US 2124543 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
J. B. CLYNE Julyl 26, 193s.
VAPORIZER Filed Oct. 17, 1936 J Qme5- 72e Patented `iuly 26, 1938 VAPORIZER James B. Clyne, Chic Bruce Gran ago', Ill., assigner to nis, Chicago, Ill.
Application October 17, 1936, Serial No. 106,103
My invention belongs to that general class of devices known as vaporizers and more particularly to what may be termed a vaporizing unit for dispensing medicants, perfumes, disiniectants, deodorizers, as well as vapors with will repel or be distasteful or even fatal to moths, flies, mosquitoes or other pests or destructive insects.
The invention has among its objects the production of a simple and novel unit of the kind described that is inexpensive, compact, attractive, durable, efdcient and satisfactory for use wherever found applicable.
it has as a further object the production of a unit ci the kind described which is readily adaptable for use with the desired medicant, perfume or the like, which material may be in liquid or solid form or semi-solid and applied to or embodied in a suitable porous or absorbent noncombustible base or carrier. The porous base or carrier may be applied to a support in the preierred embodiment of a lamp bulb or tube in a plastic state and allowed to harden or set and form a unitary structure with the support. I
The invention has particularly as an object a vaporizer which may be constructed with an ordinary electric lamp bulb upon which may be applied a coating of a porous, absorbent material which is non-combustible or fire resisting and which may be impregnated with a suitable materiai which will readily vaporize when heat is applied, the source of heat for the vaporizer in the unit consisting of the light filament.
The preferred embodiment of the unit lends itself to the construction of an attractive and ornamental device of any desired size and shape.
Many other objects and advantages oi the construction herein shown and described will be obvious to those skilled in the art from the disclosure herein given.
To this end my invention consists in the novel construction, arrangement and combination oi parts herein shown and described, and more particularly pointed out in the claims.
In the drawing, wherein like reference characters indicate like or corresponding parts:
Fig. l is a view in elevation of a unit embodying the invention;
Fig. 2 is a sectional view through the same;
Fig. 3 is a view similar to Fig. 1 showing the full exposure of the bulb; and
Fig. i is an enlarged sectional view similar to a portion of Fig. 2, illustrating the mounting of the reservoir on the unit. v
Referring to the drawing, l represents a bulb of an incandescent lamp, radio tube or the like which is provided with a suitable base or plug 2 for connecting the same in an electric circuit, a screw-threaded base being shown, although any other type of base may be employed. The bulb constitutes a source of heat and also forms a. carrier or support for a coating il, the iilament 3 within the bulb providing the heat which is transmitted through the glass to the coating 4.
The coating d is preferably a suitable clay, alabaster, Spachtel or any equivalent which is preferably porous, absorbent and nonand which may be a plastic state and harden so that it tary part of the bulb. The coating is with a suitable material which will combustible applied to the lamp bulb in forms a uniimpregnated vaporlze and which, as hereinafter more fully described, may be embodied in the coating during the manufacture of the unit in liquid or solid form or applied thereafter in a liquid, semi-liquid or paste form by the manufacturer, user or seller, as the case may be. roughened coating 6 The lamp bulb may be frosted or on the exterior or provided with a which will tend to make the plastic adhere thereto, or a suitable adhesive such as casein or the bulb.
painting the liquid by dipping the unit in the lid a powdered or pulverized m corporated in the bod glue may be ern so as to improve th bodied in the plastic e adherence of the same to non-combustible porous portion of the bulb as over all of the exposed cket Ior connection for Ordinarily, it is ng with a liquid used by the apy be applied by on the body or coating or uid or, if desired, aterial may be iny initially and when the same has been diffused, the medicant, perfume ay be then reapplied in liquid or other material m or semi-liquid form ously, the thickness a maybe made as desir vaporized may be appl and in the desired pidity of vaporization recharge the unit. Obvind extent of the coating ed and the material 'to be ied in the desired quantity strength, the extent and raor diusing from the unit obviously may be controlled by the porosity oi' the coating, the nature vaporized and by turni switch controlling the tube.
I have illustrated a sim of the material to be ng on or od the necessary operation of the lamp or ple form oi reservoir for the replacing of the nia= the same is required.
shown. a small container l is mounted on the bulb with the edge or rim 8 imbedded in the is raised or slightly space t, as indicated in Fig. 4, lil may be discharged and absorbed by the coating to replace that evaporated or diused. The interior of the reservoir 'i may be likewise coated with the absorbent, as indicated at it'. if the bulb is reversed, the fluid will be drawn up to the `coating l by the capillary action. The kreservoir l is provided with an opening ll for the recharging of the same, the opening being normally closed by a closure l2 of any suitable type. The bulb may be of the desired size and Wattage and` the coating may be molded or applied substantially as shown, or it may be in the form oi an ornamental design, in imitation or simulating a flower, rosette or other design.
' it will be readily understood that a coating of such material as alabaster, clay, Spachtel or any other absorbent body adhering snugly to the glass body of the bulb, tends to hold the heat or intensify the generated heat created by the burning lament so that ordinarily a lamp of small voltage is suiicient to diffuse various bodies whether they be in liquid or powdered form in the absorbent body. The absorbent body may be impregnated or reimpregnated by the dealer or user with the desired perfume, incense, medicant or chemical, and in this connection it may be mentioned that numerous medicants which are in jellied form may be rubbed on the bulb and absorbed and then vaporizfed in the manner described. The bulbs, of course, may be o any desired color or shape and likewise the coating may be of any desired color, such as red, green, blue, etc., adding to the attractive appearance of the bulbs whether the same be illuminated or not. One of the desirable features of this construction of unit is that it may be utilized in various types of electrical devices such as radio tubes and lamps for floor lamps, bridge lamps, ceiling or side lamps, urns and various places having an electrical outlet where the same may be plugged in and connected to a circuit.
Having thus described my invention, it is obvious that various immaterial modifications in the same may be made without departing from the spirit of my invention; hence I do not wish to be understood as limiting myself to the exact form, construction, arrangement and combination of parts herein shown and described or uses mentioned.
What I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:
1. A vaporizer unit of the kind described comprising an electric lamp bulb provided with a coating of absorbent heat resisting plastic material spread directly on and enclosing the major portion of the exterior thereof; said coating susceptible to impregnation with material which will vaporize and diiuse upon the application of heat.
2. A vaporizer of the kind described comprising an electric lamp bulb provided with an ab- -set thereon, and a sorbent plastic coating applied directly on the exterior thereof and set thereon impregnated with a vaporizlng material.
3. A vaporizer unit of the kind described consisting of an electric lamp bulb of impervious material enclosing a heating element and having a coating of absorbent nre-proof material applied to the exterior thereof in a. plastic state and fluid reservoir mounted on the'bulb and communicating with the coating for supplying a suitable iluid to said coating to replenish the uid vaporlzed and diiused from the coating.
4. A vaporizer unit of the kind described comprising an electric lamp bulb of impervious material having a coating of absorbent material applied while in a plastic state to the exterior thereof and set thereon and provided with a fluid reservoir mounted on the coating and retained thereby on the bulb and arranged to maintain a suitable impregnation of said coating.
5. A vaporizer unit of the kind described consisting of a chambered support having a heating element on the interior of the chamber and a porous coating of set plastic material applied directly on the exterior of said support impregnated with a material readily vaporized during the application of heat to the coating.
6. A vaporizer unit of the kind described consisting of an electric lamp bulb constructed for attachment to an electrical outlet, said bulb provided with a coating o plastic material applied thereto and set thereon and constituting a permanent coat on the bulb of a porous nature, whereby the same when impregnated with a vaporable material will carry the same and diiuse a vapor on the application of heat to the bulb.
7. A tubular support, a heating element arranged on the interior oi said support, and plastic material applied directly to the exterior of said support and hardened thereon to provide an impregnable porous coating susceptible to absorb and retain a readily vaporizable material and vaporize the same upon the application of heat to the coating.
d. A vaporizer of the kind described consisting Aof a non-porous chambered support having a heating element on the interior and a coating of porous non-combustible plastic material that will readily absorb a medicant applied to and set on the exterior of the support, said porous material impregnated with a medicant material susceptible to vaporization upon the application of heat to the support.
9. A vaporizer unit of the kind described comprising an electric lamp bulb provided with a coating of absorbent heat resisting material applied in a plastic state directly on the exterior thereof and adhering thereto susceptible to irnpregnation with material which will vaporize and diiuse upon the application oi heat, and a reflllable liquid reservoir mounted on the bulb and communicating with the coating at the end of the bulb for supplying material for impregnating the absorbent coating.
JAMES B. CLYNE.