US 2126588 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Aug. 9, 1938. I M. THUM 7 2,125,588
DAVENPORT BED Filed Jan. 22, 1957 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Aug. 9, I938. THUM 1 2,126,588
DAVENPORT BED Filed Jan. 22, 1957 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Patented Aug. 9, 1938 PATENT OFFlCE DAVENPORT'BED 7 Martin Thum, Rochester, N. Y.
Application January 22, 1937, Serial No. 121,867
The present invention has to do with what is commonly known as a davenport bed, that is, an article of furniture convertible for use either as a davenport or a bed.
An article of furniture of this character is well known at the present time and has been supplied in various structural forms wherein it is usual, through the employment of metal fixtures, to connect the parts for sliding, swinging or tilting adjustment in their progress of conversion between the two uses above specified.
The present invention proposes an article of furniture of the above type wherein such metal fixtures or other mechanical provision for the relative movement of parts are entirely eliminated, and wherein the complete frame of the davenport is not only initially of rigid construction but remains so throughout its life so as to thus promote strength and durability and at the same 20 time preserve the spring cushions and other up holstered parts from the ever present danger of destructive abrasion to which they are normally subjected in those constructions now known and in common use.
More specifically, the present invention provides a davenport bed in which'upholstered stools normally nest against the back member of the davenport frame in a manner to form the back cushions thereof, and are bodily removable for; disposition in front of the seat frameof the davenport to act as yielding supports for portions of the seat cushions of the davenport in co operation with the latter to form a bed.
The invention aims among other things to provide a davenport bed which is capable of com-- fortable use in either convertible form and within very limited space, and one which it is possible to manufacture without the usual complications incidental to the relative movement of 4 its parts.
With the above and'other objects in viewgthe invention consists in the construction andinovel' combination and arrangement of parts hereinafter fully described, illustrated in the accompanying drawings and pointed out in the claims hereto appended, it being understood that various changes in the form, proportion and minor details of construction,'within the scope of the 5 Figure 1 is a perspective view of the improved article of furniture, with the back cushions removed and in place forming a bed.
Figure 2 is a vertical transverse sectional view taken through the parts in the position shown in Figure 1.
Figure 3 is a similar sectional view through the parts showing the same in position as a davenport.
Figure 4 is a perspective view showing a modified form with its parts in position as a bed.
Figure 5 is a sectional view taken through the parts of Figure 4 transversely of the davenport frame, and
Figure 6 is a similar sectional view with the parts in position as a davenport.
Referring now to Figures 1 to 3, inclusive, illustrating my invention as applied to the usual full length davenport, it will be noted that the davenport frame includes the end uprights l0 and II which form the side arms for the davenport. a
These end uprights are rigidly connected at the front and rear portions, respectively, of their lower ends by forward and rear base rails I2 and I3, and these base rails serve as anchors for a horizontal base member M, in turn serving as a support for a spring cushion l5. This spring cushion serves as a yielding support for the seat cushions to be presently referred to. The base frame of the davenport as thus constituted has short depending front and rear legs I6 and Ill.
At their rear portions the end uprights it and II have upstanding wings l8, and between these rear portions of the end uprights and the Wings Is a rigid back frame extends longitudinally of the davenport. This back frame consists of Vertically spaced, longitudinally extending upper and lower rails l9 and 253, connected in their'spaced relation at various points therealong by vertical strips 2!, it being noted from Figure 2 in particular that the back frame'thus formed is inclined with the lower solid or imperforate rail 2!} slightly in advance of the upper rail IS, the latter of which has at a plurality of points therealong longitudinally slotted openings 22.
The forward surface of the back frame may be provided with a cover 23 and its rear surface may, of course, be covered by suitable upholstery 24 in keeping or harmony with the upholstery of the end uprights II.
The back cushions 25, which in use may be suitably upholstered to harmonize with the other upholstered portions of the davenport and which may be of the internal spring-cushion type, are formed in connection with rigid fiat frames 26 at the rear thereof, these frames having short legs 21, which, when seated on the surface supporting the davenport, in front of its bottom or seat frame, will result in leveling the upper surfaces of the cushions 25 with the upper surface of the spring cushion l5 of the seat frame.
Normally, in the use of the article as a davenport, the several back cushions 25 are nested against the back frame and held by extending the legs 21 thereof at the uppermost side into the openings 22 of the upper back frame rail l3. In this position, as seen particularly in Figure 3,
the lower legs 21 of the back cushions find a rest against the lower back frame rail so that the back cushions will thus be held in an inclined position, obviating any danger of their accidental displacement and assuring a firm,'uniform supporting contact thereof against the back frame.
A pair of seat cushions 28 and 29 are provided, the lower seat cushion 28 being preferably in a single piece of the full dimension of the bottom spring cushion [5 upon which it is directly disposed. The upper seat cushion 29 is preferably in the usual three sections of the ordinary davenport seat cushions corresponding in number to the back cushions,'and these upper seat cushions are of reduced width as compared to the lower seat cushion 28, as will be plainly seen in Figure 3, since they extend against the back cushions in the position of the parts as a davenport and since they correspond in size with the back cushions 25 forming their supports when the parts are in position as a bed.
The upper and lower seat cushions are preferably connected by a web or flap 30 which forms a flexible hinge and which is substantially concealed from view when the parts are in the position as a davenport in Figure 3. This flap or web 30 preferably extends entirely over one surface of the upper seat cushions 29 and thus prevents relative displacement of the sections thereof, insuring their effective retention on the back cushions 25 when the latter are bodily removed from the back frame, or, in other words, from the position of Figure 3, and placed forwardly of the seat frame of the davenport with their legs 21 resting upon the floor or other supporting surface as seen in Figures 1 and 2.
The seat cushions 28 and 29 may be of the innerspring type and, in the position as a bed where the upper cushions 29 are swung forwardly into inverted position on the stool-like back cushions 25, it is obvious a bed surface or mattress is completed having a practically continuous support throughout the spring cushions I5 of the in line forwardly of the seat frame so that the short legs 21 rest upon the supporting surface.
For this reason it is preferable that the short legs 21 be flaring or of the bottle shape shown to thus provide for a firm, broad contact with such surface. This shape of the legs also has a further function in providing for their more effective anchorage against the back frame within the upper back frame rail openings 22, the lower walls of which are preferably downwardly and rearwardly inclined.
With my present improvements it is possible to form a bed in connection with what is known as a short davenport as pictured in Figures 4, 5 and 6. Such a davenport does not permit one to lie lengthwise thereof and hence with this type of davenport a back frame is used, including an upper permanent and rigid section or rail 3| and a swinging section 3 i below said rail. The swinging section 3| is hinged at its lower edge at 32 to a lower rear frame bar 33, so that its upper portion, which in normal position as a davenport rests against a stop member. 34, may swing forwardly and downwardly. In this way the swinging section 3| a of the back frame, which extends I lengthwise between the end frames 35 and 36 of the davenport and is normally in an upwardly and rearwardly inclined position as seen in Figure 6, may be connected pivotally by means of end connecting bars or links 31 with a slidably displaceable bottom frame 38. This latter frame has rollers39 at the opposite ends of its forward portion engaging the supporting surface upon which the davenport rests and rear casters 40 which move on transverse rails 4i horizontally of the lower portions of the end uprights 35 and 36.
The upper longitudinal rail 3| of the back frame is in this construction just as in the form of the invention described in connection with Figures 1 to 3, inclusive, provided with openings to receive the legs 42 of the stool-like back cushions 43, and in the conversion of the davenport to bed form these back cushions 43 are first bodily displaced from the back frame and the swinging section 31 is then swung forwardly and downwardly until it finally rests as seen in Figure 5 upon the base of the davenport in the same horizontal plane with the bottom frame 38, the latter of which has been forwardly displaced during this operation by reason of the pivotal end links or connecting bars 31. The back cushions 43 are then placed forwardly of the displaced seat frame 38 and thus their upper surfaces form a portion of the bed, which, in this instance, provides that the occupants lie at right angles to the longitudinal dimension of the davenport.
The seat cushions of the davenport in this construction are in upper and lower sections 44 and 45, connected by a Web 46 which forms a hinge therebetween and provides for an unbroken upper surface when the upper seat cushions 44 are swung rearwardly and downwardly upon the upper surface of the back frame after the latter has been swung forwardly and downwardly in the horizontal plane of the bottom frame 38. This connecting web of the seat cushions 44 and preferably has a flap 41, which, in the positiorrofthelparts as afb'e'd, as shown in Figures 4 and 5, may be unfolded forwardly to cover the back cushions whereby the parts in the position as a bedpresent a substantially unbroken sleeping or resting surface.
Thus my invention, while primarily adapted to a full length davenport, finds a further use in bringing about the bed combination in what is kmtmiasjaishortidavenport, and in both instances the use of the back cushions as a part of the bed support is essential.
"What is claimed is: "ILA davenport bed including a main frame having a seat portion and a back portion in permanently rigid relation, and back cushions for said back portion including rigidly connected frames and legs for supporting the same as stools when removed from the back portion of the frame and, when so supported, adapted to form a for ward continuation of the seat portion and to cooperate therewith in the formation of a bed,
said back portion having means engageable by the frame legs to bodily detachably support the back cushions.
2. A davenport bed including a main frame having a seat portion and a back portion in permanently rigid relation, and back cushions having frames and supporting legs, said back portion of the frame having means to receive said legs for normally holding the back cushions in bodily detachable relation for removal from the back frame, the said legs of the back cushions being adapted to support the same forwardly, and as continuations of, the seat portion of the frame in the formation of a bed.
3. A davenport bed including a main frame having a seat portion and a back portion in permanently rigid relation, and back cushions having legs for supporting the same forwardly and as continuations of the seat portion of the frame, the said back portion of the frame including an upper rail having openings in which certain of the legs of said back cushions may be positioned to hold the back cushions in connection with the back portion of the frame when used as a davenport.
4. A davenport bed including a main frame having a cushioned seat portion and a back portion in permanently rigid relation of which the said back portion has leg holding means, back.
cushions having supporting legs normally engaged in bodily removable relation with the leg holding means of the back portion of the frame, said cushions and supporting legs forming stools, when removed from the back frame, of a height corresponding to that of the cushioned seat portion of the frame to form with the latter a continuous sectional bed frame.
5. A davenport bed including a main frame having a cushioned seat portion and a back portion, back cushions having legs for supporting the same at the same height, and in front of, the cushioned seat portion to extend the latter and form therewith a continuous, sectional bed, and means carried by the back portion of the frame and engaged by said legs to normally hold the said back cushions thereon in bodily removable relation.
6. A davenport bed including a main frame having a seat portion and a back portion, back cushions having legs for supporting the cushions forwardly of said seat portion to extend the latter and cooperate therewith in the formation of a bed, the said back portion of the frame having openings to receive certain of the legs of the back cushions whereby to hold the back cushions in bodily removable relation to the back portion of the frame when used as a davenport.
'7. A davenport bed including a main frame having a seat portion and a back portion, and upholstered stools of a height corresponding to the height of the seat portion, said stools including legs and said back portion of the frame having means engageable by said legs to hold the stools in bodily detachable connection with the back portion.
8. A davenport bed including a main frame having a seat portion and a back portion, a seat cushion normally in upper and lower folded sections on the seat portion of the frame, and back cushions in bodily detachable connection with the back portion of the frame and having legs, the back portion having leg receiving means to normally hold the back cushions on the main frame, said legs supporting the back cushions as stools, when detached from the back portion, forwardly of the seat portion and in positions forming a continuous detached cushion base for the uppermost seat cushion section when the latter is swung forwardly into inverted position thereon.
9. A davenport bed having a main frame including a back frame having a forwardly and downwardly tiltable section, a forwardly and rearwardly slidabl-e seat frame, connections between said seat frame and said back frame section whereby to move the former forwardly when the latter is lowered, and stools in bodily detachable relation with the back frame to form back cushions and adapted when detached from the back frame to be utilized as forward extensions of the seat frame in the formation of a bed, said stools and said back frame having relatively engaging means to normally support the stools on the back frame.
10. A davenport bed including a forwardly and rearwardly slidable seat frame, a back frame including a section hinged to swing forwardly and downwardly, pivotal connecting members between the swinging section of the back frame and the seat frame for shifting the latter forwardly when the former is swung forwardly and downwardly, a seat cushion on the seat frame in upper and lower sections of which the upper section is foldable upon the back frame section when the latter is in lowered position, and stools having supporting legs and of a height corresponding to that of the seat frame and its cushion in the forwardly extended position of the latter, the back frame having means to receive certain of the legs of said stools in the normal upright position of the back frame whereby to detachably support the stools in position as back cushions.