|Publication number||US2126077 A|
|Publication date||Aug 9, 1938|
|Filing date||Jul 11, 1934|
|Priority date||Jul 11, 1934|
|Publication number||US 2126077 A, US 2126077A, US-A-2126077, US2126077 A, US2126077A|
|Inventors||Walter K Youngberg|
|Original Assignee||Walter K Youngberg|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (10), Classifications (11)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
ug- 9, 1938. w. K. YOUNGBERG 2,126,077
SHOE SOLE Filed July 11, 1934 Patented Aug. 9, 193s f UNITED .sTATEs- PATENT OFFICE Walter K. Youngberg, Meriden, Conn. Application July 11, 1934, Serial No. 734,652
My invention relates to shoes.
It has among its objects to provide an improved shoe sole, and, more particularly, such a sole having a exible portion carrying substantially less flexible portions forming the tread andin 'which the flexible portions may ex freely in walking with entire comfort despite the presence of the less flexible tread portions. A further object of my invention is to provide such an improved sole which is adapted to be very inexpensively produced and which not only has excellent wearing qualities and traction, but is extremely iiexible and comfortable. object of my invention is to provide such a sole construction which is adapted to use in connection with various forms of shoes, such, for example, as beach sandals or the like, While also being adapted to use in ordinary rubber, canvas, or leather shoes, and in fact with any desired type of upper, while the tread or Wearing portions of the sole construction may also be formed of various different materials such, for example, as wood, rubber,`leather or the like. These and other advantages of my improved construction will, however, hereinafter more fully appear.
In the accompanying drawing I have shown for purposes' of illustration several embodiments which my inventionmay assume in practice.
In the drawing,-
Figure 1 is a side elevation of a beach sandal constructed in accordance with my improvement;
Figure 2 is a bottom plan view of the sole thereof;
Figurer3 is a top plan view of the sole, one of v'the cover members being pulled back;
Figure 4 is a view similar to Figure 3 of a modified construction;
Figure 5 is a side elevation of the `construction shown in Figure 4;
Figure 6 is a section on line 6--6 of Figure 4;
Figure 'l is a bottom plan view of a further modified construction;
Figure 8 is a sectional lView on line 8-8 of Figure 7, and
Figure9 is a side elevation of a modified form of sole.
In `the illustrative construction shown in Figures l3, it will be noted that a beach sandal is shownhaving an improved sole, generally indicatedat I, embodied therein and having a suitable sandal upper 2, including a heel grasping section and suitable tie connections to the sole, so that the same may be secured to the foot in any convenient manner.
Referring more particularly to the sole con- A still further `herein extending from the arch to the toe.
9 fClaims. (Gl. 36-33) struction, it will be noted that the same herein includes a sheet of canvas or other iiexible and strong material 3 overlying a corresponding sheet of like material 4 and cemented thereto. Herein, it will also be noted that the sheet 4 carries on its under face a series of cleats, the same being herein suitably attached to the sheet 4, as by staples 5. Referring more particularly to the wearing surface of the sole, it will be noted that cleats 6 are disposed diagonally across the ball and toe of the foot. Any suitable number of these cleats 6 is provided, ve being illustrated It will also be noted that the cleats are preferably disposed as shown in Fig. 2, i. e. sloping from the inside of the foot outwardly and toward the rear, with their edges in parallelism. Further, it will be noted that substantially V-shaped slots l, herein formed by tapering the cleats 6, are provided between the several cleats in such manner as to provide an exceedingly exible'tread adapted to conform to the foot in walking While having a high degree of traction and substantial wearing qualities. Moreover, it will be noted that a wedge shaped member 8, similarly separated by a slot l, is provided under the arch, and `that directly transversely disposed cleats 9 are disposed between this Wedge shaped member 8 and the heel, four such cleats `El herein being illustrated. Thus it will be noted that a sole construction is provided which is exceedingly ilexible and which is adapted to conform to the foot in Walking without the tensions heretofore present Where cleats are used, While also having a high degree of traction and substantial Wearing qualities and adequately protecting the bottom of the foot.
As shown in Figs. 2 and 5, the tread portion comprising the cleats 6 is continued from the ball portion of the sole over a part of the shank or instep-underlying portion to member 8, and the tread portion comprising the cleats 9 is continued from the heel portion over a part of the shank. Thus there is provided an instep underlying ribbed portion conforming to the instep during Walking and comprising a plurality of tread members disposed transversely of the flexible member with the proximate transverse edges of adjacent members in substantially parallel relation, one of said members having its transverse edges converging toward the outer longitudinal face of the sole.
Herein the cleats 6, 9 and the wedge 8 are formed of wood in such manner as to produce an exceedingly light and inexpensive sole construction, while also having the qualities above set forth. It will be understood, however, that I am ln no way limited to the use of wood, and that rubber, leather, or any other suitable material may be used for the cleats if desired.
Also, as shown in Figures 4, 5, and 6, I may, if desired, provide a thin narrow strip of spring steel Ill conforming to the bottom of the foot and disposed as shown in Fig. 4 and preferably, as shown in Fig. 6, also disposed in a corresponding groove in the various cleats and canvas 4, in
such manner as to produce a more unitary construction, while still retaining the advantages of my construction previously described and avoiding any tendency of any of the cleats to sag away from the others or the foot. By this construction, it is also possible to make the sole fit the bottom of the foot more comfortably through the curvature of the sole construction to conform to the foot.
In Fig. '1 I have illustrated a further modified construction which may be used if desired, the same including the provision of a plurality of holes or suction cups II disposed along the several cleats. Here, it will be understood that these may be provided in all of the cleats or the wedge member if desired, although they are only shown in connection with the cleats 6 in this figure.
This construction is especially adapted to use in constructions wherein the cleats are formed of rubber, as, for example, in so called sneakers, the openings II then being adapted to form suction cups tending to increase the traction, although, of course, the depth of the cup may be varied as desired to vary the suction effect. In such a shoe, it will also be evident that the sole cleats may be formed integrally with elements corresponding to the elements 3 and 4 heretofore described, and also with portions I2 adapted to be cemented, molded, or otherwise suitably attached,
to an upper I3 formed of any suitable material, such as canvas, rubber, leather, or the like, all while still retaining the advantages of my improved construction set forth above.
In Fig. 9 I have also illustrated a modified construction wherein instead of the cleats having flat treads the treads are rounded as shown at I4'. Obviously, if desired, the conformation of' the tread may be varied to meet different conditions, or subdivided as shown at I5 in Fig. 7.
As a result of my improved construction it is made possible to produce with the use of wood, for example, an exceedingly comfortable shoe, wherein the sole construction can conform to the movements of the foot in walking, as distinguished from being stiff or creating uncomfortable points or tensions, as Where the cleats merely extend uniformly parallel to one another straight across the sole. Moreover, through the use of the wedge, it is made possible to remove any feeling Aof tension or discomfort under the arch, while, of course, the sole throughout its whole length is free to iiex in Walking and to give to conform to the foot. Attention is also directed to the fact that the same advantages of my improved construction are obtainable when the same is embodied in a shoe having a usual i upper, as, for example, in so called sneakers wherein the upper is usually of canvas, the cleats then being formed of rubber or other more flexible material than wood, which yet is relatively less flexible than the members 3, 4. In such a shoe the cleats are suitably connected as by vulcanizing or cementing to the flexible sheeting 3,4 carrying the same, while also being similarly connected to the sides of the upper. These and other advantages of my improved construction will, however, be clearly apparent to those skilled in the art.
While I have in this application specifically described certain embodiments of my invention, it will be understood that these are shown for purposes of illustration only and that the invention may be modified and embodied in various other forms without departing from its spirit or the scope of the appended claims.v
What I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:
l. A shoe sole having an instep underlying ribbed portion conformable to the instep during walking and having flexing joints at different angles to the longitudinal axis of the sole.
2. A shoe sole having an instep underlying ribbed portion, conformable to the instep during walking, said portion including a wedge-shaped member tapering towardl the outside edge of the sole and flexibly connected to the ball and heel portions of the sole.
3. A shoe sole having an instep underlying portion comprising a plurality of tread members disposed transversely of the sole with the proximate transverse edges of adjacent members in substantially parallel relation, one of said members having its transverse edges converging toward the outer longitudinal face of said sole.
4. A shoe sole comprising generally transverse articulated tread members disposed over the heel, shank, and ball portions of the sole, the members at the ball portion being disposed at a different angle to the longitudinal axis of the sole than the tread members at the heel portion.
5. A shoe sole comprising a flexible member extending from heel to toe and relatively inflexible tread members carried` thereby and'extending across the ball, heel, and shank portion of the sole in different angularly related sexies under the heel and ball portions of said member and disposed so asto flex said flexible member simultaneously in a plurality of angularly related directions transversely of the longitudinal axis of the sole during walking.
6. A shoe sole comprising a flexible member and relatively inflexible generally transverse articulated tread members carried thereby and extending over the ball and shank portions of the sole, said members being arranged to flex the ball portionof said flexible member along lines at the same acute angle to the longitudinal axis of the sole and to flex the rear part of the shank portion of said flexible member along a line disposed at a different angle.
'7. A shoe sole having a plurality of generally transverse articulated tread members disposed over and extending across the ball, heel and shank portions of the sole area, the members at the shank portion being arranged to articulate along straight lines crossing the shank at diiferent angles.
8. A shoe sole comprising a flexible member and relatively inflexible generally transverse tread members carried thereby and disposed over the sole area continuously from toe to heel, said members being arranged to flex the ball portion of said exible member along lines at a predeterminedangle to the longitudinal axis of the sole, to iiex the heel portion along lines at a different angle, and to flex the shank portion in one -place along a line directed at the first mentioned angle and in another place along a line directed at the second mentioned angle.
9. A shoe sole comprising a exible member, portions of the exible member engaging the heel elatively inexible tread means carried thereby and ball respectively of the foot, and a wedge and so disposed that only the exible member member disposed between the sets of cleats havrequires flexing during walking, said tread means ing its opposite transverse edges extending paralincluding sets of cleats disposed at different anle] to the transverse edges of adjacent cleats. gles to the longitudinal axis of the sole on the WALTER K. YOUNGBERG.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2590648 *||Jan 12, 1949||Mar 25, 1952||A L Langenfeld Inc||Slotted sole sandal|
|US4779361 *||Jul 23, 1987||Oct 25, 1988||Sam Kinsaul||Flex limiting shoe sole|
|US5926975 *||Feb 3, 1998||Jul 27, 1999||Goodman; Michael C.||Hinged shoe sole assembly for working boots|
|US7421805||Jul 16, 2004||Sep 9, 2008||Red Wing Shoe Company, Inc.||Integral spine structure for footwear|
|US7818897||Sep 4, 2008||Oct 26, 2010||Red Wing Shoe Company, Inc.||Integral spine structure for footwear|
|US20050034328 *||Jul 16, 2004||Feb 17, 2005||Geer Kenton D.||Integral spine structure for footwear|
|US20090211115 *||Sep 4, 2008||Aug 27, 2009||Red Wing Shoe Company, Inc.||Integral spine structure for footwear|
|US20110146110 *||Jun 23, 2011||Red Wing Shoe Company, Inc.||Integral spine structure for footwear|
|US20150374068 *||Jun 26, 2015||Dec 31, 2015||Teshub Sports, Ltd.||Cleated shoe having a molded sole with separate sections|
|USD315634||Aug 25, 1988||Mar 26, 1991||Autry Industries, Inc.||Midsole with bottom projections|
|U.S. Classification||36/31, D02/947, 36/11.5, 36/33|
|Cooperative Classification||A43B13/12, A43B13/08, A43B13/141|
|European Classification||A43B13/14F, A43B13/08, A43B13/12|