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Publication numberUS2125231 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 26, 1938
Filing dateDec 17, 1937
Priority dateDec 17, 1937
Publication numberUS 2125231 A, US 2125231A, US-A-2125231, US2125231 A, US2125231A
InventorsGeorge Hurst
Original AssigneeGeorge Hurst
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Packer for oil wells
US 2125231 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

July 26, 1938. e. HURST PACKER FOR OIL WELLS Filed Dec. 17, 1957 Patented July 26, 1938 1 UNITED STATES PATENT ()FFI es PACKER. ron 01L WELLS v George Hurst, Houston, Tex. Application'December 17, 1937, Serial Nth-180,435

3 Claims.

The invention forming the subject matter of this application relates generally to improvements in liner-packers for pumping systems, and more particularly for such systems as are commonly used in oil wells.

The main object of the invention is to provide a liner-packer of the character described whereby a fluid-tight joint or seal may be formed between the upper end of a liner or pipe in a well bore and the surrounding casing or wall of the bore.

Another object of the invention is to provide a packer of the character described which does not expand against the casing, thereby facilitating release in the weight of fluid around the packer and to provide for ready removal of the packer from its seat on the upper end of the liner.

Other objects of the invention will become apparent as the detailed description thereof proceeds:

In the drawing:

Figure 1 is an elevation of the packer forming the subject matter of this invention;

Figure 2 is a section taken on the line 22 of Figure 1; and

Figure 3 is a section taken on the line 22 of Figure 1, but with the parts of the packer in liner sealing position.

Referring now particularly to the drawing, the numeral 4 designates a downwardly tapering tubular support which slides freely on a tube 5. The upper end of the tube 5 is externally screw threaded to receive the internal screw threads 6 at one end of a coupling 1, the other end of the said coupling being internally screw threaded to receive the lower end of a setting string 8. collar 9 of comparatively soft metal, such as Babbitt metal, is also screw threaded onto the upper end of the tube 5 and in contact with the coupling I. This collar 9 is shaped at its lower end to form a frusto-conical surface In adapted to seat in the correspondingly shaped upper end of the support 4.

The tapered upper end of the support 4 is provided with an annular serration I l adapted to bite into the comparatively soft metal of the conical surface I0, (see Figure 3) to form a fluidtight seal between the upper end of the support and the aforesaid collar 9.

The support 4 is cylindrical at its upper part; and the remaining part is tapered downwardly to form a frustum of a cone. This downwardly tapering part of the support includes a frustoconical sealing insert 12 formed of Babbitt metal and molded in a recess I3 formed in the support 4 to make an effective seal with a sharp inner edge of the upper end of liner H, (see Figure 3).

The lower end of the tube 5 is connected by the coupling l5 to the pump barrel !6, and is provided with the inside drain ports l1.

This liner packer and seal is designed for use only where there is a casing. The sealing effect does not depend upon the expansion of any elements into contact with the casing. As will be noted in Figure 3 of the drawing, the comparatively soft metal insert [2 forms an effective seal with the upper end of the liner 5 and the soft metal collar ill forms an eifective seal with the upper end of the slidable support 4. By the elimination of any frictional contact between the sealing elements of the casing of the well, the packer can be very readily removed since nothing more is required than a direct lift of the elements from the two seats.

In use, the packer may be assembled as shown in Figures 1 and 2. As thus assembled, it may be let down into the well until the comparatively soft insert I2 lands on the sharp upper edge of the liner l4. Since the support 4 slides freely on the tube 5, the tube slides downwardly through the support until the tapered surface of the soft metal collar seats on the correspondingly tapered upper end of the support 4 and spreads over the annular serration H to complete the seal. The entire operation is continuous; and when the parts are arranged in sealing position, the pressure within the casing is effectively excluded from the liner and the tubing arranged within the same. Since the packer does not make sealing contact with the casing, it is obvious that the packer may be withdrawn by direct, upward pull on the setting string 8. Just as soon as the drain ports I! clear the upper end of the support 4, the fluid in the casing above the support may drain through the ports back into the well as the packer is being pulled out.

The invention is not to be considered as limited to the particular form disclosed herein, nor in any other manner except as indicated by the scope of the claims appended hereto.

What I claim is:

l. A liner-packer including a tube, a pipe coupling at one end of said tube, a collar of ccmparatively soft metal secured to the other end of said tube, a support slidable on said tube between said collar and coupling and having an insert of comparatively soft metal shaped to form a downwardly tapering surface adapted to seat in and form a seal with the upper end of a liner in a well bore, said support being less in length than the distance between said collar and coupling and said tube having drain ports closed when the support contacts the said coupling and open when the support contacts the said coupling.

2. A liner-packer including a downwardly tapering tubular support adapted to seat within and form a seal with the upper end of a liner in a well bore, a tube slidable through said support, a coupling connected to one end of said tube and forming aostop for said support, and a sealing collar fixed to the other end of said tube, said coupling and collar being spaced apart at a distance greater than the length of said support, said tube having drain ports closed when the sup port contacts with said head and open when the i; support contacts with said coupling, the downwardly tapering part of said tubular support being formed by an insert of comparatively soft metal. adapted to be indented by contact with the upper end of said liner.

3. A liner-packer including a downwardly tapering tubular support adapted to seat within and form a seal with the upper end of a liner in a well bore, a tube slidable through said support, a coupling connected to one end of said tube and forming a stop for said support, and a sealing collar fixed to the other end of said tube, said coupling and collar being spaced apart at a distance greater than the length of said support, said tube having drain ports closed when the support contacts with said head and open when the support contacts with said coupling, the downwardly tapering part of said tubular support being formed by an insert of comparatively soft metal adapted to be indented by contact with the upper end of said liner, said collar being formed of comparatively soft metal adapted to make sealing contact with the upper end of said tubular support.

GEORGE HURST.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2885968 *Jun 25, 1954May 12, 1959Pan American Petroleum CorpSpecial bottom hole pump anchor
US3231020 *Jun 17, 1963Jan 25, 1966Greene Jr Haskell MClosing of wells at points of diameter change
US4619326 *Apr 19, 1985Oct 28, 1986Shell California Production Inc.In a well completion process
US4860827 *Jan 11, 1988Aug 29, 1989Canadian Liquid Air, Ltd.Process and device for oil recovery using steam and oxygen-containing gas
US5067734 *Jun 1, 1990Nov 26, 1991Abb Vetco Gray Inc.Metal seal with grooved inlays
US8246923May 18, 2009Aug 21, 2012Umicore Ag & Co. KgHigh Pd content diesel oxidation catalysts with improved hydrothermal durability
US8557203Nov 3, 2009Oct 15, 2013Umicore Ag & Co. KgArchitectural diesel oxidation catalyst for enhanced NO2 generator
Classifications
U.S. Classification277/337, 166/184, 166/195
International ClassificationE21B33/12
Cooperative ClassificationE21B33/12
European ClassificationE21B33/12