US 2126007 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Aug. 9, 1938.
w. R. GUIBERSON ET AL 2,126,007
DRILLING HEAD Filed April 12, 1937 '5 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTOR5 A W/Wfam Ii. Gu/berson P76. 6.
g- 1933- w. R. GUIBERSON ET AL 2,126,007
DRILLING HEAD Filed April 12, 1937 3 Sheets-She et 3 -William R Gw'bers on BY A/ er! Pronger ATTORNEY.
INVENTORS v Patented Aug. 9, 1938 Albert Pranger, Dallas, Tex., assignors to The Guiberson Corporation, Dallas, Tex., a corporation of Delaware Application April 12, 1937, Serial No. 136,422
The object of this invention is to provide in a drilling head a shock absorbing medium which will also take care of slight malalignments of the kelly, and to provide a drilling head provided with bearings mounted in a dust-proof chamber, which acts as an oil reservoir. Another object of the invention is to provide for the adjusting of the said bearings. tion is to provide a simple mechanism which may be easily manufactured, readily adjusted, easily assembled, and which may be quickly and easily repaired if replacement of parts should at any time be necessary. These and other objects will appear in the detailed specification and claims, which follow.
We have shown, by'way of illustration, but not byway of limitation, our improved drilling head in the following drawings in which:
Fig. l is a side elevational view, partly in cross section, of our drilling head constructed for a round kelly.
Fig. 2 is a similar view showing the invention as applied to a square kelly.
Fig. 3 is a plan cross sectional view on the line 3-3 of Fig. 1, and
Fig. 4 is a plan cross sectional view on the line 4--4 of Fig. 2.
In the form of the invention, as illustrated in Fig. 1, a round kelly l is passed downwardly into the well casing 2, which is, of course, cemented in position and is therefore rigid. Attached to the upper end of the casing is a housing 3, which is screw threaded to the casing and, of course, is rigid therewith. The housing 3 is provided, near itsupper end, with screw threads, to which is secured a cap 4, which carries a sealing-ring 5, of
- felt or other suitable material, which bears against a sleeve 5. The sleeve 6 is provided with a flange l on which rests an inner race member 8 provided with a seat 9, which receives a series of rollers H], the member 8 holding the rollers in position. The cap 4 is provided with a downwardly extending circular flange I, and an outer race member I2 is seated immediately beneath the flange H and engages the inner wall of the housing 3.
The housing 3 is also provided with a shoulder l3, in which rests an outer race member l4, which acts as a track for a series of rollers l5, which are received within a seat l6 of an inner race member H, which engages the outer wall of the sleeve 6, and a shoulder l8 thereon.
Interposed between the lower end of the hous- 4 ing 3 and the lower end of the sleeve '6 is a packing l9, which at its upper end engages a shoulder Another object of the inven-' (Cl. 255ll) 2|) forming a part of the housing 3, and at its lower end is'held in position by a snap ring 2|, which is received within a groove 22 in the housing.
The sleeve 6 is provided with an inwardly extending shoulder 23, and a cup-shaped resilient member 24 is vulcanized to said sleeve 6 and shoulder 23. The member 24 has a circular opening 25 in its bottom, which substantially conforms to the shapes of the inner periphery of the shoul- 1o der 23, and through which the kelly extends. The cup-shaped resilientmember 24 is preferably made of rubber, which is vulcanized to a cylin-,- drical sleeve 25, which has an inwardly extending flange 21 at its lower end. If desired, the member 24 may be vulcanized to either of the sleeves and moulded to the other sleeve.
Resting on the flange 21 is a ring 23; substantially L-shaped in cross section, and on this ring is a plurality of packing members 29. The sleeve 6 is interiorly threaded near its top, which threads are engaged by the threads on a circular flange 3|], carried by sleeve 3|. The sleeve 3| is provided with a downwardly extend ing cylindrical portion 32, which engages a ring 33, which presses downwardly against the packing members 29.
The'top of the housing 3 is provided with a plurality of notches 34, in any one of which alocking bar 35 may be positioned and held in position by means of a bolt 36.
In operation the packing members 29 which tightly engage the kelly and which rotate therewith, which motion is in turn imparted to all of the members intervening between the kelly and the rollers I0 and I 5, while the housing 3 remains stationary. If there were any tendency of the kellyto vibrate, the resilient member 24 would absorb the said vibration and would notv impart the same to the housing 3 and would therefore 40 avoid the usual injurious results. Particular attention is called to the fact that the resilient, member 24 is secured to the sleeves 2B and 6, so that all of the said members will turn as a unit.
Extending through the cap 4 is an oilduct 31, through which oil may be inserted so as to fill the reservoir between the housing 3 and sleeve 6. The rollers will therefore always rotate in oil, so that there will be very little wear of these parts. Attention is also called to the fact that this oil reservoir is completely-shielded from dust, water, or other injurious substances.
If the bearings for the rollers need adjusting at any time, this may be quickly accomplished by removing the bolt. 36 and the locking bar 35, and
4o 7 of the invention, and we therefore desire to claim thereafter rotating the cap 4 so as to screw it downwardly if we desire to tighten the bearings, or the reverse if we wish to loosen them.
If the cap is screwed downwardly, it will move the outer race member I! downwardly, and this movement, it continued, would through the rollers l0 and race 8 move the sleeve 6 downwardly, thereby pushing the lower inner race member I! into tighter engagement with the rollers [5. Both of the groups of rollers are therefore adjusted by manipulating the cap 4.
The construction shown in Figs. 2 and 4 is almost identical with that heretofore described, except that provision must be made for a square kelly 38, instead of a round one. The bearing rings 39 and 49 would be substantially square on the inside and round on the outside, and split in order to place the same on the kelly. Of course, if the kelly were triangular or of any other polygonal shape, the inner portion of the bearing ring would be of the same shape as the kelly. We have provided a notch! in the bearing ring 39 to receive a tongue 4|, carried by the sleeve 42, which corresponds to the sleeve 26 shown in Fig. 1. The only difference therefore between the constructions shown in Figs. 1 and 2 is that in Fig. 1 the packing is adapted for a round kelly, and in Fig. 2
it is adapted for a polygonal kelly.
ing movement is also induced by means of the notches 40 and tongues 4|.
We realize that many changes may be made in the specification form of this invention which has been shown by way of illustration in this application without departing from the spirit and shockabsorbing means vulcanized to one of said sleeves and interposed between the sleeves,
and said sleeves being rotatable within the housing.
and said housing. and rotatable with the packing, an outer sleeve,
. 2. In' combination with a rotatable kelly and a fixed casing, a housing secured to the casing, a plurality of sleeves rotatable with the kelly, and cushioning means interposed between the said sleeves.
'3. In combination with a rotatable kelly and a. fixed casing, a housing secured to the casing, a plurality of sleeves rotatable withthe kelly, cushioning means interposed between the said sleeves, and bearings interposed between the outer sleeve and the housing.
4. In combination with a rotatable kelly and a fixed casing, a housing secured to the casing, a plurality of concentric sleeves rotatable with the kelly, and a resilient member vulcanized to one of the sleeves and contacting the other sleeve.
5. In combination with a rotatable kelly and a fixed casing, a housing secured to the casing, a plurality of concentric sleeves rotatable with the kelly, a resilient member vulcanized to one of the sleevesand contacting the other sleeve, and a plurality of adjustable bearings interposed between the outer sleeve and the housing.
6. In combination with a rotatable kelly and a fixed casing, a=housing secured to the casing, a plurality of spaced concentric sleeves rotatable with the kelly, a resilient member separating said sleeves, the space between the outer sleeve and housing forming an oil reservoir, a plurality of groups of bearings between the outer sleeve and housing, and means whereby both of said groups of bearings may be simultaneously adjusted.
'7. In combination with a rotatable kelly and a fixed casing, a housing secured to the casing, a plurality of concentric sleeves rotatable with the kelly, and a resilient member vulcanized to both of saidsleeves.
8; In combination with a rotatable kelly and a fixed casing, a housing secured to the casing, a packing engaging the kelly, an inner .sleeve housing said packing and having a flange extending below said packing, an outer sleeve having a shoulder beneath said flange, a resilient member between, said sleeves and extending inwardly between said flange and shoulder and anti-friction bearings between said outer sleeve WILLIAM R. GUmERsoNQ ALBERT PRANGER.