|Publication number||US2128297 A|
|Publication date||Aug 30, 1938|
|Filing date||Nov 14, 1935|
|Priority date||Nov 14, 1935|
|Publication number||US 2128297 A, US 2128297A, US-A-2128297, US2128297 A, US2128297A|
|Inventors||Roy C Ingersoll|
|Original Assignee||Borg Warner|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (10), Classifications (10)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
1938. R. c. INGERSOLL I 2,128,297
BARREL CONSTRUCTION Filed Nov. 14, 1935 Patented Aug. 30, 1938 Warner Corporation,
a corporation of Illinois Application'Noveinlie 14,;1935, Serial No. 49,657
This invention has to do with a barrel made of sheet material, and relates more particularly to improvements in the end structure thereof.
The primary object of the present invention is 5 the provision of an improved all steel barrel especially adapted for use in the transportation of liquid commodities by public or private carrier. Transportation costs may be materially diminished by the use of a container of light weight. Particularly is the weight of the container or barrel of great significance when the commodity transported therein is shipped long distances, and the barrel returned for refilling and reshipment. Barrels of a successful brewery,
15 for example, are in a state of movement during a substantial portion of their life.
The strength of the barrel cannot, however, be sacrificed to obtain a barrel of light weight. When filled barrels are transported and moved about 9 from place to place pursuant to loading and unloading at their points of destination, they are often times subjected to rough handling, and are sometimes accidently abused by dropping or the like. It is a further object, therefore, of the pres- 25 ent invention to provide a rugged barrel of light weight.
The above and other desirable objects of the present invention will become apparent upon reading the following description in conjunction 30 with the single figure shown in the drawing, which is hereby made a part of the specification.
The figure of the drawing shows in angular perspective a barrel embodying in its structure the present invention, a section of the barrel being 35 cut away to better illustrate the structure.
Like reference characters are used in the draw ing and hereinafter, in the description, for designating similar parts of the device embodying the invention.
40 The barrel shown in the drawing is made almost entirely of sheet material, preferably sheet steel. An inner shell or container for holding the contents of the barrel is indicated by the reference character In. Such container I0 is formed from 45 two counterparts II which are constructed substantially similarly by a die pressing operation.
Each of the counterparts II has an end wall l2 and a side wall |3, the side walls |3 being welded together at M along their abutting circular edges.
50 The end wall of the upper part II is apertured at l5.
An outer shell I6 of the barrel is formed of two substantially similar half shells welded together along their abutting circular edges as indi- 55 cated at l8. Outwardly protruding beads l9 may be formed in each of the half shells I1 and insulating rings 20 may be fitted into such beads. Bilge rings 2| may be welded to the container as shown in the drawing and disposed in a supporting relation with respect to the outer shell of the barrel by fitting the curved peripheral sections of the rings against the insulating material 20. The bilged rings 2| provide lateral reinforcement between the inner and outer shells H) and I6 of the barrel in addition to their tendency to prevent relative axial movement between said shells. Relative axial movement of the shells H] and I6 is further precluded by the abutment of shoulders 22 with insulating rings 23, which in turn are pressed against shoulders 24 circumscribing the outer shell I6. Additional insulation and support means 25 may be provided at the ends of the barrel between the inner and outer shells.
An aperture 26 may be provided, in the end wall of the upper half shell IT, in alignment with the aperture I5 and the two edges of the apertures may be joined by a nipple 21. The connections between the nipple 21 and the sheet material about the edges of the apertures l5 and 26 may be effected by a welding process. A tap bung is provided by a disk 28 having an opening surrounded by an upwardly projecting neck 29.
Each of the half shells has formed therein at its end a chime indicated generally by the reference numeral 30. Inasmuch as both chimes 30 30 are alike, the detailed description immediately following will be with reference only to the uppermost chime. Traversing the end section of the chime and extending axially of the barrel within the outer peripheral wall of such chime are a plurality of spaced apart reinforcing sections 3|. These sections 3| may extend a short distance beyond the chime and continue into the side wall portion of the barrel, as illustrated, if desired. The reinforcing sections 3| consist of indentations efiected in the sheet metal forming the outer half shells of the barrel. Such indentations may be effected by a die drawing operation coincidental with the process for forming the half shell I1 and prior to the co-assembly of the half shells 5 about the inner shell or container Ill of the barrel.
The function of the reinforcing sections 3| formed in the barrel chimes is to provide strength at that part of the barrel upon which the barrel is supported either while in the upright position when the weight of the barrel and its contents is distributed uniformly over the end section of a chime, or when the weight is concentrated upon a limited area at an edge of the chime incident to the barrel being rolled while being shifted from provides a finger hold so one place to another. Reinforcing sections as here shown in the chime of the barrel constitute a very definite advancement in the art of barrel construction. When such reinforcing sections are employed, the reinforcing rings or hoops about the ends of the ordinary steel barrel may be eliminated, thereby causing a reduction in the weight of the barrel. The reduction in weight or a barrel constructed according to the present invention as compared with that of a barrel conventionally constructed is substantially equal to the weight of the eliminated reinforcing rings.
A groove 32 is formed within the inner peripheral side of the chime 3%. Such groove, in addition to providing a slight resiliency in the chime thereby adapting it to absorb shock and jar, also that the barrel may be handled more readily.
I claim as my invention:
A barrel comprising an inner container and an outer shell, spacing means at intervals between the'inner container and the outer shell, some of said spacing means being located at the shoulders of the inner container and at one place at each of the ends of the inner container so that the ends of the outer shell are continuously spaced from the shoulder to said place, and a chime on the spaced end of the outer shell, said chime having an axial portion extending from the spacing means at the shoulder, a short radial portion adjacent the axial portion, a reverse axial portion adjacent the radial portion, and a groove in said last mentioned axial portion, said groove being adapted to give the chime resilience to absorb shocir and to provide a finger hold, axial flutings in said axial portion and coextensivetherewith, and radial fiutings in said short radial portion and coextensive therewith, said axial and radial flutings serving to reinforce the chime and to provide an improved finger hold for the barrel.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2481015 *||Aug 1, 1945||Sep 6, 1949||Borg Warner||Chime construction for steel barrels|
|US2592974 *||Jul 1, 1949||Apr 15, 1952||Gerard F Sulfrian||Suspension liquid gas container|
|US3095111 *||Nov 4, 1960||Jun 25, 1963||Firestone Tire & Rubber Co||Chime structures for barrels|
|US3372830 *||Jun 23, 1964||Mar 12, 1968||Illinois Tool Works||Insulated double cup|
|US4347948 *||Aug 29, 1979||Sep 7, 1982||Nippon Paint Co., Ltd.||Container for filling in liquid|
|US4660734 *||Apr 4, 1986||Apr 28, 1987||The Vollrath Company||Steam table pan|
|US5271493 *||Sep 15, 1992||Dec 21, 1993||Hall William Y||Tank vault|
|US5601204 *||Jun 5, 1992||Feb 11, 1997||Hall; William Y.||Tank vault with sealed liner|
|US6286707||Sep 30, 1994||Sep 11, 2001||William Y. Hall||Container for above-ground storage|
|US6422413||Nov 30, 1994||Jul 23, 2002||William Y. Hall||Tank vault|
|U.S. Classification||220/592.19, 220/918, 220/DIG.100, 220/669, 220/601|
|Cooperative Classification||Y10S220/01, Y10S220/918, B65D7/045|