 25, thus the several runners are slidably guided on the beaded edges l4 and carry with them ribbon l2 which becomes folded and shortened as indicated in Fig. 2a.. In such relation the runners are at one end of the slide fastener and the gap between the beaded edges is open.
To close the gap, the swingable manipulator 24 is moved in a direction counter to the arrow 25, thereby extending the closure ribbon l2 along the entire length of the gap to widely separate the runners which are frictionally held in a set position by the beaded edges I4.
inciusive, the several loops l'l adapted to be In case of the form illustrated in Figs. 5 to 8 formed in the flexible ribbon 12 are each also inserted into a slot l6 extending widthwise along a respective slidabie runner and thereafter an elongated pin 20 is insertedin the eye of a loop I'l. The ends of pin 20 are subsequently turned to form terminals 2| which are moved into and flrinly retained in the side grooves or sockets 22' to form a U shaped anchoring member as shown in Fig. 5 wherein terminals 2| extend in the same direction while the form according to Fig. 9 the anchoring pin 20 has its terminals 2| turned in an opposite direction but firmly retained or locked in the side socliets 22.
In each of the embodiments herein disclosed, the ribbon anchoring means is arranged in spaced relation to the rear face 23 of its runner and hence inuse it cannot interfere or interlock with the undergarment of the wearer or chafe the skin of the user in case where the ribbon is not within close proximity tothe undergarment although it is .essential to the herein disclosed slide fastener according to the invention that the flexiele ribbon l2 be of such width as illustrated to constitute closure means for the gap deflnedby the beaded edges l4 when the ribbon is extended as shown for example in Fig. it.
While the invention has been described in detail and reference has been made to specific applications thereof, it is to be understood that the invention herein disclosed is not limited to such specific applications and it is intendedthat' all matter contained in the above description or shown the accompanying drawing shall be interpreted as illustrative and not in a limiting sense. 1
1." In a fastener comp-rising spaced tapes having beaded edges defining an elongated gap, a plurality of runners each including grooves having walls slidabiy guided by said edges and lengthwise or tending widthwise of said gap and an opening extending substantially normal to said slot and in communication therewith, a foldable and flexible ribbon shiftable lengthwise of said gap and disposed at the rear of said edges and comprising a plurality of loops disposed in said slots, and pin means disposed within said openings and passing through said slots for securing said loops to said runners. L.
2. In a fastener comprising spaced tapes has ing beaded edges defining an elongated gap, a
and each including a slot extending widthwise of said gap and each including a slot ex= sides slidablyguided by said edges and iengthwise of said gap and each including a siot disposed widthwise of said gap and an opening extending longitudinally thereof and communithrough said slots and spaced from front and v rear faces of a respective runner and cooperating with said leops for holding said'runners to saidribbon.
s 4. In a fastener comprising spaced tapes hav= ing beaded edges defining an elongated gap, a plurality of spaced runners each having grooved sides slidably guided by said edges and lengthwise of said gap and each including a slot disposed widthwise thereoi and a longitudinally disposed opening in communication with its respective slot,,a ci-osure for said gap comprising a flexible and foldabie elongated ribbon having a plurality of spaced loops disposed at least part widthwise thereof and arranged at least in part in said slots, and pinmeans within said openings and passing through said slots for penetrating said loops for securing said runners to said ribbon.
5. In a fastener comprising spaced tapes having beaded edges defining an elongated gap, a runner having spaced grooves comprising walls slidab-ly guided by said edges longitudinally of said gap and including a slot and an opening disposed substantially normal to said slot and in communication therewith, a closure for said gap comprising an elongated flexible ribbon having a loop disposed at least'in partwithin said slot, and pin means within said opening and passing through said slot for penetrating said loop for securing said ribbon to said runner.
6. In a fastener comprising spaced tapes having beaded edges defining an elongated gap. a plurality of runners having vspaced grooves having walls slidably guided by said edges longi-- tudinally of said gap and each including a slot extending widthwise of said gap and an opening in communication with said slot and extending longitudinaiiy of said gap, and an elongated closure for said gap comprising a flexible ribbon having a plurality of loops at least in part disposed in said slots, and anchoring means arranged in each of said openings and penetrat-' 'ing adjacent-and opposed sides of said loops for holding said ribbonto said runners.
7. In a fastener comprising spaced tapes having'beaded edges defining an elongated gap, a runner having spaced and grooved sides slidably guided by said edges longitudinally of said gap and including a slot extending widthwise of said gap and having an opening in communication with said slot and disposed iongitudinally of said runner, a ifoldabie closure ribbon for said gap comprising" loop nieans disposed at least in part within said slot, and pin means within said opening and cooperating with said loop means for holding said ribbon to said runner.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2744420 *||Jul 11, 1952||May 8, 1956||Northrop Aircraft Inc||Cable slack compensator|
|US3875623 *||Nov 21, 1972||Apr 8, 1975||Gourock Ropework Co Ltd||Fabric joints|
|US5467537 *||Mar 18, 1994||Nov 21, 1995||Nike, Inc.||Shoe with adjustable closure system|